Matthew C. Canver

Matthew C. Canver
New York Presbyterian Hospital | NYP · Department of Pathology

MD, PhD

About

69
Publications
10,249
Reads
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3,461
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2010 - May 2018
Harvard Medical School
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (69)
Preprint
Full-text available
Defining off-target profiles of gene-editing nucleases and CRISPR base editors remains an important challenge for use of these technologies, therapeutic or otherwise. Existing methods can identify off-target sites induced by these gene editors on an individual genome but are not designed to account for the broad diversity of genomic sequence variat...
Article
The CRISPR-Cas system offers a programmable platform for eukaryotic genome and epigenome editing. The ability to perform targeted genetic and epigenetic perturbations enables researchers to perform a variety of tasks, ranging from investigating questions in basic biology to potentially developing novel therapeutics for the treatment of disease. Whi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Regulatory elements (REs) consist of enhancers and promoters that occupy a significant portion of the non-coding genome and control gene expression programs either in -cis or in -trans. Putative REs have been identified largely based on their regulatory features (co- occupancy of ESC-specific transcription factors, enhancer histone marks and DNase...
Article
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a devastating disease with a long-term survival rate of less than 30%. While AML is a genetically heterogeneous disease, TP53 mutation is among the most powerful risk factors in AML, underscoring the critical need to devise a novel therapeutic strategy for TP53-mutated AML. To identify genes/pathways whose loss are v...
Article
Progress has been made in deciphering molecular mechanisms underlying AML pathogenesis due in part to near-complete understanding of AML genomes. However, AML is yet a devastating disease with a long-term survival rate of less than 30%, underscoring an urgent need for the development of additional therapeutic modalities. To identify novel targets f...
Article
The Staphylococcus intermedius group (SIG) is a collection of coagulase-positive staphylococci consisting of four distinct species: Staphylococcus cornubiensis , Staphylococcus delphini , Staphylococcus intermedius sensu stricto , and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius . SIG members are animal pathogens and rare causes of human infection. Accurate ide...
Article
Full-text available
Developmental silencing of fetal globins serves as both a paradigm of spatiotemporal gene regulation and an opportunity for therapeutic intervention of β-hemoglobinopathy. The nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) chromatin complex participates in γ-globin repression. We used pooled CRISPR screening to disrupt NuRD protein coding sequences c...
Article
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are an urgent public health threat. We evaluated the in vitro activities of 19 antimicrobial agents including imipenem-relebactam against: a) 106 CRE bloodstream isolates that primarily expressed Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC); and b) 20 OXA-48-like-expressing CRE isolates. Ninety-five percen...
Article
Self-renewal and pluripotency of the embryonic stem cell (ESC) state are established and maintained by multiple regulatory networks that comprise transcription factors and epigenetic regulators. While much has been learned regarding transcription factors, the function of epigenetic regulators in these networks is less well defined. We conducted a C...
Article
Non- S. aureus staphylococcal species (non-SASS) are important pathogens in both animal and human populations. The development of β-lactam resistance in non-SASS through acquisition and expression of penicillin-binding protein 2a (PBP2a) represents a significant clinical and public health threat. Here, we evaluated the diagnostic performance of two...
Article
Tiling screens that use CRISPR-Cas technologies provide a powerful approach for the mapping of regulatory elements to phenotypes of interest1–6. Here we present CRISPR screening uncharacterized region function (CRISPR-SURF), a deconvolution framework that can be used to identify functional regulatory regions in the genome from data generated by CRI...
Article
Sickle cell disease and β-thalassemia are major hemoglobin disorders for which induction of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) can mitigate disease severity. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the developmental repression of HbF remain incompletely understood. The nucleosome remodeling and deacetylase (NuRD) complex is a major negative regulator of H...
Article
Motivation: The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated (Cas) nuclease system has allowed for high-throughput, large scale pooled screens for functional genomic studies. To aid in the translation of functional genomics to therapeutics, we developed Drug That Gene (DTG) as a web-based application that st...
Article
Full-text available
CRISPR/Cas9 pooled screening permits parallel evaluation of comprehensive guide RNA libraries to systematically perturb protein coding sequences in situ and correlate with functional readouts. For the analysis and visualization of the resulting datasets, we develop CRISPRO, a computational pipeline that maps functional scores associated with guide...
Preprint
Full-text available
Genome editing technologies are rapidly evolving, and analysis of deep sequencing data from target or off-target regions is necessary for measuring editing efficiency and evaluating safety. However, no software exists to analyze base editors, perform allele-specific quantification or that incorporates biologically-informed and scalable alignment ap...
Preprint
Full-text available
