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Matt A. M. Renner

Matt A. M. Renner
Wildland Consultants · Rotorua Office

PhD, FLS

About

144
Publications
34,394
Reads
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1,893
Citations
Introduction
My research focuses on discovery and documentation of bryophyte morphological and phylogenetic diversity.
Additional affiliations
November 2016 - December 2021
Royal Botanic Gardens
Position
  • Research Scientist
July 2010 - November 2016
Royal Botanic Gardens
Position
  • ABRS Postdoctoral Fellow
March 2004 - May 2004
Auckland Museum
Position
  • Technician
Education
July 2004 - February 2008

Publications

Publications (144)
Article
Full-text available
We describe two new species of Prasophyllinae from New South Wales, in the genus Genoplesium R.Br. following the generic classification currently in use at the National Herbarium of New South Wales. One of these new species, Genoplesium branwhiteorum M.A.M.Renner & P.H.Weston, which we name for the Branwhite family, has been known for nearly a deca...
Article
Full-text available
Morphological and single-nucleotide polymorphism data support splitting Pultenaea glabra Benth. into eight species, including one in Victoria, and seven in eastern and northern New South Wales. Six species are newly described, five of which are, like P. glabra, narrow-range endemics within the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area and adjacent...
Article
Full-text available
In Acacia, 90% of species have drought-tolerant phyllodes as their adult foliage, the remaining species have bipinnate leaves. We conducted tests for relationships between foliage type and 35 bioclimatic variables at the continental scale and found significant correlations of both ‘moisture seasonality’ and ‘radiation in the coldest quarter’ with f...
Article
DNA-based analyses as well as the fossil record indicate that liverworts date back to the early Paleozoic, but diverse specimens of lifelike three-dimensional fossils only occur as amber inclusions from the mid-Cretaceous onwards. Some Albian–Cenomanian ambers preserve elements of a diverse biota that existed during the rise of angiosperms, a time...
Article
We present a summary of the Aotearoa/New Zealand Lejeunea flora in a synopsis covering 21 species, 19 of which have been, or are here, formally described and two tag-named. Four species are described as new (L. amphinephea M.A.M.Renner, L. demissa M.A.M.Renner, L. perichymidia M.A.M.Renner and L. thalassoides M.A.M.Renner & Glenny) all have been pr...
Article
Full-text available
Australia has a very diverse pea-flowered legume flora with 1715 native and naturalised species currently recognised. Tribe Mirbelieae s.l. includes 44% of Australia’s peas in 24 genera with 756 recognised species. However, several genera within the Pultenaea alliance in tribe Mirbelieae are considered to be non-monophyletic and two main options ha...
Article
Full-text available
The number of available liverwort fossils has substantially increased within the past decade mainly due to new findings from Cretaceous and Cenozoic amber deposits. Here, we present a list of the fossil species that we consider suitable for calibrating phylogenetic reconstructions, along with brief descriptions, justification of their use, and age...
Article
Full-text available
The number of available liverwort fossils substantially increased within the past decade, which is mainly due to new findings from Cretaceous and Cenozoic amber deposits. Many of them, however, are fragmentary and not predestined for consideration in evolutionary analyses. here, we list those liverwort fossils that we suggest as suitable for calibr...
Article
Study of two recognised geographic lineages within Radula novae-hollandiae sens. lat. have resulted in the detection of morphological differences between individuals from the Queensland Wet Tropics, and those from New South Wales. Individuals from the Wet Tropics have perianths that are shorter at maturity (1.6–2.0 v. 3.8–4.4 mm), leaf lobes that u...
Article
Plagiochila is the most diverse genus of liverwort by number of described species, with 1600 validly published names. The typification and application of names within the context of such nomenclatural diversity is therefore critical. Typification statements made over five decades of revisionary study for 95 validly published species names, and two...
