Massimo Lucarini

Massimo Lucarini
Council for Agricultural Research and Agricultural Economy Analysis | CREA · Research Center for Food and Nutrition (CREA-AN)

PhD in Chemistry

About

241
Publications
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Publications

Publications (241)
Article
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Nutraceuticals have gained increasing attention over the last years due to their potential value as therapeutic compounds formulated from natural sources. For instance, there is a wide range of literature about the cardioprotective properties of omega-3 lipids and the antioxidant value of some phenolic compounds, which are related to antitumoral ac...
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Food color is often associated in the collective imagination to properties like flavor, taste, sensory qualities, and genuinity. While synthetic food dyes may cause several harmful effects to human health, and most of them are not used or allowed in food manufacturing according to the regulations of each country, the origin of food dyes are receivi...
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This perspective presents current and updated advances in research on nutrients and bioactive compounds in seafood. It is based on a literature quantitative research analysis approach. The main features of seafood components are introduced. This perspective aims at providing a current framework that relates nutrients, bioactive compounds, and seafo...
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The interest in the consumption of health-promoting foods has led to identifying derivatives of the wine industry as products to increase the functional properties of different foods or to design new functional foods. The main goal of this study is to characterize and valorize byproducts and wastes of Sicilian grapes as new sources of bioactive com...
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Nanometrology has been considered as a key to the future of nanotechnology since recently. It is particularly important for nanoparticle market development that is commonly applied in dif-ferent areas of science. The adoption of nanotechnologies in food and agrochemical industries represents a new frontier, with particular regard to plant defence a...
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Hemorrhagic cystitis is the main adverse effect associated with the clinical use of oxazaphosphorine, resulting in increased oxidative stress and proinflammatory cytokines, which culminate in injury of the bladder tissue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of isopropyl gallate (IPG) against ifosfamide (IFOS)-induced hemorrh...
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This study aimed to investigate the effects of oral administration of Platonia insignis Mart. (“bacuri”) seed butter (BSB) on oxidative stress and diabetes mellitus-related parameters in streptozotocin-induced (STZ) diabetic rats. Diabetes mellitus was induced in female Wistar rats (180–250 g) by the intraperitoneal administration of STZ (45 mg/kg,...
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Scientific research in the field of veterinary pharmacology has provided new opportunities for the development of modified release dosage forms, with the aim to improve therapeutic efficacy and reduce animal stress. The formulation of classical drug molecules with advanced biomaterials has become a new approach to increase drug bioavailability and...
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The potato is a root vegetable native to the Americas; it consists of the starchy tuber of the plant Solanum tuberosum. There are many varieties, and the flesh can have different colour ranging from yellow to red and purple. Coloured varieties have a denser texture and slightly nuttier, earthier flavour than other potatoes. The desirable quality ch...
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Medicinal plants have always been prescribed around the world with therapeutic purposes for various diseases and disorders related to their profile of biologically active substances and health-promoting effects. Meantime, Rhodiola rosea has been of particular importance among physicians, researchers and the general public. Accordingly, the present...
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Ecosystems provide many services that are essential for human activities and for our well-being. Many regulation services are interconnected and are fundamental in mitigating and hindering the negative effects of several phenomena such as pollution. Pollution, in particular airborne particulate matter (PM), represents an important risk to human hea...
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Spices and aromatic herbs have always had great historical importance in human nutrition. Their use has been documented for centuries as a rich source of bioactive compounds; they have been used for their health benefits and also for flavoring or coloring food. However, despite the many health properties linked to the use of spices and aromatic her...
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The concept of ecosystem services is widely understood as the services and benefits thatecosystems provide to humans, and they have been categorised into provisioning, regulating, supporting, and cultural services. This article aims to provide an updated overview of the benefits that the honey bee Apis mellifera provides to humans as well as ecosys...
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Introduction Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a polyphenol obtained from diverse groups of plants, especially in the muscadine grape, red wine, lingonberry, cranberry and redcurrant. Resveratrol's health benefits were first highlighted in the study of the French paradox, which opened up an expansive research endeavor into this comp...
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Atherosclerosis is a cardiovascular disease associated with abnormalities of vascular functions. The consumption of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids can be considered a strategy to reduce clinical events related to atherosclerosis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of supplementation with 310 mg of ω-3 PUFAs (2:1 eicosapentaeno...
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Melissa officinalis has long been used in folk medicine as an integrated pharmacy, used in the treatment of many diseases since ancient times, as a remedy for headaches, indigestion, abdominal cramps, and heart failure. Lemon balm is characterized by antibacterial, antiviral and antidiabetic properties. The therapeutic benefit of this species is th...
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Metabolic syndrome, especially its component related to dyslipidemia, is related to the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is a disease with a significant global prevalence. Supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids emerged as a complementary therapeutic possibility for dyslipidemia, but its benefits are q...
