Martine Herzog-Evans

Martine Herzog-Evans
Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne | URCA · UFR de droit

Professor
Teaching (Ms); PhD supervis.; Director Ms: Crim. law, criminology & forens. psycho.; ethical & management committees

About

390
Publications
12,749
Reads
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441
Citations
Introduction
Martine Evans currently works at the UFR de droit, Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne. Martine does research in Criminology (probation, and prison; domestic violence; legitimacy of justice) and Criminal (particularly procedural) Law. her current projects are: Legitimacy of justice procedural justice, and therapeutic jurisprudence - A LJ-PMJ-TJ paradigm for the CJS; RNR, GLM, desistance, legitimacy of justice and the law (both ongoing)
Additional affiliations
September 2006 - February 2016
Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (390)
Article
In March 2020 in response to the global pandemic, countries across Europe ordered businesses and offices to close and their citizens to stay at home. This paper is part of a wider investigation, which explores what happened to probation services in France and in Scotland during this time of national emergency. Qualitative interviews with 29 French...
Article
This paper is part of a wider investigation which explores what happened to probation services in France and in Scotland during the national lockdown put in place as a response to the Covid-19 pandemic. Qualitative interviews with 29 French and 27 Scottish probation staff took place, the authors wishing to capture the lived experience of practicing...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Knowledge about the factors that contribute to the correctional officer’s (CO) mental health and well-being, or best practices for improving the mental health and well-being of COs, have been hampered by the dearth of rigorous longitudinal studies. In the current protocol, we share the approach used in the Canadian Correctional Workers...
Article
Full-text available
The literature on rural criminology and rural prisons has so far essentially focused on debunking myths about rurality and rural crimes, and on the economic and social impacts of building prisons in rural areas. Typically, such rural prisons are recent. Conversely, due to its long history, France's rural prisons have in some cases been built during...
Article
Full-text available
Prison officers’(PO) trauma has been addressed by the literature, but little is known about their experi-ence in the French context. As part of a broader study, we were asked to document the experience of the correctional staff working in a historical high security prison set in a 900-year-old former monastery. Using appreciative inquiry, we conduc...
Article
France belongs to a group of jurisdictions where the vast majority of prisoners retain their right to vote, but where it remained difficult to exercise this right until a March 2019 Act unexpectedly allowed them to vote via a booth and ballot box for the EU parliamentary elections. This article analyses their participation and political choices at...
Article
Full-text available
In France, prison leave (permission) is awarded to prisoners by a reentry judge (juge de l’application des peines, JAP) as part of a multi-agency commission, a process that takes place in prison and comprises the governor, prison and probation officers, and the prosecutor. Numerous rules govern this measure. This paper draws upon a number of previo...
Article
Prima facie, the implementation of European prison law rules and European Court rulings seems to be facilitated by the French legal structure since it views international and European law as having primacy over national norms. However, in a written law jurisdiction such as France, jurisprudence does not benefit from a very high status and soft low...
Article
Before 2009, the main rationales of the French early release system were reinsertion and resocialisation; the prevention of reoffending, the interests of society; and the rights of victims. With the chronic prison overcrowding and the cost for public finances a radical change occurred with three law reforms (2009, 2014, 2019). The new main – if not...
Article
Cet article fait le point sur la littérature relative à l'absentéisme scolaire, ses causes ainsi que le fameux"tuyaux" absententéisme-prison. Il remet en cause les politiques répressives visant les parents (ou dans d'autres pays, les enfants) qui non seulement ne sont pas efficaces, mais encore confondent les causes de l'absentéisme (l'antisocialit...
Article
Full-text available
À la suite de la vague d’attentats et des actes terroristes ayant frappé le territoire français, la question de la « déradicalisation » s’est imposée dans le paysage politique et médiatique. Les acteurs et expériences se sont multipliés, sans que la plupart puissent réellement prétendre inscrire leurs actions au regard des connaissances cliniques e...