Article
Full-text available
Danhatchia novaehollandiae D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. and D. australis (Hatch) Garay & Christenson were separated at species rank due to differences in petal length and flower opening, with the Australian species having smaller, tardily opening flowers. From this, flower lengths for Australia and New Zealand are expected to be bi-modally distributed wit...
Article
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Cryptic bryophyte species exhibit a decoupling in the degree of morphological and molecular divergence, as a result of different processes, from recent divergence to stasis. Here a body of cryptic species literature comprising 110 papers published between 2000 and the end of 2018 is reviewed. Most studies of cryptic species focused on northern hemi...
Book
Full-text available
The conservation status of 770 New Zealand hornwort and liverwort taxa was assessed using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). A full list is presented, along with a statistical summary and brief notes on the most important changes. This list replaces all previous NZTCS lists for hornworts and liverworts.
Article
All studied leafy liverworts have shoots with leaf to underleaf ratios of either 2:1 or 1:1. These ratios are the product of growth by either helical or pendular segmentation of the tetrahedral apical cell. Here we report that Herzogianthus vaginatus has a leaf to underleaf ratio approaching 3:1 on primary shoots, and on secondary shoots the ratio...
Article
A molecular phylogeny to test the monophyly of Nephelolejeunea by using previously published nrITS, rbcL and trnL–F sequence data demonstrated that Nephelolejeunea is paraphyletic with respect to Siphonolejeunea. Nephelolejeunea and Siphonolejeunea are, therefore, merged and, as the latter name has priority, new combinations in Siphonolejeunea are...
Article
Australia is an excellent setting to explore relationships between climate change and diversification dynamics. Aridification since the Eocene has resulted in spectacular radiations within one or more Australian biomes. Acacia is the largest plant genus on the Australian continent, with around 1000 species, and is present in all biomes. We investig...
Article
Full-text available
Sphaeropezia leucocheila is described as a new species from New Zealand. Known from a single specimen, its fruiting bodies were consistently associated with a patch of dead and dying leaves in a liverwort colony that included several species of Lepidoziaceae. A phylogenetic analysis places this fungus in Sphaeropezia, a genus that includes several...
Article
The veracity of records of the 11 presumed Extinct or missing ferns and lycophytes from the Wet Tropics Bioregion of northern Queensland is investigated by examination of original materials and by intensive field searches of their recording sites. Two of the species, namely Hymenophyllum whitei and Oreogrammitis leonardii, were rediscovered. One of...
Article
Two additional species of the liverwort genus Chiastocaulon Carl, namely, C. fasciculatum M.A.M.Renner sp. nov. and C. pachycephalum (De Not.) Herzog, are reported from two mountain tops in the north of the Queensland Wet Tropics Bioregion, namely, Mount Finnigan and Thornton Peak. Given the recent completion of a revision for Chiastocaulon in Aust...
Article
Full-text available
Fifty-five Plagiochila species are recognized for Australia and New Zealand, of which nine are new, all from Australia with eight of the new species from the Wet Tropics Bioregion of north-east Queensland and the nineth from the south-eastern mesic archipelago of eastern New South Wales and south-east Queensland. Four of the new species belong in t...
Article
Radula deflexilobula Promma, L.N.Zhang et R.L.Zhu is described and illustrated as a new species from Thailand. This species is distinctive in 1) the presence of dimorphic leaf lobules that are subrhombic and strongly reflexed on pendulous shoots, subquadrate and not reflexed on creeping shoots; 2) leaf lobules covering the stem ca. 1/3-1/2 of the s...
Article
Full-text available
Two new species of Plectranthus L'Hér. are described from Cape York Peninsula, Queensland. Plectranthus amiculatus T.C. Wilson, P.I.Forst. & M.A.M. Renner and P. altanmouiensis T.C. Wilson, P.I.Forst. & M.A.M. Renner have restricted distributions on the peninsular tip and Altanmoui range, respectively. Both species are illustrated and notes on habi...
