Martina Seiffert

Martina Seiffert
German Cancer Research Center | DKFZ · Division of Molecular Genetics

PhD

About

129
Publications
13,308
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4,365
Citations
Citations since 2017
66 Research Items
2621 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500

Publications

Publications (129)
Article
Full-text available
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is an incurable malignancy of mature B cells. One of the major challenges in treatment of CLL is the achievement of a complete remission to prevent relapse of disease originating from cells within lymphoid tissues and subsequent chemoresistance. In search for novel drugs that target CLL cells also in protective mi...
Article
Abstract Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membrane-enclosed nanoparticles 30 to 1000 nm in size and represent a novel mechanism of cell communication. By transferring RNA and protein from their cell of origin, they can reprogram target cells and thus are involved in changes within the cellular microenvironment - a key player in CLL pathogenesis. In...
Article
Full-text available
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are single-stranded, small, non-coding RNAs, which fine-tune protein expression by degrading and/or translationally inhibiting mRNAs. Manipulation of miRNA expression in animal models frequently results in severe phenotypes indicating their relevance in controlling cellular functions, most likely by interacting with multiple targ...
Article
Full-text available
Key Points Lenalidomide treatment of primary CLL/nurse-like cell cocultures resulted in significantly decreased viability of CLL cells. Lenalidomide increased IL-10 levels, activation of STAT1, expression of ICAM-1, and migration-related genes, and reduced CLL cell motility.
Article
Full-text available
Background Here we present scSNPdemux, a sample demultiplexing pipeline for single-cell RNA sequencing data using natural genetic variations in humans. The pipeline requires alignment files from Cell Ranger (10× Genomics), a population SNP database and genotyped single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) per sample. The tool works on sparse genotyping...
Preprint
Full-text available
The gut microbiota play a critical role in maintaining a healthy human body and their dysregulation is associated with various diseases. In this study, we investigated the influence of the gut microbiome diversity on chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) development. In the Eµ-TCL1 mouse model of CLL, we observed a faster course of disease when mice w...
Article
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Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) cells are highly dependent on interactions with the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) for survival and proliferation. In the search for novel treatments, pro-inflammatory cytokines have emerged as candidates to reactivate the immune system. Among those, IL-27 has recently gained attention, but its eff...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a common and incurable B-cell malignancy. Recent therapeutic approaches that target the B-cell receptor signaling pathway include inhibition of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K). The PI3K isoform delta is constitutively active in CLL, making it an attractive therapeutic target. However, the expression of PI3...
Article
Full-text available
Glioblastoma is the most aggressive brain tumor in adults. Treatment failure is predominantly caused by its high invasiveness and its ability to induce a supportive microenvironment. As part of this, a major role for tumor-associated macrophages/microglia (TAMs) in glioblastoma development was recognized. Phospholipids are important players in vari...
Article
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The DNA damage response (DDR) is essential to maintain genome stability, and its deregulation predisposes to carcinogenesis while encompassing attractive targets for cancer therapy. Chromatin governs the DDR via the concerted interplay among different layers, including DNA, histone post-translational modifications (hPTMs) and chromatin-associated p...
Preprint
Failure of cancer immunotherapy is linked to T cell exhaustion. To decipher the underlying mechanisms, we explored the T cell landscape in blood, bone marrow and lymph node samples of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and spleen samples of a CLL mouse model. By single-cell RNA-sequencing, mass cytometry (CyTOF), and multiplex image...
Article
Resistance to ibrutinib treatment is an increasing problem for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) as it leads to dismal clinical outcomes. Acquired mutations in the therapy target BTK or its downstream mediator PLCG2 explain only partly the non-responsiveness to this treatment, as merely a subset of patients harbor such mutations, or...
Preprint
T-cell-engaging immunotherapies have improved the treatment of nodal B-cell lymphoma, but responses vary highly. Future improvements of such therapies require better understanding of the variety of lymphoma-infiltrating T-cells. We employed single-cell RNA and T-cell receptor sequencing alongside quantification of surface proteins, flow cytometry a...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a B-cell malignancy mainly occurring at an advanced age with no single major genetic driver. Transgenic expression of TCL1 in B cells leads after a long latency to a CLL-like disease in aged Eµ- TCL1 mice suggesting that TCL1 overexpression is not sufficient for full leukemic transformation. In search for secon...
