Matthew J. W. Mclarnon

Matthew J. W. Mclarnon
Mount Royal University | MT Royal · Bissett School of Business

Doctor of Philosophy

About

46
Publications
7,720
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699
Citations

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Purpose Past research on the motivational processes underpinning knowledge sharing has assumed that the sharing processes are similar for all individuals. Yet, sharing is a fundamental affiliative behavior, and the sharing processes can differ between people. This study aims to propose and test a model of the moderating influence that employee atta...
Article
Previous research has sought to leverage person-centered methods (i.e., latent profile analysis; LPA) to examine the Dark Triad, which has aimed to illuminate subgroups of individuals who demonstrate distinct patterns of the Dark Triad variables. However, past research has predominantly concluded that variable-centered analyses may be better suited...
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Adopting a person-centred approach, we integrate the job demands-control-support model with relational work design theory to investigate employee work design profiles involving autonomy, workload, social support and prosocial characteristics (representing the combined influence of task significance and beneficiary contact). For a sample of Australi...
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Full-text available
Murphy (2021) argues that the field of Industrial-Organizational (I/O) Psychology needs to pay more attention to descriptive statistics (“Table 1”; e.g., M, SD, reliability, correlations) when reporting and interpreting results. We agree that authors need to present a clear and transparent description of their data and that descriptive statistics a...
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In this study we introduce and illustrate a novel way of describing employees’ perceptions of safety climate. Rather than treating core dimensions of safety climate as relatively independent, stand-alone variables, we examine natural combinations (i.e., patterns or configurations) of safety climate dimensions to better reflect the overall phenomeno...
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Aim: The aim of this study was to psychometrically test a clinical evaluation tool that measures instructors' gut feelings for placing students on a learning contract. Background: Evaluators feel unprepared or hesitant to fail students who do not meet professional and clinical expectations. Method: A multiphase process was used to determine th...
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Background Childhood adversity is generally associated with adult mental health problems, but most studies have an insufficient sample size to examine relationships among various aspects of childhood adversity and adult mental health outcomes. Further, past research has predominantly been restricted to a single or limited types of adverse events, w...
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Military service can include numerous adverse events. As such, resiliency has been considered as a means of potentially helping active-duty personnel face adversity and be better prepared for the demands of military service. However, research in military contexts has been hindered by use of disparate conceptualizations, definitions, and measures of...
Article
Purpose To examine the psychometric properties of a parent-report measure of engagement in pediatric rehabilitation. Method 113 parents (of children 4 months to 18 years, varying in diagnoses) were recruited from standard outpatient/inpatient, early intervention, and life skills programs, sampled from different sites in Canada, the US, and Austral...
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Social media usage has been recognized as an integral part of immigrants' acculturation experiences, yet research on social media is just emerging, and more detailed understanding is needed. Drawing on the interactive theory of communication and cross-cultural adaptation (ITCCA), the current project used a mixed-method approach to understand how Ch...
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Recent work on the Dark Triad has underscored the role of both general and specific factors as sources of variance. Specifically, there are two competing perspectives: a unification approach where the Dark Triad reflects a broad, general factor and a separatist approach which views the three specific traits of Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psyc...
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A common question asked by researchers involved with large-scale, cross-cultural investigations is ‘how can comparisons of personality factor scores (or other individual difference variables) be facilitated across many different countries?’ Guided by this question, we examined the structure and function of two shortened versions of the Eysenck Pers...
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This study investigated self‐regulation and resiliency in one's search for reemployment. Although trait‐based approaches are central to many resiliency conceptualizations, recent research has found that self‐regulation (affective, behavioral, and cognitive) contributes to predicting resiliency‐related outcomes. We hypothesized that self‐regulation...
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Full-text available
The use of team projects is common in higher education. Teamwork offers an avenue to help students learn to collaborate and develop the interpersonal skills needed for career success. However, student teams are not always effective, which may undermine learning, growth, and development. In the current research, we integrate accountability, valence,...
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Although team effectiveness research has advanced our understanding of team processes, much of this research has been based on static methodologies, despite the recognition that team processes change over time. Thus, the purpose of this article is to advance the team dynamics literature by developing and testing a theoretical account of team engage...
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Purpose: To investigate client (youth/caregiver) and service provider engagement in outpatient pediatric rehabilitation therapy sessions. Methods: In an ethnographic study, five research assistants attended 28 outpatient sessions, mostly delivered by occupational, physical, and speech-language therapists, and rated signs of client, provider, and re...
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Full-text available
Much of the previous research on the emergence of team-level constructs has overlooked their inherently dynamic nature by relying on static, cross-sectional approaches. Although theoretical arguments regarding emergent states have underscored the importance of considering time, minimal work has examined the dynamics of emergent states. In the prese...
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Rude treatment at work can reduce employees' well-being, underscoring the need for ways to offset negative outcomes. The current study explored the role of dispositional mindfulness as a buffering mechanism that may mitigate the negative relation between incivility and well-being, and promote forgiveness toward the perpetrator via decreased ruminat...
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One of the major reasons organizations have turned to work teams is because challenges are too complex, and too large in scope, for any single individual to address. As a result, teams must engage in information sharing, exchange, and processing that optimize the use of each team member's knowledge. Accordingly, we invoked a framework called SUIT,...
