Matteo Gori

Matteo Gori
University of Luxembourg ·  Physics and Material Sciences Research Unit

PhD

About

32
Publications
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246
Citations

Publications

Publications (32)
Preprint
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In the present work, we present a detailed discussion of a Riemannian metric structure originally introduced in [Gori et al., \textit{J. Stat. Mech.}, \textbf{9} 093204 (2018)] on the configuration space and on phase space allowing us to interpret the derivatives of the configurational microcanonical entropy and of the canonical entropy in terms of...
Preprint
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The many-body dispersion (MBD) framework is a successful approach for modeling the long-range electronic correlation energy and optical response of systems with thousands of atoms. Inspired by field theory, here we develop a second-quantized MBD formalism (SQ-MBD) that recasts a system of atomic quantum Drude oscillators in a Fock-space representat...
Preprint
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The investigation of the Hamiltonian dynamical counterpart of phase transitions, combined with the Riemannian geometrization of Hamiltonian dynamics, has led to a preliminary formulation of a differential-topological theory of phase transitions. In fact, in correspondence of a phase transition there are peculiar geometrical changes of the mechanica...
Preprint
Both classical and quantum electrodynamics predict the existence of dipole-dipole long-range electrodynamic intermolecular forces; however, these have never been hitherto experimentally observed. The discovery of completely new and unanticipated forces acting between biomolecules could have considerable impact on our understanding of the dynamics a...
Article
Full-text available
Both classical and quantum electrodynamics predict the existence of dipole-dipole long-range electrodynamic intermolecular forces; however, these have never been hitherto experimentally observed. The discovery of completely new and unanticipated forces acting between biomolecules could have considerable impact on our understanding of the dynamics a...
Preprint
Full-text available
A paradigmatic example of a phase transition taking place in the absence of symmetry-breaking is provided by the Berezinkii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) transition in the two-dimensional XY model. In the framework of canonical ensemble, this phase transition is defined as an infinite-order one. To the contrary, by tackling the transitional behavior of...
Article
Full-text available
Different arguments led to supposing that the deep origin of phase transitions has to be identified with suitable topological changes of potential related submanifolds of configuration space of a physical system. An important step forward for this approach was achieved with two theorems stating that, for a wide class of physical systems, phase tran...
Article
The fine-structure constant (FSC) measures the coupling strength between photons and charged particles and is more strongly associated with quantum electrodynamics than with atomic and molecular physics. Here we present an elementary derivation that accurately predicts the electronic polarizability of atoms A from their geometric van-der-Waals (vdW...
Article
This paper tackles Hamiltonian chaos by means of elementary tools of Riemannian geometry. More precisely, a Hamiltonian flow is identified with a geodesic flow on configuration space–time endowed with a suitable metric due to Eisenhart. Until now, this framework has never been given attention to describe chaotic dynamics. A gap that is filled in th...
Article
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Phase transitions do not necessarily correspond to a symmetry breaking phenomenon. This is the case of the Kosterlitz–Thouless (KT) phase transition in a two-dimensional classical XY model, a typical example of a transition stemming from a deeper phenomenon than a symmetry-breaking. Actually, the KT transition is a paradigmatic example of the succe...
Article
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
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In the present work, we discuss how the functional form of thermodynamic observables can be deduced from the geometric properties of subsets of phase space. The geometric quantities taken into account are mainly extrinsic curvatures of the energy level sets of the Hamiltonian of a system under investigation. In particular, it turns out that peculia...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the present work, we discuss how the functional form of thermodynamic observables can be deduced from the geometric properties of subsets of phase space. The geometric quantities taken into account are mainly extrinsic curvatures of the energy level sets of the Hamiltonian of a system under investigation. In particular, it turns out that peculia...
Article
By identifying Hamiltonian flows with geodesic flows of suitably chosen Riemannian manifolds, it is possible to explain the origin of chaos in classical Newtonian dynamics and to quantify its strength. There are several possibilities to geometrize Newtonian dynamics under the action of conservative potentials and the hitherto investigated ones prov...
Preprint
Full-text available
