Massimo Grassi

Massimo Grassi
University of Padova | UNIPD · Department of General Psychology

PhD

About

92
Publications
24,502
Reads
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1,265
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2005 - December 2012
Università degli Studi di Padova
March 2003 - September 2006
University of Udine
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 1998 - February 2003
University of Padova
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (92)
Preprint
Full-text available
The culture and norms of research laboratories can greatly influence the quality of scientific outputs produced by the lab and the well-being of its members. In most labs, the culture that governs how individual researchers behave in their work is often implicit and situational. In contrast, some labs develop their own lab manual, a written documen...
Article
Full-text available
Basic visual functions have evolved to allow for rapid detection of dynamic stimuli in our surrounding environment. In particular, looming stimuli are of relevance because they are expected to enter the individual’s interpersonal space representing a potential threat. Different studies showed that emotions can modulate the perception of visual loom...
Article
Full-text available
Short-term memory has mostly been investigated with verbal or visuospatial stimuli and less so with other categories of stimuli. Moreover, the infuence of sensory modality has been explored almost solely in the verbal domain. The present study compared visual and auditory short-term memory for diferent types of materials, aiming to understand wheth...
Article
Full-text available
Mental imagery plays an important role in various contexts of life, involving cognitive resources such as memory, learning, spatial representation, and reasoning. The vividness of mental images depends on different factors, including personal expertise in a certain field. For instance, musicians have been found to possess better auditory imagery ab...
Article
Full-text available
Can cognitive load enhance concentration on task-relevant information and help filter out distractors? Most of the prior research in the area of selective attention has focused on visual attention or cross-modal distraction and has yielded controversial results. Here, we studied whether working memory load can facilitate selective attention when bo...
Article
Full-text available
Pitch-height can be represented in a spatial format. Reaction times (RTs) to lower pitch-heights are faster when responses are executed in the lower side of space, whereas RTs to higher pitch-heights are faster when responses are executed in the upper side of space. This effect is called the Spatial-Music Association of Response Codes (SMARC) effec...
Article
Objective: In the present study, we investigated the efficacy of transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) combined with an exergame training (physical exercise combined with a videogame) chosen as potential techniques to boost brain functioning and to promote plastic effects in healthy young adults. The aim was to improve the motor response spe...
Preprint
Mental imagery plays an important role in various contexts of life, involving cognitive resources such as memory, learning, spatial representation and reasoning. The vividness of mental images can depend on different factors, among which the personal expertise in a certain field. For instance, musicians were found to possess better auditory imagery...
Article
Full-text available
In order to improve the trustworthiness of our science, several new research practices have been suggested, including preregistration, large statistical power, availability of research data and materials, new statistical standards, and the replication of experiments. We conducted a replication project on an original phenomenon that was discovered m...
Preprint
Full-text available
(Thursday 16/07/2020. The paper is currently "minor revisions" in Behavior Research Methods). In order to improve the trustworthiness of our science, several new research practices have been suggested, including preregistration, large statistical power, availability of research data and materials, new statistical standards, and the replication of e...
Article
Hearing is the most accurate sense for perceiving duration. However, rarely it produces inaccurate estimates of duration, for example when it compares the subjective duration of tones that are increasing in intensity over time (i.e., ramped) with that of tones that are decreasing in intensity over time (i.e., damped). The literature reports that th...
Preprint
Short-term memory has mostly been investigated with verbal or visuospatial stimuli and less so with other categories of stimuli. Moreover, the influence of sensory modality has been explored almost solely in the verbal domain. The present study used the same experimental paradigm to investigate auditory and visual short-term memory for different ty...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence in the literature suggests that listening to music can improve cognitive performance. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the short- and long-term gains of a working memory (WM) training in older adults could be enhanced by music listening—the Mozart’s Sonata K448 and the Albinoni’s Adagio in G minor—which differ in tempo a...
Preprint
The low reproducibility rate in social sciences lead researchers to hesitate to accept published findings at their face value. It became apparent that the field is lacking the tools necessary both to demonstrate and to verify credibility of research reports. In the present paper, we describe tools and methodologies that let researchers craft highly...
Article
Full-text available
In the present article, I discuss about Open Science and how it will possibly change the way we do research in the next future. Firstly, I begin with a discussion about the reproducibility crisis in psychology and its possible origins: the endogenous origins (i.e., those related to HARKing, p-hacking and the use of questionable research practices)...