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To meet consumers’ demand for natural foods, edible oil producers and food processing industries are searching for alternatives to synthetic antioxidants to protect oils against oxidation. Antioxidant compounds extracted from different plant parts (e.g., flowers, leaves, roots, and seeds) or sourced from agri-food industries, including residues lef...
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The increased utilization of metrology resources and expanded application of its’ approaches in the development of internationally agreed upon measurements can lay the basis for regulatory harmonization, support reproducible research, and advance scientific understanding, especially of dietary supplements and herbal medicines. Yet, metrology is oft...
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The aim of this work was to develop innovative and sustainable extraction, concentration, and purification technologies aimed to recover target substances from corn oil, obtained as side stream product of biomass refineries. Residues of bioactive compounds such as carotenoids, phytosterols, tocopherols, and polyphenols could be extracted from this...
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Medicinal plants are being used worldwide for centuries for their beneficial properties. Some of the most popular medicinal plants belong to the Melissa genus, and different health beneficial effects have already been identified for this genus. Among these species, in particular, the Melissa officinalis L. has been reported as having many biologica...
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Food waste is a major environmental and social concern, and its impact will most likely increase as the population grows [...]
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Many statements have been reported in literature from various sources warning of the possible risk to health connected to high salt (as sodium chloride) intake in the everyday diet, and it is increasingly pressing [...]
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The Special Issue “Chemical Properties, Nutritional Quality, and Bioactive Components of Horticulture Food” is here presented [...]
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Fresh and processed food products are rich in bioactive molecules, including polysaccharides, vitamins, carotenoids, peptides, antioxidants, phenolics, phytosterols, and novel lipids. Bioactive molecules in food could prevent several diseases (i.e., metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, etc.). Thus, consumer awareness is growing abou...
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Consumer interest and demand are increasing worldwide and this is concentrated more towards functional foods, food supplements, and nutraceuticals containing micronutrients with health-promoting effects. This chapter is dedicated to giving an updated picture on nutraceuticals and functional beverages- in particular with a focus on beverages contain...
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We announce a second edition of the Special Issue “New Traits of Agriculture/Food Quality Interface” [...]
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This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the treatment with bacuri seed butter (BB) on body weight, growth, body mass index, lipid profile, atherosclerotic indices, and liver function in dyslipidemic hamsters. Freshly weaned, male hamsters were divided into four groups: (1) normal group (NG)—maintained with standard chow (AIN-93G); (2) dyslipide...
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Among the Sicilian economic productive sectors, that of wine production has today a considerable economic value. However, with the growth of this sector, notable was the increase in the production of waste, which to date is not only an economic damage for companies, but also a threat to the environment. It is known that waste from wine production h...
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The Special Issue “Environmental, Ecological and Food Resources in the Biodiversity Overview: Health Benefits” wants to underline the importance of classification, cataloguing and analysis of environmental, agricultural, ecological, botanical and food sources—from native species to unconventional sources and wastes—which should be promoted from the...
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Plant species are fundamental source of nectar in beekeeping since bees access nectar and pollen from flowers. Consequently, bee products are strongly linked to the bee foraging flora source, and, depending on this, they acquire defined features, including their health and medicinal properties. Medicinal plants contribute greatly to increase the be...
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Rapeseed meal (RSM), a by-product of oilseed extraction connected to the agri-food and biofuel sectors, is currently used as animal feed and for other low-value purposes. With a biorefinery approach, RSM could be valorized as a source of bio-based molecules for high-value applications. This study provides a chemical characterization of RSM in the p...
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To better understand nutrition, food chemistry, and medicine, it is important to investigate biologically active constituents, which requires a detailed knowledge and coverage of the composition of compounds of nutritional and nutraceutical character [...]
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The by-products/wastes from agro-food and in particular the fruit industry represents from one side an issue since they cannot be disposed as such for their impact on the environment but they need to be treated as a waste. However, on the other side, they are a source of bioactive healthy useful compounds which can be recovered and be the starting...
Chapter
The family Cactaceae (commonly known as cactus) comprises plants with a wide applications in traditional folk medicine as well as in food and pharmaceutical industries. Among the geographically spread species in Africa, America, and the Mediterranean basin, Opuntia spp. has received particular attention attributed to its valuable functional and the...
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The plant-based biologically active ingredients are commonly molecules with therapeutic activities for various medical conditions. Opuntia spp., belonging to the family Cactaceae, contain a high level of bioactive compounds, which deserved attention in the past decade to evaluate the bioactivity of a whole extract or a specific purified compounds....
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The bioactive ingredients derived from various plants have commonly therapeutic potentials for different diseases. Opuntia spp., belonging to the Cactaceae family, carry a significant number of bioactive compounds with applications in food, drug, and cosmetics industries. This chapter aimed to evaluate the use of bioactive compounds derived from Op...
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Great attention has been given in recent years to the relationships between metrology, agriculture, and food. This study aims at providing an analysis of the literature regarding the relationships between metrology, agriculture, and food. The Scopus online database has been used to extract bibliometric data throughout the search string: TITLE-ABS-K...
