Masami Nakazawa

Masami Nakazawa
Osaka Prefecture University | OPU · Department of Applied Biological Chemistry

PhD

About

55
Publications
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Publications

Publications (55)
Article
Konjac glucomannan (KGM) is a principal component of the gelatinous food Konjac. Konjac production through alkali treatment releases an undesirable amine-odor. Two acetylesterases (AME1 and AME2) active against konjac glucomannan (polymer or oligomer) were purified from the supernatant of Aspergillus oryzae RIB40 culture. We cloned the genes encodi...
Article
Euglena gracilis produces ATP in the anaerobic mitochondria with concomitant wax ester formation, and NADH is essential for ATP formation and fatty acid synthesis in the mitochondria. This study demonstrated that mitochondrial cofactor conversion by nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase (NNT), converting NADPH/NAD+ to NADP+/NADH, is indispensabl...
Article
Aspergillus oryzae is a safe microorganism that is commonly used in food production. We constructed a self-cloning vector capable of high expression in A. oryzae. Using the vector, three putative pectin methylesterase (PME) genes belonging to Carbohydrate Esterase family 8 derived from A. oryzae were expressed, and several characteristics of the ge...
Article
Full-text available
We identified the raw-starch-digesting α-amylase genes a earthworm Eisenia fetidα amylase I and II (Ef-Amy I and Ef-Amy II). Each gene consists of 1,530 base pairs (bp) that encode proteins of 510 amino acids, as indicated by the corresponding mRNA sequences. Ef-Amy I and II showed an 89% amino acid identity. The amino acid sequences of Ef-Amy I an...
Article
The chemical structure of pea pectin was delineated using pectin-degrading enzymes and biochemical methods. The molecular weight of the pea pectin preparation was 488,000, with 50 % arabinose content, and neutral sugar side chains attached to approximately 60 % of the rhamnose residues in rhamnogalacturonan-I (RG-I). Arabinan, an RG-I side chain, w...
Article
Euglena is capable of growth under various variety of nutritional and environmental conditions. Euglena is possible to grow under diverse culture conditions with and without light illumination, namely under both heterotrophic and photoautotrophic conditions. Euglena can synthesize most of vitamins and biofactors except for the exception, such as vi...
Article
Full-text available
Three recombinant β-galactosidases (BGALs; PcBGAL35A, PcBGAL35B, and PcGALX35C) belonging to the glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 35 derived from Penicillium chrysogenum 31B were expressed using Pichia pastoris and characterized. PcBGAL35A showed a unique substrate specificity that has not been reported so far. Based on the results of enzymological...
Article
Full-text available
Extant eukaryote ecology is primarily sustained by oxygenic photosynthesis, in which chlorophylls play essential roles. The exceptional photosensitivity of chlorophylls allows them to harvest solar energy for photosynthesis, but on the other hand, they also generate cytotoxic reactive oxygen species. A risk of such phototoxicity of the chlorophyll...
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Full-text available
In Euglena gracilis, wax ester fermentation produces ATP during anaerobiosis. Here, we report that anaerobic wax ester production is suppressed when the mitochondrial electron transport chain complex I is inhibited by rotenone, whereas it is increased by the uncoupler carbonyl cyanide m‐chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP). The ADP/ATP ratio in anaerobic c...
Article
An endo-1,4-β-glucanase from Bellamya chinensis laeta (BC-EG70a) was expressed in Pichia pastoris GS115. The molecular masses of the mature recombinant BC-EG70a enzyme (rBC-EG70amature), the rBC-EG70a catalytic domain (rBC-EG70aCatD), and the rBC-EG70a cellulose binding domain (rBC-EG70aCBD) were 65 kDa, 50 kDa, and 15 kDa, respectively. While the...
Article
We studied how the content and degrading activity of trehalose changed during fruit-body development and autolysis. During the process of autolysis, the trehalose content of whole fruit-bodies decreased sharply whereas the trehalose-degrading activity increased toward the inner region from the outer region of the pilei. Conversely, the trehalose co...
Article
The endo-1,4-β-mannanases (Ef-Man) gene from Eisenia fetida was determined to consist of 1131 bp and encode a 377 amino acid protein. The amino acid sequence showed similarity with the endo-1,4-β-mannanases of Daphnia pulex (62%), Cryptopygus antarcticus (64%), Crassostrea gigas (61%), Mytilus edulis (60%), and Aplysia kurodai (58%). The gene encod...
