Mathieu Duval

Mathieu Duval
Centro de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana | CENIEH · Geology and Geochronology

PhD

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141
Publications
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Publications

Publications (141)
Article
Full-text available
The present study reports the results of the first direct Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) dating study of Homo antecessor, the oldest known hominin species identified in Western Europe. The analysis of a tooth (ATD6-92) from TD6 unit of Atapuerca Gran Dolina (Spain) following a “semi non-destructive” procedure provides a final age estimate ranging fr...
Article
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We used DosiVox to evaluate the impact of cement thickness on the dose effectively absorbed by the enamel layer. Until now, the thickness of the dental tissues adjacent to the enamel layer was not considered by any of the most widely used combined US-ESR dating programs (DATA and USESR). Instead, if adjacent tissues are present, their thickness is...
Article
Tourville-la-Rivière (Normandy, France) is one of the rare Middle Pleistocene palaeoanthropological localities of Northern France. Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) and combined ESR/U-series dating methods were independently applied by different teams on sediments and teeth from this site. The present work provides an overview of this multi-laboratory...
Article
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We report here the first direct dating study of the faunal assemblage from Khok Sung locality, Thailand. This palaeontological site is of great biochronological, palaeoenvironmental and biogeographical significance. Firstly, it has yielded a rich and diversified Pleistocene vertebrate fauna with up to 15 mammalian species from 13 genera, 10 reptile...
Article
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We present the first experimental evaluation of the alpha efficiency value for electron spin resonance (ESR) dating of coarse quartz grains, which is used for the evaluation of the internal and external alpha dose rate components. Based on our results, we recommend the use of an a-value of 0.07 ± 0.01 (1σ) for both the Al and Ti centres. Although w...
Article
The finding of Upper Paleolithic engravings in 2016 triggered a multidisciplinary investigation of the Alkerdi cave system (Urdazubi, N Spain). The study of the speleogenetic processes led to the identification of at least 6 paragenetic cave levels with associated sedimentary infill. In order to unravel the timing of changes in the karst dynamics a...
Article
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We present the discovery of a Middle Pleistocene fossil assemblage at Los Villares locality (Ruidera, Ciudad Real, Castilla-La Mancha), which has possible evidence of associated human activity. The potential of the site has been evaluated through multidisciplinary research including taxonomy, anatomy, deep learning, and direct dating of fossil rema...
Article
With the identification of the Jaramillo geomagnetic subchron, the late Early Pleistocene vertebrate succession of the Quibas-Sima section (Quibas karstic complex, southern Spain) represents a time span scarcely recorded in Europe. To complete the existing chronostratigraphic framework published earlier by Piñero et al. (2020), we provide here addi...
Article
We present the results of the first detailed comparative and quantitative study of various cryogenic systems that can be used for ESR measurements of quartz grains. Three experimental setups were tested: (i) a standard liquid nitrogen Variable Temperature Unit (VTU), operating at 90–100 K and used in most ESR dating studies; (ii) a helium-based VTU...
Article
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Some of the earliest evidence for the presence of modern humans in rainforests has come from the fossil deposits of Lida Ajer in Sumatra. Two human teeth from this cave were estimated to be 73–63 thousand years old, which is significantly older than some estimates of modern human migration out of Africa based on genetic data. The deposits were inte...
Article
Five Plio-Pleistocene to Holocene aeolian quartz samples from the coastal dune deposits of the Wilderness-Knysna area (South Africa) previously dated by OSL were selected for ESR dating. Samples were processed following the Multiple Centre approach and using the Multiple Aliquot Additive dose method. Aluminium (Al) and Titanium (Ti) signals were sy...
Article
Relatively little is known about the long-term sediment accumulation dynamics of Naracoorte Cave Complex (NCC) solution pipe cavities, and many of the megafauna-bearing infill deposits at this globally significant Australian Pleistocene fossil locality remain partially dated or lack any numerical age control. In this study, we assess the suitabilit...
Article
We present the results of a combined Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) and Luminescence dating study for the lowermost stratigraphic unit (TD1) of the palaeoanthropological site of Atapuerca Gran Dolina, Spain. Ten samples collected through the Main Section were dated using either the Multiple Centre (MC) ESR approach or the single-grain thermally tran...
