Martina Sauer

Martina Sauer
Institute for Image and Cultural Philosophy: https://www.bildphilosophie.de/en-gb

PhD

About

75
Publications
10,942
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Citations
Introduction
Martina Sauer runs an Institute of Applied Image and Cultural Philosophy (cf. www.bildphilosophie.de) and currently works at the Section of Image, German Society of Semiotics and at the Society of Interdisciplinary Image Science. Martina does research in Aesthetics, Philosophy of Perception, Art History and Theory of Design and thus in Cultural Philosophy. Her current project concerns her central research topic: ´Vitality-Semiotics´: Extensions of Aesthetic Theory Towards Semiotics or Setting up a new Unit of History of Images as Cultural Studies.
Additional affiliations
September 2021 - September 2022
Fresenius University of Applied Science
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Seminars in Hamburg and Düsseldorf on Fundamentals of Perception: Natural Sciences, Visual-Cultural Studies and Art Research: Findings, Methods, Differences, and Practical Implications for Designers
May 2012 - September 2012
Zürcher Hochschule der Künste
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Research Project wirth Prof. Dr. Sigrid Schade: »Abstract.Amodal.Affective: Exploring Unconscious Aesthetic Processes in the Creation of Art/Design - A Contribution to the Question of Knowledge and Competence in the Visual Arts«
October 2011 - February 2012
Hochschule für Künste Bremen
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Lecturer together with Dr. Mona Schieren: Seminar: "Die Linie zwischen Umriss und Aktion"
Education
July 1989 - March 1998
University of Basel
Field of study
  • Visual Art Studies (Kunstwissenschaft)
September 1986 - April 1987
October 1985 - July 1989
Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich
Field of study
  • Visual Art Studies (Kunstwissenschaft)