Article
Exo-rhamnogalacturonan lyase from Penicillium chrysogenum 31B (PcRGLX) was recently classified as a member of polysaccharide lyase (PL) family 26 along with hypothetical proteins derived from various organisms. In this study, we determined the crystal structure of PcRGLX as the first structure of a member of this family. Based on the substrate-bind...
Article
Full-text available
In Euglena gracilis, pyruvate:NADP(+) oxidoreductase, in addition to the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, functions for the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate in the mitochondria. Furthermore, the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex is absent, and instead 2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase is found in the mitochondria. To elucidate the central carbon...
Chapter
Euglenoids are able to assimilate fatty acids and alcohols with various carbon-chain lengths, and ethanol is known to be one of the best carbon sources to support the growth of Euglena gracilis. Ethanol is first oxidized to acetate by the sequential reactions of alcohol dehydrogenase and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase in the mitochondria, and then conv...
Article
We previously reported that Fusarium oxysporum 12S produces two bifunctional proteins, FoAP1 and FoAP2, with α-d-galactopyranosidase (GPase) and β-l-arabinopyranosidase (APase) activities. The aim of this paper was to purify a third GPase, FoGP1, from culture supernatant of F. oxysporum 12S, to characterize it, and to determine its mode of action t...
Article
Chitin is the second most abundant biopolymer in nature and is an important resource. In this study, we identified a chitinase gene, named Eisenia fetida-Chitinase (EF-Chi) gene, of 1494 base pairs (bp) that encodes a protein of 498 amino acids as indicated by the corresponding mRNA sequence. The amino acid sequence of EF-Chi was similar to those o...
Article
Rhamnogalacturonan (RG) I is one of the main components of pectins in the plant cell wall. We recently reported two RG I-degrading enzymes, endo-RG and exo-RG lyases, secreted by Penicillium chrysogenum 31B. Here, our aims were to purify a RG rhamnohydrolase (PcRGRH78A) from the culture filtrate of this strain and to characterize this enzyme. On th...
Article
Full-text available
Accumulation profiles of wax esters in Euglena gracilis Z were studied under several environmental conditions. The highest amount of total wax esters accumulated under hypoxia in the dark, and C28 (myristyl-myristate, C14:0-C14:0) was prevalent among all conditions investigated. The wax ester production was almost completely suppressed under anoxia...
Chapter
Polyclonal antibodies consist of a mixture of antibodies produced by multiple B-cell clones that have differentiated into antibody-producing plasma cells in response to an immunogen. Polyclonal antibodies raised against an antigen recognize multiple epitopes on a target molecule, which results in a signal amplification in indirect immunoassays incl...
Article
Full-text available
An endo-1,4-β-glucanase from Bellamya chinensis laeta was purified to electrophoretically homogeneous state. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was estimated 70,000 by SDS-PAGE. The enzyme was most active at pH 5.5 and 50 °C, and stable at around pH 10 and 50 °C. The enzyme exhibited the significant activity at 20 °C (30 % of the activity...
Article
Naringin (Nar) has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It was recently reported that enzymatic modification of Nar enhanced its functions. Here, we acylated Nar with fatty acids of different sizes (C2–C18) using immobilized lipase from Rhizomucor miehei and investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of these molecules. Treatment of murine...
Article
We previously described an endo-acting rhamnogalacturonan (RG) lyase, termed PcRGL4A, of Penicillium chrysogenum 31B. Here, we describe a second RG lyase, called PcRGLX. We determined the cDNA sequence of the Pcrglx gene, which encodes PcRGLX. Based on analyses using a BLAST search and a conserved domain search, PcRGLX was found to be structurally...
Article
We previously described four α-l-arabinofuranosidases (ABFs) secreted by Penicillium chrysogenum 31B. Here, we cloned the fifth and sixth genes (Pcabf43B and Pcabf51C) encoding the ABFs PcABF43B and PcABF51C in this strain and overexpressed these genes in Escherichia coli. The deduced amino acid sequences of PcABF43B and PcABF51C were highly simila...
Article
Euglena gracilis produces wax ester under hypoxic and anaerobic culture conditions with a net synthesis of ATP. In wax ester fermentation, fatty acids are synthesized by reversing beta-oxidation in mitochondria. A major species of wax ester produced by E. gracilis is myristyl myristate (14:0-14:0Alc). Because of its shorter carbon chain length with...