Article
Full-text available
Little work has been undertaken on combined dating of sedimentary quartz grains using electron spin resonance (ESR) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) techniques in Australia. This study aims to assess the suitability of a combined ESR and OSL dating approach for establishing improved chronologies of Middle-Late Pleistocene deposits within...
Article
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The Aïn Beni Mathar – Guefaït (ABM-GFT) region in Eastern Morocco is the object of anarchaeological, palaeontological, geological and geochronological research project, led by an interna-tional team since 2006. The research in this former fluvio-lacustrine basin, roughly 2000 km2, hasrevealed a significant number of Pleistocene and Holocene sites....
Article
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En este trabajo presentamos el conjunto lítico de Base Menacho (Badajoz, España), documentado en un nivel sedimentario que cubre los depósitos aluviales de la terraza fluvial T3 +10-20 m sobre el cauce actual del río Zapatón, subafluente del río Guadiana en el sector de las Vegas Bajas (Badajoz, España). El conjunto se compone de 46 elementos lític...
Article
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We provide the first numerical age constraints for the palaeontological assemblage and associated sediment from Ngalau Sampit, Sumatra, one of M. Eugène F.T. Dubois’ noted sites that he excavated in 1889, and of which we present a transcript of his unpublished report. A combination of U-series, Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) and Luminescence (pIR-IR...
Article
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Located within the Beni Fouda intramontane basin, the Oued Boucherit area (Guelta Zerga, North East Algeria) hosts a unique succession of archaeological and palaeontological deposits spanning from the late Pliocene to the Early Pleistocene. While the recent work by Sahnouni et al., (2018) mostly focused on the two Oldowan archaeological levels AB-L...
Article
Inactive shorelines represent valuable records for sea level change, shoreline variations and tectonics if we can constrain the timing of their formation. Where the associated beaches are cobble dominated, luminescence rock surface dating is a promising alternative to established dating approaches, since unlike other techniques it offers the potent...
Article
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Pleistocene hominin dispersals out of, and back into, Africa necessarily involved traversing the diverse and often challenging environments of Southwest Asia 1–4 . Archaeological and palaeontological records from the Levantine woodland zone document major biological and cultural shifts, such as alternating occupations by Homo sapiens and Neandertha...
Article
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The Cenozoic sedimentary basins in the Iberian Peninsula show a change from long-term basin infill to incision, a transition that indicates a period of major drainage reorganization that culminated in the throughflow of the networks to the Atlantic and Mediterranean oceans. Both the cause of the transition from aggradation to degradation and the li...
Chapter
The site of Apidima, in southern Greece, is one of the most important Paleolithic sites in Greece and southeast Europe. One of the caves belonging to this cave complex, Cave A, has yielded human fossil crania Apidima 1 and 2, showing the presence of an early Homo sapiens population followed by a Neanderthal one in the Middle Pleistocene. Less known...
Article
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Olieboomspoort is one of the few rock shelters in the vast interior of southern Africa documenting pulses of occupation from the Acheulean until the end of the Later Stone Age. Revil Mason excavated the site in 1954 and attributed the large Middle Stone Age (MSA) lithic assemblage to his middle phase of the so-called Pietersburg Industry. Recent wo...
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Ngalau Gupin is a broad karstic cave system in the Padang Highlands of western Sumatra, Indonesia. Abundant fossils, consisting of mostly isolated teeth from small-to large-sized animals, were recovered from breccias cemented on the cave walls and unconsolidated sediments on the cave floor. Two loci on the walls and floors of Ngalau Gupin, named NG...
Book
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Este libro recoge una síntesis con los principales resultados de las investigaciones desarrolladas en el yacimiento paleolítico de Arbo (Pontevedra). Con una datación mínima de 118.000 años, este lugar se perfila como unos de los yacimientos arqueológicos más antiguos del noroeste peninsular. A su vez, esta cronología es una de las más recientes, e...
Article
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The Miño River is one of the main Atlantic basins of Iberia and preserves extensive Pleistocene deposits. However, there is presently limited information concerning the first human occupation history of this region. Existing research undertaken across the region has identified a significant number of Large Flake Acheulean (LFA) sites with African a...