Publications

Publications (75)
Presentation
Full-text available
One drawing may seem light and dance-like, the other static and solid. But one thing is true for both: the drawings do not actually move. This is the starting point for far-reaching research questions that have not yet been clarified: does human perception underlie "aliveness"? It makes sense that we perceive gestures as alive. But does this also a...
Chapter
Full-text available
To relate theories of affordance and frame with the tradition of formal aesthetics, philosophical iconology and the life sciences (keyword Vitality Semiotics) is the starting point of the paper. According to this approach, the structural preconditions of images, as determined by materials, techniques and the composition of the design means, become...
Poster
Full-text available
Call for Essays in the online open access, peer review journal Art Style | Art & Culture International Magazine on: "Atmosphere and Mood: Two Sides of The Same Phenomenon" Editors: Martina Sauer (Institute for Image and Cultural Philosophy: https://www.bildphilosophie.de/en-gb) and Zhuofei Wang (Institute for Philosophy at the University of Hildes...
Poster
Full-text available
Call for Essays in the online open access, peer review journal Art Style | Art & Culture International Magazine on: Multimodality: On the sensually organized and at the same time meaningful and socio-culturally relevant potential of artistic works Editors: Martina Sauer (Senior Editor, Institute for Image and Cultural Philosophy: https://bildphilo...
Presentation
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30-minütiger Radio- bzw. Videobeitrag im SWR 2 Wissen: Aula, Sonntag, 27.05.2012, 8:30 Uhr - 9:00 Uhr., May 27, 2012 über: Ein Bild ist ein Bild. Wie funktioniert unsere Wahrnehmung? Kunst- und kulturphilosophische sowie neurowissenschaftliche und entwicklungspsychologische Erkenntnisse zur Wahrnehmung von Bildern am Beispiel von Paul Cézanne und...
Presentation
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20-minute opening-talk at the online conference of the German Society for Semiotics in Chemnitz, Germany, on Sept. 28, 2021, 2:30 p.m. in the section Image: "Images as Agents of Cultural Transformation Processes": http://www.semiotik.eu Impressum: Text and film © Martina Sauer: https://www.bildphilosophie.de/en-gb Photos: 1. Katharina Sieverding,...
Presentation
Full-text available
20-minütiger Eröffnungsvortrag auf der Online-Konferenz der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Semiotik in Chemnitz am 28.09.2021, 14:30 Uhr in der Sektion Bild: "Bilder als Agenten kultureller Transformationsprozesse": http://www.semiotik.eu Impressum: Text und Film © Martina Sauer: https://www.bildphilosophie.de/ Fotos: 1. Katharina Sieverding, Installa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Panel Speech in the section Image on "Vitality Semiotics. Impulses from the "Hamburg Circle" around Warburg and Cassirer for a new method in image and cultural studies" - I - Formal aesthetics and iconology are still the standard methods for analyzing images today. With them, stylistic features can be clarified in historical comparison and concrete...
Poster
Full-text available
CfP: Images as Agents of Cultural Transformation Processes Call for papers for a panel of the German Association for Semiotics’ sections Image and Cultural Studies at the 16. international congress „Transformations. Signs and their Objects in Transition“, postponed to 28.09. to 02.10.2021, University of Technology, Chemnitz, Deadline 1.12.2019: ht...
Article
Full-text available
This article starts from the assumption that there is a connection between art and language and responsibility. What is it based on? It follows on from the research of the Hamburg Circle in the 1920s by Ernst Cassirer and Aby M. Warburg, and was strengthened in the 2000s by Hartmut Böhme. Their joint starting point is the emotional life of human be...
Presentation
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Es sind die starken positiven Effekte des Versprechens auf Glück, Sicherheit und Gemeinschaft, die uns alle prägen und zusammenhalten. Die Grenzen, die dieser „Gesellschaftsvertrag“ uns allen auferlegt, fallen uns daher häufig nicht auf. Am Schicksal des berühmten Philosophen der Antike Sokrates, der 399 v. Chr. für seinen anhaltenden Verstoß gegen...
Chapter
Full-text available
The paper follows the thesis, that the perception of real or virtual media shares the anthropological state of "Ausdruckswahrnehmung" or perception of expression (Ernst Cassirer). This kind of perception does not represent a distant, neutral point of view, but one that is guided by feelings or "vitality affects" (Daniel N. Stern). The prerequisites...
Article
Full-text available
Affordance as a Method in Visual Cultural Studies Based on Theory and Tools of Vitality Semiotics. A historiographic and comparative study of Formal Aesthetics, Iconology, and Affordance using the example of Albrecht Dürer´s Christ Among the Doctors from 1506. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------...
Book
Full-text available
Renaissance paintings, fashion and clothing, people, oscilloscopes, food as art, Instagram, photo collections, Greek vases, ancient mirrors, and damaged coins – what do all these “things” have in common? Not much at first sight, except for being part of the human world, that may catch our attention and stimulate us to engage with them. This is the...
Presentation
Full-text available
Promise of Happiness, Security, and Community − Frames and Framing in a New Light It is not art history but archaeological disciplines that are currently providing new impulses for research. Their attempt to reconstruct historical certainty with the help of the iconological method via events and finds has reached its limits, as corresponding sourc...
Chapter
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Neither the art historians Panofsky and Warburg nor the philosopher Cassirer had any interest with their cultural-historical research in fact-based, historical questions. An approach that had become common in the 19th century due to the loss of validity of the speculative aesthetics. On the contrary, instead of this substantial understanding as the...
Preprint
Art Style | Art & Culture International Magazine, an online, biannual, and peer–reviewed online magazine devoted to art and culture, invites the submission of extended essays. Special Issue on the Material Image. Affordances as a New Approach to Visual Culture Studies. The deadline for the submission of essays is November 27, 2020. This issue is...
Poster
Full-text available
Special Issue: Art Style | Art & Culture International Magazine, New York/São Paulo: https://artstyle.international/issue-7/ The deadline for the submission of essays is November 27, 2020. This issue is scheduled for publication in early March 2021. Editors: Martina Sauer and Elisabeth Guenther