Article
Lipids are being increasingly used as biodiesel feedstock, and several saturated wax esters from Euglena gracilis are candidates for outdoor bulk production. Wax ester fermentation in Euglena is strongly increased by hypoxia, but key events underlying the metabolic shift toward wax ester biosynthesis are poorly understood. Profiling of wax esters a...
Article
Full-text available
A rapid protocol for polar lipid profiling was applied to Euglena gracilis lipid metabolism by LipidBlast, an MS/MS spectral similarity search tool. The similarity search results suggested anoxia-induced polar lipid metabolism in Euglena characterized by the accumulation of differential lipid classes, carbon chain lengths and unsaturated-bond numbe...
Article
Biofuel production from plant-derived lignocellulosic material using fungal cellulases is facing cost-effective challenges related to high temperature requirements. The present study identified a cold-adapted cellulase named endo-1,4-β-glucanase (EF-EG2) from the earthworm Eisenia fetida. The gene was cloned in the cold-shock expression vector (pCo...
Article
Full-text available
The saccharification process is essential for bioethanol production from woody biomass including celluloses. Cold-adapted cellulase, which has sufficient activity at low temperature (<293 K), is capable of reducing heating costs during the saccharification process and is suitable for simultaneous saccharification and fermentation. Endo-1,4-β-glucan...
Article
Full-text available
Chitinase C from Ralstonia sp. A-471 (Ra-ChiC) has a catalytic domain sequence similar to goose-type (G-type) lysozymes and, unlike other chitinases, belongs to glycohydrolase (GH) family 23. Using NMR spectroscopy, however, Ra-ChiC was found to interact only with the chitin dimer but not with the peptidoglycan fragment. Here we report the crystal...
Article
A new protease was purified from the culture filtrate of a plant worm, Nomuraea atypicola. The activity of the protease was suppressed by metalloprotease inhibitors such as EDTA and 1,10-phenanthroline, suggesting that it might be a metalloprotease. Its molecular mass was estimated to be 48 kDa by SDS-PAGE, and its optimal pH and temperature were p...
Article
A protein with strong removal activity against the natural estrogen estriol was purified from a culture supernatant of Pleurotus eryngii var. tuoliensis C.J. Mou. The protein was characterized as a laccase and had a molecular mass of 60kDa on SDS-PAGE. The enzyme was most active at pH 7.0 and 50°C. The partial N-terminal amino acid sequence of the...
Article
Previously, we have reported that purification and characterization of an anti-plant viral serine protease (EF-SP1) from Eisenia foetida. In this study, a new serine protease (EF-SP2) showing strong antiviral activities against cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) was purified from the coelomic fluid of the earthworm E. foetid...
Article
1,3-β-d-glucanase from the earthworm Eisenia foetida was purified to electrophoretically homogeneous state. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was estimated 42,000 by SDS-PAGE. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the enzyme was very similar to those of CCF-I from E. foetida and CCF-like protein from Aprorrectodea caliginosa. The enzyme w...
Article
Full-text available
Chitinase from the moderately thermophilic bacterium Ralstonia sp. A-471 (Ra-ChiC) is divided into two domains: a chitin-binding domain (residues 36-80) and a catalytic domain (residues 103-252). Although the catalytic domain of Ra-ChiC has homology to goose-type lysozyme, Ra-ChiC does not show lysozyme activity but does show chitinase activity. Th...
Article
The glyoxylate cycle is a modified form of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, which enables organisms to synthesize carbohydrates from C2 compounds. In the protozoan Euglena gracilis, the key enzyme activities of the glyoxylate cycle, isocitrate lyase (ICL) and malate synthase (MS), are conferred by a single bifunctional protein named glyoxylate cycle e...
Article
Polyclonal antibodies are derived from multiple B-cell clones that have differentiated into antibody-producing plasma cells in response to an immunogen. Polyclonal antibodies raised against a single molecular species of antigen recognize multiple epitopes on a target molecule resulting in signal amplification in indirect immunoassays, including imm...
Article
Monoclonal antibodies (mAb's) have been used extensively in biochemical and biomedical studies, including immunoelectron microscopy. Production of mAb's consists of four steps: immunizing the animal usually a mouse, obtaining immune cells from the spleen of the immunized mouse, fusing the spleen cells with myeloma cells to obtain hybridomas, and se...
