Matej Oresic

Matej Oresic
University of Turku | UTU · Turku Bioscience

PhD

About

632
Publications
79,763
Reads
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28,148
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2014 - May 2016
Steno Diabetes Center
Position
  • Principal Investigator
January 2006 - present
Åbo Akademi University
Position
  • Group leader, systems medicine

Publications

Publications (632)
Article
Full-text available
The gut microbiota is crucial in the regulation of bile acid (BA) metabolism. However, not much is known about the regulation of BAs during progression to type 1 diabetes (T1D). Here, we analyzed serum and stool BAs in longitudinal samples collected at 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 36 months of age from children who developed a single islet autoantibody (A...
Article
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Introduction Bipolar disorder (BD) is a mood disorder characterized by the occurrence of depressive episodes alternating with episodes of elevated mood (known as mania). There is also an increased risk of other medical comorbidities. Objectives This work uses a systems biology approach to compare BD treated patients with healthy controls (HCs), in...
Article
Full-text available
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an increasingly prevalent disease that is associated with multiple metabolic disturbances, yet the metabolic pathways underlying its progression are poorly understood. Here we studied metabolic pathways of the human liver across the full histological spectrum of NAFLD. We analyzed whole liver tissue trans...
Article
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Purpose of review: This review focuses on the recent findings from lipidomics studies as related to nutrition and health research. Recent findings: Several lipidomics studies have investigated malnutrition, including both under- and overnutrition. Focus has been both on the early-life nutrition as well as on the impact of overfeeding later in li...
Article
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Aims/hypothesis Distinct DNA methylation patterns have recently been observed to precede type 1 diabetes in whole blood collected from young children. Our aim was to determine whether perinatal DNA methylation is associated with later progression to type 1 diabetes. Methods Reduced representation bisulphite sequencing (RRBS) analysis was performed...
Article
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Background Current evidence suggests that the composition of infant formula (IF) affects the gut microbiome, intestinal function, and immune responses during infancy. However, the impact of IF on circulating lipid profiles in infants is still poorly understood. The objectives of this study were to (1) investigate how extensively hydrolyzed IF impac...
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Background The INNODIA consortium has established a pan-European infrastructure using validated centres to prospectively evaluate clinical data from individuals with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes combined with centralised collection of clinical samples to determine rates of decline in beta-cell function and identify novel biomarkers, which could...
Article
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Complex metabolic disruption is a crucial aspect of the pathophysiology of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Associations between this and systemic metabolism and their potential prognostic value are poorly understood. Here, we aimed to describe the serum metabolome (including lipidome) associated with acute TBI within 24 h post-injury, and its relatio...
Article
Background Psychotic experiences (PEs) are associated with an increased risk of future psychotic and non-psychotic mental disorders. The identification of biomarkers of PEs may provide insights regarding the underlying pathophysiology. Methods The current study applied targeted lipidomic approaches to compare plasma lipid profiles in participants...
Article
DNA methylation patterns are largely established in-utero and might mediate the impacts of in-utero conditions on later health outcomes. Associations between perinatal DNA methylation marks and pregnancy-related variables, such as maternal age and gestational weight gain, have been earlier studied with methylation microarrays, which typically cover...
Article
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Background and Aims Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a progressive liver disease with potentially-severe complications including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Previously, we have identified circulating lipid signatures associating with liver fat content and steatohepatitis (NASH). Here, we develop a metabolomic map across the N...
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Background Treatment with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) leads to multiple metabolic changes, reduction in glucose levels and body weight are well established. In people with type 2 diabetes, GLP-1 RAs reduce the risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease and may also potentially represent a treatment for fatty liver disease. The me...
Article
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Severe obesity is a major risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD). Early detection and careful monitoring of renal function are critical for the prevention of CKD during obesity, since biopsies are not performed in patients with CKD and diagnosis is dependent on the assessment of clinical parameters. To explore whether distinct lipid and metabolic si...
Article
The composition of human breast milk is highly variable inter- and intra-individually. Environmental factors are suspected to contribute to such compositional variation, however, their impact on breast milk composition is currently poorly understood. We sought to (1) define the impact of maternal exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFA...
Article
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Background & Aims Intake assessment in multicenter trials is challenging, yet important for accurate outcome evaluation. The present study aimed to characterize a multicenter randomized controlled trial with a healthy Nordic diet (HND) compared to a Control diet (CD) by plasma and urine metabolic profiles and to associate them with cardiometabolic...
Article
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Mental disorders are heterogeneous and psychiatric comorbidities are common. Previous studies have suggested a link between inflammation and mental disorders. This link can manifest as increased levels of proinflammatory mediators in circulation and as signs of neuroinflammation. Furthermore, there is strong evidence that individuals suffering from...