Book
Full-text available
On the Postmodern Age, Issue #6, Art Style, Art & Culture International Magazine, New York/São Paulo, 2020 We live in the age of postmodernism. What does that mean? With this call for essays, we asked for proposals for a better understanding. At the same time, we were looking for posts that show how the arts have processed and are still processing...
Article
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What is reality? It is postmodern or poststructuralist philosophers like Roland Barthes, who realized that it only seems that the media present reality in the form of facts, because they actually spread myths. Accordingly, Jacques Derrida made it clear that communication via media is not based on logic, but is characterized by a significant “différ...
Presentation
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Als Immanuel Kant 1784 seinen berühmten Aufsatz „Was ist Aufklärung?“ verfasste, glaubte er selbst noch nicht daran, dass wir tatsächlich aufgeklärt sind. Heute dagegen sind wir davon überzeugt. Worauf gründet unser Selbstverständnis und ist es berechtigt? Reicht es in diesem Zusammenhang auf die zur Zeit Kants dominierenden monarchischen und kirch...
Poster
Full-text available
Call for Essays Art Style | Art & Culture International Magazine, an online quarterly magazine devoted to art and culture, invites the submission of extended essays. #issue_6 Deadline: June 28, 2020 Special issue on postmodern age. Appearances of a contemporary phenomenon in design, fashion, architecture, film, and art. Roland Barthes, Michel F...
Presentation
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"Liberation from the parasitic existence at the ritual". Perception of artistic artefacts between devotion and distance ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- In his famous essay "Art in the Age of its Technical Reproducibility" from 1936, Walter Benjamin hoped that with the introdu...
Data
Program details of the current seminars can be found at https://www.bildphilosophie.de/seminare.
Chapter
Full-text available
What distinguishes humans form animals? To acknowledge that humans are part of nature, that can process psychologically their affective-vital reactions to nature, and thus be held responsible for cultural processes, is the result of art historical, cultural-philosophical and life science research over the past two centuries. This line of argumentat...
Article
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How does an audience receive a work of art? Does the experience only affect the viewer or does it have an effect and thus influence his or her actions? It is the cultural philosopher Ernst Cassirer and his successors in philosophy and developmental psychology as well as in neuroscience to this day who postulate that perception in general and percep...
Article
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With the aim of teaching and practicing art for the good or moreover the better, Josef Albers proves to be an idealist. At the same time, he confirms with this conviction that art can also arouse the opposite. This conviction is already evident in the grammatical form of the term, which proves that art is functional or a technique for socio-cultura...
Presentation
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According to the neo-Kantian and cultural anthropologist Ernst Cassirer, human beings always interact with nature. This assumption forms the premise of his philosophical approach in Philosophy of symbolic Forms of 1929. It bases on the thesis that we do not conceive nature as objects (“Ding-Wahrnehmung”), but instantaneously feel and suffer nature...
Research
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Ansage Redakteur Ralf Caspary: Mit dem Thema: „Ein Bild ist ein Bild ist ein Bild – Wie funktioniert unsere Wahrnehmung“. „Ein Bild sagt mehr als tausend Worte“, dieses Sprichwort wird unterstützt durch die Neurowissenschaften und durch entwicklungspsychologische Theorien und Studien. Die besagen: Menschliche Wahrnehmung im Allgemeinen und Bildwahr...
Chapter
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Aesthetics versus Art History? Ernst Cassirer as Mediator in an ongoing Controversy on the Relevance of Art for Life. Against the background of Ernst Cassirer’s cultural philosophy, art studies are to be classified as cultural studies. Central to this is Cassirer’s philosophy as the basis for answering a question that has been posed by the methods...
Book
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This is the first coherent monography about the life and work of the important Bauhaus master Josef Albers. It aims to discover Albers as a teacher and an artist anew. Thus, 40 years after his death an artist shall be honored, who has had till now not enough attention within the Bauhaus masters. It fall too short to introduce him solely as the teac...
Book
Full-text available
How do we perceive the world and pictures? The book is based around the hypothesis that we initially perceive the world as well as pictures by feelings and that there is a direct connection between the two. By debating fascination and horror, such as can be triggered by Anselm Kiefer´s Deutschlandbilder, the author discusses their consequences and...
Book
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„Grenzen“ auszuloten und zu beschreiben machte sich der Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Semiotik in Passau im September 2017 zur Aufgabe. Insgesamt 12 Sektionen der Gesellschaft schrieben dazu eigens einen Call for Paper aus. Mit der vorliegenden Anthologie gilt es deutlich zu machen, wie konkret gerade auch über Bilder die Grenzen des je E...
Presentation
Full-text available
In the thirties of the 20th century Erwin Panofsky established the so called iconological method in the research field of artistic artefacts that is in commune use till nowadays. His method is based on ideas of Ernst Cassirer and Aby M. Warburg. But in contrast to the tendency of historicization of the artefacts Panofsky followed, Cassirer as well...
Article
Full-text available
From the beginning of the 20th Century to the present day, it has rarely been doubted that whenever formal aesthetic methods meet their iconological counterparts, the two approaches appear to be mutually exclusive. In reality, though, an ahistorical concept is challenging a historical analysis of art. It is especially Susanne K. Langer´s long-overl...
Chapter
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Do we communicate with pictures? If so, the text asks, what about their complex, dynamic appearances? Are they part of the communication process? By analysing a cover image of the journal Jugend from 1896 and by consulting the research on the logic of pictures (“Eigenlogik”) in Bildwissenschaft, Iconology and Cultural Anthropology these questions s...