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Biodiversity strengthens the productivity of any ecosystem (agricultural land, forest, lake, etc.). The loss of biodiversity contributes to food and energy insecurity; increases vulnerability to natural disasters, such as floods or tropical storms; and decreases the quality of both life and health. Wild and managed bees play a key role in maintaini...
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Medicinal plants have been globally exploiting as an alternative to chemical drugs in the treatment of several diseases due to low unwanted side effects, environmentally friendly nature and low production costs, therefore, it is important to analyze the therapeutic properties of various medicinal plants to understand their potential bioactivity. Un...
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Moderation in the use of salt (sodium chloride) in food and food preparations prevents the tendency of blood pressure to increase with age, and this is documented by many studies in current literature [...]
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Numerous investigations on quercetin have revealed that it effectively treats and prevents different diseases, acting as an anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-proliferative, anti-atherogenic, anticoagulative, antioxidant, antidiabetic agent, etc. This work aimed to analyze the present research literature on quercetin in the context of human an...
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Medicinal plants always are part of folk medicine and are nowadays receiving worldwide attention for prophylaxis, management, and treatment of several diseases, as an alternative to chemical drugs. The current work provided a comprehensive overview and analysis of the Astragalus and health relationship in literature. The analysis of their therapeut...
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Apples contain substantial amounts of polyphenols, and diverse phenolics – mainly flavonoids and phenolic acids, have been identified in their flesh and skins. This work aimed to analyze the overall landscape of the research literature published to date on apple phenolic compounds in the context of human and animal health. The Web of Science Core C...
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The relationship between wine polyphenols and health has been receiving growing scientific attention in the last few years. To confirm this point, the proposed paper identifies the major contributors to academic journals regarding the relationships between wine polyphenols and health. The endpoints of the proposed study are to provide a comprehensi...
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Many plants have been known for centuries to have medicinal importance with potential beneficial effects on health. Phytotherapeutic compounds are well known to play a globally significant role, in particular in the management and treatment of various chronic diseases. Among these, diabetes can cause long term damage to the body other than having a...
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The present study evaluated for the first time citation-impacts of human research reporting guidelines in comparison to their animal version counterparts. Re-examined and extended also were previous findings indicating that a research reporting guideline would be cited more for its versions published in journals with higher Impact Factors, compared...
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The behaviour of high oleic sunflower oil in deep frying process of purple potato Purple Majesty has been evaluated simulating a fast food cooking process. This oil was used for 8h/day for 6 days, filling up from the 2nd day. A discontinuous and prolonged procedure was tested. Free Fatty Acidity (FFA), Peroxide Value (PV), Total Polar Compounds (TP...
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Integrating ingredients in databases of dietary supplements (DS) involves harmonizing terminology describing ingredients, expressing amounts in a common fashion, and using interoperable description systems to link ingredients to related drug, food and other DS databases. Harmonizing ingredient descriptions facilitates calculation of bioactives in D...
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Tocols are present in various foods, mostly in fruits and in plant seeds. Edible oils are the most important natural dietary sources of tocopherols and tocotrienols, collectively known as tocols. Tocopherols and tocotrienols are considered beneficial for their antioxidant effect which impacts on prevention of different health conditions. This persp...
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Forest ecosystems are an important biodiversity environment resource for many species. Forests and trees play a key role in food production and have relevant impact also on nutrition. Plants and animals in the forests make available nutrient-rich food sources, and can give an important contributions to dietary diversity, quality, and quantity. In t...
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The antioxidant properties of foods are crucial in nutrition, food chemistry, and medicine studies but are often underestimated, with significant amounts of bioactive compounds containing physiological and biochemical properties remaining in the residue from extraction as non-extractable antioxidants. Over the last decade, extractable and non-extra...
Chapter
Isoprenoids have been reported to be the diverse and most abundant natural products with various applications. Microbial approaches have recently attracted much attention for the production of high-level isoprenoid-based biofuels through metabolic engineering efforts and synthetic biology techniques. In this chapter, the recent achievements of meta...
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The feasibility of exploiting secondary raw materials from marine food-chains as a source of molecules of nutritional interest, to create high-value food products and to meet nutritional challenges, is described in this report. A reduction in food waste is urgent as many sectors of the food industry damage the environment by depleting resources and...
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This perspective study addresses the main causes of adverse reactions to foods in humans, by taking into account the main allergic reactions that may occur as a result of food ingestion, as well the main allergens present in food and how their allergenicity change as a result of food preparation. In addition, European legislation on food labeling a...
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As an immune-privileged target organ, the eyes have important superficial and internal barriers, protecting them from physical and chemical damage from exogenous and/or endogenous origins that would cause injury to visual acuity or even vision loss. These anatomic, physiological and histologic barriers are thus a challenge for drug access and entry...