Article
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The Early Pleistocene faunal record in North Africa is well known from classic localities, documented already in the 19th century and earlier part of the 20th century, such as Aïn Boucherit and Aïn Hanech. In the second half of the 20th century, radiometric dates became available and correlations were used to estimate the ages of the earliest Pleis...
Article
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Les sites pléistocènes inférieurs d’Afrique de l’Est et ceux de Gona (Éthiopie) datés de 2,6 millions d’années en particulier, ont livré les plus anciens outils oldowayens et ossements portant des traces de découpe induites par l’utilisation de ces outils taillés par les hominidés indubitablement reconnus à ce jour. Par comparaison, les artefacts l...
Conference Paper
The Aïn Beni Mathar-Guefaït Basin is located in the High Plateau Region (E Morocco). Along the northern margin of the basin, the upper Za River, which is the main eastern tributary of the Moulouya – the largest catchment in Morocco, incises more than 150 meters into Plio-Pleistocene sediments. The main goal of our study is to provide a geochronolog...
Article
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This article provides a synthesis of the Middle Pleistocene hominin record of West Iberia, which comprises sites displaying abundant concentrations of large flake Acheulean (LFA) assemblages, as well as isolated examples of Early Middle Palaeolithic (EMP) technology. These sites typically have age ranges spanning marine isotopic stages (MIS) 11–6,...
Article
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Systematic excavation and multidisciplinary research undertaken over three decades have deepened our understanding of the early Palaeolithic archaeology at Cueva Negra del Estrecho del Río Quípar (Caravaca de la Cruz, Murcia, Spain). New results from biochronology and combined ESR and U-series dating corroborate previous magnetostratigraphy, placin...
Article
Deciphering the origin and depositional history of archaeological and paleontological deposits is fundamental to evaluate artifact and fossil contextualization. We present new rock magnetic data based on the anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) that allow the fabric analysis and characterization of depositional modes in cave sediments. This...
Article
Viveen et al., (2020) raise several issues concerning the chronostratigraphic interpretations in our recent paper on the fluvial and archaeological deposits of Lower Miño River (Méndez-Quintas et al., 2020). Here we respond to these criticisms, reinforcing the key findings of our study and questioning the validity of their arguments. We find that t...
Article
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The nature of human dispersals out of Africa has remained elusive because of the poor resolution of paleoecological data in direct association with remains of the earliest non-African people. Here, we report hominin and non-hominin mammalian tracks from an ancient lake deposit in the Arabian Peninsula, dated within the last interglacial. The findin...
Article
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In recent years, our investigation has been centred on improving the reliability and accuracy of the ESR method applied to quartz grains. As part of this ongoing investigation, we present an intra-laboratory study to evaluate the impact of different experimental setups on the ESR measurement precision and dose evaluation for ESR dating of optically...
Article
We present the results of a new dating study carried out at Lunery-la Terre-des-Sablons (LTS) and Brinay-la Noira (BN), two key Lower Palaeolithic sites located in deposits associated to the Cher River (Middle Loire Catchment, France). These sites preserve abundant Mode 1 and Mode 2 lithic industries, and are considered as among the oldest evidence...
Article
Trapped charge dating of optically bleached quartz deposits that lie beyond the dose-saturation limits of conventional optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) has typically focused on two main techniques over the last decade: electron spin resonance (ESR) and thermally transferred optically stimulated luminescence (TT-OSL). In spite of a clear asso...
Article
Coastal alluvial fans (CAF) are important geo-archives due to their sensitivity to both tectonic activity and climatic changes and they may give key insights for geomorphic and sedimentary processes. In this study we test the potential of K-feldspar post infrared-infrared stimulated luminescence (pIR-IRSL) and quartz electron spin resonance (ESR) m...
Article
The Miño River basin represents one of the main fluvial catchments draining the Atlantic side of the Iberian Peninsula. The extensive sedimentary deposits of this basin have been documented since the 19th century, but limited research has been undertaken on these features historically, and the Quaternary record of the basin has remained understudie...
