Matteo Vacchi

Matteo Vacchi
Università di Pisa | UNIPI · Department of Earth Sciences

PhD in Earth Science

About

146
Publications
68,808
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Introduction
I'm a geomorphologist and my research is mainly focused on long to short term evolution of the coastal zones. My main fields of interest are the definition of current coastal vulnerability, the paleo-environmental reconstructions and late Quaternary sea level changes. I also really like to collaborate in the fields of geo-archaeology, marine ecology and geomorphologic mapping of marine and coastal areas.
Additional affiliations
August 2017 - December 2018
University of Exeter
Position
  • Lecturer
June 2013 - December 2016
Aix-Marseille Université
Position
  • PostDoc Position
June 2012 - June 2013
University of Bologna
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
January 2009 - March 2013
Università degli Studi di Genova
Field of study
  • Geosciences

Publications

Publications (146)
Article
We have assembled a database of Relative Sea Level (RSL) data points from the eastern coast of Canada from Hudson Bay to the border with the USA. In compiling this database we have critically reviewed 1092 radiocarbon dated samples from raised beaches, isolation basins, intertidal and marine deposits, and archaeological indicators to produce 405 se...
Article
Full-text available
Future warming in the Mediterranean is expected to significantly exceed global values with unpredictable implications on the sea-level rise rates in the coming decades. Here, we apply an empirical-Bayesian spatio-temporal statistical model to a dataset of 401 sea-level index points from the central and western Mediterranean and reconstruct rates of...
Article
The fluvial harbour of Aquileia (Italy), one of the most important Roman trading centres in the Mediterranean, was abandoned after the city's destruction in 452 AD. The deserted harbour evolved into a swamp surrounded by a floodplain that has recorded the anthropogenic, environmental and climatic pressures that have occurred during the last 1500 ye...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this manuscript, we present Version 1.0 of the World Atlas of Last Interglacial Shorelines (WALIS), a global database of sea-level proxies and samples dated to Marine Isotope Stage 5 (~80 to 130 ka). The database includes a series of datasets compiled in the framework of a Special Issue published in this journal (https://essd.copernicus.org/arti...
Article
A census of 83 Infralittoral Prograding Wedges (IPWs) was carried out in the Central-Eastern Tyrrhenian Sea, to learn more about their morpho-bathymetric variability in relation to environmental forcing from the sea state and coastal features in the backshore and to test their reliability as environmental indicators of current sea level. With this...
Article
The western Makran subduction zone is capable of producing considerable tsunami run-up heights that penetrate up to 5 km inland. In this study, we show how climate change has affected urbanization along the tsunami-prone Makran coastline during the past 35 years. To address this issue, we have employed climate data, satellite altimeter radar, geomo...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper provides new insights into the climatic and anthropic factors that influenced a 6000-year coastal evolution in northwestern Corsica, the third largest island of the western Mediterranean. Pollen, microcharcoal, sedimentary and geochemical analyses were carried out on a core drilled in the Crovani coastal wetland to reconstruct the...
Article
The mid-Tyrrhenian coast is the most complex volcano-tectonic sector in the Mediterranean basin. Here the vertical ground movements (VGMs) due to the interaction between extensive tectonic processes and volcano-tectonic activities have a significant impact on both past and future sea-level evolution. This area represents the youngest basin of the w...
Presentation
Full-text available
The Atlantic coastline between Rabat and Témara (Morocco) shows a diversity of karstic morphologies. The presence of a calcarenite substratum has favoured the development of these landforms. Certain shapes such as abrasion platforms, notches and coastal caves are very good indicators of paleo-shorelines, recording the the variation of the sea-level...
Article
Full-text available
South-eastern Sicily is one of the most seismically active areas of the Mediterranean Sea, marked by a high level of crustal seismicity, causing major earthquakes (up to Mw ~7). As a consequence, this area is prone to earthquake-generated tsunamis, which affected the Ionian coast of Sicily in historical times. These tsunamis left geomorphic and sed...
Article
Full-text available
We describe a database of Last Interglacial (Marine Isotopic Stage 5) sea-level proxies for the western Mediterranean region. The database was compiled reviewing the information reported in 199 published studies and contains 396 sea-level data points (sea-level index points and marine- or terrestrial-limiting points) and 401 associated dated sample...
