Martina Scacco

Martina Scacco
Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior · Migration

PhD

About

18
Publications
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Citations
Introduction
I use movement data (gps and accelerometers) to relate the flight behavior of different soaring species to their environmental context, to understand and predict their movement patterns and cost of movement across the landscape at different scales. I am also interested in the interplay of flight behavior, energy expenditure and environment across different soaring species, to evaluate to what extent morphology can define their degree of dependence and sensitivity to changes in the landscape.

Publications

Publications (18)
Article
Each year, trillions of insects make long-range seasonal migrations. These movements are relatively well understood at a population level, but how individual insects achieve them remains elusive. Behavioral responses to conditions en route are little studied, primarily owing to the challenges of tracking individual insects. Using a light aircraft a...
Article
Full-text available
Partial migration is one of the most widespread migratory strategies among taxa. Investigating the trade-off between environmental/social factors — fitness and energetic consequences — is essential to understand the coexistence of migratory and resident behaviours. Here, we compiled field monitoring data of wintering population size and telemetry d...
Article
Full-text available
Agricultural activities and vegetation growth cause rapid small-scale vegetationchanges which dynamically alter habitat suitability. Time series enable to trackdown such variations of vegetation structure and are promising to examinetheir impact on animals’ life. Nevertheless, their potential to characterize vege-tation dynamics in ways pertinent t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Bio-logging devices play a fundamental and indispensable role in movement ecology studies, particularly in the wild. However, researchers are becoming increasingly aware of the potential effects that attaching devices can have on animals, particularly on their behaviour, energy expenditure and survival. The way a device is attached to an animal's b...
Preprint
Full-text available
Soaring birds use the energy available in the environment in the form of atmospheric uplifts, to subsidize their flight. Their dependence on soaring opportunities makes them extremely sensitive to anthropogenic wind energy development. Predictive modelling is now considered instrumental to forecast the impact of wind farms on single species of conc...
Article
During the day, flying animals exploit the environmental energy landscape by seeking out thermal or orographic uplift, or extracting energy from wind gradients.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 However, most of these energy sources are not thought to be available at night because of the lower thermal potential in the nocturnal atmosphere, as well as the difficulty...
Article
Full-text available
Background The use of tracking technologies is key for the study of animal movement and pivotal to ecological and conservation research. However, the potential effects of devices attached to animals are sometimes neglected. The impact of tagging not only rises welfare concerns, but can also bias the data collected, causing misinterpretation of the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The use of tracking technologies is key for the study of animal movement and pivotal to ecological and conservation research. However, the potential effects of devices attached to animals are sometimes neglected. The impact of tagging not only rises welfare concerns, but can also bias the data collected, causing misinterpretation of the...
Article
Hypatia-trackRadar is a Java standalone application designed to help biologists extract and process bird movement data from marine surveillance radars. This application integrates simultaneous collection of radar data and field observations by allowing the user to link information gathered from visual observers (such as bird species and flock size)...
Article
Full-text available
Migratory animals are affected by various factors during their journeys, and the study of animal movement by radars has been instrumental in revealing key influences of the environment on flying migrants. Radars enable the simultaneous tracking of many individuals of almost all sizes within the radar range during day and night, and under low visibi...
Article
Full-text available
Soaring flight is a remarkable adaptation to reduce movement costs by taking advantage of atmospheric uplifts. The movement pattern of soaring birds is shaped by the spatial and temporal availability and intensity of uplifts, which result from an interaction of local weather conditions with the underlying landscape structure. We used soaring flight...
Article
1.Advances in information technology are increasing the use of radar as a tool to investigate and monitor bird migration movements. We set up a field campaign to compare and validate outputs from different radar systems. 2.Here we compare the pattern of nocturnal bird migration movements recorded by four different radar systems at a site in souther...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Il Mediterraneo centrale rappresenta una delle principali rotte migratorie utilizzate dagli uccelli che si muovono tra l'Africa e l'Europa (Zalles & Bildstein 2000). In quest'area lo Stretto di Messina rappresenta il luogo in cui convergono il maggior numero di individui in migrazione sia durante la primavera sia durante l'autunno. Lo Stretto diven...
Poster
Full-text available
Here is shown an analysis of about 700 tracks of migrating raptors collected in Southern Italy.
Poster
Full-text available
Seasonal differences in raptor migration over the Strait of Messina
Poster
Full-text available
Diet composition and reproductive success of Eurasian kestrels in an agricultural area of central Italy

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
We are carrying on a field research at the Strait of Messina (Southern Italy) using radar equipment and visual observations to collect data on bird migration both during day and night. The migration of birds at this site is relevant in spring as well as during autumn. During the day tens of thousands raptors are observed each season, while during the night the migratory flow of passerines is impressive. We are analysing the Influence of weather, time of the day, flock size and specie-specific differences on the migratory flow of birds.