Massimiliano Buoli

Massimiliano Buoli
University of Milan | UNIMI · Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation

MD
Translational research in psychiatry

About

242
Publications
16,777
Reads
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2,894
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2020 - present
University of Milan
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
March 2015 - May 2015
University Medical Center Utrecht
Position
  • Fellow
December 2013 - March 2020
University of Milan
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
September 2000 - July 2006
University of Milan
Field of study
  • Faculty of Medicine

Publications

Publications (242)
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a disabling condition with suicidal behavior as one of the most common adverse outcomes. The purpose of the present research is to investigate the relationship between lifetime suicide attempts and the clinical factors/biochemical parameters in a large sample of bipolar patients. Methods: A total of 561 pat...
Article
COVID-19 pandemic had a great impact on mental health, both in the general population and psychiatric patients. Little is known about the difference between these two populations in perceiving the pandemic as a traumatic event. The aim of the study was to compare psychiatric patients and healthy controls (HC) in terms of change over time of post-tr...
Article
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Healthcare workers experienced high degree of stress during COVID-19. Purpose of the present article is to compare mental health (depressive and Post-Traumatic-Stress-Disorders—PTSD—symptoms) and epigenetics aspects (degree of methylation of stress-related genes) in front-line healthcare professionals versus healthcare working in non-COVID-19 wards...
Article
Background Accumulating evidence suggests that poor mental health is one of the most common comorbidities of both rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) [1]. Even if underpinning RA and OA are different genetic, structural, mechanical, and immunologic pathways involved in their pathogenesis, poor mental health, and joint involvement are...
Article
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Arthritides are a highly heterogeneous group of disorders that include two major clinical entities, localized joint disorders such as osteoarthritis (OA) and systemic autoimmune-driven diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Arthritides are characterized by chronic debilitating musculoskeletal conditions and systemic chronic inflammation. Poor...
Article
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Background Obesity and depression are intertwined diseases often associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) complications. Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF), altered in the brain both of subjects with depression and obesity, provides a potential link between depression and thrombosis. Since the relationship among peripheral BDN...
Article
Study question Can sleep quality and psychological health of women undergoing In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) affect the chances of success of the procedure? Summary answer Psychological health doesn’t seem to affect IVF outcomes while sleep disturbances are common in women undergoing IVF and could influence the success of the procedure. What is kno...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the present study was to detect demographic and clinical factors associated with lifetime suicide attempts in Bipolar Disorder (BD). A total of 1673 bipolar patients from different psychiatric departments were compared according to the lifetime presence of suicide attempts on demographic/clinical variables. Owing to the large number...
Article
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The immune and antioxidant systems are intimately connected and their role in the etiology of major psychiatric disorders is currently under study. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential associations between inflammatory/antioxidant peripheral markers and presence of psychotic symptoms or severity of illness in patients affected by maj...
Article
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Background: Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) is a debilitating condition associated with unmet clinical needs. Few studies have explored clinical characteristics and serum biomarkers associated with TRD. Aims: We investigated whether there were differences in clinical and biochemical variables between patients affected by TRD than those with...
Article
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a medical illness twice as common in women than in men lifetime. Purpose of this study is to identify gender differences in clinical and biochemical parameters in subjects affected by MDD to implement individualized treatment strategies. We recruited 234 patients (112 males and 122 females) consecutively hospitali...
Article
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Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a disabling disorder. High rates of ADHD have been consistently reported among prisoners. The main objectives were (1) to estimate the prevalence of ADHD symptoms in a sample of male inmates and (2) to investigate the relationship between ADHD symptoms and socio-demographic/clinical fe...
Article
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Treatment resistant depression (TRD) is associated with poor outcomes, but a consensus is lacking in the literature regarding which compound represents the best pharmacological augmentation strategy to antidepressants (AD). In the present review, we identify the available literature regarding the pharmacological augmentation to AD in TRD. Research...
Article
SARS-CoV-2 infection causes a pulmonary disease (COVID-19) which spread worldwide generating fear, anxiety, depression in the general population as well as among subjects affected by mental disorders. Little is known about which different psychopathological changes the pandemic caused among individuals affected by different psychiatric disorders, w...