Preprint
In the present article, I discuss about Open Science and how it will possibly change the way we do research in the next future. Firstly, I begin with a discussion about the reproducibility crisis in psychology and its possible origins: the endogenous origins (i.e., those related to HARKing, p-hacking and the use of questionable research practices)...
Article
Rhythmic stimulation is a powerful tool to improve temporal prediction and parsing of the auditory signal. However, for long duration of stimulation, the rhythmic and repetitive aspects of music have often been associated to a trance state. In this study we conceived an auditory monitoring task that allows tracking changes of psychophysical auditor...
Article
In the present article, I discuss about Open Science and how it will possibly change the way we do research in the next future. Firstly, I begin with a discussion about the reproducibility crisis in psychology and its possible origins: the endogenous origins (i.e., those related to HARKing, p-hacking and the use of questionable research practices)...
Article
Full-text available
Long-term music training has been shown to affect different cognitive and perceptual abilities. However, it is less well known whether it can also affect the perception of emotion from music, especially purely rhythmic music. Hence, we asked a group of 16 non-musicians, 16 musicians with no drumming experience, and 16 drummers to judge the level of...
Article
Full-text available
Interactions between the ways we process space, numbers and time may arise from shared and innate generic magnitude representations. Alternatively or concurrently, such interactions could be due to the use of physical magnitudes, like spatial extent, as metaphors for more abstract ones, like number and duration. That numbers might be spatially repr...
Poster
Full-text available
SEE PAPER: Nava, E., & Turati, C. (2020). Subliminal affective priming changes the ‘feeling’towards neutral objects in infancy. Social Neuroscience, 15, 447-457.
Data
Details of study selection represented by the PRISMA flow diagram. (TIF)
Article
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of the emotional content of words marking brief intervals on the perceived duration of these intervals. Three independent variables were of interest: the gender of the person pronouncing the words, the gender of participants, and the valence (positive or negative) of the words in conjunc...
Article
Full-text available
Various reports suggest that the pitch height of musical tones may be represented along a mental space, with lower pitch heights represented on the left or lower sectors and higher pitch heights represented on the right or upper sectors of the mental space. Given that in Western languages the loudness of tones is often addressed spatially, with lou...
Article
Human infants begin very early in life to take advantage of multisensory information by extracting the invariant amodal information that is conveyed redundantly by multiple senses. Here we addressed the question as to whether infants can bind multisensory moving stimuli, and whether this occurs even if the motion produced by the stimuli is only ill...
Article
Full-text available
Musicians represent a model for examining brain and behavioral plasticity in terms of cognitive and auditory profile, but few studies have investigated whether elderly musicians have better auditory and cognitive abilities than nonmusicians. The aim of the present study was to examine whether being a professional musician attenuates the normal age-...
Article
Full-text available
Human infants begin very early in life to take advantage of multisensory information by extracting the invariant amodal information that is conveyed redundantly by multiple senses. Here we addressed the question as to whether infants can bind multisensory moving stimuli, and whether this occurs even if the motion produced by the stimuli is only ill...
Article
Full-text available
Background Several studies have found that musicians perform better than nonmusicians in memory tasks, but this is not always the case, and the strength of this apparent advantage is unknown. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis with the aim of clarifying whether musicians perform better than nonmusicians in memory tasks. Methods Education Source; P...
Data
Details of study selection represented by the PRISMA flow diagram. (DOC)
Data
Summary results of meta-analysis by memory system and estimation method. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
[This corrects the article on p. 712 in vol. 5, PMID: 25101013.].
Article
In this study, we present three experiments investigating the influence of visual movement on auditory judgements. In Experiments 1 and 2, two bursts of noise were presented and participants were required to judge which was louder using a forced-choice task. One of the two bursts was accompanied by a moving disc. The other burst either was accompan...
Article
Full-text available
Pitch-height is often labeled spatially (i.e., low or high) as a function of the fundamental frequency of the tone. This correspondence is highlighted by the so-called Spatial-Musical Association of Response Codes (SMARC) effect. However, the literature suggests that the brightness of the tone's timbre might contribute to this spatial association....
Article
Animacy perception arises in human adults from motion cues implying an internal energy source to the moving object. The internal energy of the object is often represented by a change in speed. The same features cause preferential attention in infants. We investigated whether speed changes affecting adults’ animacy ratings elicit spontaneous social...