Article
As a result of fieldwork on Cape York Peninsula, and ongoing revision of type specimens in lieu of the recent revision of Australian Acromastigum, two new species are described. Acromastigum carcinum represents a newly discovered species, currently known only from one location within the Jardine River National Park. The lowland and tropical monsoon...
Article
Full-text available
An inclusion in Miocene Dominican amber is described as Cheilolejeunea lamyi, sp. nov. The fossil resembles the extant Cheilolejeunea rigidula but differs in the partly subacute leaf lobes, often apiculate underleaf lobes, and the slightly more acute lobes of the bracteole. The two other Cheilolejeunea species in Dominican amber, Cheilolejeunea ant...
Article
Relating type specimens to morphologically cryptic species is particularly vexing. When type specimens are small, fragmentary and sterile, resolution can seem intractable. In this study of the cryptic Plagiochila arbuscula complex, morphological evidence was reconsidered using geometric morphometric methods to gain insight into patterns of variatio...
Article
Molecular evidence supports the transfer of Conoscyphus Mitt. from Lophocoleaceae to Acrobolbaceae, which is unexpected on the basis of morphological evidence and further disrupts the morphological circumscription of Acrobolbaceae. Conoscyphus differs from other Acrobolbaceae in possessing a stem perigynium and a conspicuous perianth that forms a t...
Article
Fossil tree resins preserve a wide range of animals, plants, fungi and microorganisms in microscopic fidelity. Fossil organisms preserved in an individual piece of amber lived at the same time in Earth history and mostly even in the same habitat, but they were not necessarily parts of the same interacting community. Here, we report on an in situ pr...
Article
Full-text available
Recent molecular evidence supports the transfer of two Australian endemic species, Austrocynoglossum latifolium (R.Br.) R.R.Mill and Cynoglossum suaveolens R.Br., to the genus Hackelia Opiz as H. latifolia (R.R.Mill) Dimon & M.A.M.Renner, comb. nov., and H. suaveolens (R.Br.) Dimon & M.A.M.Renner, comb. nov. Hackelia latifolia comprises two morphol...
Article
Kākāpō (Strigops habroptilus) are the only parrot species known to have a lek-based mating system. In competing for mating opportunities with females, males can fight intensely with one another, sometimes with fatal consequences. Males may have evolved more deeply hooked bills and raptorial claws than females if these confer advantage in conflicts...
Article
Full-text available
Lepidolejeunea grandiocellata, sp. nov. is described for two specimens from the Blue Mountains of Jamaica. This delicate species is characterized by ocelli in basal parts of leaves, underleaves, bracteoles and bracts often being conspicuously larger than the surrounding cells, whereas ocelli in central and upper parts of these structures are more o...
Article
Full-text available
DNA-based divergence time estimates suggested major changes in the composition of epiphyte lineages of liverworts during the Cretaceous; however, evidence from the fossil record is scarce. We present the first Cretaceous fossil of the predominantly epiphytic leafy liverwort genus Radula in ca. 100 Myr old Burmese amber. The fossil's exquisite prese...
Article
Full-text available
A comparative study of epiphytic bryophytes on tree trunks was undertaken in three principal vegetation types along an elevational gradient on the windward wet side of the largest island in Fiji, Viti Levu. This ecological study is the first of its kind for Fiji and the islands of the South Pacific and it serves as groundwork for any future ecologi...
Article
Molecular phylogeny reconstruction has motivated recircumscription of all families and most genera within the Lophocoleinae, and in Plagiochila, the largest genus of this lineage, has refined the sectional classification as well. Here, we extend this ongoing revision in the first study focusing on species from Australasia, a region to date underrep...
Article
We present molecular data demonstrating that the New Zealand endemic Plagiochila caducifolia represents an isolated population of Plagiochila (sect. Arrectae) spinulosa, a species previously thought confined to the eastern Holarctic but which also occurs in Lesotho, southern Africa. In New Zealand, the wide distribution of P. spinulosa in undisturb...