Article
Aim: to identify relevant differences between GAD and PD in order to facilitate the differential diagnosis between the two disorders.
Article
Malondialdehyde (MDA) represents one of the final products of lipid peroxidation that is thought to be enhanced and accelerated in patients affected by bipolar disorder (BD). Purpose of the present article is to critically summarize the available data about MDA as a candidate biomarker for BD. First, we carried out a systematic review of the litera...
Article
The aim of this study was to detect demographic and clinical factors associated with affective symptoms and quality of life in patients with severe atopic dermatitis. First, one-way analyses of variance and correlations were performed to compare a large set of qualitative and quantitative clinical variables. Three final multivariable regression mod...
Article
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Background: Perinatal Depression (PD) is a widespread disabling condition that is hypothesized to be associated with abnormalities in circadian rhythms and neuropeptide release including oxytocin (OXT). Methods: Fourty-four pregnant women (28 with PD, and 16 controls) were evaluated through the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the State...
Article
We provide a comprehensive and updated systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between air pollution exposure and depression, searching PubMed, Embase, and Web of Sciences for relevant articles published up to May 2021, and eventually including 39 studies. Meta-analyses were performed separately according to pollutant type [particula...
Article
Atypical antipsychotic depot medications are currently recommended for patients with schizophrenia (SCZ) to prevent relapse and ameliorate the long-term prognosis of these patients. This review critically summarizes the available data about the association between the plasma concentrations of long-acting SecondGeneration Antipsychotics (SGAs) and t...
Article
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Esketamine (ESK) has been approved as a rapid-acting intranasal treatment for treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Although existing studies have investigated the efficacy of ESK in the 4-week induction phase, our knowledge about long-term ESK efficacy remains poor. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the available data on long-term...
Article
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Background Patients with chronic rheumatic diseases (RDs) are more vulnerable and the containment measures related to the COVID-19 pandemic might have severe psychological consequences. We investigated the presence of and risk factors associated with poor mental health, sleep disorders among RDs during the pandemic. Methods This cross-sectional It...
Article
Objective To assess the long-term impact of early COVID-19 lockdown phase on emergency psychiatric consultations in two psychiatric emergency departments located in Italy. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study comparing the number and characteristics of emergency psychiatric consultations during post-lockdown with respect to the lockdown per...
Article
Background Detrimental psychological effects, including symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), stress, anxiety, and depression have been related to COVID-19 quarantine measures (1). These aspects may be particularly relevant in stress-related disorders such as fibromyalgia (FM) in which previous evidence demonstrated a causal effect of...
Article
Background A considerable psychosocial burden is one of the relevant consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. In particular, quarantine measures have been related to negative psychological effects, including symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, stress, anxiety, and depression (1). This rise in mental health disorders might be even worse among...
Article
Background A decrease in physical activity, exposure to daylight and a decline in psychological wellbeing due to COVID19 pandemic have led to increased incidence of sleep disorders such as difficulties falling asleep, sleep disruption, insomnia, nightmares and daytime sleepiness (1). Patients with inflammatory arthritis are more vulnerable to pain,...
Article
Background Prisoners have higher rates of suicide attempts compared with general population. A history of childhood trauma (CT) is common among incarcerated subjects and it is a well-known risk factor for lifetime suicide attempts. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to investigate whether lifetime suicide attempts may be related to the exposit...
Article
Introduction Inpatients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) show high rate of neuropsychiatric manifestations, possibly related to higher risk of serious illness or death. Accordingly, the use of psychotropic medications (PMs) suggests a worsening of neuropsychiatric symptoms in COVID‐19 patients. So far, potential clinical predictors of use o...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Patients with chronic rheumatic diseases (RDs) are more vulnerable and the containment measures related to COVID-19 pandemic might have severe psychological consequences. We investigated the presence of and risk factors associated with poor mental health, sleep disorders among RDs during the pandemic. METHODS This cross-sectional Italian...
Article
Full-text available
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a group of neurodevelopmental disorders whose pathogenesis seems to be related to an imbalance of excitatory and inhibitory synapses, which leads to disrupted connectivity during brain development. Among the various biomarkers that have been evaluated in the last years, metabolic factors represent a bridge betwe...
Article
