Mary M Moynihan

Mary M Moynihan
University of New Hampshire | UNH · Women's and Gender Studies and Prevention Innovations

Ph.D.

About

47
Publications
20,445
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,542
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2003 - present
University of New Hampshire

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
This article presents strategies to promote researcher-practitioner collaborations in the development and evaluation of bystander intervention programs that address sexual and dating violence (SDV) at Institutions of Higher Education (IHEs). The benefits of practitioner partnerships with researchers are reviewed. We then review examples of research...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual violence (SV) is a public health problem on college campuses. Research suggests that bystanders can effectively prevent and respond in situations of SV. There is no research to date concerning correlates of bystander behavior (e.g., gender, perceptions of SV) on community college campuses. However, there are notable differences between stude...
Article
Although 2-year institutions report higher rates of sexual violence (SV) than 4-year institutions, few resources exist to address SV on these campuses. The present study describes and assesses the impact of a 3-year initiative to engage personnel and students at seven 2-year colleges and community professionals to increase the effectiveness of SV p...
Chapter
Programming centered on the primary prevention of intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violence (SV) typically revolves around discussion of healthy relationship building, community empowerment, and bystander intervention training. Predominately, these programs are focused on relationships between cisgender, heterosexual individuals, with mor...
Article
Recently, much research has been dedicated to understanding how to prevent and address the aftermath of sexual assault (SA) on traditional 4-year college and university campuses in the United States. However, less scholarly attention has been paid to 2-year institutions, commonly known as community colleges. This review illuminates the different si...
Article
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) college students report significantly higher rates of sexual violence victimization than their heterosexual counterparts. The additional stressors (e.g., discrimination) that sexual minority populations face may impact their decision to disclose victimization and anticipated social reactions. Therefore, we compared...
Article
Although community colleges enroll nearly half of the undergraduate population in the U.S., scarce research exists on the sexual violence perpetrated against their student body, especially those students who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ). Findings from an ARC3 (Administrator-Researcher Campus Climate Collaborative) Climate Su...
Article
Objective: To assess the prevalence of sexual violence victimization among a community college student population. Participants: In March 2017, students (800) from seven community colleges in a northeastern state participated in an online campus climate survey using the ARC3 Survey Instrument. Methods: We analyze demographic differences between par...
Article
The prevalence of sexual violence crimes on U.S. college campuses is prompting institutions of higher education to increasingly invest in centers to support survivors and programs to prevent the violence before it happens. Understanding bystanders to sexual violence and what may motivate them to step in and help is a promising prevention strategy....
Article
Objective: To examine the well-documented mental and physical health problems suffered by undergraduate women sexually assaulted while on campus with an exploration of how the trauma impacts a survivor's lifetime education trajectory and career attainment. Participants: In November and December 2015, researchers recruited US participants using a...
Article
Purpose Sexual violence prevention programs on college campuses have proliferated in recent years. While research has also increased, a number of questions remain unanswered that could assist campus administrators in making evidence-based decisions about implementation of prevention efforts. To that end, the field of prevention science has highlig...
Article
Full-text available
The scope of student victimization occurring on college campuses is problematic, drawing the attention of researchers and campus officials. While most researchers of the disclosure of these unwanted experiences tend to examine just one form of victimization, a direct comparison of the disclosure of different types of campus victimization within a s...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual assault, partner abuse, and stalking are major problems on college campuses. Past research has demonstrated a host of physiological and psychological outcomes associated with victimization; however, there has been little research conducted on the potential academic outcomes associated with victimization. The purpose of this study was to meas...
Article
Objective: We examined the efficacy of different methods (ie, in-class policy reading; in-class policy reading and discussion; no reading or discussion) to deliver campus sexual misconduct policy information to students on seven campuses. Participants: 1,195 participants at 7 colleges and universities participated in the study from August to Octob...
