Matteo de Rosa

Matteo de Rosa
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Institute of Biophysics IBF

PhD

About

47
Publications
4,541
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
580
Citations
Additional affiliations
May 2016 - February 2020
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • https://users.unimi.it/biolstru/molbd3-lab.html https://www.ibf.cnr.it/?lang=en
September 2013 - present
University of Milan - CNR-IBF
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • http://users.unimi.it/biolstru/Home.html
August 2009 - August 2013
Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência (IGC)
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • http://www.igc.gulbenkian.pt/pages/groups.php/A=97___collection=groups___group=1

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Full-text available
Gelsolin comprises six homologous domains, named G1 to G6. Single point substitutions in this protein are responsible for AGel amyloidosis, a hereditary disease causing progressive corneal lattice dystrophy, cutis laxa, and polyneuropathy. Although several different amyloidogenic variants of gelsolin have been identified, only the most common mutan...
Preprint
Full-text available
The multidomain protein gelsolin (GSN) is composed of six homologous modules, sequentially named G1 to G6. Single point substitutions in this protein are responsible for AGel amyloidosis, a hereditary disease characterized by progressive corneal lattice dystrophy, cutis laxa, and polyneuropathy. Several different amyloidogenic variants of GSN have...
Article
The protozoan Plasmodium falciparum is the main aetiological agent of tropical malaria. Characteristic of the phylum is the presence of a plastid-like organelle which hosts several homologs of plant proteins, including a ferredoxin (PfFd) and its NADPH-dependent reductase (PfFNR). The PfFNR/PfFd redox system is essential for the parasite, while mam...
Article
Full-text available
Gelsolin amyloidosis typically presents with corneal lattice dystrophy and is most frequently associated with pathogenic GSN variant p.Asp214Asn. Here we report clinical and histopathological features of gelsolin amyloidosis associated with a novel GSN variant p.Glu580Lys. We studied DNA samples of seven members of a two-generation family. Exome se...
Preprint
Full-text available
The second domain of gelsolin (G2) hosts mutations responsible for a hereditary form of amyloidosis. The active form of gelsolin is Ca2+-bound; it is also a dynamic protein, hence structural biologists often rely on the study of the isolated G2. However, the wild type G2 structure that have been used so far in comparative studies is bound to a crys...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mutations in the gelsolin protein are responsible for a rare conformational disease known as AGel amyloidosis. Four of these mutations are hosted by the second domain of the protein (G2): D187N/Y, G167R and N184K. The impact of the latter has been so far evaluated only by studies on the isolated G2. Here we report the characterization of full-lengt...
Article
Mutations in the gelsolin protein are responsible for a rare conformational disease known as AGel amyloidosis. Four of these mutations are hosted by the second domain of the protein (G2): D187N/Y, G167R and N184K. The impact of the latter has been so far evaluated only by studies on the isolated G2. Here we report the characterization of full-lengt...
Article
The second domain of gelsolin (G2) hosts mutations responsible for a hereditary form of amyloidosis. The active form of gelsolin is Ca2+-bound; it is also a dynamic protein, hence structural biologists often rely on the study of the isolated G2. However, the wild type G2 structure that have been used so far in comparative studies is bound to a crys...
Article
Full-text available
AGel amyloidosis, formerly known as familial amyloidosis of the Finnish-type, is caused by pathological aggregation of proteolytic fragments of plasma gelsolin. So far, four mutations in the gelsolin gene have been reported as responsible for the disease. Although D187N is the first identified variant and the best characterized, its structure has b...
Article
Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins (IAPs) is highly conserved negative regulators of apoptosis overexpressed in many cancer cells. Based on their endogenous antagonist, Smac/DIABLO, mimic compounds (Smac-mimetics, SMs) have been developed to inhibit IAPs prosurvival activity, showing promising effects in advanced phases of clinical trials. Since diffe...
Article
Full-text available
Spontaneous aggregation of folded and soluble native proteins in vivo is still a poorly understood process. A prototypic example is the D76N mutant of beta-2 microglobulin (β2m) that displays an aggressive aggregation propensity. Here we investigate the dynamics of β2m by X-ray crystallography, solid-state NMR, and molecular dynamics simulations to...