Article
Full-text available
A chloroplast DNA phylogeny of Radula substantiates the presence of three Radula species in Austria, R. complanata, R. lindenbergiana and R. visianica, all members of subg. Radula. Radula visianica has been observed at a few localities in the Austrian Alps, and is resolved in a sister relationship with a clade comprising R. complanata, R. jonesii,...
Article
Recent findings established the Albian-Cenomanian amber of Myanmar (Burmese amber) as an important source of Mesozoic cryptogams. Here, we describe an inclusion within Burmese amber as Protofrullania cornigera gen. et sp. nov. in the extant family Frullaniaceae (Porellales, Jungermanniopsida). Diagnostic characters include its incubous leaves consi...
Article
Allopolyploidy is an important mode of speciation in angiosperms, ferns and mosses, but has been considered of little importance in liverworts. The few known examples include taxa of the simple thalloid genus Pellia, the complex thalloid genera Corsinia, Reboulia and Targionia and the leafy liverworts Barbilophozia, Calypogeia and Porella. The dipl...
Article
Why some species exhibit larger geographical ranges than others, and to what extent does variation in range size affect diversification rates, remains a fundamental, but largely unanswered question in ecology and evolution. Here, we implement phylogenetic comparative analyses and ancestral area estimations in Radula, a liverwort genus of Cretaceous...
Article
Molecular and morphological data support the recognition of seven species of Chiastocaulon in Australia, of which four, namely C. braunianum and C. geminifolium comb. nov. from tropical north-eastern Queensland and C. proliferum and C. flamabilis sp. nov. from Tasmania (and New Zealand), represent new records. The other three species accepted for A...
Article
As a framework for revisionary study of the leafy liverwort Plagiochila in Australia, two methods for species delimitation on molecular sequence data, General Mixed Yule Coalescence model (GMYC) and Automatic Barcode Gap Discovery (ABGD) were applied to a dataset including 265 individuals from Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific. Groups returne...
Article
Lejeunea is a morphologically diverse subcosmopolitan genus of predominantly epiphytic leafy liverworts. We describe three Lejeunea fossils preserved in Miocene Dominican amber, Lejeunea hamatiloba sp. nov., L. resinata sp. nov. and L. urbanioides sp. nov., thereby increasing the Lejeunea fossil record to four species. The overall similarity of the...
Article
Full-text available
The evolutionary history and classification of epiphyllous cryptogams are still poorly known. Leptolejeunea is a largely epiphyllous pantropical liverwort genus with about 25 species characterized by deeply bilobed underleaves, elliptic to narrowly obovate leaf lobes, the presence of ocelli, and vegetative reproduction by cladia. Sequences of three...
Article
The phylogenetically isolated leafy liverwort genus Radula comprises ~200 extant species and has a near-worldwide distribution. Most species are obligate or facultative epiphytes on tree bark or leaves in humid, trop-ical or warm-temperate regions. The fossil record of the genus is limited to a few specimens in amber that all de-serve re-examinatio...
Article
Full-text available
With more than 1,000 species in some 70 genera, Lejeuneaceae represent the largest family of liverworts. Although much progress has been made in recent years, the supraspecific classification of Lejeuneaceae has not yet been satisfactorily solved. Maximum likelihood and Bayesian analyses of a three marker dataset (nrITS, cp DNA rbcL and trnL-trnF)...
Article
Full-text available
On the basis of variation in molecular sequence data and morphology, three species are recognised within Dinckleria. The generitype D. pleurata is widespread in Tasmania and New Zealand and has outlier populations in Victoria, and in rainforests around the New South Wales-Queensland border. Dinckleria fruticella is endemic to New Zealand, records o...
Article
The Lophocoleaceae-Plagiochilaceae-Brevianthaceae clade i s a largely terrestrial , subcosmopolitan lineage of jungermannialean leafy liverworts that may include significantly more than 1000 species. Here we present the most comprehensively sampled phylogeny available to date based on the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region and the...
