Marzieh Nojomi

Marzieh Nojomi
Iran University of Medical Sciences · Community Medicine

MD

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143
Publications
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Publications

Publications (143)
Article
Full-text available
Background Vaccination is a key intervention to prevent COVID-19. Many vaccines are administered globally, yet there is not much evidence regarding their safety and adverse effects. Iran also faces this challenge, especially as data regarding the Sputnik V vaccine is sparse. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the adverse effects of th...
Preprint
Background: Non-communicable diseases can be controlled and managed by reducing their associated metabolic risk factors. In this study, a set of intervention packages were designed to reduce the prevalence of three common metabolic risk factors (hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity and overweight) in the community by motivating non-physician h...
Preprint
Background : Non-communicable diseases can be controlled and managed by reducing their associated metabolic risk factors. In this study, a set of intervention packages were designed to reduce the prevalence of three common metabolic risk factors (hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity and overweight) in the community by motivating non-physician...
Preprint
Background: Noncommunicable diseases behavioral risk factors are the most important modifiable risk factors. They can be improved as long as the relevant interventions are designed in accordance with the context of the health system and its resources in different regions. In this trial, the effectiveness of intervention packages focusing on increas...
Preprint
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Background: Non-communicable diseases can be controlled and managed by reducing their associated metabolic risk factors. In this study, a set of intervention packages were designed to reduce the prevalence of metabolic risk factors in the community by motivating non-physician health workers. Methods: A field trial study was conducted in 4 districts...
Article
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Background: School violence as a health issue is a global concern. One of the problems that affect the health and well-being of children at school is bullying. Objectives: In this study, we aimed to examine the association of depression and anxiety with bullying among 6 - 19-year-old students in Iran. Methods: This study was conducted in Tehran, Ir...
Article
Cancer is a problem of both global and local concern. We determined the geo-epidemiological and spatial distribution of the 10 most common cancers in Iran. We used the data of the Iranian Cancer Registry for the year 2014 analysing the prevalence of 112,131 registered cancer cases with the aim of detecting potential geographical underlying causes....
Article
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The current COVID-19 pandemic started in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. The World health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID-19 as a public health emergency of international concern on January 30, 2020, and recognized the situation as a pandemic on March 11, 2020. Around 135 million confirmed cases and around 2.9 million deaths until the first w...
Article
Background: Risk factors of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) are increasingly contributing to morbidity and mortality in Iran. Health care providers' competencies and motivation are essential factors for the success and efficiency of primary health care. This field trial aims to evaluate the impact of a results-based motivating system on population l...
Article
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Background: Dietary patterns and diet quality index (DQI) are widely discussed in relation with different health conditions and have recently been taken into consideration for all cancer types. Since chronic inflammation has been recognized as an important biologic risk factor for cancer occurrence, especially in epithelial tissues, proinflammatory...
Article
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Objective: In this systematic review, we aimed to evaluate the existing strategies and interventions in domestic violence prevention to assess their effectiveness. Method: To select studies, Pubmed, ISI, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane, Scopus, Embase, Ovid, Science Direct, ProQuest, and Elsevier databases were searched. Two authors reviewed all papers...
Article
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Background: A previous suicide attempt is one of the strongest risk factors for subsequent suicide. Effective care following a suicide attempt may reduce the risk of suicide reattempts. Aims: We aimed to investigate the effect of a brief educational intervention and contact program on suicide reattempts. Method: This study was performed as a random...
Article
Background: Risk factors of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) are increasingly contributing to morbidity and mortality in Iran. Health care providers' competencies and motivation are essential factors for the success and efficiency of primary health care. This field trial aims to evaluate the impact of a results-based motivating system on population l...
Article
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Background Treatment of patients with COVID-19 has included supportive care to mainly relief symptoms of the disease. Although World Health Organization (WHO) has not recommended any effective treatments for COVID-19, there are some reports about use of antiviral drugs. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of Arbidol (ARB) on COVID-19 d...