Article
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T cell activation, proliferation, and differentiation involve metabolic reprogramming resulting from the interplay of genes, proteins, and metabolites. Here, we aim to understand the metabolic pathways involved in the activation and functional differentiation of human CD4⁺ T cell subsets (T helper [Th]1, Th2, Th17, and induced regulatory T [iTreg]...
Article
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Background & aims: Recent experimental models and epidemiological studies suggest that specific environmental contaminants (ECs) contribute to the initiation and pathology of NAFLD. However, the underlying mechanisms linking EC exposure with NAFLD remain poorly understood and there is no data on their impact on the human liver metabolome. Herein,...
Article
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common liver diseases worldwide and is often associated with aspects of metabolic syndrome. Despite its prevalence and the importance of early diagnosis, there is a lack of robustly validated biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis and monitoring of disease progression in response to a given t...
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Aging, obesity, and insulin resistance are associated with low levels of PGC1α and PGC1β coactivators and defective mitochondrial function. We studied mice deficient for PGC1α and PGC1β [double heterozygous (DH)] to investigate their combined pathogenic contribution. Contrary to our hypothesis, DH mice were leaner, had increased energy dissipation,...
Article
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Exposure to Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) has been linked to multiple undesirable health outcomes across a full lifespan, both in animal models as well as in human epidemiological studies. Immunosuppressive effects of PFAS have been reported, including increased risk of infections and suppressed vaccination responses in early childhood...
Preprint
Previous studies suggest that the human gut microbiome is dysregulated in islet autoimmunity, preceding the clinical onset of type 1 diabetes (T1D). The microbiota of the gut plays an important role in the regulation of bile acid (BA) metabolism. However, not much is known about the regulation of BAs during progression to T1D. Here, we analyzed BAs...
Article
Full-text available
Background Environmental factors are strongly implicated in late-onset of inflammatory bowel disease. Here, we investigate whether high levels of perfluoroalkyl substances are associated with (1) late-onset inflammatory bowel disease, and (2) disturbances of the bile acid pool. We further explore the effect of the specific perfluoroalkyl substance...
Article
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Aims Cardiac injury and remodelling are associated with the rearrangement of cardiac lipids. Glycosphingolipids are membrane lipids that are important for cellular structure and function, and cardiac dysfunction is a characteristic of rare monogenic diseases with defects in glycosphingolipid synthesis and turnover. However, it is not known how car...
Article
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Knowledge about in vivo effects of human circulating C-6 hydroxylated bile acids (BAs), also called muricholic acids, is sparse. It is unsettled if the gut microbiome might contribute to their biosynthesis. Here, we measured a range of serum BAs and related them to markers of human metabolic health and the gut microbiome. We examined 283 non-obese...
Article
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Background Improvements in mass spectrometry (MS) technologies coupled with bioinformatics developments have allowed considerable advancement in the measurement and interpretation of lipidomics data in recent years. Since research areas employing lipidomics are rapidly increasing, there is a great need for bioinformatic tools that capture and utili...
Preprint
Full-text available
Distinct DNA methylation patterns have recently been observed to precede type 1 diabetes in whole blood collected from young children. Our aim was to determine, whether perinatal DNA methylation could be associated with later progression to type 1 diabetes. Reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS) analysis was performed on umbilical cord...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The aim of this study was to detect differential methylation in umbilical cord blood that is associated with maternal and pregnancy-related variables, such as maternal age and gestational weight gain. These have been studied earlier with 450K microarrays but not with bisulfite sequencing. Methods Reduced representation bisulfite sequenc...
Article
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Objective Gut microbial products are involved in regulation of host metabolism. In human and experimental studies, we explored the potential role of hippurate, a hepatic phase 2 conjugation product of microbial benzoate, as a marker and mediator of metabolic health. Design In 271 middle-aged non-diabetic Danish individuals, who were stratified on...
Article
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Background and Aims Vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE), point shear wave elastography (pSWE), two-dimensional shear wave elastography (2DSWE), magnetic resonance elastography (MRE), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are proposed as non-invasive tests for patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study evaluate...
Article
Background and purpose: Many drugs and environmental contaminants induce hypercholesterolemia and promote the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The mechanisms involved are poorly defined precluding efficient prediction and prevention. We tested the hypothesis that pregnane X receptor (PXR), a xenobiotic-sensing nuclear receptor, regu...
Preprint
Background. Chemical composition of human breast milk is highly variable inter- and intra-individually. Environmental factors are suspected to partly explain the compositional variation, however, their impact on breast milk composition is currently poorly understood. Objectives. We sought (1) to define the impact of maternal exposure to per- and po...
Preprint
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a well defined chronic liver diseases closely related with metabolic disorders. The prevalence of NAFLD is rapidly increasing worldwide, while the pathology and the underlying mechanisms driving NAFLD are not fully understood. In NAFLD, a series of metabolic changes takes place in the liver. However, the...
Article