Article
Full-text available
The Mediterranean Basin is characterized by a significant variability in tectonic behaviour, ranging from subsidence to uplifting. However, those coastal areas considered to be tectonically stable show coastal landforms at elevations consistent with eustatic and isostatic sea level change models. In particular, geomorphological indicators—such as t...
Article
Full-text available
Relative sea‐level (RSL) evolution during Marine Isotopic Stage (MIS) 5 in the Mediterranean basin is still not fully understood despite a plethora of morphological, stratigraphic and geochronological studies carried out on highstand deposits of this area. In this review we assembled a database of 323 U/Th‐dated samples (e.g. corals, molluscs, spel...
Article
In the context of industrial-era global change, Mediterranean coastal areas are threatened by relative sea level (RSL) rise. Shifts in the drivers of coastal dynamics are forecasted to trigger changes in the frequency of flooding of low-lying areas, with significant effects on marine-coastal environments, societies, economy and urban systems. Here,...
Article
Full-text available
We combined biostratigraphical analyses, archaeological surveys, and Glacial Isostatic Adjustment (GIA) models to provide new insights into the relative sea-level evolution in the northeastern Aegean Sea (eastern Mediterranean). In this area, characterized by a very complex tectonic pattern, we produced a new typology of sea-level index point, base...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
An open access database containing raw data of Last Interglacial sea-level proxies for the Western Mediterranean has been compiled by reviewing hundreds of original published papers in accordance with the WALIS template (https://warmcoasts.eu/world-atlas.html). WALIS allows collecting both the relative sea-level (RSL) indicators and ages data in a...
Article
The impacts of relative sea‐level (RSL) variations and crust mobility on the development of ancient harbours in the northern Persian Gulf are poorly understood. Many unanswered questions remain with regard to the main reasons for a shift in the location of the most important ancient harbours in the northern part of the Persian Gulf coastal since 50...
Preprint
Full-text available
We describe a database of Last Interglacial (Marine Isotopic Stage 5) sea-level proxies for the Western Mediterranean region. The database was compiled reviewing the information reported in 179 published studies and contains 371 sea-level datapoints (sea-level index points and marine or terrestrial limiting points) and 304 associated dated samples....
Article
Full-text available
Urban Mediterranean beaches are often characterized by a fragile and unstable equilibrium that can be easily altered by ongoing climate change and by the increase in human pressure. This may pose serious threats to the survival of beach systems that cannot accommodate these modifications. In this paper, the spatio-temporal shift of the shoreline wa...
Article
The timing, duration and evolution of sea level during the Marine Isotope Stage 5e (MIS 5e) highstand is a subject of intense debate. A major problem in resolving this debate is the difficulty of chronologically constraining the sea level fall that followed the peak of the highstand. This was mainly controlled by ice-sheet dynamics, the understandi...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have highlighted the difficulties inherent to the use of bimodal fluvial sediments in beach nourishment and the resulting unpredictable behaviour of the beach profile. In this paper, we monitored the temporal evolution of a nourishment project carried out on a northwestern Mediterranean beach and using fluvial mixed sand and gravel...
Article
Historical texts and archaeological studies attest to the maritime and trade importance of the Persian Gulf since the Sassanid Empires. Nonetheless, there is a paucity of data regarding ancient navigation and the reasons for a shift in maritime trade from the western (e.g. Shatt-al-Arab) to eastern (Siraf) Persian Gulf by the Abbasid dynasty. For s...
Article
Marine coastal ecosystems are facing structural and functional changes due to the increasing human footprint worldwide, and the assessment of their long-term changes becomes particularly challenging. Measures of change can be done by comparing the observed ecosystem status to a purposely defined reference condition. In this paper, a geospatial mode...
Article
We produced a new suite of sea-level data which allowed assessing the Holocene evolution of the Bonifacio Strait, a key coastal sector of the Mediterranean Sea which experienced significant morphological changes since the Last Glacial Maximum. Squeezed between Corsica and Sardinia islands, this strait connects the two major basins of the western Me...
