Mathieu Denoel

Mathieu Denoel
University of Liège | ulg · Freshwater and OCeanic science Unit of reSearch (FOCUS)

PhD
F.R.S.-FNRS Research Director

About

179
Publications
71,951
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Introduction
My work aims to determine patterns and mechanisms of amphibian and freshwater diversity by a multi-disciplinary approach, encompassing behavioural and evolutionary ecology but also conservation and landscape ecology, population dynamics, and biogeography. A special focus is given on the adaptive value of complex versus simple life cycles (metamorphosis and paedomorphosis) and the effect of drought, landscape changes and invasive species. More at https://www.leca.uliege.be
Additional affiliations
October 2018 - present
University of Liège
Position
  • Managing Director

Publications

Publications (179)
Article
Full-text available
The spatial distribution of organisms in patchy environments can be determined by the relationship between habitat quality and animal behaviour. In species with complex life cycles, such as pond-breeding amphibians, the selection of a suitable wetland is crucial. While the traditional view of amphibian ecology suggests strong site fidelity and low...
Article
Full-text available
Dispersal (i.e. movement from a natal or breeding site to another breeding site) is a central process in ecology and evolution as it affects the eco-evolutionary dynamics of spatially structured populations. Dispersal evolution is regulated by the balance between costs and benefits, which is influenced by the individual phenotype (i.e. phenotype-de...
Article
Full-text available
Eco-cultural landscapes are assumed to be favorable environments for the persistence of biodiversity, but global change may affect differently their terrestrial and aquatic components. Few long-term studies have examined how multiple, global change stressors may affect wetland biodiversity in such environments. Facultative paedomorphosis is a spect...
Article
Full-text available
1. Paedomorphosis, a developmental heterochrony involving the retention of larval traits at the adult stage, is considered a major evolutionary process because it can generate phenotypic variation without requiring genetic modifications. Two main processes underlie paedomorphosis: neoteny, a slowdown of somatic development , and progenesis, a preco...
Article
Full-text available
Observations on the ontogeny and diversity of salamanders provided some of the earliest evidence that shifts in developmental trajectories have made a substantial contribution to the evolution of animal forms. Since the dawn of evo‐devo there have been major advances in understanding developmental mechanisms, phylogenetic relationships, evolutionar...
Article
Full-text available
Determining the invasibility of habitats by alien species is crucial for understanding their spread potential, the habitats the most at risk and to implement adequate management actions. This is urgent for introduced taxa that show high invasion potential across broad geographical scales. We here assess these processes in invasive Pelophylax water...
Article
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Identifying and tracking individuals across time are a prerequisite to uncover key traits of their ecology and behavior. However, obtaining fine-grain individual data at multiple locations, especially in aquatic environments, is challenging due to trade-offs between time constraints and detection probabilities. Aquatic telemetry of passive integrat...
Article
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Anurans have been introduced in many parts of the world and have often become invasive over large geographic areas. Although predation is involved in the declines of invaded amphibian populations, there is a lack of quantitative assessments evaluating the potential risk posed to native species. This is particularly true for Pelophylax water frogs,...
Article
Full-text available
ContextTerrestrial landscapes surrounding aquatic habitat influence the persistence of amphibian spatially structured populations (SSPs) via their crucial role in providing estivation and overwintering sites, facilitating or hampering dispersal and colonisation, and consequently the maintenance or loss of genetic diversity.Objectives To highlight t...
Article
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Aim – The amount of gene flow between parapatric species can be greatly variable depending on how species boundaries are maintained in respect to numerous genetic and ecological factors that affect the strength of reproductive isolation. We quantified this variability to understand its effect on the genetic integrity of a well-studied pair of hybri...
Article
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Understanding how long-term changes in environmental conditions influence the way that individuals cope with threats is essential in the context of behavioral adaptation to a rapidly changing world. However, little is known about the behavioral responses to predation risk for individuals that experienced different environmental conditions for exten...
Article
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The Balkan Peninsula is a biodiversity hotspot and hosts numerous mountain lakes, which offer a refuge for a multitude of species. However, previous pristine habitats have been deeply affected by anthropogenic change, such as non-native fish introductions, which calls for multi-species considerations in the last remaining unaltered habitats. We car...
Article
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Divergence in ecological niche offers organisms the opportunity of exploiting different food and habitat resources, scaling down competition and predation both among species, and within different age or size-classes of the same species. In harsh environments, where abiotic factors determine a clustering of resources during short timespans, competit...
Article
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Historical factors (colonization scenarios, demographic oscillations) and contemporary processes (population connectivity, current population size) largely contribute to shaping species’ present‐day genetic diversity and structure. In this study, we use a combination of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA markers to understand the role of Quaternary clim...