Article
T cell exhaustion limits anti-tumor immunity and responses to immunotherapy. Here, we explored the microenvironmental signals regulating T cell exhaustion using a model of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Single-cell analyses identified a subset of PD-1hi, functionally impaired CD8⁺ T cells that accumulated in secondary lymphoid organs during di...
Article
Full-text available
Genome-wide association studies identified a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) affecting the transcription factor Eomesodermin (EOMES) associated with a significantly increased risk to develop chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Epigenetic analyses, RNA sequencing, and flow cytometry revealed that EOMES is not expressed in CLL cells, but in CD8+...
Article
Full-text available
Covalent Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitors such as ibrutinib have proven to be highly beneficial in the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Interestingly, the off-target inhibition of IL-2-inducible T-cell kinase (ITK) by ibrutinib may also play a role in modulating the tumor microenvironment, potentially enhancing the treatment...
Article
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Bispecific antibodies (BsAb) can induce long-term responses in refractory and relapsed B cell lymphoma patients. Nevertheless, response rates across patients are heterogenous and the factors determining quality and duration of responses are poorly understood. In order to identify key determinants of response to BsAb, we established a primary, autol...
Preprint
Full-text available
The DNA damage response (DDR) is essential to maintain genome stability, and its deregulation predisposes to carcinogenesis while encompassing attractive targets for cancer therapy. Chromatin governs the DDR via interplay among all chromatin layers including DNA, histones post-translational modifications (hPTMs), and chromatin-associated proteins....
Article
Full-text available
The transcription factor eomesodermin (EOMES) promotes interleukin (IL)-10 expression in CD4+ T cells, which has been linked to immunosuppressive and cytotoxic activities. We detected cytotoxic, programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) and EOMES co-expressing CD4+ T cells in lymph nodes (LNs) of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or dif...
Article
Full-text available
The pathogenesis of auto‐immune complications triggered by SARS‐CoV2 has not been completely elucidated. Here, we performed an analysis of the cellular immune status, cell ratios and monocyte populations of patients with COVID‐19 treated on the intensive care unit (ICU) (cohort 1, N = 23) and normal care unit (NCU) (cohort 2, n = 10) compared with...
Article
Full-text available
Indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1), a tryptophan (Trp)-catabolizing enzyme producing metabolites such as kynurenine (Kyn), is expressed by myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and associated with cancer immune escape. IDO1-expressing monocytic MDSCs were shown to accumulate in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and to suppress T...
Article
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Clonal evolution is involved in the progression of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). To link evolutionary patterns to different disease courses, we performed a long-term longitudinal mutation profiling study of CLL patients. Tracking somatic mutations and their changes in allele frequency over time and assessing the underlying cancer cell fractio...
Article
Full-text available
Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks) and their downstream proteins constitute a signaling pathway that is involved in both normal cell growth and malignant transformation of cells. Under physiological conditions, PI3K signaling regulates various cellular functions such as apoptosis, survival, proliferation, and growth, depending on the extracellular...
Article
CLL remains incurable despite BCR-targeted inhibitors revolutionizing treatment. This suggests that other signaling molecules are involved in disease escape mechanisms and resistance. Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) is a promising candidate, which is activated by unmethylated CpG-DNA. Here, we show that plasma from CLL patients contains significantly m...
Article
Stereotyped B-cell receptors (BCR) are frequent in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). In cell culture and in mouse models of CLL, immunogenic epitopes of these BCRs were shown to trigger specific T-cell responses and to control leukemia development. These results suggest vaccination with autologous BCR-derived peptides as a novel the...
Poster
A better understanding of cancer-induced immune suppression has led to the development of novel immunotherapy approaches, some of which are considered as breakthrough in cancer treatment. One of the promising targets that was followed in clinical trials is indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) which is a tryptophan (Trp)-catabolizing enzyme that pro...
Article
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) activation by tryptophan (Trp) catabolites enhances tumor malignancy and suppresses anti-tumor immunity. The context specificity of AHR target genes has so far impeded systematic investigation of AHR activity and its upstream enzymes across human cancers. A pan-tissue AHR signature, derived by natural language proces...