Tiling screens using CRISPR-Cas technologies provide a powerful approach to map regulatory elements to phenotypes of interest, but computational methods that effectively model these experimental approaches for different CRISPR technologies are not readily available. Here we present CRISPR-SURF, a deconvolution framework to identify functional regul...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals with Trisomy 21 (T21) exhibit numerous hematological abnormalities, including reductions in numbers of circulating B and T lymphocytes. To elucidate molecular mechanisms underlying these phenotypes, we differentiated human isogenic disomic and trisomic pluripotent cells, and observed that trisomic cells showed defects in B cell, but not...
Preprint
Full-text available
CRISPR/Cas9 pooled screening permits parallel evaluation of comprehensive guide RNA libraries to systematically perturb protein coding sequences in situ and correlate with functional readouts. For the analysis and visualization of the resulting datasets we have developed CRISPRO, a computational pipeline that maps functional scores associated with...
Article
CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats) genome-editing experiments offer enormous potential for the evaluation of genomic loci using arrayed single guide RNAs (sgRNAs) or pooled sgRNA libraries. Numerous computational tools are available to help design sgRNAs with optimal on-target efficiency and minimal off-target potent...
Article
The CRISPR-CRISPR-associated (Cas) nuclease system offers the ability to perform unprecedented functional genetic experiments and the promise of therapy for a variety of genetic disorders. The understanding of factors contributing to CRISPR targeting efficacy and specificity continues to evolve. As CRISPR systems rely on Watson-Crick base pairing t...
Article
To identify novel targets for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) therapy, we performed genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 screening using AML cell lines, followed by a second screen in vivo. Here, we show that the mRNA decapping enzyme scavenger (DCPS) gene is essential for AML cell survival. The DCPS enzyme interacted with components of pre-mRNA metabolic pathways...
Article
Full-text available
The CRISPR-Cas9 nuclease system holds enormous potential for therapeutic genome editing of a wide spectrum of diseases. Large efforts have been made to further understanding of on- and off-target activity to assist the design of CRISPR-based therapies with optimized efficacy and safety. However, current efforts have largely focused on the reference...
Article
Genome-wide knockout screening employing CRISPR-Cas9 genome-editing is a powerful tool for functional genomics. However, identifying actionable targets for cancer therapy has been challenging due, in part, to the complex genetic background of cell lines used for screening. To overcome this obstacle, we generated two acute myeloid leukemia (AML) lin...
Article
The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-Cas nuclease system is a powerful tool for genome editing, and its simple programmability has enabled high-throughput genetic and epigenetic studies. These high-throughput approaches offer investigators a toolkit for functional interrogation of not only protein-coding genes but...
Preprint
Full-text available
CRISPR genome editing experiments offer enormous potential for the evaluation of genomic loci using arrayed single guide RNAs (sgRNAs) or pooled sgRNA libraries. Numerous computational tools are available to help design sgRNAs with optimal on-target efficiency and minimal off-target potential. In addition, computational tools have been developed to...
Article
Method: ologies to interrogate non-coding regions have lagged behind coding regions despite comprising the vast majority of the genome. However, the rapid evolution of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-based genome editing has provided a multitude of novel techniques for laboratory investigation including significa...
Article
Full-text available
Cas9-mediated, high-throughput, saturating in situ mutagenesis permits fine-mapping of function across genomic segments. Disease- and trait-associated variants identified in genome-wide association studies largely cluster at regulatory loci. Here we demonstrate the use of multiple designer nucleases and variant-aware library design to interrogate t...
Article
Full-text available
Reducing expression of the fetal hemoglobin (HbF) repressor BCL11A leads to a simultaneous increase in γ-globin expression and reduction in β-globin expression. Thus, there is interest in targeting BCL11A as a treatment for β-hemoglobinopathies, including sickle cell disease (SCD) and β-thalassemia. Here, we found that using optimized shRNAs embedd...
Article
Full-text available
The fetal hemoglobin repressor BCL11A represents a therapeutic target for β-hemoglobinopathies as reduced expression of BCL11A leads to simultaneous increased γ-globin and reduced β-globin expression. Reversing this hemoglobin switch is particularly relevant in sickle cell disease to reduce the βS concentration and increase expression of the protec...
Article
In the developing mouse embryo, the first hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) arise in the aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) and mature as they transit through the fetal liver (FL). Compared to FL and adult HSCs, AGM HSCs have reduced repopulation potential in adult bone marrow transplantation but mechanisms underlying this deficiency in AGM HSCs are poorl...
Article
Full-text available
Despite nearly complete understanding of the genetics of the β-hemoglobinopathies for several decades, definitive treatment options have lagged behind. Recent developments in technologies for facile manipulation of the genome--zinc finger nucleases, TAL effector nucleases, or clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeat (CRISPR)-based nucleas...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent progress in genome editing technologies, in particular the CRISPR-Cas9 system, has provided new opportunities to investigate the biological functions of genomic sequences by targeted mutagenesis. Double strand breaks (DSBs) resulting from site-specific Cas9 cleavage can be resolved by endogenous DNA repair pathways such as non-homologous end...