Article
Trapped charge dating of optically bleached quartz, which involves techniques such as electron spin resonance (ESR) and thermally transferred optically stimulated luminescence (TT-OSL), is increasingly being used to establish Middle and Early Pleistocene chronologies for archaeological, palaeontological and palaeoenvironmental sedimentary sequences...
Article
The arrival and disappearance of the Acheulean technocomplex in Europe, and specifically in the Iberian Peninsula, is a longstanding topic of discussion with relevance for unravelling the Middle Pleistocene human occupation dynamics of the continent. Despite containing one of the first Acheulean sites excavated in Europe (As Gándaras de Budiño site...
Conference Paper
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Geomorphological, sedimentological and chronological techniques have been applied to identify and characterize the Quaternary fluvial evolution of the Ebro River in the eastern upper Ebro basin. This investigation identified a sequence of 11 fluvial terraces (T1-T11 from highest to lowest).The highest remnants (up to +140 m above current river leve...
Conference Paper
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The geomorphological, geochronological and archaeological investigations developed over the recent years in the lower Miño basin have led to the identification of 9 levels of fluvial terrace and other sedimentary deposits. The sedimentary features indicate stable river patterns over time, which are dominated by a braided gravel model. The earliest...
Article
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In this work, three important Pleistocene sites of the Madrid basin located close to the junction of the Manzanares (PRERESA site) and the Jarama (Valdocarros site and Maresa quarry) rivers have been studied in order to improve the existing chronological framework of the basin and to clarify the geological evolution of these fluvial systems and the...
Article
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Pleistocene deposits exposed along the coast of the Médoc area, south‑west France, represent valuable palaeoenvironmental archives that have been the subject of extensive work in the past few decades. To further understand the palaeoenvironmental history and sedimentary dynamics of these deposits, a detailed lithostratigraphic study was performed o...
Article
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As Gándaras de Budiño (GB) is a key locality for the Lower Palaeolithic record of the Iberian Peninsula. Although the site has been excavated in different occasions over the last decades, several geological and archaeological aspects are still not well known. Among other issues, the age of the lithic assemblage has been debated for a long time: des...
Article
The lower Moulouya River (NE Morocco) drains a tectonically active area related to the NW-SE convergence of the African and Eurasian plates. Fluvial deposits preserved in the lower Moulouya have been dated to ∼1.5–1.1 Ma as part of a recent multi-technique geochronology study. The present work aims to verify and refine the existing Early Pleistocen...
Article
Reported here is the first chronostratigraphic study of the Quaternary fluvial terrace deposits of three different valleys (Deba, Nerbioi, Oiartzun) located in the eastern Cantabrian margin (northern Spain), designed to understand long-term fluvial dynamics of this region. Fourteen samples were collected for numerical dating purpose, in the lowest...
Article
This entry presents an overview of the current potential and limitations of electron spin resonance (ESR) dating in archaeological contexts, in comparison with other numerical methods classically used in Quaternary geochronology. ESR is a highly versatile paleodosimetric dating method that can produce ages from fossil remains like carbon‐14, from q...
Article
East Africa has provided the earliest known evidence for Oldowan stone artifacts and hominin induced stone tool cutmarks dated to ~2.6 million years ago (Ma). The ~1.8 Ma stone artifacts from Ain Hanech (Algeria) were considered to represent the oldest archaeological materials in North Africa. Here we report older stone artifacts and cutmarked bone...
Article
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Our original claim, based on three independent numerical dating methods, of an age of ~185,000 years for the Misliya-1 modern human hemi-maxilla from Mount Carmel, Israel, is little affected by discounting uranium-series dating of adhering crusts. It confirms a much earlier out-of-Africa Homo sapiens expansion than previously suggested by the consi...
Article
A proper understanding of local palaeoenvironmental histories is an iterative process. Previously settled interpretations suddenly demand a reconsideration triggered by findings from sites not accessible before. The coastline of the Médoc area in South-West France faced considerable recent erosion, providing new valuable insights into the history o...
Article
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Understanding the timing and character of the expansion of Homo sapiens out of Africa is critical for inferring the colonization and admixture processes that underpin global population history. It has been argued that dispersal out of Africa had an early phase, particularly ~130–90 thousand years ago (ka), that reached only the East Mediterranean L...