Matthew A. Shapiro

Matthew A. Shapiro
Illinois Institute of Technology | IIT · Department of Social Sciences

Ph.D. Pol.Econ. & Pub.Policy

About

54
Publications
19,285
Reads
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743
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2008 - December 2021
Illinois Institute of Technology
Position
  • Professor
Education
September 2004 - May 2006
University of Southern California
Field of study
  • Economics
September 2001 - May 2008
University of Southern California
Field of study
  • Political Economy & Public Policy
March 1999 - February 2001
Yonsei University
Field of study
  • Korean Studies

Publications

Publications (54)
Preprint
Full-text available
The Internet Research Agency (IRA) influences online political conversations in the United States, exacerbating existing partisan divides and sowing discord. In this paper we investigate the IRA's communication strategies by analyzing trending terms on Twitter to identify cases in which the IRA leads or follows other users. Our analysis focuses on...
Article
Public support for any policy is often influenced by communications highlighting aspects of it – such as a policy’s perceived “costs” or “benefits” to people. This paper tests for these attitudinal differences as they relate to the transboundary air pollution problem in South Korea where cross-national coordination efforts among China, South Korea,...
Article
In Northeast Asia, the debate among key policy actors regarding air pollution attribution is influenced by the issue’s political sensitivity, but it could also be the result of variance in the scientific research. For example, we know that the springtime winds carry desert-originating dust laden with contaminants from industry and energy production...
Article
Research on the politicization of science often highlights the role of the media or the effects of the public's prior beliefs. Less prominent are case studies addressing the direct communications from scientists working on a narrowly defined project. This paper introduces for consideration the United States Department of Energy-funded Joint Center...
Article
Full-text available
The US and Canada have a long history of forging bilateral approaches to transboundary air pollution problems, dating back to the middle of the last century. Such approaches have increased in scope over the years. China, Japan and South Korea would do well to look to the lessons of North America as they attempt to address transboundary air pollutio...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous studies have reported that ambient air pollution, which has both local and long-range sources, causes adverse impacts on the environment and human health. Previous studies have investigated the impacts of transboundary air pollution (TAP) in East Asia, albeit primarily through analyses of episodic events. In addition, it is useful to bette...
Preprint
The Chicago Department of Public Health (CDPH) conducts routine food inspections of over 15,000 food establishments to ensure the health and safety of their patrons. In 2015, CDPH deployed a machine learning model to schedule inspections of establishments based on their likelihood to commit critical food code violations. The City of Chicago release...
Article
This paper examines partisan communications of incumbent members of Congress during the nine weeks leading up to the 2016 U.S. election. The central premise is rooted in the median voter theorem, which is coupled with theories of political activation and reinforcement, to show how politicians communicate in order to attract support from large swath...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have reported that air pollution causes adverse impacts on the environment and human health. Previous studies have intensively investigated the transboundary air pollution (TAP) impact in East Asia in episode events. From the environmental perspectives, it is necessary to better understand the spatiotemporal variations in TAP and the...
Article
This paper examines how exposure to messages about the cause of seasonal air pollution in Korea influences the Korean public's satisfaction with efforts to address the problem. It also assesses the impact of frames that accentuate the costs and benefits of the nation's coal usage on individuals' support for coal-based energy development. It draws f...
Article
Full-text available
The lack of a coherent policy to address seasonal air pollution in Northeast Asia is partly due to the complexity of the issue—that it is both domestic and transboundary in nature—and partly due to media frames that emerge in response to seasonal fluctuations. To provide a better understanding of these factors as well as their potential impact on p...
Article
The Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR) attempts to fuse together basic research, battery design, and pathways to market, bypassing the high-risks, high-costs, and market entry challenges of sustainable energy technology. Focusing on JCESR’s publications record, this paper highlights qualities of the Triple Helix model of government-un...
Article
Over the last several years, research on our elected officials’ use of social media as a political communication platform has greatly increased. While the bulk of social media-related research focuses on elections, social media-traditional media connections, or the effect of politicians’ social media communications on people’s attitudes and opinion...
Chapter
Full-text available
New technologies are driven principally by need, and paramount among such needs are those which are framed by environmental disasters. In Northeast Asia, trade winds blow west to east, so anything airborne in China remains airborne in some fashion in Korea, Japan, parts of Russia, and beyond. Thus, the increase of Chinese air pollution as well as t...
Chapter
Full-text available
Public opinion plays a central role in determining the feasibility of efforts to transform energy systems in the coming years, yet scholarship on communication effects and public opinion about clean energy and energy efficiency seems to have expanded only relatively recently. There is a growing body of work that explores how targeted and strategica...