Article
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By the emergence of the COVID-19 transfers and relocation of people to prevent the spread of infection have been restricted. Long term staying at home during an epidemic increases the probability of interpersonal friction and conflict. During this time, the family members get close together and interactions between family members may be increased....
Preprint
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Background: The treatment of patients with COVID-19 included supportive care to relief the symptoms mainly. Although WHO mentioned there is not any effective treatments for COVID-19, but there is some reporting about the use of some antiviral drugs. The aim of current study is to determine the effect of Arbidol (ARB) on COVID-19 disease. Methods: U...
Article
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Background: High blood pressure (HBP) is a proven risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. So, determining the extent of the contribution of the factors associated with HBP seems to be necessary. Accordingly, this study aimed to investigate how much the prevalence of HBP attributed to obesity and high blood glucose (HBG). Methods: Data were coll...
Article
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Background: The onset of breastfeeding has a high success rate in most countries, but the time for termination of breastfeeding varies between countries. Objective: This survey was aimed to determine the effective factors on the early termination of breastfeeding. Methods: This study was conducted in 2018, in Iran. About 410 mothers were enrol...
Article
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Background: Depression and anxiety are the most common mental disorders and currently, they constitute one of the main causes of disability and death. The high prevalence of psychiatric disorders and their increasing burden are noteworthy. The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of community-based preventive interventions for dep...
Article
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Background: Pneumococcal disease caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae results in considerable mortality and morbidity. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV), such as PCV-13, can prevent invasive pneumococcal disease and avoid disability and death. The cost of introducing PCV-13 in childhood immunization schedules should be assessed against the cost...
Article
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Introduction: Investigation in each community can contribute to understanding the key factors involved in suicide death and its prevention. The present study aimed to investigate suicide death risk factors based on psychological autopsy method. Methods: The present case-control study was conducted from April to September 2017, in Tehran, Iran, t...
Article
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Purpose: To compare the short-term visual function results and safety of erythropoietin as an add-on to the standard corticosteroid therapy in retrobulbar optic neuritis (RON). Methods: In this prospective pilot study, adult patients with isolated RON with less than 10 days of onset were enrolled. Patients were consecutively assigned to standard...
Article
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Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death globally and has enormous costs for healthcare systems. This disease has a strong association with lifestyle behaviors. Therefore, applying reliable and effective strategies for prevention and treatment of CVD is important. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the adherence of c...
Article
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Background: Screening and behavior consultation are considered to be limited, dispersed and expensive services across the country. To deliver efficient and equitable services current disordered practices need to be consolidated. Methods: An analysis of current situation, learned lessons and future scopes of country’s preventive care delivery, along...
Article
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Background: Viral hepatitis B is a common community infection. It damages the liver tissue and can be a risk factor for cirrhosis or also liver cancer. In this study, we investigated the major risk factors for hepatitis B in Hamedan blood donors. Methods: 119 HBs Ag positive patients and 452 HBs Ag negative blood donors were evaluated by filling a...
Article
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Objective: Trabecular Bone Score (TBS) is an index of bone micro-architecture that provides additional skeletal information to areal Bone Mineral Density (aBMD). Recently TBS data has been used to optimize the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) predictive value. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of TBS on FRAX algorithm. Ma...
Article
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Background: Numerous studies have been conducted to evaluate the frequency of hypovitaminosis D in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and its association with FMS symptoms. This study aimed at assessing the effect of hypovitaminosis D on the symptoms and quality of life of patients with fibromyalgia. Methods: A total of 74 FMS patients with...
Conference Paper
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Objective: According to most studies, aspirin sensitivity is associated with asthma severity and occasionally poor response to inhaled corticosteroids. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of aspirin sensitivity in patients with moderate to severe asthma according to three months standard treatment response. Material and Methods: This...
