Martina Zemp

Martina Zemp
University of Vienna | UniWien · Department of Clinical and Health Psychology

PhD

About

54
Publications
24,553
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255
Citations
Research Experience
February 2019 - February 2019
University of Vienna
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (54)
Book
Full-text available
Internationale Befunde haben konsistent dargelegt, dass destruktive Paarkonflikte und Scheidungen zu den wichtigsten Risikofaktoren für eine ungünstige kindliche Entwicklung gehören. Für Kinder sind Störungen in der Partnerschaft der Eltern in hohem Maße bedrohlich und gehen im Falle einer Trennung der Eltern mit dem schmerzvollen Bruch des bisheri...
Article
Full-text available
The significance of enhancing parenting skills to reduce child maladjustment is well-established and supports the important role of evidence-based parenting programs. However, the notion that parenting should be the exclusive focus for enhancing child behavior is necessarily limiting. Evidence is growing that relationship-oriented treatments may be...
Article
Full-text available
Although a large body of literature indicates that interparental discord is a primary risk factor for child maladjustment, less research has examined children's behavior as a predictor of the parents' relationship quality. The goal of this randomized trial intervention study was to examine the effects of improved problem behavior in children on the...
Article
Full-text available
This review summarizes research and theory on the impact of interparental conflict for child well-being. Drawing from this literature the primary focus of many family programs on parenting seems unconvincing. Contemporary approaches increasingly acknowledge the importance of addressing the interparental relationship to reduce and/or prevent behavio...
Book
Full-text available
Dieses essential beleuchtet den aktuellen Kenntnisstand zur Inanspruchnahme öffentlicher Kindertagesbetreuung aus bindungstheoretischer Sicht. Es gibt Fachpersonen, die mit Familien arbeiten, einen Überblick und praktische Hinweise zum Thema. Die wissenschaftlichen Befunde zur Frage, ob die Betreuung in Kinderkrippen/Kitas negative Auswirkungen auf...
Article
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Die COVID-19-Pandemie hat in Österreich im Frühjahr und im Herbst 2020 zu Schulschließungen geführt. In der Bevölkerung macht sich deswegen Unmut breit. Die rasch wandelbaren Meinungen im politischen Diskurs verunsichern zudem viele Menschen. Aus Verunsicherung wird schnell Einschüchterung. Wenn aber Menschen eingeschüchtert sind („chilling effect“...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective. Parenting during pandemic restrictions places extreme demands on everyday family life, leading to increased stress levels for parents and distressed parent-child interactions. The goal of this RCT study was to investigate whether cognitive reappraisal and self-compassion are helpful emotion regulation (ER) strategies to reduce individual...
Article
Full-text available
Diabetes mellitus type I is a chronic disease, often diagnosed in childhood and associated with an increased risk of diabetes-related emotional and behavioral problems. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate whether the quantity of parent-child time spent together is associated with fewer emotional and behavioral problems of the c...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To examine how constructiveness in interparental conflict affects mothers' perception of children's psychological and physical health and whether coparenting and positive parenting mediate these effects. Background Children exposed to high levels of interparental conflict are at elevated risk of developing health problems. However, previ...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Previous research suggests that exposure to interparental conflict may affect children’s attention and memory performance, but few studies have examined this hypothesis experimentally. Objective: The goal of this study is to address this gap by an experimental approach using audiotaped couple conflict simulations. Method: School class...
Article
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Smartphone use among parents is rising sharply, as they seek connectedness with partners, friends and work during the sometimes detached times of parenthood. Since parents increasingly use smartphones while interacting with their children, there is growing research about the implications of parental smartphone for parent-child interactions. However...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Globally, parents and children in same-gender parent families are impacted by a multitude of laws related to parental sexual orientation. These sexual orientation laws vary considerably from one country to another, ranging from full legal recognition of the family structure in some countries to its criminalization in others. The psychological conse...
Article
Full-text available
Die Familie ist die primäre Erziehungs-und Sozialisationsstätte, die das Kind in seiner Entwicklung stark und nachhaltig prägt. Dabei bildet die Partnerschaft der Eltern einen zentralen Dreh-und Angelpunkt des familiären Funktionierens (Zemp & Bodenmann, 2015). Ein harmonisches Familienklima ist nachweislich eine der wichtigsten Grundlagen für ein...
Article
Full-text available
Die Qualität der elterlichen Partnerschaft und des Coparenting zählen zu den wichtigsten familiären Schutzfaktoren für die kindliche Entwicklung, wobei sie vielschichtig zusammenhängen. Aufgrund der unterschiedlichen Familiensysteme und -beziehungen könnten sich diese Zusammenhänge zwischen Kern-, Trennungs- und Stieffamilien unterscheiden, was bis...
Preprint
Full-text available
Smartphone use among parents is rising sharply, as they seek connectedness with partners, friends and work during the sometimes detached times of parenthood. Since parents increasingly use smartphones while interacting with their children, there is growing research about the implications of parental smartphone use for parent-child interactions. How...