Article
Genes encoding human β-type globin undergo a developmental switch from embryonic to fetal to adult-type expression. Mutations in the adult form cause inherited hemoglobinopathies or globin disorders, including sickle cell disease and thalassemia. Some experimental results have suggested that these diseases could be treated by induction of fetal-typ...
Article
Induction of fetal-type hemoglobin (HbF: α2γ2) is a promising means to treat hemoglobinopathies; however, precisely how HbF expression is silenced in adult erythroid cells is not fully understood. Such knowledge is essential to develop mechanism-based, targeted approaches to reactivate HbF production. Here, we show that Leukemia/lymphoma Related Fa...
Article
Common genetic variation associated with fetal hemoglobin (HbF) level and β-hemoglobin disorder clinical severity marks an erythroid enhancer within the BCL11A gene. The 12 kb intronic enhancer contains three ~1 kb erythroid DNase I hypersensitive sites (DHSs), termed +55, +58, and +62. Here we utilized a human adult-stage erythroid cell line to sh...
Article
Full-text available
Enhancers, critical determinants of cellular identity, are commonly recognized by correlative chromatin marks and gain-of-function potential, although only loss-of-function studies can demonstrate their requirement in the native genomic context. Previously, we identified an erythroid enhancer of human BCL11A, subject to common genetic variation ass...
Article
Full-text available
Fetal hemoglobin (HbF, α2γ2) induction is a well-validated strategy for sickle cell disease (SCD) treatment. Using a small-molecule screen, we found that UNC0638, a selective inhibitor of EHMT1 and EHMT2 histone methyltransferases, induces γ-globin expression. EHMT1/2 catalyze mono- and dimethylation of lysine 9 on histone 3 (H3K9), raising the pos...
Article
Full-text available
Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) function and DNA methylation (DNAme) are typically correlated with gene repression. Here, we show that PRC2 is required to maintain expression of maternal microRNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) from the Gtl2-Rian-Mirg locus, which is essential for full pluripotency of iPSCs. In the absence of PRC2...
Article
Full-text available
RNA interference (RNAi) technology using short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) expressed via RNA polymerase (pol) III promoters has been widely exploited to modulate gene expression in a variety of mammalian cell types. For certain applications, such as lineage-specific knockdown, embedding targeting sequences into pol II-driven microRNA architecture is requ...
Article
Full-text available
The creation of a donor-independent source of platelets has been challenging; however, recent advances show growing promise for alternative platelet sources. Pluripotent stem cells have the capacity to differentiate into mature megakaryocytes with the ability to produce functional platelets. In this issue of JCI, Noh et al. provide a proof-of-princ...
Article
Repression of the BCL11A protein could represent a therapeutic target for beta-hemoglobinopathies, as its knock-down has been shown to induce the expression of the fetal HBG (y-globin) gene ultimately leading to increased levels of the fetal hemoglobin tetramer (HbF, a2y2). In mice, Bcl11a is a key repressor of the murine HBG homolog Hbb-y. RNA int...
Article
Full-text available
The clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated (Cas) 9 nuclease system has provided a powerful tool for genome engineering. Double strand breaks may trigger nonhomologous end joining repair, leading to frameshift mutations, or homology-directed repair using an extrachromosomal template. Alternatively, genomic del...
Article
Full-text available
The prokaryotic clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated (Cas) 9 system may be re-purposed for site-specific eukaryotic genome engineering. CRISPR/Cas9 is an inexpensive, facile, and efficient genome editing tool that allows genetic perturbation of genes and genetic elements. Here we present a simple meth...
Article
Introduction Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have ascertained numerous trait-associated common genetic variants localized to regulatory DNA. The hypothesis that regulatory variation accounts for substantial heritability has undergone scarce experimental evaluation. Common variation at BCL11A is estimated to explain ∼15% of the trait variance...
Article
Full-text available
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have ascertained numerous trait-associated common genetic variants, frequently localized to regulatory DNA. We found that common genetic variation at BCL11A associated with fetal hemoglobin (HbF) level lies in noncoding sequences decorated by an erythroid enhancer chromatin signature. Fine-mapping uncovers a...
Article
Pupillometry is used clinically to evaluate retinal and optic nerve function by measuring pupillary response to light stimuli. We have developed a mathematical algorithm to automate and expedite the analysis of non-filtered, non-calculated pupillometric data obtained from mouse pupillary light reflex recordings, obtained from dynamic pupillary diam...
Conference Paper
Pupillometry is used clinically to evaluate retinal and optic nerve health by measuring pupillary function in response to light stimuli. We have developed an algorithm using murine pupillometric measurements to automate the analysis of pupillometric data. The raw data is filtered and thresholding is used to remove data caused by eye blinking, loss...
Article
Although internal thoracic arteries (ITAs) and radial arteries (RAs) have been shown to have similar patency, RAs tend to be more vasospastic postoperatively compared with ITAs. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the effect of histamine subclass 1 (H1) receptors and histamine subclass 2 (H2) receptors on vasoreactivity in human ITA...

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