Article
Full-text available
The news media are a central source of information about climate change for most people. Through frames, media transmit information that shape how people understand climate change as well as the actions they are ultimately willing to support to address the problem. This article reviews the rise of climate change in the US news media and the emergen...
Article
Full-text available
The conventional understanding of how elected officials affect the policy agenda is based on the argument that they use symbols and rhetoric to propagate a policy problem, primarily through the traditional media. The arguments presented in this article are largely consistent with this claim but account for the function of social media. More specifi...
Article
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YouTube videos are a ubiquitous source of information but also a venue for users to comment on discussion boards that addend videos. There are no moderators of these discussions, and thus there is a possibility for self-appointed leaders to emerge, responding incessantly and across a genre of videos. These “elites,” as they are labelled here, use t...
Chapter
Full-text available
The importance of framing as a concept is reflected by the massive amount of attention it has received from scholars across disciplines. As a communicative process, framing involves making certain considerations salient as a way to simplify or shape the way in which an audience understands a particular problem and its potential solutions. As recent...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the November 2014 Midterm Elections, social media was used by more members of Congress and with greater frequency than ever before. We employ an established metric for interpreting the short but influential posts made by members of Congress via Twitter to determine how they position themselves relative to other politicians, candidates, and issue...
Article
Full-text available
The challenges of understanding gerrymandering are primarily related to its conceptual ambiguity and measurement. This is true despite landmark legal rulings and a rich literature on the subject. In an attempt to alleviate some of the confusion, theories of the gerrymandering process are combined with advanced quantitative and mapping techniques. T...
Article
Full-text available
The public receives and presents science-related information on global warming and climate change in many forms, but little is known about how this information is conveyed through the Internet. More specifically, very few studies have considered YouTube videos focusing on climate change. This study provides a better understanding of how this type o...
Article
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This research paper advances our understanding of complex interdependence among countries. Existing research has found that total factor productivity (TFP), the residual from the economic growth function, is hindered in the absence of a country`s strong political and legal institutions or if a country does not already have a sufficiently high level...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the phenomena of environmental coordination within Northeast Asia. I initially frame the discussion around claims that China is a pollution haven for its neighboring countries, and I look for evidence in the domestic and regional environmental institutions which challenge China’s pollution haven status. I find that that there is...
Article
Full-text available
Does rhetoric highlighting social norms or mentioning science in a communication affect individuals’ beliefs about global warming and / or willingness to take action? We draw from framing theory and collective-interest models of action to motivate hypotheses that are tested in two large web-based survey-experiments using convenience samples. Our re...
Article
Agenda setting efforts by our elected officials have been studied thus far under the assumptions that symbols and the like propagate an understanding of the problem, and that this happens through the traditional media (e.g., newspapers, television news). The rise of social media, and Twitter in particular, enhances opportunities for agenda setters...
Article
Full-text available
Social media holds the potential to facilitate vertical political communication by giving citizens the opportunity to interact directly with their representatives. However, skeptics claim that even when politicians use "interactive media," they avoid direct engagement with constituents, using technology to present a fa?ade of interactivity instead...
Article
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This article examines the import for fiduciary investors of companies’ environmental performance levels in light of emerging market-based environmental policy instruments. The study is based on an experiment using a sample of fiduciaries located in Europe, North America, Asia, Africa and Australia. Subjects are allocated to one of two groups and in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As Twitter becomes a more common means for officials to communicate with their constituents, it becomes more important that we understand how officials use these communication tools. Using data from 380 members of Congress' Twitter activity during the winter of 2012, we find that officials frequently use Twitter to advertise their political positio...
Article
Full-text available