Article
Clostridium sp. and some bacterial cellulases exist as an enzyme complex with cellulolytic, and hemicellulolytic enzymes, so called "cellulosome". In this article, we report that EF-CMCase25 occurs as a complex with beta-glucosidase, beta-1,3 glucanase, and beta-xylosidase. The multienzyme complex had a molecular mass of 150 kDa on gel filtration u...
Article
In this study, we cloned the gene encoding goose-type (G-type) lysozyme with chitinase (Ra-ChiC) activity from Ralstonia sp. A-471 genomic DNA library. This is the first report of another type of chitinase after the previously reported chitinases ChiA (Ra-ChiA) and ChiB (Ra-ChiB) in the chitinase system of the moderately thermophilic bacterium, Ral...
Article
A novel protein showing strong antiviral activities against cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and tomato mosaic virus (TMV) was purified from the coelomic fluid of the earthworm Eisenia foetida. The protein was characterized as a cold-adapted serine protease. Its molecular weight was estimated to be 27,000 by SDS-PAGE. The enzyme was most active at pH 9....
Article
Novel raw-starch-digesting and cold-adapted alpha-amylases (Amy I and Amy II) from the earthworm Eisenia foetida were purified to electrophoretically homogeneous states. The molecular weights of both purified enzymes were estimated to be 60,000 by SDS-PAGE. The enzymes were most active at pH 5.5 and 50 degrees C and stable at pH 7.0-9.0 and 50-60 d...
Article
We investigated extracellular carbohydrase production in the medium of an ectomycorrhizal fungus, Tricholoma matsutake, to reveal its ability to utilize carbohydrates such as starch as a growth substrate and to survey the saprotrophic aspects. We found β-glucosidase activity in the static culture filtrate of this fungus. The β-glucosidase was purif...
Article
Euglena gracilis induced glyoxylate cycle enzymes when ethanol was fed as a sole carbon source. We purified, cloned and characterized a bifunctional glyoxylate cycle enzyme from E. gracilis (EgGCE). This enzyme consists of an N-terminal malate synthase (MS) domain fused to a C-terminal isocitrate lyase (ICL) domain in a single polypeptide chain. Th...
Article
Chitinase B was purified from a culture medium of Ralstonia sp. A-471 by precipitation with (NH4)2SO4 and column chromatography with DEAE-Toyopearl 650 M and Sephacryl S-200. The purified enzyme was homogeneous on SDS-PAGE. The molecular weight was 45,000 by SDS-PAGE. The optimum pH was 5.0 and stable pH was from 5.0 to 10.0. In the early stage of...
Article
To investigate the function of amylases in the fruit-body formation of an ectomycorrhizal fungus, Lyophyllum shimeji, we purified the extracellular amylase in the medium of this fungus. The purified enzyme was obtained from 1.7l stationary culture filtrate, with 4.2% recovery, and showed a single protein band on SDS-PAGE. The molecular mass was abo...
Article
A moderately thermophilic bacterium, strain A-471, capable of degrading chitin was isolated from a composting system of chitin-containing waste. Analysis of the 16S rDNA sequence revealed that the bacterium belongs to the genus Ralstonia. A thermostable chitinase A ( Ra-ChiA) was purified from culture fluid of the bacterium grown in colloidal chiti...
Article
Ultra violet (UV) screens and preservatives are widely and increasingly used in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. In the present study, we examined the estrogenicity of 4-methyl-benzylidene camphor (4-MBC), octyl-methoxycinnamate (OMC), and propyl paraben (n-propyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate; PP), among UV screens and preservatives, using male medaka (Oryzias...
Article
Pyruvate:NADP(+) oxidoreductase (PNO) is a thiamin pyrophosphate (TPP)-dependent enzyme that plays a central role in the respiratory metabolism of Euglena gracilis, which requires thiamin for growth. When thiamin was depleted in Euglena cells, PNO protein level was greatly reduced, but its mRNA level was barely changed. In addition, a large part of...
Article
An NADP(+)-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase was found in Euglena gracilis Z grown on 1-hexanol, while it was detected at low activity in cells grown on ethanol or glucose as a carbon source, indicating that the enzyme is induced by the addition of 1-hexanol into the medium as a carbon source. This enzyme was extremely unstable, even at 4 degrees C,...

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