Article
Full-text available
Face à la recrudescence des actes terroristes en France, la question de la prévention, notamment au travers de l’accompagnement des individus radicalisés, en voie de radicalisation et/ou condamnés, s’est imposée dans le débat public. Alors que la psychiatrie et de manière secondaire la psychologie ont pu être sollicitées, cet article porte sur le r...
Article
Full-text available
Article introductif du dossier central "Radicalisation menant à la violence terroriste et désengagement de la violence" du numéro 46 des Cahiers de la Sécurité et de la Justice [En libre accès avec l'accord de l'INHESJ et de la Documentation française] Extrait: "Aussi, si les enjeux majeurs relatifs à la prévention de la radicalisation et de l’ext...
Book
Full-text available
SHORT ENGLISH ABSTRACT This is the 3rd of my Prison Law (droit pénitentiaire) Treaty with publisher Dalloz (Paris). With more than 1,300 pages, and a great number of explanatory tables, it covers, inter alia: • the history of French prisons; • the history of French prison law; • the sources of French prison law and its relations with European an...
Book
Full-text available
Using France as a case study, contributors from around the world explore the factors that create violent extremists, including criminogenic needs, violence-supportive cognition, religious beliefs, identity uncertainty or fusion, the quest for significance, and social and political influences. They present a multidisciplinary and evidence-based anal...
Chapter
MODERN LEGAL SYSTEMS are often characterised by ‘ bifurcation ’ , according to Pratt (2002), who borrowed from Bottoms ’ earlier predictions (Bottoms 1977, 1980: 6). Bifurcation consists of a legal and practical dichotomy that opposes two main categories of offenders and how they are processed. One finds, on the one hand, ‘ dangerous ’ offenders, w...
Article
La France donne l’impression qu’elle est le « bon élève » du Conseil de l’Europe : elle a donné une forte publicité aux Règles Pénitentiaires Européennes et aux Règles Européennes de la Probation Toutefois elle choisit de mettre en avant une partie seulement des recommandations et ignore la plupart des autres. Il est en outre notoire qu’elle se sou...
Chapter
Here's the introduction: In a paper published in 2016, Kaiser and Holtfreter make a tentative appeal for an integrated theory of problem-solving courts (PSCs). Their main argument is that even though it is now established that these programmes work, and several meta-analyses testify to this (Guttierez & Bourgon, 2009; Latimer, Morton-Bourgon, & Chr...
Chapter
In 2013, the author was commissioned by the mayor of City A, North East France, by the prosecutor and the main local social work and reentry charity, Association A, with the mission to evaluate the host of local programmes addressing violence against women (VAW). This qualitative study is still ongoing for one more year, but has already yielded ver...
Chapter
In France, one finds extremely powerful state probation services, which are part of the prison services, work both in the community and in prisons, and protect their professional territory. On the other hand, prisoner resettlement is essentially supported by community third sector agencies, territorial community agencies (municipalities) or other s...
Article
Full-text available
Case studies of prison policy in France and Belgium contrast sharply. Following the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights (‘ECHR‘) against France for the lack of healthcare for prisoners, the lack of suicide-prevention measures and generally poor conditions of detention, and the integration of ECHR case-law into French law by the ‘Council...
Article
France has repeatedly been hit by terrorist attacks making the use of a structured professional judgement tool essential. Two such tools currently are used in Europe: VERA (Canada) and ERG 22+ (England and Wales). We compare these tools to assess which one would better suit the French context. We find that they have a lot in common in terms of thei...
Article
Full-text available
Cinq ans après les premiers articles parus relatifs à l’évaluation structurée , celle-ci fait l’objet de certaines critiques sur lesquelles nous souhaiterions revenir. Nous n’accorderons pas d’attention aux arguments avançant « la société/la gouvernance du risque », tant il est évident que la réalité objective, comme la diversité des pratiques prof...
Chapter
We have seen a lot of opposition between proponents of the RNR, advocates of the GLM model, and those who propose a desistance model. Despite visible recent rapprochements a cease fire has not yet occurred. A lot of the disputes arise because of the different lenses from which proponents of these models view effective practice. This would suggest t...