Article
The researchers present preliminary psychometric information on a recently developed measure - the Campus Community Readiness to Engage Measure (CCREM) - which was developed as a tool for campuses to determine their readiness to address sexual assault (SA) and relationship abuse (RA). Participants were 353 community leaders and administrators at 13...
Article
The researchers present preliminary psychometric information on a recently developed measure—the Campus Community Readiness to Engage Measure (CCREM)—which was developed as a tool for campuses to determine their readiness to address sexual assault (SA) and relationship abuse (RA). Participants were 353 community leaders and administrators at 131 co...
Article
Full-text available
Research on covictims, family members, and close friends who have lost loved ones to intimate partner homicide (IPH) is a neglected area of study. We conducted phenomenological interviews with covictims to gain insights into risk and lethality, examined affidavits from criminal case files, and reviewed news releases. The data uncovered acute risk f...
Article
Bystander approaches to reducing sexual violence train community members in prosocial roles to interrupt situations with risk of sexual violence and be supportive community allies after an assault. This study employs a true experimental design to evaluate the effectiveness of Bringing in the Bystander™ through 1-year post-implementation with first-...
Article
Prior research documents that perceived peer norms are related to bystanders' intentions and intervention behaviors in the context of sexual violence. Given the popularity of bystander intervention programming, it is important to know if variables like gender, race, or year in college impact intervention attitudes/behaviors or interact with perceiv...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to estimate the 6-month incidence rates of sexual assault, physical dating violence (DV), and unwanted pursuit (e.g., stalking) victimization among sexual-minority (i.e., individuals with any same-sex sexual experiences) college students with comparison data from non-sexual-minority (i.e., individuals with only heteros...
Article
Colleges and universities are high-risk settings for sexual and relationship violence. To address these problems, institutions of higher education have implemented prevention programs, many of which train students as potential bystanders who can step in to help diffuse risky situations, identify and challenge perpetrators, and assist victims. The i...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To address acknowledged limitations in the effectiveness of sexual and relationship abuse prevention strategies, practitioners have developed new tools that use a bystander framework. Evaluation of bystander-focused prevention requires measures, specific to the bystander approach, that assess changes over time in participants’ attitudes...
Chapter
Situations of sexual violence involve three key components: the presence of a vulnerable victim, a motivated perpetrator and often third parties (bystanders). Bystanders are witnesses we become aware of what is unfolding and who step in to do something about it, or who alternatively actively or passively facilitate the perpetrator’s behaviour, or d...
Article
Objective: Innovations in violence prevention mobilize peers as active bystanders, yet little is known about what motivates helping in such contexts. We examined correlates of actual helpful behavior (rather than only attitudes) related to the prevention of sexual and intimate partner violence among college students at one university in the United...
Article
Objective: Innovations in violence prevention mobilize peers as active bystanders, yet little is known about what motivates helping in such contexts. We examined correlates of actual helpful behavior (rather than only attitudes) related to the prevention of sexual and intimate partner violence among college students at one university in the United...
Article
This pilot study describes an evaluation of the Bringing in the Bystander (BITB) in-person program conducted with United States Army Europe personnel. The sample was comprised of 394 soldiers (29% participated in and 71% had not participated in the BITB program). Data were analyzed 4V2 months after the program was presented. Compared to the soldier...
Article
Full-text available
Sorority members may be at greater risk than other college women for sexual violence and intimate partner violence (IPV). We evaluated the Bringing in the Bystander in-person program with sorority members who participated in the program (n = 30) compared with those who did not (n = 18). Results indicate that program participants showed increased by...
Article
Full-text available
Bystander-focused in person sexual violence prevention programs provide an opportunity for skill development among bystanders and for widening the safety net for survivors. A social marketing campaign was designed modeling prosocial bystander behavior and using content familiar to target audience members by staging and casting scenes to look simila...
Article
Objective: the object of this exploratory evaluation was to evaluate the "Bringing in the Bystander" sexual and intimate partner violence prevention program with a new sample of intercollegiate athletes. fifty-three male and female athletes participated in the program (experimental group), and 86 were in the control group. All completed pretest, po...