Article
Full-text available
MUSICIANS HAVE SUPERIOR PERFORMANCES compared to nonmusicians in many auditory perception tasks. This superiority extends to memory tasks such as the digit span. Literature suggests that the musi-cians' advantage unfolds along two axes: sensory modality (musicians perform better when the task is auditory) and task complexity (musicians tend to perf...
Article
The ability to rapidly distinguish between positive and negative facial expressions of emotions is critical for adaptive social behaviour. Increasing evidence has shown that emotions can be processed even at an unconscious level in adults. Yet, very little is still known about the early ontogeny of the unconscious processing of emotional signals co...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have shown the presence of an interference effect on temporal perception when participants are required to simultaneously execute a nontemporal task. Such interference likely has an attentional source. In the present work, a temporal discrimination task was performed alone or together with a self-paced finger-tapping task used as c...
Article
Interest in crossmodal correspondences has recently seen a renaissance thanks to numerous studies in human adults. Yet, very little is still known about crossmodal correspondences in children, particularly in sensory pairings other than audition and vision. In the current study, we investigated whether 4-5 year-old children match auditory pitch to...
Article
Full-text available
In swimming races, a key component for a good start dive is the dive-length. Swimmers trying to improve dive-length need to make specific reference points in order to evaluate it and to understand where to aim for in order to improve it. Often coaches suggest pointing at available landmarks of the swimming pool such as the backstroke indicator, i.e...
Article
Interest in crossmodal correspondences has recently seen a renaissance thanks to numerous studies in human adults. Yet, still very little is known about crossmodal correspondences in children, particularly in sensory pairings other than audition and vision. In the current study, we investigated whether 4-5-year-old children match auditory pitch to...
Article
Full-text available
Although acoustic frequency is not a spatial property of physical objects, in common language, pitch, i.e., the psychological correlated of frequency, is often labeled spatially (i.e., " high in pitch " or " low in pitch "). Pitch-height is known to modulate (and interact with) the response of participants when they are asked to judge spatial prope...
Conference Paper
The present study aims at comparing children and adult performance on detecting low contrast stimuli with spatio-temporal properties suitable for either the dorsal or the ventral stream at early level of processing. The data suggest that the dorsal stream displays a longer developmental time course than the ventral stream and that this protracted d...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to investigate if and how auditory abilities change with aging. We compared the performance of 23 young adults, 19 middle-aged adults and 20 old listeners on eight auditory tasks. Tasks measured the ability to discriminate intensity, frequency, duration and timbre, the ability to detect temporal gaps and amplitude modulatio...
Article
Full-text available
There are evidences showing that music can affect cognitive performance by improving our emotional state. The aim of the current study was to analyze whether age-related differences between young and older adults in a Working Memory (WM) Span test in which the stimuli to be recalled have a different valence (i.e., neutral, positive, or negative wor...
Article
Full-text available
PSYCHOACOUSTICS is a new MATLAB toolbox which implements three classic adaptive procedures for auditory threshold estimation. The first includes those of the Staircase family (method of limits, simple up-down and transformed up-down); the second is the Parameter Estimation by Sequential Testing (PEST); and the third is the Maximum Likelihood Proced...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to assess age-related differences between young and older adults in auditory abilities and to investigate the relationship between auditory abilities and basic mechanisms of cognition in older adults. Although there is a certain consensus that the participant's sensitivity to the absolute intensity of sounds (such as that...
Data
Both neurophysiological and psychophysical evidence suggest a strong influence of context on texture-segmentation. Here we extend and further analyse this issue, with a particular focus on the underlying mechanism. Specifically, we use a texture-edge discrimination task and separately investigate the effect of elements far from and along the edge....
Article
Both neurophysiological and psychophysical evidence suggest a strong influence of context on texture-segmentation. Here we extend and further analyse this issue, with a particular focus on the underlying mechanism. Specifically, we use a texture-edge discrimination task and separately investigate the effect of elements far from and along the edge....
Article
Full-text available
Listeners are unable to report the physical order of particular sequences of brief tones. This phenomenon of temporal dislocation depends on tone durations and frequencies. The current study empirically shows that it also depends on the spatial location of the tones. Dichotically testing a three-tone sequence showed that the central tone tends to b...