Enthusiasts propose that social media promotes vertical political communication, giving citizens the opportunity to interact directly with their representatives. However, skeptics claim that politicians avoid direct engagement with constituents, using technology to present a façade of interactivity instead. This study explores if and how elected of...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a first-ever look at differences of centrality scores (i.e., networks) over time and across research specializations in Korea. This is a much needed development, given the variance which is effectively ignored when Science Citation Index (SCI) publications are aggregated. Three quantitative tests are provided—OLS, two sample t-t...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the phenomenon of international R&D collaboration in the form of cross-national patenting. Using a unique dataset on patents from the USPTO for a maximum of 125 countries over the period 1975–2005, we show that, despite the potential for technological advancement arising from R&D collaboration with tier 1 countries, there is no...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter attempts to advance understanding of the crucial links among growth, technological change, human capital accumulation, and openness and their impact on greenhouse gas (GHG)-related research and development (R&D) output in East Asia, specifically China, Japan, Korea, and Taiwan. Looking at the 1952–2004 period, I test not only for the i...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the incentive structure underlying information transfers received by the three key players of the Triple Helix paradigm: universities, industry, and government research institutes (GRIs). For Korea and Taiwan, which are the cases under analysis here, such an empirical examination has not yet been conducted on a quantitative le...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – This paper aims to identify the significance of carbon emissions reporting for investment banking. Design/methodology/approach – Functionaries at selected financial institutions in the USA, Europe and Australia are interviewed. Carbon emissions reporting methods used by companies are identified using desk research. A proposal from a non-s...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a comprehensive, unprecedented analysis of environmental nongovernmental organization (ENGO)-related impacts in Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and China. We analyze the effects of ENGOs on four types of environmental policies, using data from government agencies, environmental organization networks, and public policies/ legislation. Th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
How public officials communicate with their constituents and the public as a whole has been explored in terms of the traditional media, but research on their communication via social media has been, at best, largely descriptive and, at worst, unreliable for its lack of rigor. This paper assesses connections between Members of Congress’s communicati...
Article
Full-text available
This article identifies the underlying patterns of collaboration and scientific co-authorship among geographically dispersed Korean researchers, using the most reliable longitudinal citation data available. The network indicators of centrality, network density and network fragmentation are used to present the evolving network of co-authorship relat...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental problems but especially those related to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions present huge collective action difficulties, as the sources of the problems are local while the effects are trans-national. Efforts to control pollution can also limit rapid growth, but it is claimed here that application of the newest advancements in GHG-related...
Article
Full-text available
This article was submitted without an abstract, please refer to the full-text PDF file.
Article
This article was submitted without an abstract, please refer to the full-text PDF file.
Article
Full-text available
The Triple Helix paradigm a construct addressing the research-based links between government, universities, and firms is lacking in formal tests. This study attempts to alleviate this deficiency by conducting an empirical analysis of the effects of relationship-based forms of capital, which has been identified by theorists as an attribute of Triple...
Chapter
Full-text available
The issue of incentives in the transfer of knowledge during public-private R&D collaborations has significance on several levels, but the related literature is generally limited to studies of technology-leading nations. This paper approaches the topic of incentive structures and tests for their presence in Korea, with its steadily developing instit...
Article
Full-text available
Public-private RandD collaboration is a goal oriented effort to generate results while temporarily bridging differing incentive patterns. In the following discussion, these incentive patterns are identified and analyzed for both the public and the private research sectors. The potential for these incentives to affect cross-sector research collabora...
Article
Environmental problems but especially those related to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions present huge collective action difficulties, as the sources of the problems are local while the effects are trans-national. Efforts to control pollution can also limit rapid growth, but it is claimed here that application of the newest advancements in GHG-related...
Article
Full-text available
This paper studies the effects of science and technology policies upon information transfers. According to the literature, such transfers are indicators of greater social returns, particularly when they flow between public and private research entities. The model presented here tests for whether government research and development (R&D) subsidizati...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines environmental policies in East Asia – Japan, Taiwan, Korea, and China – and the correlated R&D output. The analysis is multifaceted and considers international, regional, and domestic approaches. The pattern of policies and research output to address the environment is strong in all four of these countries, and China has been pa...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
The timing between the U.S. announcement of a $2 billion Energy Trust program coincides very nicely with the EU Flagship program (+ $2 billion). What's the connection? You can read more details here: http://understandgreen.com/matching-europes-flagships/
Please respond in the ResearchGate forum.

Projects

Projects (2)