Article
Full-text available
Small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) are nanoparticles responsible for cell-to-cell communication released by healthy and cancer cells. Different roles have been described for sEVs in physiological and pathological contexts, including acceleration of tissue regeneration, modulation of tumor microenvironment, or premetastatic niche formation, and the...
Article
Full-text available
Tumour heterogeneity encompasses both the malignant cells and their microenvironment. While heterogeneity between individual patients is known to affect the efficacy of cancer therapy, most personalized treatment approaches do not account for intratumour heterogeneity. We addressed this issue by studying the heterogeneity of nodal B-cell lymphomas...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a B-cell malignancy, which is associated with profound alterations and defects in the immune system and a prevalent dependency on the microenvironmental niche. An abnormal T-cell compartment in the blood of CLL patients was already reported 40 years ago. Since then, our knowledge of T-cell characteristics in CL...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In cancer, normal epigenetic patterns are disturbed and contribute to gene expression changes, disease onset, and progression. The cancer epigenome is composed of the epigenetic patterns present in the tumor-initiating cell at the time of transformation, and the tumor-specific epigenetic alterations that are acquired during tumor initi...
Preprint
Full-text available
The transcription factor Eomesodermin (EOMES) promotes IL-10 production of CD4 ⁺ T-cells, which has been linked to immunosuppressive and cytotoxic activities. We detected EOMES-expressing CD4 ⁺ T-cells in lymph node samples of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. This was in line with an observed expans...
Article
Full-text available
Ibrutinib is a bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor approved for the treatment of multiple B-cell malignancies, including chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). In addition to blocking B-cell receptor signaling and chemokine receptor-mediated pathways in CLL cells, that are known drivers of disease, ibrutinib also affects the microenvironment in C...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: In cancer, normal epigenetic patterns are disturbed and contribute to gene expression changes, disease onset and progression. The cancer epigenome is composed of the epigenetic patterns present in the tumor-initiating cell at the time of transformation, and the tumor-specific epigenetic alterations that are acquired during tumor initiat...
Article
Full-text available
Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4) plays a critical role in Toll-like receptor (TLR) signal transduction and innate immune responses. Recruitment and subsequent activation of IRAK4 upon TLR stimulation is mediated by the myeloid differentiation primary response 88 (MYD88) adaptor protein. Around 3% of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (C...
Preprint
Full-text available
Tumor heterogeneity encompasses both the malignant cells and their microenvironment. While heterogeneity between individual patients is well-known to affect the efficacy of anti-cancer drugs, most personalized treatment approaches do not account for intratumor heterogeneity. We addressed this issue by studying the heterogeneity of lymph node-derive...
Article
Introduction: Genome-wide association studies showed that a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) affecting the transcription factor Eomesodermin (Eomes) is associated with a significantly increased risk to develop chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Eomes and its paralogue T-bet are known master regulators of CD8+ effector T cells and CD4+ T helper...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is associated with alterations in T cell number, subset distribution and function. Among these changes, an increase in CD4+ T cells was reported. CD4+ T cells are a heterogeneous population and distinct subsets have been described to exert pro‐ and anti‐tumour functions. In CLL, controversial reports describing t...
Article
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is associated with an accumulation of oligoclonal CD8⁺ effector T-cells, which control leukemia progression in mice, but gradually acquire a dysfunctional phenotype along with disease progression. Exhaustion of CD8⁺ T-cells is characterized by increased expression of inhibitory receptors like PD-1, decreased proli...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is known for its strong dependency on the tumor microenvironment. We found progranulin (GRN), a protein that has been linked to inflammation and cancer, to be upregulated in the serum of CLL patients compared to healthy controls, and increased GRN levels to be associated with an increased hazard for disease progre...
Article
Full-text available
Targeting B-cell receptor signaling using the PI3Kδ inhibitor idelalisib is a highly effective treatment option for relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients. In addition to its direct impact on tumor cells, PI3Kδ inhibition can modulate the activity of regulatory T-cells (Tregs) resulting in enhanced anti-tumoral immune funct...
Article
Full-text available
The Eμ-TCL1 mouse model [1] is widely used to study pathological mechanisms of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and its microenvironment. Eμ-TCL1 mice develop a CLL-like disease at 8 to 12 months of age [1], and studies in this mouse model have extensively improved our knowledge on microenvironmental regulation of CLL [2, 3]. Tumor cells from Eμ-...