Article
Full-text available
We quantify GIA prediction uncertainties of 250 1D and 3D Glacial Isostatic Adjustment (GIA) models through comparisons with deglacial relative sea-level (RSL) data from North America, and rate of vertical land motion (U ̇) and gravity-rate-of-change (G ̇) from GNSS and GRACE data, respectively. Spatially, the size of the RSL uncertainties varies a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Canadian landmass of North America, which was covered by the large Laurentide Ice Sheet during the Last Glacial Maximum, has been a key area for Glacial Isostatic Adjustment (GIA) studies. Previous GIA studies have applied 1D models of Earth’s interior viscoelastic structure in such analyses, however, seismic tomography, field geology and more...
Article
Full-text available
Morphostratigraphy is a useful tool to reconstruct the sequence of processes responsible for shaping the landscape. In marine and coastal areas, where landforms are only seldom directly recognizable given the difficulty to have eyewitness of sea-floor features, it is possible to correlate geomorphological data derived from indirect surveys (marine...
Article
We reconstructed the late Holocene relative sea-level (RSL) evolution of the ancient harbour of Naples, one of the largest coastal conurbations in the Mediterranean. We carried out multiproxy investigations, coupling archaeological evidence with biological indicators. Our data robustly constrain 2000 yr of non-monotonic changes in sea level, chiefl...
Article
A multi-proxy investigation of sediment cores has enabled us to reconstruct the coastal environmental evolution of East-Central Corsica (the sites of Saint Florent, Piantarella-Bonifacio and Palo-Solenzara) for the last 8000 years. The analytical methods comprise pollen (five original pollen diagrams), weight loss-on-ignition measurements, laser gr...
Article
Full-text available
The SEAMIS database (Mendeley data repository; https://doi.org/10.17632/wp4ctb4667.1) contains 546 relative sea-level indicators from 31 different studies within the broader Southeast Asian region including the Maldives, India and Sri Lanka. Here we compare quality-controlled and site-specific relative sea-level data from 23 studies from the SEAMIS...
Article
Full-text available
Determining the rates, mechanisms, and geographic variability of relative sea-level (RSL) change following the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) provides insight into the sensitivity of ice sheets to climate change, the response of the solid Earth and gravity field to ice-mass redistribution, and constrains statistical and physical models used to project...
Article
Full-text available
We assembled a database of Holocene relative sea-level index points (n = 213) and marine (n = 211) and terrestrial (n = 122) limiting points for the broader South and Southeast Asian region including the Maldives, India and Sri Lanka. The standardized review of published age-elevation information from corals, deltaic, estuarine and mangrove deposit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Porqueddu A., Spanu P.G., Vacchi M. 2019. Archeologia nel Parco Nazionale dell'Arcipelago di La Maddalena. Nota preliminare sull'approdo di Budelli. In M. Capulli (a cura di), Il patrimonio culturale sommerso. Ricerche e proposte per il futuro dell'Archeologia subacquea in Italia, Atti del V Convegno Nazionale di Archeologia Subacquea, Archeologia...
Article
Full-text available
The Bight of Benin in the Gulf of Guinea, West Africa, forms an embayment between the Volta River delta in the west (Ghana) and the Niger River delta (Nigeria) in the east. The bight coast comprises sandy beaches backed by Holocene beach-ridge barriers. Incident swell waves, beachface gradient and the unidirectional longshore sand transport from we...
Article
Marine coastal ecosystems are facing structural and functional changes due to the increasing human footprint worldwide, and the assessment of their long-term changes becomes particularly challenging. Measures of change can be done by comparing the observed ecosystem status to a purposely defined reference condition. In this paper, a geospatial mode...
Article
Full-text available
The ancient harbour of Pisa, Portus Pisanus, was one of Italy's most influential seaports for many centuries. Nonetheless, very little is known about its oldest harbour and the relationships between environmental evolution and the main stages of harbour history. The port complex that ensured Pisa's position as an economic and maritime power progres...
Article
• Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are a major tool to conserve marine ecosystems but are also strongly attractive to tourists, the increased numbers of which can cause environmental issues if not properly managed. • Proposing an MPA and then failing to establish it risks advertising the beauty of a marine area without managing the unavoidable increas...