Article
Identifying the properties of on-going events by the sound they produce is crucial for our interaction with the environment when visual information is not available. Here, we investigated the ability of listeners to estimate the size of an object (a ball) dropped on a plate with ecological listening conditions (balls were dropped in real time) and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents an experiment aimed at assessing the influence of auditory feedback on haptic estimation of size. Experimental subjects were instructed to explore a virtual 3D object (a stair-step) with a haptic device, and to return a verbal estimate of the step riser height. Haptic exploration was accompanied with a real-time generated sinuso...
Article
Full-text available
We discuss the results of Vicario (2011, Perception 40 23-29), in the light of an experiment designed to bypass some of the limits of that study. There, participants were asked to perform a temporal bisection on numerical stimuli (small or large digits) presented either for 700/900 ms or 2000/2200 ms. For the two longest durations only, bisections...
Article
In the present study we examined the effect of positional noise on spatial resolution in younger and older observers. We used a yes/no discrimination task in which observers indicated whether the size of two gaps in a Landolt-C-like contour was the same or not. The proportion of trials observers perceived one gap larger was measured when gaps-posit...
Article
Full-text available
Looming visual stimuli (log-increasing in proximal size over time) and auditory stimuli (of increasing sound intensity over time) have been shown to be perceived as longer than receding visual and auditory stimuli (i.e., looming stimuli reversed in time). Here, we investigated whether such asymmetry in subjective duration also occurs for audiovisua...
Article
Previous ERP studies have shown that musicians detect a pitch change in spoken sentences better than non-musicians in both native (French, Schön et al., 2004) and unfamiliar (Portuguese, Marques et al., 2007) language. The aim of the present study was to further investigate differences between musicians and non-musicians in processing pitch changes...
Article
The audiovisual bounce inducing effect (ABE) is a bouncing percept induced by the presentation of a sound in a motion display otherwise perceived as streaming. The literature suggests that the origin of the ABE is double: the effect stems from the action of an attentional component and that of a non-attentional component. However, the type of respo...
Chapter
In this chapter we introduce the use of GUIDE, which is the MATLAB Graphical User Interface Development Environment. This tool enables the user to create Graphical User Interfaces (GUI) that can be used to facilitate interaction with your programs.
Chapter
The Psychophysics Toolbox (PTB) is a package for psychophysics research developed by David Brainard and Denis Pelli (Brainard 1997; Pelli 1997) and recently by Mario Kleiner (Kleiner et al. 2007). This toolbox has been used extensively over the last decade (the first version was released in 1995), and it is very useful for running experiments needi...
Chapter
This chapter gives an overview of MATLAB and compares MATLAB with a scientific calculator. The chapter gives also an overview of basic arithmetic operations and functions as well as a short introduction to matrices and matrix manipulation.
Chapter
PTB has a number of functions that can be useful for programming behavioral experiments. Although their number is high, there is a relatively small number of core functions that we need to know to program a large spectrum of experiments. These core functions are presented in this chapter.
Chapter
MATLAB can display data in high-quality graphs. There are many built-in functions for creating scatter plots, 2D and 3D bar graphs, pies charts, line graphs, etc. MATLAB makes it possible to control each characteristic of a graphical object, so that the resulting graph shows exactly what you want to show in the way you want to present it.
Chapter
MATLAB is an extremely powerful tool for dealing with sounds. You can use MATLAB for sound synthesis as well as for sound analysis. It is possible to create your own custom sound from scratch, and it is also possible to edit at will an existing sound. Furthermore, MATLAB can be used to understand several acoustical characteristics of digital sounds...
Chapter
MATLAB is a powerful tool for image processing. You can use MATLAB to create visual stimuli either by importing/exporting images or by drawing them from scratch in a quite simple manner. In this chapter, we give an introduction to image drawing and image manipulation.
Chapter
This chapter outlines the main statistics used by psychologists. Some of the functions described here are included in the Statistics toolbox, a toolbox specifically devoted to statistical analysis. Moreover, in the current chapter we show also how to calculate the indexes of signal detection theory.
Chapter
MATLAB stores numbers, strings, and logical values into variables. Variables can be either simple, i.e., referring to one data type only, or complex, i.e., referring to different data types at the same time. Furthermore, variables can be imported, exported, and manipulated at will.
Chapter
This chapter outlines the Basic programming concepts in MATLAB such as loop generation and program flux control. Programming style and debugging techniques are also presented.