Chapter
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Is it true that there is an analogy between modes of creation and such of perception? Respective to the cultural anthropological research of Ernst Cassirer, Susanne K. Langer and John M. Krois and by the analysis of a tape of the Swiss video-artist Pipilotti Rist this initial thesis of Formal Aesthetics shall be supported. - I - Lässt sich die Be...
Chapter
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The ability to form "images" of our experiences with the world (imaging effect) and to adjust our drive and determination in accordance with those images (action effect) is what characterises men, as stipulated by Cassirer and subsequently confirmed by Langer and Krois. Special techniques are required to communicate to others the images of life and...
Chapter
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Do have pictures an impact on future? Yes, say theories of embodiment by making perceptual foundations in place of representational arrangements responsible for it. - / - Wirken sich Bildern auf die Zukunft aus? Ja sagen Verkörperungstheorien und machen dafür weniger Repräsentationsmodelle als Wahrnehmungsweisen verantwortlich.
Chapter
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Do have pictures an impact on future? Yes, say theories of embodiment by making perceptual foundations in place of representational arrangements responsible for it.
Article
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Ernst Cassirer as well as his followers the American philosopher Susanne K. Langer and John M. Krois postulate a non-discursive and functional relevance of forms. Exposed by the arts this assumption proves to be valid for all kinds of life (man, animals, and plants) as well as the machines (technics). Herein, the nearness to pragmatism becomes obvi...
Chapter
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Observing processes of art perception two contradicting phenomena are characterising them: absolutely nearness and distance to the image. As a matter of being ("Seinsweise") the phenomenologists Martin Heidegger and Bernhard Waldenfels are declaring this contrast as a matter of being ("Seinsweise") of images offering new views of the world whereas...
Chapter
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So many things have a meaning for us. How is it possible and how can we deal with it? In "gestures of attention" (rituals) we understand it, Hartmut Böhme says, and we produce it ourselves, Aby M. Warburg and Ernst Cassirer are suggesting. That means the producer and the recipient are responsible for their doing.
Article
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Art et kitsch – est-ce compatible? L'auteur pose cette question à travers l'oeuvre de la vidéaste suisse Pipilotti Rist, présentée au Kunsmuseum de Saint-Gall en Suisse, en 2012.
Article
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In accordance to Cassirer the origins of pictures depend on a process of forming. On behalf of research this process of forming is characterized by affective-emotional experiences. Pictures suchlike of arts are displaying an expression of it. On the one hand devotion (undergoing) and on the other hand distance (symbolic forms) are signifying the fo...
Book
Full-text available
Emotions play an important part in general perception and in particular perception of pictures. Their relevance to the construction of meaning and actions that is cultural processes will be shown. By referring to traditions of philosophy and history of art as well as to more recent research in neuroscience and developmental psychology this assumpti...
Article
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Affects and emotions seam to be more essential for an understanding of world than assumed. The apperception is given distinction by them, Cassirer said. Coherent to Cassirer and the acutal debate of anthropolocial reserach work on image theory it can be shown that also the apperception and the production of an image especially of art base on them a...
Chapter
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When Cassirer puts "feeling" or "suffering" and "enduring" the world at the very beginning, which will be grabbed by our ability of "imaging and doing" ("Bild- und Tatkraft"), everything we are knowing about the world takes on a new meaning. By the arts this connection becomes clear.
Article
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Wie verstehen wir Bilder? Vergleichbar der Wahrnehmung von Welt, so eröffnet der Ansatz von Cassirers Philosophie, wird auch das Bild zunächst nicht über sprachliche und begriffliche Bewusstseinsleistungen erfasst, sondern affektive. Ein Ansatz, der, wie die Untersuchung aufzeigen soll, in Kunstwissenschaft und Philosophie in unterschiedlicher Weis...
Article
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Fascination and horror are two key experiences that are present particularly in the early work of Anselm Kiefer. Particularly in Germany these have prompted surprisingly strong reactions. Why is it, that his work dealing with the National Socialism has been received so ambivalently? The answer to this question, the text attempts, is based on the an...
Book
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Do abstract paintings still make sense and if so what do they mean. By reducing the paintings to simple square blots as by Cézanne, to lines as by van Gogh and color traces as by Monet their meaning is fundamentally questioned. But by interpreting these compositions as effective forces or rather affective stimuli a new and different meaning becomes...

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Project
Without doubt, from the beginning of 20th century to this day when formal aesthetical meet iconological methods their positions seem to be mutually exclusive. In fact, an ahistorical concept contradicts a historical analysis of art. It is especially Susanne K. Langer´s long overlooked system of analogies between the perception of the world and that of artistic creations which is depending on feelings that allows nowadays an approach of both positions. Krois insistence on the same thought supports the concern. The assumption base on their concept that the feelings within perception are elicited by analogue formal structures in the world and the arts. This led to the conclusion, that depending on the logical and carefully designed formal structure of the artist´s composition and its vital interpretation by the recipient, the artistic creation can be identified as a meaningful statement of the creator or his customer which can be answered or not. In such a way, on the base of Formal Aesthetic and Iconology the arts can be determined as relevant for cultural processes: They are parts of communicative processes that make up life. That shall be proved.