Article
β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA), a neurotoxin naturally produced by cyanobacteria, diatoms and dinoflagellates, constitutes a serious environmental and health threat especially during acute blooms, which are becoming more frequent. This neurotoxin is implicated in several neurodegenerative diseases (ND) in humans through contaminated water or food...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In species with complex life cycles, size at metamorphosis is a key life-history trait which reflects the complex interactions between costs and benefits of life in the aquatic and terrestrial environments. Whereas the effects of a deteriorating larval habitat (e.g. pond desiccation) on triggering an early metamorphosis have been exten...
Article
Full-text available
Aquatic invaders often cause severe declines of native amphibian populations, either through competition, predation and/or alterations of the habitat. Such situation has raised additional concerns for the persistence of endemic species exhibiting rare and alternative phenotypes. Here, we experimentally assessed the impact of the invasive mosquitofi...
Article
Full-text available
Dispersal is a central process in ecology and evolution. It strongly influences the dynamics of spatially structured populations and affects evolutionary processes by shaping patterns of gene flow. For these reasons, dispersal has received considerable attention from ecologists, evolutionary biologists, and conservationists. Although it has been st...
Article
Full-text available
The genomic era contributes to update the taxonomy of many debated terrestrial vertebrates. In an accompanying work, we provided a comprehensive molecular assessment of spadefoot toads (Pelobates) using genomic data. Our results call for taxonomic updates in this group. First, nuclear phylogenomics confirmed the species-level divergence between the...
Article
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Cryptic phylogeographic diversifications are unique models to examine the role of phylogenetic divergence on the evolution of reproductive isolation, without extrinsic factors such as ecology. Yet, to date very few comparative studies were attempted within such radiations. Here, we characterize a new speciation continuum in a group of widespread Eu...
Article
Full-text available
Progenesis is considered to have an important role in evolution because it allows the retention of both a larval body size and shape in an adult morphology. However, the cost caused by the adoption of a progenetic process in both males and females remains to be explored to explain the success of progenesis and particularly its biased prevalence acr...
Article
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Evolutionary theory predicts the evolution of metamorphosis over paedomorphosis (the retention of larval traits at the adult stage) in response to life in unfavourable habitats and to the benefits of dispersal. Although many organisms are canalised into obligatory complex or simple life cycles, some species of newts and salamanders can express both...
Article
Full-text available
In laboratory fish research, the zebrafish Danio rerio (Cyprinidae) represents the equivalent of the mouse in mammalian research. This species has become a major model for studies in developmental and behavioural genetics, neurophysiology, biomedicine, ecotoxicology, and behavioural and evolutionary ecology. To meet the need for accurate and reprod...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dispersal is a central process in ecology and evolution. It strongly influences the dynamics of spatially structured populations, by affecting population growth rate and local colonization-extinction processes. Dispersal can also influence evolutionary processes because it determines rates and patterns of gene flow in spatially structured populatio...
Article
Full-text available
A recent paper has suggested that NA2RE, the New Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles of Europe, does not provide a reliable basis for ecological niche modelling studies due to errors flagging introductions and missing data for the native range of the pond turtle genus Emys. We point out that the original NA2RE paper already acknowledged that it was no...
Article
Full-text available
Differences in environmental conditions such as those between lakes and streams can produce phenotypic variation and ultimately promote evolutionary diversification. Some species of newts and salamanders can occupy these habitats and express alternative phenotypes: metamorphs that lose gills at metamorphosis and paedomorphs that retain them at the...
Article
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The Pyrenees represent a natural laboratory for biogeographic, evolutionary and ecological research of mountain fauna as a result of the high variety of habitats and the profound effect of the glacial and interglacial periods. There is a paucity of studies providing a detailed insight into genetic processes and better knowledge on the patterns of g...
Data
List and codification of environmental variables from the BIOCLIM dataset. List and codification of environmental variables from the BIOCLIM dataset. Units expressed and mean, median, minimum and maximum values for the 44 Calotriton asper populations. Temperature data is in units °C *10 with a 0.1°C precision. (XLSX)
Data
Pairwise FST values among Calotriton asper populations. Pairwise FST values among Calotriton asper populations. See Table 1 for the population codification; p values were <0.05 for all pairs except for those in bold. (XLSX)
Data
Estimates of effective population size (Ne) for each Calotriton asper population. Estimates of effective population size (Ne) for each Calotriton asper population, calculated with two analytical approaches (ONeSAMP, and COLONY) and using different priors; estimates of the upper and lower 95% CI estimates for each method are indicated. (XLSX)
Data
Plot of deltaK values calculated by Evanno’s method from the Structure analyses. Plot of deltaK values calculated by Evanno’s method from the Structure analyses. A) Global dataset of the 44 Calotriton asper populations. B) Western Pyrenean populations, i.e. Cluster 1. C) Central-eastern Pyrenean populations, i.e. Cluster 2. (TIF)