Article
Full-text available
A multi-proxy palaeoenvironmental investigation was conducted to reconstruct the Holocene history of coastal landscape change in the lower Posada coastal plain of eastern Sardinia. In the Mediterranean region, coastal modifications during the Holocene have been driven by a complex interplay between climate, geomorphological processes and human acti...
Chapter
Full-text available
Archeological structures have been widely used to infer the past relative sea level (RSL). However, pre-Classical settlement linked to sea level are rare and their use is generally limited, also for the dramatic changes occurred in the coastal landscape. An exception is represented by the lagoon belt east of Venice, where many Bronze- Age settlemen...
Article
Full-text available
Dans le cadre d’un programme de recherche pluridisciplinaire dirigé par le CNRS, en collaboration avec l’École suisse d’archéologie en Grèce (ESAG), l’École britannique d’archéologie d’Athènes, l’Université Harokopiou d’Athènes et l’Éphorie des Antiquités d’Eubée, différents sites d’occupation datant du Néolithique à la période antique, et localisé...
Article
1. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are a major tool to conserve marine ecosystems but are also strongly attractive to tourists, the increased numbers of which can cause environmental issues if not properly managed. 2. Proposing an MPA and then failing to establish it risks advertising the beauty of a marine area without managing the unavoidable incre...
Presentation
Full-text available
The Roman city of Pollentia was founded on the north-eastern coast of Mallorca (Balearic archipelago) after the Roman conquest of the island in 123 BC. There is evidence that the city had two harbours, a small harbour located to the north, whereas the main harbour was located to the south of Pollentia. Our study focuses on the southern harbour, on...
Article
Full-text available
From 2000 to 2015, tsunamis and storms killed more than 430,000 people worldwide and affected a further >530 million, with total damages exceeding US$970 billion. These alarming trends, underscored by the tragic events of the 2004 Indian Ocean catastrophe, have fueled increased worldwide demands for assessments of past, present, and future coastal...
Article
The Corinth Gulf, Central Greece, is one of the most rapidly widening tectonic rifts on Earth, where large earthquakes with magnitudes of up ~ 7.0 have been documented not only by instrumental records but also assessed from historical reports extending back to the 5th century BCE. Several of these earthquakes were associated with tsunamis, particul...
Article
Full-text available
This article reviews and discusses key data, literature, debates and discussions focussed on relative sea-level change since the Last Interglacial (approximately last ~132,000 years) in the Mediterranean Basin. Special reference is given to the geomorphological (physical and environmental) and archaeological (human and cultural) aspects of central...
Article
Full-text available
Multiproxy analysis composed of biostratigraphy and pollen analysis allowed reconstructing the palaeoecological and palaeoenvironmental evolution of the Tirso river coastal plain in Sardinia (NW Mediterranean) in the last 6 millennia. We demonstrated that interplay between littoral and fluvial processes have significantly controlled the environment...
Article
Abstract Paleo relative sea-level (RSL) indicators formed during the Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5e have been reported by a large number of studies worldwide. Despite this, three main aspects are seldom reported: (1) use of high-precision survey techniques applied to MIS 5e RSL indicators; (2) application of modern analogs to understand the indicati...
Article
Beachrocks represent a significant paleo-environmental proxy because they can record both the vertical and the horizontal evolution of the shoreline. They have often been used to assess Holocene shoreline evolution and crustally induced Relative Sea-Level (RSL) changes in the Mediterranean Sea. In this paper, we used submerged beachrocks from Paros...
Article
The west coast of Corsica includes a series of freshwater ponds and coastal marshes which are located in the lower river valleys, at a short distance from the river mouths. The origin and the morphodynamic evolution of these wetlands have seen little investigation from both geomorphological and palaeoenvironmental perspectives while the archaeologi...
Article
Full-text available
The coast of the Mediterranean provide several remnants of ancient coastal quarries, which are now useful to study sea level change occurring during the last millennia. Millstones quarries were exploited with same quarrying techniques from rocks like beachrocks, sandstones or similar lithologies, were shaped to be suitable to grind olives, seeds an...
Article
The study of archaeological structures has been widely applied in the Mediterranean to infer the past relative sea level (RSL), but the use of Prehistoric sites was generally scarce. Pre-Classical settlements related to past marine position are quite rare and, after their occupation phase the landscape has often dramatically changed. A peculiar sit...