Chapter
This book is the first to bring together international research on evidence-based skills and practices in probation and youth justice in the public, private and voluntary sectors. Wide-ranging in scope, it also covers effective approaches to working with ethnic minority service users, women and young people.
Book
Full-text available
4e de couverture : Ce livre s'attèle à circonscrire la théorie et la pratique des modèle d'évaluation et d'accompagnement des auteurs et victimes d'infractions via des présentations d'outils d'exercices et de programmes. Les populations visées sont variées : problèmes d'addiction, de violence, d'infraction sexuelle ou conjugale etc. Au sein des dif...
Chapter
In 2013, the author was commissioned by the mayor of City A, North East France, by the prosecutor and the main local social work and reentry charity, Association A, with the mission to evaluate the host of local programmes addressing violence against women (VAW). This qualitative study is still ongoing for one more year, but has already yielded ver...
Article
If criminologists and psychologists have studied practitioners' ethics, they have not integrated the legal system into offender treatment theory. Offender treatment models have, moreover, not taken stock of the Legitimacy of Justice and the Self-Determination literatures, according to which people comply more substantively, and for longer periods o...
Article
Against the backdrop of ten years of punitive criminal justice policies, the number of cases in which risk assessments by psychiatrist experts are mandatory has considerably increased in France. Because of complex and deeply ingrained cultural factors, most experts and academics oppose the use of actuarial or other structured judgement tools, which...
Article
Full-text available
The Journal EJprob recently published a special issue on consent in sentencing. The EPR (2010) refer to consent on numerous occasions, and in most legal systems consent is required at the sentencing stage. However, in many cases, the alternative is custody, which raises concerns over how freely consent is given and whether it is a mere formal exerc...
Article
In France, the third sector is virtually in sole charge of pre-sentence reports, prisoners’ resettlement, and prisoners’ families and victims’ support. It is increasingly in charge of supporting offenders’ reentry and rehabilitation in the community, of community work, of France’s equivalent of approved premises or half-way houses, of treatment pro...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (14)
Project
The goal is to 1) learn more about French prisoners vote in general; 2) learn about their political choices; 3) study their voting habits whilst they are incarcerated; 4) devevcelop a new model of political capital (Bourdieu) by linking to to social control theory (Hirshi)
Project
Over the recent years, both England and Wales and France, have increased their grip on families whose children regularly do not attend school. This study intends to investigate legal norms and decision-making in both jurisdictions, with a dual legal and social sciences approach and methodology.
Project
GOAL 1- to present a multidisciplinary and evidenced-based picture and understanding of violent extremism, building on a variety of fields; First the main domains at play such as psychology (psychopathology, clinical treatment, etc.), social psychology (identity issues, collective grievance, intergroup relations, etc., criminology (risk factors, assessment, RNR treatment and other models, etc.), and social sciences (wider context, prison sociology, ideology, etc.); but also, and this is more original in collections such as this, law, comparative law, and religious studies. GOAL 2- To analyse how and how much, modern forms of terrorism contrast with previous eras, which we situate, in the French context, around the Merah case (2012). We shall focus on France because it is a typical example of what the world, particularly the Western world, is currently facing. The Charley Hebdo attack is widely considered as having been a pivotal moment in modern terrorism. This attack and the further relentless attacks France has endured ever since (notably the Bataclan and the Nice attacks) have put this jurisdiction in the international spotlight. France has become emblematic of the risks faced by the Western world. It is additionally a case example inasmuch it has put in place a variety of responses: radicalisation programmes; deterrent and preventive legislations; prison segregation and permanent monitoring. In spite of this strong focus on the French context, our understanding of terrorism and extremism is international and several chapters directly address these issues at an international level. Moreover, our authors come from a large variety of jurisdictions, both in Europe and in the rest of the world. In other words, even though France, and moreover European states, are case examples, our focus and audience are truly international.