Article
Full-text available
In order to continue to facilitate the disclosure of sexual assault to professional support services, the current study examined the extent to which survivors report using campus services and whether friends who had disclosed to participants used the services. We also compared knowledge of a campus sexual assault center and likelihood of using the...
Article
Full-text available
Since sexual assault survivors are most likely to disclose their experiences to a friend; prevention efforts increasingly focus on friends as informal helpers. The current study examined friends' perceptions of the disclosure experience. Undergraduates (N=1,241) at the University of New Hampshire completed a shortened version of the Ahrens and Camp...
Article
To uncover implicit and explicit meanings that are embedded in the experiences of adult survivors of sexual assault, the authors conducted interviews with 12 women survivors. Using Heideggerian hermeneutic phenomenology, they uncovered three relational themes and one overarching pattern from the data. “Breaking down” describes the violence that sur...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing numbers of empirical studies and theoretical frameworks for preventing sexual violence are appearing in the research- and practice-based literatures. The consensus of this work is that although important lessons have been learned, the field is still in the early stages of developing and fully researching effective models, particularly fo...
Article
Full-text available
Researchers at a midsized public northeastern university evaluated the efficacy of a poster campaign to determine if students increase their knowledge of prosocial bystander behaviors and willingness to intervene in instances of sexual violence after viewing a series of campaign posters where student actors model appropriate bystander behaviors. Du...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual violence is a widespread problem for college communities. Students, faculty, and staff are increasingly involved in prevention efforts. To date, however, evaluation of sexual violence prevention programs has shown mixed results. One promising new practice teaches segments of college communities to be engaged, positive bystanders. It aims to...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has noted higher incidences of sexual violence on campus among members of campus Greeks and athletes and the need to do prevention programs with them. This article presents the results of an exploratory pilot study of a sexual violence prevention program with members of one fraternity, sorority, men's and women's intercollegiate a...
Article
Recent research found that training men and women to understand the role of bystanders in situations where violence against women (VAW) is occurring may reduce the incidence of VAW (Moynihan & Banyard, 20045. Banyard , V. L. , Plante , E. G. , & Moynihan , M. M. ( 2004 ). Bystander education: Bringing a broader community perspective to violence...
Article
Full-text available
Although more universities are developing policies for students regarding consent for sexual behavior in response to the problem of sexual violence on campus, many students seem either unaware of these policies or what they mean for actual behavior. Policies are only as effective as peoples' understanding and use of them. The current study aimed to...
Article
Full-text available
Background/Significance: Although the CDC identifies the importance of reducing sexual and physical violence and creating effective violence prevention programs most states inform their direct service decisions using nationally extrapolated data. Objective/Purpose: Recently states have started to collect state level data in an effort to target the...
Conference Paper
Background/Significance: Despite the public health importance of violence against women (VAW), more than 10 years have passed since the last national survey. Existing datasets are typically administrative in nature and not well-suited to analysis. Furthermore, the lack of state-specific prevalence data has likely limited the ability of public hea...
Article
The current study used an experimental design to evaluate a sexual violence prevention program based on a community of responsibility model that teaches women and men how to intervene safely and effectively in cases of sexual violence before, during, and after incidents with strangers, acquaintances, or friends. It approaches both women and men as...
Article
Recent research documents the problem of sexual violence across communities, often finding its causes to be embedded in community and cultural norms, thus demonstrating the need for community-focused solutions. In this article we synthesize research from community psychology on community change and prevention with more individually focused studies...
Article
I. COMPOSITION WITH CONTENT. 1. Social Science as a Distinct Form of Inquiry. 2. The Writing Process. 3. Writing and Research in the Social Sciences. 4. Rhetorical Strategies. 5. The Logical Structure of Social Science Writing. II. THE FORMS OF SOCIAL RESEARCH. 6. The Experiment. 7. Observation. 8. The Interview. 9. The Document. III. THE FORMS OF...

Network

Cited By