Masaki Kuro-o

Masaki Kuro-o
Hirosaki University · Department of Biochemistry and Genome Biology

Doctor of Science

About

41
Publications
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571
Citations

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
We investigated the geographic diversification of Plestiodon finitimus, which occurs in the central to northern parts of the Japanese Islands, based on a time-calibrated mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) phylogeny and external morphological characters. The mtDNA phylogeny suggests that P. finitimus diverged from its sister species Plestiodon japonicus in w...
Article
The Tsushima salamander, Hynobius tsuensis, is a lotic-breeding species endemic to Tsushima Island, Japan. We investigated genetic variation in this species using samples covering all known localities on the island. Phylogenetic analyses based on mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences divided H. tsuensis populations into two genetic groups: true...
Article
Full-text available
Previous work found that different Japanese lineages of salamanders had quite different levels of species and genetic diversity. Lineages vary from having one to several species and the extent of genetic variation among lineages differs substantially. Most speciose, genus Hynobius contains 18 species and several potential cryptic species. We explor...
Article
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We describe four new species of Asian Clawed salamanders of the genus Onychodactylus (Caudata: Hynobiidae), based on fresh material collected during fieldwork in Japan, Korea, the Russian Far East and northeastern China between 2003 and 2010, as well as older voucher specimens deposited in several museums. Our analyses comprise all species currentl...
Article
Full-text available
In the practice of molecular dating, substitution saturation will bias the results if not properly modeled. Date estimates based on commonly used mitochondrial DNA sequences likely suffer from this problem because of their high substitution rate. Nevertheless, the patterns and extent of such expected bias remain unknown for many major evolutionary...
Article
Full-text available
Variations in repetitive DNA were examined in nine salamander species of the genera Hynobius and Onychodactylus. The data from Southern blot hybridization were processed by Manhattan distance analysis, and unrooted trees were drawn. The resulting trees suggest that the genus Hynobius can be divided into three groups: group 1 contains only H. retard...
Article
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The history of population structure is a key to effective wildlife management and conservation. However, inferring the history of population structure using present genetic structures is problematic when the method is applied to species that have experienced severe population bottlenecks. Ancient DNA analysis seemed to be a promising, direct method...
Article
Full-text available
Although the tandem duplication of mitochondrial (mt) sequences, especially those of the control region (CR), has been detected in metazoan species, few studies have focused on the features of the duplicated sequence itself, such as the gene conversion rate, distribution patterns of the variation, and relative rates of evolution between the copies....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The genus Onychodactylus or Asian lungless clawed salamanders is one of the most remarkable groups within the family Hynobiidae. Peculiar morphology and life history, together with primitive karyotype and large genome size distinguish these salamanders from all other hynobiids. Last molecular studies clearly indicated that the genus Onychodactylus...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Salamanders of genus Hynobius are distributed in Japan, Korea, NorthEastern and Central China and Taiwan. As a richest genus of the primitive salamander family of Hynobiidae they are an intriguing group for evolutionary studies. Hynobius salamanders are devided into three groups on the basis of their karyotype and ecology – H. (Satobius) retardatus...
Article
Chromosomes stained with fluorochromes, including quinacrine mustard (QM), emit the brightest fluorescence immediately after exposure to excitation light, and the fluorescence gradually fades with an increase in exposure time. However, in the QM-stained chromosomes of the small Japanese field mouse Apodemus argenteus, most C-heterochromatic regions...
Article