Article
Museum specimens are a portal to the past, offering unique opportunities for improving knowledge of endangered species and the practices of past scientists. The Macleay Museum holds twelve Kakapo (Strigops habroptilus) skins received in 1877 from Sir James Hector of the New Zealand Colonial Museum. Unfortunately beyond this, the provenance of the M...
Article
Full-text available
Xenochila is a monospecific genus that has not yet been included in molecular phylogenies. Based on morphology it has been aligned with Plagiochilaceae. A chloroplast DNA phylogeny places Xenochila within Jungermanniaceae in a robust sister relationship with the monospecific genus Delavayella. Though outwardly disparate in form, Delavayella and Xen...
Article
The classification of the speciose leafy liverwort genus Plagiochila into species and sections is still in a preliminary state. Based on phylogenetic analyses of a dataset comprising nuclear ITS and chloroplast rps4 and rbcL sequences, we reject an earlier proposed synonymy of the Asian-Australasian Plagiochila sect. Abietinae and the pantropical P...
Article
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Jungermannia doellingeri has alternatively been aligned with Harpanthaceae, Lophocoleaceae, Plagiochilaceae, and Lophoziaceae. Currently it is placed in a monogeneric family Chonecoleaceae of Jungermanniales suborder Lophocoleineae, as Chonecolea doellingeri. Maximum likelihood analyses of a chloroplast DNA rbcL-rps4 dataset of jungermannialean liv...
Article
Full-text available
Three species of Goebeliella are here recognized on morphological evidence. The three species can be distinguished by a range of qualitative and quantitative characters, including width of the hyaline leaf-border, leaf lobe cell wall thickening and wall internal structure, horn shape and anatomy, and female bract shape and conformation. The type sp...
Article
Full-text available
Cambay amber originates from the warmest period of the Eocene, which is also well known for the appearance of early angiosperm-dominated megathermal forests. The humid climate of these forests may have triggered the evolution of epiphytic lineages of bryophytes; however, early Eocene fossils of bryophytes are rare. Here, we present evidence for lej...
Data
Taxa used in the present study. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
The classification of Lejeuneeae, the most speciose tribe of the largely epiphytic leafy liverwort family Lejeuneaceae, is deemed notoriously difficult and hampered by extensive morphological homoplasy. We employed sequences of two chloroplast regions (trnL-trnF, rbcL) and the nuclear ribosomal ITS region of several critical taxa to explore their p...
Article
Full-text available
A working checklist of accepted taxa worldwide is vital in achieving the goal of developing an online flora of all known plants by 2020 as part of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation. We here present the first-ever worldwide checklist for liverworts (Marchantiophyta) and hornworts (Anthocerotophyta) that includes 7486 species in 398 genera r...
Data
Taxa used in the present study, including information about the origin of the studied material, voucher information, as well as GenBank accession numbers. Sequences taken from GenBank are marked with asterisks. Crosses mark sequences that resulted from present study.
Article
The Lophocoleaceae-Plagiochilaceae-Brevianthaceae clade is a largely terrestrial, subcosmopolitan lineage of jungermannialean leafy liverworts that may include significantly more than 1000 species. Here we present the most comprehensively sampled phylogeny available to date based on the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region and the c...
Article
The classification of Lejeuneeae, the most speciose tribe of the largely epiphytic leafy liverwort family Lejeuneaceae, is deemed notoriously difficult and hampered by extensive morphological homoplasy. We employed sequences of two chloroplast regions (trnL-trnF, rbcL) and the nuclear ribosomal ITS region of several critical taxa to explore their p...
Article
Full-text available
The conservation status of the New Zealand hornwort and liverwort flora is reassessed using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). A full list is presented, along with a statistical summary and brief notes on the most important changes. This list replaces all previous NZTCS lists for New Zealand hornworts and liverworts which previou...