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Background: Both obesity and depression are medical conditions associated with severe disability and biological abnormalities. Our aim was to study associations between Body Mass Index (BMI), depression and biological changes in women affected by overweight or obesity. Methods: Depressive symptoms were evaluated by the Beck Depression Inventory II...
Article
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Extreme weather events (EWEs) are increasing in frequency and severity as the planet continues to become warmer. Resulting disasters have the potential to wreak havoc on the economy, infrastructure, family unit, and human health. Global estimates project that children will be disproportionately impacted by the changing climate – shouldering 88% of...
Article
Introduction Published research indicates that some perinatal home visiting programs are highly effective. However, there is a dearth of information regarding how these services apply to women experiencing a high‐risk pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine the potential acceptability of home visiting services within this vulnerable popul...
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Schizophrenia remains one of the most chronic and highly disabling mental disorder. To date, the pathomechanism of schizophrenia is not fully understood and current treatments are characterized by some limitations. First- and second-generation antipsychotics have shown clinical efficacy in treating positive symptoms, while are poorly effective on b...
Article
Bipolar Disorder (BD) alternates depressive, manic or hypomanic phases. A manic episode (ME) is the main psychopathological condition of BD and it often requires hospitalization. Air pollution is thought to play a role in onset and exacerbation of several psychiatric disorders. We aimed to verify the association between exposure to particulate matt...
Article
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The expression of clock genes, regulating the synchronization of metabolic and behavioral processes with environmental light/dark cycles, is regulated by methylation and might be influenced by short-term exposure to airborne particulate matter (PM), especially in individuals that are hypersensitive to proinflammatory cues. The present study aimed t...
Article
Increasing evidence shows how diet may play a role in improving health including mental health. Of note, personality may influence the type of diet and consequently the prognosis of medical and psychiatric conditions. The purpose of the present systematic review is to summarize the available data regarding the influence of personality on dietary ha...
Article
Colonial psychiatry represented the first, despite distorted, attempt to interpret psychiatric symptoms in non-Western cultures. This psychiatry, therefore, laid the roots for the subsequent development of ethnopsychiatry, but it also represented the first example of the political use of this discipline. Purpose of the present article is to provide...
Article
Background Objective of the present manuscript is to investigate, among Italian early career psychiatrists (ECPs), prescriber and patient-related factors associated with lithium or valproate preference to treat patients affected by Bipolar Disorder (BD). Methods An on-line survey was carried out among 252 ECPs, investigating their prescription pat...
Article
Background: Suicidality is one of the most common complications of mental disorders, so that the identification of potential biomarkers may be relevant in clinical practice. To date, the role of serum lipids and Neutrophil/Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) has been explored albeit with conflicting results. To the best of our knowledge, no study has explored l...
Article
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Human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) comprise 8% of the human genome, and HERV DNA was reported to be essential in human embryonic development. Specifically, HERV-W encodes a protein, syncytin-1, alternatively known as ERVWE1 (Human Endogenous Retrovirus W EnvC7-1 Envelope Protein), participating in human placental morphogenesis and having a role...
Article
Depressive symptoms worsen the outcomes of patients affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD). The purpose of the present article is to study the association between serum lipid profile and the severity of depression in patients with CKD. We evaluated 132 older subjects with advanced CKD (stage 3-5, not receiving dialysis) in regular follow-up in a...
Article
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Neuronal stimulation is an emerging field of research focused on the management and treatment of various diseases through the reestablishment of physiological homeostasis. Electrical vagus nerve stimulation has recently been proposed as a revolutionary therapeutic option for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in combination with or even as a replacement for...
Article
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that pediatric providers screen mothers for postpartum depression at the 1-, 2-, 4-, and 6-month well-child visits. However, compliance with this recommendation varies greatly and is far from 100%. This is significant, as perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) represent the most...
Article
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Background Depression and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are among the most common causes of disability in high-income countries, depression being associated with a 30% increased risk of future CV events. Depression is twice as common in people with diabetes and is associated with a 60% rise in the incidence of type 2 diabetes, an independent CVD ris...
Article
Background Approximately 12% of all women will be affected by Perinatal Depression (PD), a condition associated with an increased risk for low birth weight, preterm birth, preeclampsia, maternal suicide and infanticide. The identification of biomarkers for PD could be useful for early identification and for the development of new treatments. Purpos...