Article
Targeted therapy is revolutionizing the treatment of cancers, but resistance evolves against these therapies and derogates their success. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase delta (PI3K-δ) inhibitor idelalisib has been approved for treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, but the mechanisms conferring resistance in a...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is associated with substantial alterations in T-cell composition and function. However, the role of T-cells in CLL remains largely controversial. Here, we utilized the Eµ-TCL1 mouse model of CLL as well as blood and lymph node samples of CLL patients to investigate the existence of anti-tumoral immune responses in...
Article
Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4) plays a critical role in Toll-like receptor (TLR) signal transduction and the innate immune responses. Recruitment and subsequent activation of IRAK4 upon TLR stimulation is mediatedby the myeloid differentiation primary response 88 (MYD88) adaptor protein. Around 5% of chronic lymphocytic leukemia...
Article
The coupling of blood platelets bearing anti-programmed cell death protein 1 antibodies to haematopoietic stem cells enables delivery of checkpoint-blockade therapy to bone marrow to promote T-cell-mediated control of leukaemia in mice.
Article
The Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor ibrutinib has been shown to be highly effective in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and is approved for CLL treatment. Unfortunately, resistance and intolerance to ibrutinib has been observed in several studies, opening the door for more specific BTK inhibitors. CC‐292 (spebrutinib) is a...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is characterized by clonal proliferation and progressive accumulation of mature, B lymphocytes in the peripheral blood, lymphoid tissues and bone marrow. CLL is characterized by profound immune defects, leading to severe infectious complications. T cells are numerically, phenotypically, and functionally highly abn...
Article
Full-text available
Apoptosis is an important physiological process in development and disease. Apoptotic cells (ACs) are a major source of self-antigens, but ACs usually evade immune responses. The mechanism by which ACs repress T cell adaptive immune responses is poorly understood. T cell activation is finely regulated by a balance of costimulatory signaling (mediat...
Article
BACKGROUND & AIM. Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4) plays a critical role in Toll-like receptor (TLR) signal transduction and the innate immune response. Recruitment of IRAK4 to these receptors and its subsequent activation is facilitated by the MYD88 adaptor protein. Approximately 2-5% of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patient...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a malignancy of mature B cells that strongly depend on microenvironmental factors and their deprivation has been identified as promising treatment approach for this incurable disease. Cytokine array screening of 247 chronic lymphocytic leukemia serum samples revealed elevated levels of TNF receptor-1 which were assoc...
Article
Tumor-promoting inflammation and escape from immune-mediated tumor destruction have been recognized as hallmarks of cancer, and myeloid cells are key players in these processes. By exploiting the tremendous plasticity of myeloid cells, tumors induce a variety of tumor-supportive and immunosuppressive cell phenotypes like tumor-associated macrophage...
Article
Full-text available
Elevated amino acid catabolism is common to many cancers. Here, we show that glioblastoma are excreting large amounts of branched‐chain ketoacids (BCKAs), metabolites of branched‐chain amino acid (BCAA) catabolism. We show that efflux of BCKAs, as well as pyruvate, is mediated by the monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1) in glioblastoma. MCT1 locate...
Article
In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), monocytes and macrophages are skewed toward protumorigenic phenotypes, including the release of tumor-supportive cytokines and the expression of immunosuppressive molecules such as programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1). To understand the mechanism driving protumorigenic skewing in CLL, we evaluated the role...
Article
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a B-cell malignancy associated with an inflammatory milieu and impaired anti-tumor immunity. Both in human CLL samples and the Eµ-TCL1 mouse model of CLL, monocytes and macrophages were identified as key players in the involved processes, as they secrete immune regulatory cytokines and show enhanced expression...
Conference Paper
The pathogenesis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is stringently associated with a tumor-supportive microenvironment and a dysfunctional immune system. Extracellular vesicles (EV) released by CLL cells are taken up by non-malignant cells in the microenvironment and mediate major disease-related changes in recipient cells. In the current study,...
Article
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a B-cell malignancy that is stringently associated with a tumor-supportive microenvironment and defective anti-tumor immunity. T cells from CLL patients show features of exhaustion, including expression of PD-1, and are highly impaired in their activity. Our previous work showed that immune checkpoint blockade...