By identifying Hamiltonian flows with geodesic flows of suitably chosen Riemannian manifolds, it is possible to explain the origin of chaos in classical Newtonian dynamics and to quantify its strength. There are several possibilities to geometrize Newtonian dynamics under the action of conservative potentials and the hitherto investigated ones prov...
Article
Full-text available
The present work reports about the dynamics of a collection of randomly distributed, and randomly oriented, oscillators in 3D space, coupled by an interaction potential falling as $1/r^3$, where r stands for the inter-particle distance. This model schematically represents a collection of identical biomolecules, coherently vibrating at some common f...
Article
Full-text available
We describe the activation of out-of-equilibrium collective oscillations of a macromolecule as a classical phonon condensation phenomenon. If a macromolecule is modeled as an open system—that is, it is subjected to an external energy supply and is in contact with a thermal bath to dissipate the excess energy—the internal nonlinear couplings among t...
Article
Different arguments led us to surmise that the deep origin of phase transitions has to be identified with suitable topological changes of potential-related submanifolds of configuration space of a physical system. An important step forward for this approach was achieved with two theorems stating that, for a wide class of physical systems, phase tra...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we investigate the Hamiltonian dynamics of a lattice gauge model in three spatial dimension. Our model Hamiltonian is defined on the basis of a continuum version of a duality transformation of a three dimensional Ising model. The system so obtained undergoes a thermodynamic phase transition in the absence of symmetry-breaking. Besides...
Article
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The topological theory of phase transitions was proposed on the basis of different arguments, the most important of which are: a direct evidence of the relation between topology and phase transitions for some exactly solvable models; an explicit relation between entropy and topological invariants of certain submanifolds of configuration space, and,...
Article
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The present paper deals with an experimental feasibility study concerning the detection of long- range intermolecular interactions through molecular diffusion behavior in solution. This follows previous analyses, theoretical and numerical, where it was found that inter-biomolecular long-range force fields of electrodynamic origin could be detected...
Article
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A longstanding, and still present, proposal relates the activation of collective intramolecular oscillations of biomolecules with their biological functioning. These collective oscillations are predicted to occur in the THz frequency domain. Collective oscillations of an entire molecule, or of a substantial fraction of its atoms, are essential to g...
Thesis
The manuscript is divided in two parts. The Part I deals withTopological Theory of phase transitions and is composed of two chapters: chapter 1 is a review chapter where some basic facts of the theory of phase transitions(PTs) in classical systems, and of the Topological Theory of phase transitions are reported; chapter 2 is a chapter where origina...
Article
Full-text available
Background This study is mainly motivated by the need of understanding how the diffusion behavior of a biomolecule (or even of a larger object) is affected by other moving macromolecules, organelles, and so on, inside a living cell, whence the possibility of understanding whether or not a randomly walking biomolecule is also subject to a long-range...
Article
Full-text available
The topological theory of phase transitions has its strong point in two theorems proving that, for a wide class of physical systems, phase transitions necessarily stem from topological changes of some submanifolds of configuration space. It has been recently argued that the $2D$ lattice $\phi^4$-model provides a counterexample that falsifies this t...
Article
Persistent homology analysis, a recently developed computational method in algebraic topology, is applied to the study of the phase transitions undergone by the so-called XY-mean field model and by the phi^4 lattice model, respectively. For both models the relationship between phase transitions and the topological properties of certain submanifolds...
Article
Full-text available
The dynamical properties and diffusive behavior of a collection of mutually interacting particles are numerically investigated for two types of long-range interparticle interactions: Coulomb-electrostatic and dipole-electrodynamic. It is shown that when the particles are uniformly distributed throughout the accessible space, the self-diffusion coef...
Article
Full-text available
The dynamical properties and diffusive behavior of a collection of mutually interacting particles are numerically investigated for two types of long-range interparticle interactions: Coulomb-electrostatic and dipole-electrodynamic. It is shown that when the particles are uniformly distributed throughout the accessible space, the self-diffusion coef...

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