Article
Despite the availability of two attenuated vaccines, rotavirus (RV) gastroenteritis remains an important cause of mortality among children in developing countries, causing about 215,000 infant deaths annually. Currently, there are no specific antiviral therapies available. RV is a nonenveloped virus with a segmented double-stranded RNA genome. Vira...
Article
Full-text available
AGel amyloidosis is a genetic degenerative disease characterized by the deposition of insoluble gelsolin protein aggregates in different tissues. Until recently, this disease was associated with two mutations of a single residue (Asp187 to Asn/Tyr) in the second domain of the protein. The general opinion is that pathogenic variants are not per se a...
Article
Full-text available
Plants measure day or night lengths to coordinate specific developmental changes with a favorable season. In rice (Oryza sativa), the reproductive phase is initiated by exposure to short days when expression of HEADING DATE 3a (Hd3a) and RICE FLOWERING LOCUS T 1 (RFT1) is induced in leaves. The cognate proteins are components of the florigenic sign...
Article
Beta-2 microglobulin (β2m) is part of the Major Histocompatibility Complex Class I (MHC I) and when monomeric becomes an aggregation prone protein that is responsible for a human disorder known as dialysis-related amyloidosis. In 2012 Valleix et al. described a new familial systemic amyloidosis: an unreported β2m mutant (D76N) is the etiological ag...
Article
Full-text available
Mutations in gelsolin are responsible for a systemic amyloidosis first described in 1969. Until recently, the disease was associated with two substitutions of the same residue, leading to the loss of the calcium binding site. Novel interest arose in 2014 when the N184K variant of the protein was identified as the etiological agent of a novel kidney...
Article
Full-text available
A wide range of human diseases is associated with mutations that, destabilizing proteins native state, promote their aggregation. However, the mechanisms leading from folded to aggregated states are still incompletely understood. To investigate these mechanisms, we used a combination of NMR spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations to compare...
Article
Full-text available
A wide range of human diseases is associated with mutations that, destabilizing proteins native state, promote their aggregation. However, the mechanisms leading from folded to aggregated states are still incompletely understood. To investigate these mechanisms, we used a combination of NMR spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations to compare...
Article
Full-text available
D76N is the first natural variant of human β-2 microglobulin (β2m) so far identified. Contrary to the wt protein, this mutant readily forms amyloid fibres in physiological conditions, leading to a systemic and severe amyloidosis. Although the Asp76Asn mutant has been extensively characterized, the molecular bases of its instability and aggregation...
Article
Full-text available
Unlabelled: β-proteins are constantly threatened by the risk of aggregation because β-sheets are inherently structured for edge-to-edge interactions. To avoid native-like aggregation, evolution has resulted in a set of strategies that prevent intermolecular β-interactions. Acylphosphatase from Sulfolobus solfataricus (Sso AcP) represents a suitabl...
Article
Full-text available
Details of the beamline, detector and overall Wilson B in the article by Nogly et al. (2012, Acta Cryst. F68, 1113-1115) are corrected.
Article
Full-text available
The first structure of a bacterial α-phosphoglucomutase with an overall fold similar to eukaryotic phosphomannomutases is reported. Unlike most α-phosphoglucomutases within the α-D-phosphohexomutase superfamily, it belongs to subclass IIb of the haloacid dehalogenase superfamily (HADSF). It catalyzes the reversible conversion of α-glucose 1-phospha...
Article
Full-text available
The RNA-dependent protein kinase PKR plays a central role in the antiviral defense of vertebrates by shutting down protein translation upon detection of viral dsRNA in the cytoplasm. In some teleost fish, PKZ, a homolog of PKR, performs the same function, but surprisingly, instead of dsRNA binding domains, it harbors two Z-DNA/Z-RNA-binding domains...
Article
Full-text available
Zalpha domains are a subfamily of the winged helix-turn-helix domains sharing the unique ability to recognize CpG repeats in the left-handed Z-DNA conformation. In vertebrates, domains of this family are found exclusively in proteins that detect foreign nucleic acids and activate components of the antiviral interferon response. Moreover, poxviruses...
