Massimo D'Amico

Massimo D'Amico
DI.V.A.L. Toscana srl, Florence, Italy

Doctor of Philosophy

About

42
Publications
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1,058
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Publications

Publications (42)
Article
Full-text available
In the present work, applying the whole-cell patch-clamp technique in voltage clamp mode, we have investigated the effects of different drugs, such as riluzole, Psora-4 and Tram-34, on the potassium currents in four human lymphoma cell lines. We focused on outward currents mediated by two potassium channels (Kv1.3 and KCa3.1), which are known to pl...
Article
Background: Platinum-based drugs such as Cisplatin are commonly employed for cancer treatment. Despite an initial therapeutic response, Cisplatin treatment often results in the development of chemoresistance. To identify novel approaches to overcome Cisplatin resistance, we tested Cisplatin in combination with K+ channel modulators on colorectal c...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (cEPCs) have been reported to be dysfunctional in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients, accounting for the vascular damage and the ensuing high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) characteristic of this disease. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the number of circulating cEPCs in type 1 DM...
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Ion channels regulate cell proliferation, differentiation, and migration in normal and neoplastic cells through cell-cell and cell–extracellular matrix (ECM) transmembrane receptors called integrins. K⁺ flux through the human ether-à-go-go–related gene 1 (hERG1) channel shapes action potential firing in excitable cells such as cardiomyocytes. Its a...
Article
Macrolide Antibiotics (MAs) have been recently shown to exert an antineoplastic activity in different types of cancers, including hematologic malignancies alone or in combination with either chemotherapeutic drugs or tyrosine kinase inhibitors. How MAs can exert an antineoplastic activity is still under investigation and different mechanisms have b...
Article
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Blood Cancer Journal is a peer-reviewed, open access online journal publishing pre-clinical and clinical work in the field of hematology with ramifications into translational biology research down to new therapies
Article
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We defined the stem cell profile of K562 line, demonstrating the expression of the Embryonic Transcription Factors Oct3/4, Sox2, Klf4 and Nanog. This profile was associated with a high vulnerability to the physiological oxidizable substrate pyruvate. remarkably, this substrate was shown to be innocuous, even at the highest doses, to normal differen...
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Background: hERG1 channels are aberrantly expressed in human cancers. The expression, functional role and clinical significance of hERG1 channels in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is lacking. Methods: hERG1 expression was tested in PDAC primary samples assembled as tissue microarray by immunohistochemistry using an anti-hERG1 monoclonal...
Article
The role of the lymphatic system in the connection between spondyloarthritis (SpA) and Crohn's disease (CD) remains yet to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the circulating levels of lymphatic endothelial progenitor cells (LEPCs) and vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) and their possible correlation with clini...
Article
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KV11.1 (hERG1) channels are often overexpressed in human cancers. In leukemias, KV11.1 regulates pro-survival signals that promote resistance to chemotherapy. However, because of the role of KV11.1 in cardiac repolarization, blocking these channels may cause cardiac arrhythmias. We show that CD-160130, a novel pyrimido-indole compound, blocks KV11....
Article
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Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) are agents capable of inducing growth arrest and apoptosis in different tumour cell types. Previously, we reported a series of novel HDACi obtained by hybridizing SAHA or oxamflatin with 1,4-benzodiazepines. Some of these hybrids proved effective against haematological and solid cancer cells and, above all, co...
Article
We report here that the established anticancer ruthenium(iii) complex NAMI-A induces potent and selective cytotoxic effects in a few leukaemia cell lines. These results sound very surprising after 20 years of intense studies on NAMI-A, commonly considered as a non-cytotoxic antimetastatic agent. In addition, evidence is given for selective inhibiti...
Article
Despite the accumulating knowledge of alterations in pancreatic cancer molecular pathways, no substantial improvements in the clinical prognosis have been made and this malignancy continues to be a leading cause of cancer death in the Western World. The orphan nuclear receptor COUP-TFII is a regulator of a wide range of biological processes and it...
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Melanoma is one of the most aggressive types of human cancer, characterized by enhanced heterogeneity and resistance to conventional therapy at advanced stages. We and others have previously shown that HEDGEHOG-GLI (HH-GLI) signaling is required for melanoma growth and for survival and expansion of melanoma-initiating cells (MICs). Recent reports i...
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hERG1 channels are aberrantly expressed in several types of human cancers, where they affect different aspects of cancer cell behaviour. A thorough analysis of the functional role and clinical significance of hERG1 channels in gastric cancer (GC) is still lacking. Experimental design: hERG1 expression was tested in a wide (508 samples) Italian coho...
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Angiogenesis is a potential target for cancer therapy. We identified a novel signaling pathway that sustains angiogenesis and progression in colorectal cancer (CRC). This pathway is triggered by β1 integrin-mediated adhesion and leads to VEGF-A secretion. The effect is modulated by the human ether-à-go-go related gene 1 (hERG1) K(+) channel. hERG1...
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We have previously shown that peculiar metabolic features of cell adaptation and survival in hypoxia imply growth restriction points that are typical of embryonic stem cells and disappear with differentiation. Here we provide evidence that such restrictions can be exploited as specific antiblastic targets by physiological factors such as pyruvate,...
Conference Paper
Although cure rates for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the most common pediatric malignancy, have markedly improved over the last two decades, chemotherapy resistance remains a major obstacle to successful treatment in a significant proportion of patients (Pui CH et al. N Engl J Med., 360:2730-2741, 2009). Increasing evidence ind...
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1222 Normal hematopoiesis is characterized by the tuned regulation of self renewal, proliferation, differentiation and migration of hematopoietic stem cells and HSC-derived multipotent and lineage-committed hemopoietic progenitor cells. This regulation is a complex process, which requires several levels of control provided by the activity of numero...
