Matthew L Sisk

Matthew L Sisk
University of Notre Dame | ND · Lucy Family Institute for Data & Society

Ph.D in Anthropology

About

27
Publications
9,853
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
791
Citations
Introduction
I am an archaeologist and GIS specialist with research focused on human- environment interactions, the spatial scale environmental toxins and community-based research. I work in the Navari Family Center for Digital Scholarship at the University of Notre Dame. I also do private consulting for GIS and Spatial Analysis.
Additional affiliations
October 2016 - present
University of Notre Dame
Position
  • Affiliate Faulty Member
June 2015 - July 2016
University of Notre Dame
Position
  • GIS Librarian / Anthropology subject specialist
July 2013 - July 2015
University of Notre Dame
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2006 - August 2011
Stony Brook University
Field of study
  • Paleolithic Archaeology

Publications

Publications (27)
Preprint
Full-text available
Communities across the US face challenges from legacy lead contamination. In South Bend, Indiana, over 68,000 homes were built before 1978, and most contain leaded paint. When these homes are repainted, repaired, or renovated, failure to use lead-safe practices can contaminate the surrounding soil with lead paint flakes and dust. In this study, we...
Conference Paper
Purpose: In sub-Saharan Africa, cancer treatment facilities are often scarce and centered in urban areas, which means many patients must travel long distances to reach cancer care. Still, little is known about how this distribution of cancer centers impacts patients' ability to access care. Methods: Records of all pediatric patients (<18yo) treated...
Article
Proton therapy (PT) is an important component of therapy for select cancers, but no formal study of geospatial access to PT has been conducted to date. Population data for 320.7 million people in 32,644 zip codes were analyzed. Median travel time was 1.61 (IQR 0.67-3.36) hours for children and 1.64 (IQR 0.69-3.33) hours for adults. Significant vari...
Article
Full-text available
Cryptococcus neoformans is responsible for life-threatening infections that primarily affect immunocompromised individuals and has an estimated worldwide burden of 220,000 new cases each year—with 180,000 resulting deaths—mostly in sub-Saharan Africa. Surprisingly, little is known about the ecological niches occupied by C . neoformans in nature. To...
Article
Full-text available
Historic industrial activity led to extensive lead and arsenic contamination within residential areas of East Chicago, Indiana, United States. Although remediation is underway, community concerns about this contamination remain. Therefore, the goal for this analysis was to characterize environmental contamination in soil within and around these are...
Article
In many states, environmental lead hazards are evaluated only after a lead-poisoned child has been identified. This passive approach is problematic because only a small fraction of children are tested for lead and those with elevated blood lead levels may have irreversible developmental damage. In order to reverse this paradigm, a new lead screenin...
Article
In a broad environmental study in St. Joseph County, Indiana, elemental data from ∼2000 soil samples and ∼800 paint samples were collected with X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy. The observed lead concentrations were compared to other elemental concentrations in these data. A strong correlation between lead and bismuth concentrations was observ...
Article
Full-text available
Lead exposure is a major health hazard affecting children and their growth and is a concern in many urban areas around the world. One such city in the United States (US), South Bend Indiana, gained attention for its high levels of lead in blood and relatively low testing rates for children. We assessed current lead screening practices in South Bend...
Article
Full-text available
Background There is no safe level of lead in children's bodies. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that more than half a million children under the age of 6 years are affected by low-level lead exposure in the USA. Low levels of lead can cause irreversible neurological and physiological damage in children. Currently, l...
Article
Background: The Center for Disease Control recommends case management begin at a blood lead level of 5 μg/dL, yet Indiana does not take action until a blood lead level of 10 μg/dL. Low levels of lead can cause irreversible neurological damage in children. The goal of this study was to design a scalable, low-cost Home Lead Test Kit to proactively fi...
Article
Full-text available
In the excitement of the widely publicized new finds of Aurignacian art from Chauvet, from the Swabian Jura and from as far afield as Pestera Coliboaia in Romania, it has almost been forgotten that a rich corpus of Aurignacian wall painting, engraving and bas-relief sculpture had been recognized and studied before World War I in the Vézère Valley o...
Article
Full-text available
The “Origin of Modern Humans”, the “Great Leap Forward”, the “Human Revolution" –are but a few of the terms used to describe the Upper Paleolithic Period in Europe (45,000-11,000 BP). There, and in and contiguous parts of western Asia, the Upper Paleolithic Period preserves the first consistent evidence for several distinctively human behaviors (i....
Article
Full-text available
We report here on the 2007 discovery, in perfect archaeological context, of part of the engraved and ocre-stained undersurface of the collapsed rockshelter ceiling from Abri Castanet, Dordogne, France. The decorated surface of the 1.5-t roof-collapse block was in direct contact with the exposed archaeological surface onto which it fell. Because the...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we report on the discovery in 2007, in perfect archaeological context, of part of the engraved and ocre-stained undersurface of the rockshelter ceiling from Abri Castanet, Commune de Sergeac, Dordogne. The engraved/painted undersurface of the massive roof-collapse block, weighing more than a ton, was in direct contact with the surface of the...
Article
Full-text available
Despite a body of literature focusing on the functionality of modern and stylistically distinct projectile points, comparatively little attention has been paid to quantifying the functionality of the early stages of projectile use. Previous work identified a simple ballistics measure, the Tip Cross-Sectional Area, as a way of determining if a given...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
L’exceptionnelle découverte, dans d’excellentes conditions, d’un fragment de voûte ornée sur le site aurignacien ancien de l’abri Castanet (Sergeac, Dordogne) est ici présentée. Une réflexion pluridisciplinaire destinée à l’étude et à la contextualisation, du bloc comme de l’ensemble des témoignages archéologiques aurignaciens trouvés dans le vallo...
Article
This paper proposes that complex projectile weaponry was a key strategic innovation driving Late Pleistocene human dispersal into western Eurasia after 50 Ka. It argues that complex projectile weapons of the kind used by ethnographic hunter-gatherers, such as the bow and arrow, and spearthrower and dart, enabled Homo sapiens to overcome obstacles t...
Article
The invention and widespread use of projectile weaponry is a characteristic presumed to exist only with Homo sapiens. However, as finds of wooden material during the early development of projectile weapons are extremely rare, this remains a contentious topic. Recent work has proposed a series of ballistically-significant morphological characteristi...
Article
The middle-late Pleistocene Kibish Formation of the Lower Omo Valley (Ethiopia) contains some of the oldest dated Homo sapiens fossils. Archaeological excavations at the Omo Kibish between 2002 and 2003 recovered numerous stone tools from extensive horizontal exposures of two sites, KHS (dated to 195+/-5 kyr) and BNS (dated to at least 104+/-7 kyr)...

Network

Cited By

Projects