Conference Paper
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Objective: Nasal Polyposis is a chronic and recurrent disease. Among patients with nasal polyposis 15% are aspirin sensitive. In parallel with increased disease severity, the prevalence of aspirin sensitivity increases. An oral aspirin challenge is necessary for Diagnosis. Aspirin challenge testing is difficult and time consuming, adverse reactions...
Article
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PurposeIntravenously administered erythropoietin (EPO) was firstly commenced (phase 1) in patients with indirect traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) by this group in 2011. It was re-tested by another group (phase 2) in 2014. This multicenter clinical trial was designed to compare its effect with intravenous steroid and observation. Methods Included we...
Article
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Background Varicella zoster virus is the etiologic agent of primary varicella (chickenpox) during childhood, and varicella vaccination has not been introduced in Iran. The aim of this study is to estimate cost-effectiveness of one- and two-dose Varicella Vaccination Program in Iran. Methods A decision-tree model was conducted to evaluate the cost-...
Article
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Background: Better understanding of factors associated with medical school performance is necessary to improve admission pro- cesses and to help students succeed in their career. This study follows a group of Iranian med students during their first 2.5 years of medical education, to evaluate their academic success in accordance with their demograph...
Article
Purpose: To determine the measurement properties of the Persian language version of the Graves orbitopathy quality of life questionnaire (GO-QOL). Methods: Following a systematic translation and cultural adaptation process, 141 consecutive unselected thyroid eye disease (TED) patients answered the Persian GO-QOL and underwent complete ophthalmic...
Article
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Background: Back pain is a common patients’ complaint, and its etiology is important because of different potential treatment approaches (based on causes). For a better diagnosis, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is widely used in clinical settings that may result in inappropriate requests. This study aims to evaluate the appropriateness of the lum...
Article
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Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia. Demonstrating the modifiable risk factors of AD can help to plan for prevention of this disease. The aim of the current review was to characterize modifiable cardiovascular risk factors of AD using existing data and determine their contribution in AD development in Iran and...
Article
Background: Media advertisements especially radio and TV are one of the most important and effective ways for health promotion and consumption of healthy productions worldwide. Ministry of Health and some other ministries in Iran agreed to control and restrict the advertising of unhealthy products and services. Therefore, adequate supervision and m...
Article
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Background & Aims: Suicide is an important public health issue. An estimated 1530000 suicide deaths will occur worldwide in 2020. Providing the preventive programs is the main task of nursing. This study designed to determine the effectiveness of nursing preventive interventions in suicide reattempt. Material & Methods: The clinical trial method u...
Article
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Background: The burden of obesity and diet-related chronic diseases is increasing in Iran, and prevention and treatment strategies are needed to address this problem. The aim of this study was to determine the outcome, cost, safety and cost-consequence of non-invasive weight loss interventions in Iran. Methods: We performed a systematic review t...
Article
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Background: World Health Organization (WHO) defines three goals to assess the performance of a health system: the state of health, fairness in financial contribution and responsiveness. We assessed the responsiveness of health system for patients with diabetes in a defined population cohort in Tehran, Iran. Methods: Total responsiveness and eigh...
Article
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Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of ruthenium-106 ((106)Ru) brachytherapy in terms of radiation parameters in patients with thick uveal melanomas. Material and methods: Medical records of 51 patients with thick (thickness ≥ 7 mm and < 11 mm) uveal melanoma treated with (106)Ru brachytherapy during a ten-year period were reviewed. Radiation para...
Article
Background: Providing community-based mental health services is crucial and is an agreed plan between the Iranian Mental Health Office and the Regional Committee for the Eastern Mediterranean (affiliated with WHO). The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of home-visit clinical case-management services on the hospitalization rate a...
Chapter
Brucellosis, being a systemic disease, may affect many organ systems. The involvement of the musculoskeletal involvement is associated with 10–85 % of the focal complications. Spinal involvement is one of the most commonly encountered localized forms of human brucellosis. It is a destructive disease process requiring a correct and early diagnosis a...