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In the late part of the nineteenth century and the early part of the last century, the short-tailed albatross Phoebastria albatrus was in danger of extinction owing to feather hunting. In the middle of the last century, the total number of this species was inferred to be approximately 50–60 with breeding occurring only on Torishima Island of the Iz...
Article
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Cryptosporidium in snakes in Japan. Fecal samples or intestinal contents of 469 snakes, consisting of five species, were analyzed and Cryptosporidium oocysts were detected only from the Japanese grass snake Rhabdophis tigrinus. The mean prevalence of Cryptosporidium sp. in Japanese grass snak...
Article
"Delayed QM-fluorescence" refers to the unusual kinetics of fluorescence from most of the C-heterochromatic regions of the chromosomes of the small Japanese field mouse Apodemus argenteus. When stained with quinacrine mustard (QM-stained), these C-heterochromatic regions emit weak fluorescence immediately after exposure to blue light (BL); they emi...
Article
Ionic polymer-metal composite (IPMC) is promising material in biomedical applications, since IPMC is soft and flexible, leading to the safety of the device itself. The purpose of this study is to investigate the biocompatibility of IPMC by in vitro experiment, in order to evaluate the applicability to biomedical field. Embryo cell of cynops pyrrhog...
Article
The genomic DNA of the grasshopper (Oxya hyla intricata) was subjected to electrophoresis after digestion with HaeIII, and the result showed two bands of highly repetitive DNA, approximately 200 and 400 bp in length. The 200-bp HaeIII-digested fragment was cloned and characterized by sequencing and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The res...
Article
The objective of this study was to examine the identity and characteristics of a spontaneously occurring murine retroperitoneal tumor of BALB/c mouse origin that selectively metastasized to the liver. From the primary tumor, a permanent cell line, termed LMFS (liver metastasis from sarcoma) was established in vivo and in vitro. After a subcutaneous...
Article
The karyological relationship and organization of highly repetitive DNA sequences in Japanese shrew-moles were studied by zoo-blot hybridization and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). When the genomic DNA of the eastern race of Urotrichus talpoides was digested with PstI, three fragments of highly repetitive DNA sequences, approximately 0.7...
Article
Using Giemsa staining, C-banding and Ag-NOR staining techniques, we analyzed chromosomes in adult male and female Hynobius quelpaertensis and in embryos of this species in egg sacs collected from eight localities of Cheju Island, South Korea. Chromosome pair 21 was consistently homomorphic in male specimens, while it was heteromorphic in female spe...
Article
Four partly albino fledglings were observed in two Carrion Crow Corvus corone orientalis families in Hirosaki City, Aomori Prefecture, Japan, from 30 June to 9 August 2002. They all had white parts on the subterminal regions of the upper and under primary coverts, upper and under greater coverts, primaries, secondaries, and tertiaries. Two fledglin...
Article
We have studied karyotypes of ten pond-type Hynobius collected from 51 localities: H. leechii from Korea, and H. tsuensis, H. dunni, H. nebulosus, H. abei, H. tokyoensis, H. takedai, H. lichenatus, H. nigrescens and H. retardatus from Japan. C-banding analyses have been performed on the specimens from 38 out of the 51 localities. Among the karyolog...
Article
Using a human lymphoblastoid cell line WTK-1, we applied multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization (mFISH) technique to analyze mitomycin C (MMC)-induced chromatid exchanges, focusing especially on the triradial chromosomes. It was found that the triradial chromosomes were formed with a specific rearrangement, "recipient and donor" relationship...
Article
The karyotype of Hynobius tokyoensis (2n = 56) was analyzed using three kinds of banding methods to determine the morphological differentiation of the sex chromosomes of this species. Salamanders and egg sacs were collected from seven localities around Tokyo, Japan. Of 28 chromosome pairs, microchromosome No. 21 was identified as a ZZ/ZW-type sex c...
Article
The DNA of Apodemus argenteus was digested with DraI, and the resultant DraI fragment of highly repetitive DNA was isolated and analyzed by DNA filter hybridization, cloning, sequencing, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Southern blot hybridization and nucleotide sequencing revealed that most of the DraI fragment consisted of a 230-bp...
Article
Full-text available