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Lipids have many important biological roles, such as energy storage sources, structural components of plasma membranes and as intermediates in metabolic and signaling pathways. Lipid metabolism is under tight homeostatic control, exhibiting spatial and dynamic complexity at multiple levels. Consequently, lipid-related disturbances play important ro...
Article
Ceramides are bioactive sphingolipids, comprised of sphingosine and a fatty acyl chain. They have been recognized as key mediators of lipotoxicity; a phenomenon where excess fat in adipose tissue leads to de novo synthesis of ceramides and their precursor dihydroceramides (DHCer). This occurs in adipose tissue as well as in the periphery. Accumulat...
Preprint
T-cells are sentinels of adaptive cell-mediated immune responses. T-cell activation, proliferation and differentiation involves metabolic reprogramming involving the interplay of genes, proteins and metabolites. Here, we aim to understand the metabolic pathways involved in the activation and functional differentiation of human CD4+ T-cell subsets (...
Article
Full-text available
Various studies aiming to elucidate the role of the gut microbiome-metabolome co-axis in health and disease have primarily focused on water-soluble polar metabolites, whilst non-polar microbial lipids have received less attention. The concept of microbiota-dependent lipid biotransformation is over a century old. However, only recently, several stud...
Article
The mechanisms that drive nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) remain incompletely understood. This large multicenter study characterized the transcriptional changes that occur in liver tissue across the NAFLD spectrum as disease progresses to cirrhosis to identify potential circulating markers. We performed high-throughput RNA sequencing on a...
Article
Full-text available
There is an established, link between psychosis and metabolic abnormalities, such as altered glucose metabolism and dyslipidemia, which often precede the initiation of antipsychotic treatment. It is known that obesity-associated metabolic disorders are promoted by activation of specific cannabinoid targets (endocannabinoid system (ECS)). Our recent...
Article
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Human health and well-being are intricately linked to environmental quality. Environmental exposures can have lifelong consequences. In particular, exposures during the vulnerable fetal or early development period can affect structure, physiology and metabolism, causing potential adverse, often permanent, health effects at any point in life. Extern...
Article
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In the last decade, increasing incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) stabilized in Finland, a phenomenon that coincides with tighter regulation of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). Here, we quantified PFAS to examine their effects, during pregnancy, on lipid and immune-related markers of T1D risk in children. In a mother-infant cohort (264 dyads), hig...
Article
Deep learning (DL), an emerging area of investigation in the fields of machine learning and artificial intelligence, has markedly advanced over the past years. DL techniques are being applied to assist medical professionals and researchers in improving clinical diagnosis, disease prediction and drug discovery. It is expected that DL will help to pr...
Article
Patients with schizophrenia have a lower than average life span, largely due to the increased prevalence of cardiometabolic comorbidities. There is an unmet public health need to identify individuals with psychotic disorders who have a high risk of rapid weight gain and who are at risk of developing metabolic complications. Here, we applied mass sp...
Article
Full-text available
Background A key clinical challenge in the management of individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR) is that it is difficult to predict their future clinical outcomes. Here, we investigated if the levels of circulating molecular lipids are related to adverse clinical outcomes in this group. Methods Serum lipidomic analysis was performed...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background and aim: Environmental factors are strongly implicated in late-onset inflammatory bowel disease. By measuring perfluoroalkyl substances we investigate whether high exposure correlates with late-onset inflammatory bowel disease, and disturbances of the bile acid pool. We further explore the effect of perfluoronoctanoic acid on intestinal...
Article
Full-text available
Celiac disease (CD) is a systemic immune-mediated disorder with increased frequency in the developed countries over the last decades implicating the potential causal role of various environmental triggers in addition to gluten. Herein, we apply determination of perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) and combine the results with the determination of...
Article
Full-text available
Aims/hypothesisPrevious metabolomics studies suggest that type 1 diabetes is preceded by specific metabolic disturbances. The aim of this study was to investigate whether distinct metabolic patterns occur in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of children who later develop pancreatic beta cell autoimmunity or overt type 1 diabetes.Methods In...
Article
Full-text available
Background & Aims The I148M variant in PNPLA3 is the major genetic risk factor for non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The liver is enriched with polyunsaturated triglycerides (PUFA‐TGs) in PNPLA3‐I148M carriers. Gene expression data indicate that PNPLA3 is liver‐specific in humans, but whether it functions in adipose tissue (AT) is unknown....
Preprint
OBJECTIVES Celiac disease (CD) is a systemic immune-mediated disorder with increased frequency in the developed countries over the last decades implicating the potential causal role of various environmental triggers in addition to gluten. Herein, we apply determination of perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) and combine the results with the deter...
Article
Full-text available
Activation of pregnane X receptor (PXR) elevates circulating 4β-hydroxycholesterol (4βHC), an agonist of liver X receptor (LXR). PXR may also regulate 25-hydroxycholesterol and 27-hydroxycholesterol. Our aim was to elucidate the roles of PXR and oxysterols in the regulation of cholesterol transporters. We measured oxysterols in serum of volunteers...
Article
Carriers of the hydroxysteroid 17-β dehydrogenase 13 (HSD17B13) gene variant (rs72613567:TA) have a reduced risk of NASH and cirrhosis but not steatosis. We determined its effect on liver histology, lipidome, and transcriptome using ultra performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and RNA-seq. In carriers and noncarriers of the gene varian...