Chapter
Die Feinfühligkeit (resp. Sensitivität) der primären Bezugspersonen ist eine Schlüsselvariable im Verständnis von Bindungserfahrungen und ihren Folgen für die Kindesentwicklung. Das Feinfühligkeitskonzept gründet im Wesentlichen auf den Untersuchungen von Mary Ainsworth (1977), die Feinfühligkeit als die Fähigkeit von Betreuungspersonen definierte,...
Chapter
Bowlby (1969) veränderte im 20. Jahrhundert den Blick von Erwachsenen auf Kinder, indem er deutlich machte, dass unvorhersehbare und unkontrollierbare Trennungen von ihren vertrauten Bezugspersonen für kleine Kinder nicht ohne emotionale Konsequenzen für sie und die Beziehung zu ihren Eltern sind. So zeigte er, dass Kleinkinder, die für die Geburt...
Chapter
Die wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse im Rahmen der Bindungstheorie von John Bowlby (1969, 1973) haben das Wissen über die Bedingungen für eine gesunde Kindesentwicklung über die letzten Jahrzehnte grundlegend geprägt. Durch frühkindliche Erfahrungen von Geborgenheit und Nähe von den primären Bezugspersonen gelangen Kinder zu der wichtigen Überzeugun...
Chapter
Die bislang größte Datenbasis zur Untersuchung der Frage, wie sich außerfamiliäre Betreuung auf die Entwicklung von Kindern auswirkt, liefert eine Längsschnittstudie (1991–2007) des amerikanischen „NICHD Early Child Care Research Network“, bei der über 1.300 Kinder ab Geburt bis zur 6. Klassenstufe in verschiedenen Staaten der USA begleitet wurden....
Chapter
Zusammengenommen deuten die bisherigen wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse darauf hin, dass Kinder, die ab einem frühen Alter und/oder während einem Großteil der Zeit im Kleinkindalter außerfamiliär betreut werden, ein höheres Risiko für spätere Verhaltensauffälligkeiten aufweisen und dieser Befund bleibt robust bis ins Jugendalter. Allerdings findet s...
Article
Full-text available
Die zentrale Bedeutung der elterlichen Erziehung für die gesunde kindliche Entwicklung ist wissenschaftlich gut fundiert. Dahingegen ist die Literatur zu den Determinanten des elterlichen Erziehungsverhaltens weitaus spärlicher. Diese Übersichtsarbeit fasst den Kenntnisstand zur elterlichen Partnerschaft als wichtiger Einflussgröße für das Erziehun...
Article
Full-text available
Research on ADHD in children and adolescents has traditionally focused on the genetic and neurobiological aspects of the disorder, but the role of family relationships has been much less systematically examined. There is growing evidence that the quality of interparental relationships and a child’s ADHD symptoms are reciprocally related. Because th...
Article
Full-text available
Parental conflict is a well-established predictor of child maladjustment. Most research, however, has not considered how the couple’s positivity–negativity interaction ratio (i.e., the ability to compensate for negative behaviors with positive) may be linked with child adjustment. We examined interparental positivity–negativity interaction ratios r...
Article
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Negative and positive conflict communication predicts long-term relationship satisfaction. However, some studies show harmful effects and others show beneficial effects of negative conflict communication on long-term relationship satisfaction. One reason for the heterogeneous results might be that most studies focused on aggregated behaviors across...
Article
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Der Einfluss der Familie in der Entstehung und Aufrechterhaltung der ADHS bei Kindern ist wissenschaftlich gut fundiert, jedoch hat sich die einschlägige Forschung weitgehend auf das elterliche Erziehungsverhalten oder die Qualität der Eltern-Kind-Beziehung konzentriert. Die Rolle der elterlichen Partnerschaft in betroffenen Familien wurde in der L...
Article
Full-text available
Die Befunde der Bindungsforschung haben das Wissen über eine gesunde psychische Ent-wicklung von Kindern und Jugendlichen grundlegend erweitert. Die aufmerksame und feinfühlige Befriedigung der kindlichen Bindungsbedürfnisse durch die primären Bezugspersonen bildet den Nährboden für zentrale Resilienzfaktoren. Dazu gehören ein positives Selbstkonze...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies found evidence that interparental conflict, parents’ coparenting behavior, and children’s adjustment are reciprocally related. Most prior research, however, failed to empirically distinguish between-family differences from within-family changes, limiting our understanding of how within-family fluctuations in each construct may be i...
Article
Full-text available
Dyadic coping has repeatedly been associated with positive outcomes in intimate relationships. However, less is known about the prospective predictors of dyadic coping. This study investigates clarity of other's feelings (CoF) as a potential predictor of supportive dyadic coping in a longitudinal study. In a sample of 368 couples, self-reported CoF...
Chapter
The goal of this chapter is to review the current state of theoretical and empirical knowledge on the quality of the couple relationship and the family structure as determinants of parenting behavior. Ample evidence has accumulated over the past few decades that the functioning of the interparental relationship is pivotal for positive and supportiv...
Article
Full-text available