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People sometimes realize personal growth as a result of experiencing highly challenging stressful life events, a phenomenon referred to as posttraumatic growth (PTG). This study investigated the relationships between personality traits and PTG from a person-centered approach. Specifically, we investigated PTG profiles by looking at distinct levels...
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Personality measures are commonly used in personnel selection and other high-stakes situations. In these settings , respondents may engage in purposeful deception, or faking, to increase the likelihood of receiving a valued outcome (i.e., being offered a job). However, some individuals may tend to only fake slightly, others may demonstrate more ext...
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Person-centered analyses and mixture models, such as latent profile analyses (LPA), are becoming increasingly common in the organizational literature. However, common usage of LPA rarely extends to the estimation of moderation, conditional effects, and mediation within a single model. This can affect the accuracy of parameter estimates, and it inte...
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Cognitive Ability Differentiation (CAD) theory proposes greater differentiation of narrow cognitive abilities occurs at a high level of g, the general factor of ability. CAD also proposes that g is a stronger determinant of cognitive performance in low-g versus high-g individuals, but that narrow cognitive abilities are stronger determinants of per...
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Purpose This paper aims to offer an integrative conceptual theory of conflict and reports on the nomological net of team conflict profiles. Specifically, it integrates social self-preservation theory with information-processing theory to better understand the occurrence of team profiles involving task conflict, relationship conflict and process co...
Article
Purpose: The Pediatric Rehabilitation Intervention Measure of Engagement-Observation (PRIME-O) version was designed to capture signs of affective, cognitive and behavioral involvement for clients and service providers and in the client-provider interaction. Methods: Phase 1 examined interrater consensus and construct validity of a pilot version, us...
Article
The Dark Triad has been proposed to comprise three lower-order facets: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy. Although multiple inventories have been developed for the Dark Triad, little consensus exists on the internal structure of these inventories. The current study investigated the multidimensional structure of the Dark Triad to provide...
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In the current review we consider theory and research involving task, relationship, and process conflict. We examine relationships with team performance and innovation with an eye toward recent meta-analytic findings. We then review recent research investigating the interplay of team conflict types in the form of team conflict profiles. We advance...
Article
Admittance to medical school has traditionally been determined on the basis of students' performance on the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) and grade point average (GPA), which assess cognitive abilities. To supplement these predictors, medical schools also consider a semi-structured interview, which assesses non-cognitive attributes. Success...
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Understanding resilience is important to creating and maintaining health in the workplace, and the focal article by Britt, Shen, Sinclair, Grossman, and Klieger (2016) raises valuable questions and recommendations for research in the field. In this commentary we consider several issues not discussed by Britt et al. but critical to understanding res...
Article
Including equal numbers of positively and negatively keyed items is common in Factor-Model Model (FFM) personality measures. Much literature has demonstrated the presence of positive and negative keying factors in low-stakes testing situations, but there is a dearth of research investigating these factors in high-stakes testing. To address this gap...
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In the current research we examine the effects of a new team training system that can be readily integrated into post-secondary teaching and learning activities. Our training focuses on generating productive and constructive conflict by invoking an evidence-supported information sharing and decision-making concept known as constructive controversy....
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Career/vocational counsellors and researchers have traditionally focused on career interest surveys as a way of better matching client to careers that they will find both interesting and rewarding. However, recent research has demonstrated that personality is also an important, significant predictor of vocational choice, though is distinct from car...
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The current study examines the contingency role of individualism-collectivism profiles on relationships involving core self-evaluations (CSE), perceptions of group potency (PGP), and job performance. Theories of individualism and collectivism have thus far been mixed as to whether these are two distinct constructs or a single bipolar continuum, so...
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Team conflict types include task conflict, relationship conflict, and process conflict. Whereas differences in views about the task (task conflict) are often argued to be beneficial, incompatibilities involving personal issues (relationship conflict) and execution issues (process conflict) are often argued to be harmful. However, previous empirical...
Article
Previous literature suggests that performance ratings are saturated with rater-related idiosyncratic variance. Given that modern psychometric theories relegate this source of variance to measurement error, it has not been the subject of much previous research. Of importance, identifying and estimating the variance components underlying idiosyncrati...
Article
Teams are the foundational building blocks of organizations, utilized to derive increasingly innovative solutions to complex problems in order to maintain a competitive market advantage1. As such, the development of teamwork-based skills has been identified as a critical competency in engineering education required to prepare graduates for team-bas...
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Vocational interest surveys have traditionally employed a typology (i.e., the Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional [RIASEC] model) to distinguish individuals. Within this framework, respondents are identified as representing various types of people based on their interests in work-related activities. However, m...
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By definition, multiple regression (MR) considers more than one predictor variable, and each variable's beta will depend on both its correlation with the criterion and its correlation with the other predictor(s). Despite ad nauseam coverage of this characteristic in organizational psychology and statistical texts, researchers' applications of MR in...
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Stability in the measurement of personality is crucial to its construct and predictive validity. The personality differentiation by intelligence hypothesis suggests that intelligence may be a threat to the measurement of personality. This study builds on existing literature by applying multigroup confirmatory factor analytic measurement invariance...
Article
This study sought to provide the initial psychometric evidence supporting a new measure of resiliency. In consideration of the shortcomings of previous measures, a more comprehensive measure was developed based on the theoretical model of King and Rothstein (2010). The resulting measure, the Workplace Resilience Inventory (WRI), encompasses an indi...

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