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1506 Although cure rates for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the most common pediatric malignancy, have markedly improved over the last two decades, chemotherapy resistance remains a major obstacle to successful treatment in a significant proportion of patients (Pui CH et al. N Engl J Med., 360:2730–2741, 2009). Increasing evidenc...
Article
K+ channels form the largest family among ion channels. Besides regulating many physiological functions, K+ channels, being aberrantly expressed in different types of tumors, affect several hallmarks of cancer. In cancer cells, K+ channel activity regulates cell proliferation, resistance to apoptotic cell death, tumor angiogenesis, invasiveness and...
Conference Paper
hERG1 channels, besides sustaining the cardiac Ikr (rapid K+current), are aberrantly expressed in human cancers, where they regulate several aspects of neoplastic cell behavior such as the triggering of pro-survival signals and the development of resistance to chemotherapy. In view of these actions, hERG1 is now considered as a potentially attracti...
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One undisputed milestone of traditional oncology is neoplastic progression, which consists of a progressive selection of dedifferentiated cells driven by a chance sequence of genetic mutations. Recently it has been demonstrated that the overexpression of well-defined transcription factors reprograms somatic cells to the pluripotent stem status. The...
Article
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A mercury-supported bilayer lipid micromembrane was prepared by anchoring a thiolipid monolayer to a mercury cap electrodeposited on a platinum microdisc about 20 μm in diameter; a lipid monolayer was then self-assembled on top of the thiolipid monolayer either by vesicle fusion or by spilling a few drops of a lipid solution in chloroform on the ca...
Conference Paper
Ion channels and transporters control many facets of cancer cell biology1 and blocking the activity of these impairs tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo. This new paradigm has opened new opportunities for pharmaceutical research in oncology1,2. We have contributed to this field showing that Kv11.1 (hERG1) channels are aberrantly expressed in sev...
Article
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Bone marrow mesenchymal cells (MSCs) can protect leukemic cells from chemotherapy, thus increasing their survival rate. We studied the potential molecular mechanisms underlying this effect in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells. Coculture of ALL cells with MSCs induced on the lymphoblast plasma membrane the expression of a signaling complex fo...
Article
Gemcitabine is the standard of care for metastatic and nonresectable pancreatic tumors. Phase II and III trials have not demonstrated efficacy of recently developed reagents, compared with gemcitabine alone; new chemotherapic agents are needed. Ninety percent of pancreatic tumors have telomerase activity, and expression correlates with tumor stage....
Article
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The multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype is characterized by the overexpression of a few transport proteins at the plasma membrane level, one of which is the breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP). These proteins are expressed in excretory organs, in the placenta and blood-brain barrier, and are involved in the transport of drugs and endogenous co...
Article
A novel tethered bilayer lipid micromembrane (tBLmicroM) was prepared and characterized. It consists of a mercury cap electrodeposited on a platinum microelectrode, about 20 microm in diameter. The micromembrane was prepared by tethering to the mercury cap a thiolipid monolayer and by then self-assembling a lipid monolayer on top of it. The thiolip...
Article
The HERG potassium channel was incorporated in a mercury-supported tethered bilayer lipid membrane (tBLM) obtained by anchoring a thiolipid monolayer to the mercury surface and by self-assembling a lipid monolayer on top of it from a lipid film spread on the surface of an electrolyte solution. HERG was then incorporated in this tBLM from its micell...
Article
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We worked out an experimental protocol able to purge the stem cell compartment of the SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma clone. This protocol was based on the prolonged treatment of the wild-type cell population with either hypoxia or the antiblastic etoposide. Cell fate was monitored by immunocytochemical and electrophysiologic (patch-clamp) techniques. Both t...
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We explored the stem cell compartment of the SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma (NB) clone and its development by a novel approach, integrating clonal and immunocytochemical investigations with patch-clamp measurements of ion currents simultaneously expressed on single cells. The currents selected were the triad IHERG, IKDR, INa, normally expressed at varying m...
Article
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Advances in the technologies for labeling and imaging biological samples drive a constant progress in our capability of studying structures and their dynamics within cells and tissues. In the last decade, the development of numerous nonlinear optical microscopies has led to a new prospective both in basic research and in the potential development o...
Article
Second-harmonic generation (SHG) is emerging as a powerful tool for the optical measurement of transmembrane potential in live cells with high sensitivity and temporal resolution. Using a patch clamp, we characterize the sensitivity of the SHG signal to transmembrane potential for the RH 237 dye in various normal and tumor cell types. SHG sensitivi...
Article
From the adrenergic SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma clone, we isolated a subclone (21S) endowed with a glial-oriented phenotype. At difference from the parental clone, 21S cells responded to depolarizing stimuli with overshooting action potentials, whose repolarization phase was composed of an initial rapid episode, followed by a long-lasting plateau a...
Article
Using the patch-clamp technique, we analysed changes in the biophysical properties of HERG potassium channels in neuroblastoma cells long-term exposed to hypoxia. In this condition, HERG channels underwent a profound modulation that consisted of: (i) a slowing in open-close kinetics; (ii) a marked hyperpolarizing shift in voltage dependence of stea...
Article
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Although dephosphorylation of tyrosine containing proteins is considered a necessary step in the induction of leukemia cell differentiation by hybrid polar compounds (HPC), the crucial actors in this step remain unknown. We present evidence that tyrosine phosphorylation of JAK1 and JAK2 is down-regulated in murine erythroleukemia cells (MELC) withi...

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