Article
Full-text available
α-Phosphoglucomutase (α-PGM) is an enzyme that is essential for the growth of Lactococcus lactis. The enzyme links bacterial anabolism with sugar utilization through glycolysis by catalyzing the reversible interconversion of glucose 6-phosphate and α-glucose 1-phosphate. The gene encoding α-PGM was cloned and overexpressed in L. lactis. The purifie...
Article
β-2 microglobulin (β2m) is an amyloidogenic protein responsible for dialysis-related amyloidosis in man. In the early stages of amyloid fibril formation, β2m associates into dimers and higher oligomers, although the structural details of such aggregates are poorly understood. To characterize the protein-protein interactions supporting the formation...
Article
Full-text available
The double helix of DNA, when composed of dinucleotide purine-pyrimidine repeats, can adopt a left-handed helical structure called Z-DNA. For reasons not entirely understood, such dinucleotide repeats in genomic sequences have been associated with genomic instability leading to cancer. Adoption of the left-handed conformation results in the formati...
Article
Full-text available
Beta2-microglobulin (beta2m) is the light chain component of class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC-I). beta2m is an intrinsically amyloidogenic protein that can assemble into amyloid fibrils in vitro and in vivo. Several recent reports suggested that the polypeptide loop comprised between beta-strands D and E of beta2m is important for prot...
Article
Although all ferredoxin-NADP(+) reductases (FNRs) catalyze the same reaction, i.e. the transfer of reducing equivalents between NADP(H) and ferredoxin, they belong to two unrelated families of proteins: the plant-type and the glutathione reductase-type of FNRs. Aim of this review is to provide a general classification scheme for these enzymes, to b...
Article
We have previously shown that Mycobacterium tuberculosis FprA, an NADPH-ferredoxin reductase homologous to mammalian adrenodoxin reductase, promotes the oxidation of NADP(+) to its 4-oxo derivative 3-carboxamide-4-pyridone adenine dinucleotide phosphate [Bossi RT, Aliverti A, Raimondi D, Fischer F, Zanetti G, Ferrari D, Tahallah N, Maier CS, Heck A...
Article
Full-text available
Mycobacterium smegmatis ferredoxin FdxA, which has an orthologue ferredoxin in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, FdxC, contains both one [3Fe-4S] and one [4Fe-4S] cluster. M. smegmatis FdxA has been shown to be a preferred ferredoxin substrate of FprA [F. Fischer, D. Raimondi, A. Aliverti, G. Zanetti, Mycobacterium tuberculosis FprA, a novel bacterial NA...
Article
Mycobacterium tuberculosis FprA is a NADPH-ferredoxin reductase, functionally and structurally similar to the mammalian adrenodoxin reductase. It is presumably involved in supplying electrons to one or more of the pathogen's cytochrome P450s through reduced ferredoxins. It has been proposed on the basis of crystallographic data (Bossi, R. T., et al...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Gelsolin is the prototype of a superfamily of Ca2+-dependent proteins and it is responsible for the assembly, disassembly and scavenging of actin by means of its severing and capping activities. Due to its pivotal physiological activities and the ubiquity nature, gelsolin plays a main role in a plethora of physiological processes, such as cell motility and division, organelle trafficking and muscle contraction. Moreover, increasing evidence suggests a central role in cell metabolism and signaling, in an actin-independent fashion. As a consequence, alteration in gelsolin expression levels or deregulation of its activities have been observed in several diseases, cancers in particular. While the role of gelsolin in these pathological states is still to be fully elucidated, the protein is directly responsible for a rare disease, named gelsolin amyloidosis (AGel), caused by gain-of-toxic-function mutations. In AGel, misfolded protein aggregates and forms insoluble deposits, similarly to diseases such as ALS and Alzheimer’s. AGel has been for long considered an extremely rare disease, endemic only in few countries. In the last five years, AGel cases have been reported from all over the world, five new pathogenic mutations have been identified and a novel sporadic form of the disease described. Integrating structural biology, biochemistry and biophysics techniques, this project aims at elucidating the molecular bases of gelsolin-related diseases, with particular emphasis on AGel, and at providing a structural description of gelsolin physiological activities. In parallel, exploiting the same aforementioned methodologies we started a drug discovery project for the screening, optimization and validation of novel drugs against gelsolin-related diseases.