Conference Paper
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Background: Metabolic syndrome is a great public health problem in the recent decades. It is known as a world – wide epidemic. Life style, low physical activities and dietary habits are the main known risk factors for Metabolic Syndrome.(1 ,2, 3) The purpose of this study to recognize the relation between metabolic syndrome prevalence and physical...
Article
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Alcohol use and its disorders are associated with increased risk of suicidal behaviors Research has shown that 6-8% of those who use alcohol have a history of suicide attempt. Given the prohibition of alcohol use legally, the increased alcohol consumption, and the lack of strong evidence in favor of its use associated with suicide in Iran, this stu...
Article
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Objectives: Work ability may be considered as an important aspect of well-being and health status. One of the most important factors in association with work ability is health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The aim of this study has been to determine the association between work ability, individual characteristics and HRQoL, of female workers. Ma...
Article
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Previous suicide attempt is the most important predictor of death by suicide. Thus preventive interventions after attempting to suicide is essential to prevent reattempts. This paper attempts to determine whether phone preventive interventions or other vehicles (postal cards, email and case management) are effective in reattempt prevention and heal...
Article
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Suicide prevention is one of the priorities in policies of Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MHME). The suicide prevention program had two main parts of identifying and treatment of the depressed and suicide high risk individuals by Primary Health Care (PHC) network. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the results of integrat...
Article
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Implementing community-based psychiatric services is one of the priorities of the WHO/EMRO mental health programs. This study presents an aftercare service, as a community based-service, for patients with severe mental illness (SMIs). In this randomized controlled clinical trial design, 176 patients, who attended selective hospitals with SMI, were...
Article
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Normal axial alignment restoration in lower extremities is crucial for surgeons performing reconstructive surgeries. Since reference normal values of axial alignment are affected by age, sex, and ethical issues, we tried to scrutinize these parameters in Iranian adults and compare them with normal values in literatures. Through a cross-sectional de...
Article
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Objective: To describe and evaluate the feasibility of integrating a suicide prevention program with Primary Health Care services and evaluate if such system can improve screening and identification of depressive disorder, reduce number of suicide attempters, and lower rate of suicide completion. Methodology: This was a quasi-experimental trial...
Article
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Primary health care physicians (PHCPs) are the first in the clinic to detect and help victims of intimate partner violence (IPV). Therefore, their attitude and practice toward domestic violence (DV) are important to manage this problem. The aim of current study was to compare the behavior and attitude of PHCPs about DV versus other health risk fact...
Article
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Identifying risk factors of breast cancer is a key point for preventive strategies to reduce the incidence. The aim of current study was to determine most important risk factors for breast cancer in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) using a systematic review. PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science till August 24, 2012 and the reference lists of all in...
Article
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Background: Various studies have reported hypovitaminosis D in Fibromyalgia patients. In the present study, we have evaluated the effect of vitamin D supplements on widespread pain index of fibromyalgia patients. Methods: The present study was performed from October 2012 to February 2014 in Rheumatology Clinic of Firoozgar Hospital. A total of 74 p...
Article
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Background: Responsiveness refers to non-clinical aspects of the health system and responds to this question that whether health system is responsive to rightful expectations of people. The present study was conducted to determine the health system responsiveness about chronic heart failure patients in one of the main heart centers in Tehran durin...
Article
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Assessment of quality-of-life (QOF) as an outcome measure after deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) need a valid, reliable and responsive instrument. The aim of the current study was to determine responsiveness of validated Persian version of PD questionnaire with 39-items (PDQ-39) after DBS surgery in pat...
Article
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Background: Vitamin D deficiency is a pandemic problem mostly diagnosed in elderly. Few studies are available exclusively done on the topic among young adults. Specific professions such as medical students may have higher risk for developing hypovitaminosis D. We aimed to assess the vitamin D status in medical students of Iran University of Medical...