The karyotype of the tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis, 2n = 46) was investigated by RBG-banding technique and compared with those of the river and the swamp cytotypes of domestic water buffalo (B. bubalis). The tamaraw karyotype consisted of 6 submetacentric and 16 acrocentric autosome pairs (NAA = 56), and X and Y chromosomes. The RBG-banded karyotype...
Article
Full-text available
The chromosome number of a Chinese salamander, Batrachuperus pinchonii, was re-examined Adults and embryonic specimens had a diploid number of 66, with 33 bivalents during meiosis, in contrast to previous reported results. Furthermore, when C-banding analysis was performed with embryos, chromosomes with banding patterns homoeologous to those of Sal...
Article
The modal number of chromosomes in a northeast Pacific hagfish, Eptatretus stoutn , was 34 in somatic cells and 48 in spermatogonia. The amount of DNA in a somatic cell (2C) relative to that in a germ cell (2C) averaged 47.2%. These results indicate that in E. stoutii chromosome elimination takes place in presumptive somatic cells during ear...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to examine the identity and characteristics of a spontaneously occurring murine retroperitoneal tumor of BALB/c mouse origin that selectively metastasized to the liver. From the primary tumor, a permanent cell line, termed LMFS (liver metastasis from sarcoma) was established in vivo and in vitro. After a subcutaneous...
Article
The various species of Japanese hagfish, namely, Eptatretus okinoseanus (types A and B), Eptatretus burgeri and Myxine garmani, are known to eliminate a fraction of their chromosomes during early embryogenesis. High molecular weight DNA from germ line cells and somatic cells of these hagfish species was isolated and digested with different restrict...
Article
Cytogenetic studies were performed on two types of Japanese hagfish (Eptatretus okinoseanus) that eliminate about 45% (type A) and 55% (type B) of their DNA from presumptive somatic cells during the differentiation of somatic cells. The observations revealed inter- and intraindividual variations in the number of chromosomes in germ cells of both ty...
Article
C- and R-banding analyses were performed on chromosomes of Salamandrella keyserlingii, in which 20 of 31 chromosome pairs could be identified. Banding patterns were compared between S. keyserlingii and specimens of Hynobius species of the family Hynobiidae. Between S. keyserlingii and six Hynobius species (2n = 56), there were four homoelogous and...
Article
Summary Chromosomal characteristics of the salamander speciesHynobius abei, from Ohimya (Kyoto) were revealed by the techniques of R-and C-banding. The karyotype ofH. abei was characterized by the shortness of an R-negative (C-positive) band in the terminal region of the long arm of chromosome 2 and a band encompassing the whole short arm of chromo...
Article
C- and R-banding analyses were performed on chromosomes of Salamandrella keyserlingii, in which 20 of 31 chromosome pairs could be identified. Banding patterns were compared between S. keyserlingii and specimens of Hynobius species of the family Hynobiidae. Between S. keyserlingii and six Hynobius species (2n = 56), there were four homoeologous and...
Article
Chromosome analysis was done in salamanders belonging to the genus Hynobius using the R-banding (RBG) technique. The embryonic cells of H. leechii Boulenger from Korea and H. nebulosus (Schlegel), H. tokyoensis Tago, H. nigrescens Stejneger, and H. retardatus Dunn from Japan were cultured in medium containing 5-bromodeoxyuridine. R-banding patterns...
Article
With the R-banding (RBA) technique13) improved for the genus Hynobius (RBG), 11) R-banding patterns in Hynobius lichenatus and H. tokyoensis were obtained. The former species was collected in Inawashiro (Fukushima) and Shiobara (Tochigi), and the latter was collected in Isumi (Chiba) and Utsunomiya (Tochigi) in Japan. According to the R-banding pat...
Article
The R-banding technique of Dutrillaux et al. (1973) was modified in order to analyze the chromosomes of salamanders in the genus Hynobius. Embryonic cells of Hynobius nigrescens Stejneger from Nakakubiki County, Niigata Prefecture, and Hakui County, Ishikawa Prefecture, were cultured in medium containing 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU). Banded metaphase...
Article
The R-banding technique of Dutrillaux et al. (1973) was modified in order to analyze the chromosomes of salamanders in the genus Hynobius. Embryonic cells of Hynobius nigrescens Stejneger from Nakakubiki County, Niigata Prefecture, and Hakui County, Ishikawa Prefecture, were cultured in medium containing 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU). Banded metaphase...

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