During the past few decades, research has increasingly addressed the associations between the interparental relationship and coparenting. However, limited headway has been made to systematically examine the longitudinal and bidirectional effects in this link. In the present study we tested whether change in couples’ dyadic coping predicted the traj...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of motive incongruence on psychological and physical well-being has received considerable research attention during the past several years. However, little headway has been made to date in declaring the role of incongruence in the power motive for interpersonal behavior, such as parenting. Parenting is one of the most important domains o...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The present study examines the impact of parents’ perceptions of child-related stress on observed couples’ communication and their self-reported relationship satisfaction. Background: A considerable body of evidence indicates that challenges related with raising children can negatively affect parents’ interactions and relationship satisf...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the efficacy of an evidence-based relationship distress prevention program, the Couples Coping Enhancement Training (CCET), in dual well-earning couples and to investigate whether effects vary by (a) hours of professional contact and (b) mode of delivery (face-to-face vs. self-learning DVD)...
Article
Full-text available
Although children are known to be highly sensitive to interparental conflict, important questions remain regarding which specific combinations of positive and negative behaviors as well as verbal and nonverbal expressions are most predictive of children's perceptions. In this pilot study, we examined observational data on interparental conflict as...
Article
Conflict communication represents a basic process for the quality of intimate relationships, which is fundamental to well-being over the lifespan. This study investigates the temporal unfolding of different relational perspectives during a conflict situation by monitoring pronoun use in young, middle-aged, and old couples within the theoretical fra...
Poster
Full-text available
The significance of enhancing parenting skills to reduce child maladjustment is well-established and has led to the development of numerous parenting programs addressed to parents. However, drawing from the abundant research on the impact of interparental conflict on children, the notion that parenting should be the exclusive focus in family therap...
Article
Full-text available
Stress and coping in couples have received increased research attention during the past two decades, particularly with regard to how couples cope with stress. Dyadic coping has emerged as a strong predictor of relationship satisfaction. Less research has focused on the effects of dyadic coping on other outcomes or family members. In the present stu...
Chapter
Full-text available
Die herausragende Rolle der sozialen Unterstützung für die Gesundheit gilt als wissenschaftlich unbestritten. Sie stellt eine primäre Bedingung für die Lebenszufriedenheit dar und ist nachweislich ein robuster Schutzfaktor gegen psychische und körperliche Erkrankungen. Ermutigend ist der Befund, dass die Mehrheit der Schweizer Bevölkerung sozial gu...
Book
Full-text available
Dieses Essential zeigt, welche Konsequenzen die Nutzung von Fernseher, Computer und Internet für Kinder und Jugendliche hat – und was Fachleute Eltern raten können. Aus wissenschaftlicher Perspektive wird deutlich, dass die Nutzung von gewaltbetonten Medien ein Prädiktor für aggressives Verhalten bei Heranwachsenden ist, neuen Medien ein Suchtpoten...
Poster
Full-text available
The significance of enhancing parenting skills to reduce child maladjustment is well-established and supports the important role of evidence-based parenting programs. However, the notion that parenting should be the exclusive focus for enhancing child behavior is necessarily limiting. Evidence is growing that relationship-oriented treatments may be...
Article
Full-text available
Ungeachtet der omnipräsenten Auffassung, dass langfristige Partnerschaften in der gegenwärtigen Zeit obsolet wären, und trotz einer nie da gewesenen Unbeständigkeit von Ehen (Verdoppelung des Scheidungsrisikos in den letzten 40 Jahren), haben Paarbeziehungen kaum an Attraktivität eingebüsst. Rund 95% der Bevölkerung heiraten im Verlauf ihres Lebens...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research suggests that a couple’s ability to balance adverse interactions with positivity is a better predictor of relationship outcomes than negativity per se. The purpose of this study was to extend the findings on couples to parents by examining the positive-to-negative ratio in parental interaction as a predictor of child adjustment. 3...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research suggests that undermining of attention performance might be one decisive underlying mechanism in the link between marital conflict and children's academic maladjustment, but little is known about specific risk patterns in this regard. This study examines, in an experimental approach, the role of children's history of interparental...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Waiting for a medical procedure can exert significant feelings of state anxiety in patients. Music listening has been shown to be effective in decreasing anxiety levels. No study so far examined the potential anxiety and stress-reducing effect of a music intervention on pre-treatment anxiety and stress in patients waiting for dental hyg...
Article
Full-text available
A growing body of research suggests an association between exposure to interparental conflict and attention problems in children. This study examined whether a videotaped couple conflict decreases child’s short-term attention performance, comparing the effect to the known disruptive impact of watching action films. Participants were 60 children, ag...
Conference Paper
Introduction Shared family activities and routines provide a learning environment for children in which tacit knowledge of communicating, interacting and organizing one’s experiences can be acquired. Thus, the amount of time parents spend together with their children is considered to be critically important for a variety of desirable developmental...

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