Data
IBD of the five genetic clusters. Results of the isolation by distance analyses (IBD; Mantel test) of the five genetic Calotriton asper clusters. (XLSX)
Data
Microsatellite data of the Calotriton asper dataset used. (XLSX)
Data
Neighbor-joining tree among the Calotriton asper populations. Neighbor-joining tree using DA distances among the Calotriton asper populations showing the relationships between the five genetic clusters defined by STRUCTURE analysis. As for the population codifications see Table 1. (TIF)
Data
Pearson correlation matrix of environmental and geographical variables. Pearson correlation matrix of environmental and geographical variables. In bold, significant levels of p<0.05. See text, for the codes of the variables. (XLSX)
Data
Univariate linear regression between genetic diversity and geographical and environmental selected variables. Univariate linear regression between genetic diversity and geographical and environmental selected variables of Calotriton asper populations. In bold significant levels of p<0.05. (XLSX)
Data
Linear regressions between the genetic diversity across the longitude and altitude using only stream populations. Linear regressions between the three genetic diversity indices (Ar, HO and HE) across the longitude (A) and altitude (B) ranges when only stream Calotriton asper populations were analyzed. (TIF)
Data
ANOVA among the three distinct habitat types to genetic diversity. ANOVA with Tukey HSD posthoc test among the three distinct habitat types to allelic richness (Ar) observed (HO) and expected heterozygosity (HE). (XLSX)
Data
Spatial interpolation of the genetic diversity measures acroos the Calotriton asper distribution range. Spatial interpolation of the genetic diversity of Calotriton asper. A) First axis of a principal components analysis (PC1) summarizing the allelic richness, the rarified private allele richness and the observed and expected heterozygosities (posi...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual selection theory predicts that, when body size is correlated with fecundity, there should be fitness advantages for mate choice of the largest females. Moreover, because larger males are expected to monopolise the largest females, this should result in an assortative mating based on body size. Although such patterns could be expected in both...
Article
Full-text available
The ‘smooth newt’, the taxon traditionally referred to as Lissotriton vulgaris, consists of multiple morphologically distinct taxa. Given the uncertainty concerning the validity and rank of these taxa, L. vulgaris sensu lato has often been treated as a single, polytypic species. A recent study, driven by genetic data, proposed to recognize five spe...
Article
Full-text available
Organisms with complex life cycles are characterized by a metamorphosis that allows for a major habitat shift and the exploitation of alternative resources. However, metamorphosis can be bypassed in some species through a process called paedomorphosis, resulting in the retention of larval traits at the adult stage and is considered important at bot...
Article
Full-text available
The fossorial life-history emerged as a response to hostile environmental conditions, such as extreme temperatures and dryness. It evolved independently in different lineages of amphibians, which are particularly vulnerable to dehydration and require a continuous level of humidity because of their permeable skin. For the first time, we test the hyp...
Article
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Tetrapod limbs are serially homologous structures that represent a particularly interesting model for studies on morphological integration, i.e. the tendency of developmental systems to produce correlated variation. In newts, limbs develop at an early larval stage and grow continuously, including after the habitat transition from water to land foll...
Article
Full-text available
The genetic era has revolutionized our perception of biological invasions. Yet, it is usually too late to understand their genesis for efficient management. Here, we take the rare opportunity to reconstruct the scenario of an uprising invasion of the famous water frogs (Pelophylax) in southern France, through a fine-scale genetic survey. We identif...
Article
Full-text available
The hydroperiod of breeding habitats imposes a strong selection on amphibians and pond-breeding species usually exhibit a high degree of plasticity in the duration of larval period. However, the potential for phenotypic plasticity in fast developing species was investigated only in a small number of anurans, and the specific response to environment...
Article
Full-text available
Paedomorphosis is a major evolutionary process that bypasses metamorphosis and allows reproduction in larvae. In newts and salamanders, it can be facultative with paedomorphs retaining gills and metamorphs dispersing. The evolution of these developmental processes is thought to have been driven by the costs and benefits of inhabiting aquatic versus...
Article
Full-text available
Paedomorphosis is an alternative process to metamorphosis in which adults retain larval traits at the adult stage. It is frequent in newts and salamanders, where larvae reach sexual maturity without losing their gills. However, in some populations, larvae overwinter in water, while remaining immature. These alternative ontogenetic processes are of...
Article
In Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus, phenotypic males and females with different sexual genotypes (XX, XY, YY) have particular behavioral and physiological traits. Compared to natural XX females and XY males, XY and YY females and XX males expressed higher level of aggressiveness that could be related to higher levels of 17β-estradiol and 11-keto...
Article
Full-text available
Paedomorphosis and metamorphosis are two major developmental processes that characterize the evolution of complex life cycles in many lineages. Whereas these processes were fixed in some taxa, they remained facultative in others, with alternative phenotypes expressed in the same populations. From a genetic perspective, it is still unknown whether s...