Martina Artmann

Martina Artmann
Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development | IOER

Dr.

About

62
Publications
47,608
Reads
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3,770
Citations
Citations since 2017
31 Research Items
3414 Citations
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Introduction
In my recent studies I am linking urban ecology research with sustainability transformation. In this regard, I am researching on edible cities and urban food production as a systemic approach for sustainability transformation. Looking for leverage points for deep systemic change, I am currently establishing the Leibniz-Junior Research Group URBNANCE (Urban human-nature resonance for sustainability transformation) linking the theories and concepts of resonance, deep ecology and relational values.
Additional affiliations
June 2010 - June 2015
University of Salzburg
Position
  • Researcher at RG Urban and Landscape Ecology
Education
October 2007 - March 2010
University of Salzburg
Field of study
  • Landscape, Regional and Urban Management
October 2003 - February 2007
University of Hohenheim
Field of study
  • Agricultural Science

Publications

Publications (62)
Article
Allotment gardens are an important feature in the urban landscape. They provide a range of ecosystem services (ES) and hence combine utility, social meaning and beauty. Allotment gardens have been deeply embedded for almost two hundred years in European urban development. In many European countries, there is a great and rising interest in allotment...
Article
Full-text available
Cities have become the predominant living environments of human beings worldwide. In an era of social-ecological crisis intensified by climate change, loss of biodiversity, and socio-environmental injustice, the shaping of responsive cities is crucial for fostering healthy and regenerative urban societies and nature preservation beyond the instrume...
Article
Many of the outcomes of environmental plans are difficult to measure. Therefore, little is known as to whether such plans achieve their goals, whether outcomes are reached and lessons learned to influence future plans. Our study aims to address this gap by systematically evaluating the implementation of Local Environmental Action Plans (LEAPs) of 2...
Article
Full-text available
Urban green spaces (UGSs) can provide important ecosystem services for citizens and their well-being. To make use of these services according to UGS user demands, urban residents, tourists, and city administrations should know where UGSs are located, what qualities they have and how to reach them on convenient routes. This paper presents a novel di...
Article
Urban areas represent the central point of sustainability initiatives which drive significant changes in cities’ planning, design and management. Given that urban areas are subject to continuous change, efficient and integrated planning and policy strategies are needed to address their complex challenges. This is why the Strategic Environmental Ass...
Article
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Urbanization is increasingly compromising residents’ connection to natural habitats and landscapes. With established relationships between human–nature connection (HNC) and pro-environmental behaviour and human well being, there are calls for effective interventions to strengthen HNC in urban settings. However, much of this research has operational...
Article
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The production of food within cities through urban agriculture can be considered as a nature-based solution and is argued to be an important response to the current COVID-19 pandemic as well as to climate change and other urban challenges. However, current research on urban agriculture is still fragmented, calling for a systematic and integrative a...
Article
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Literature on urban ecosystem services (UESS) is vast, particularly on cultural ecosystem services. However, due to a lack of knowledge on individual urban green spaces on the site level, further research on enhanced methods is needed to underpin existing assumptions about the reasons why people are visiting urban green spaces and what kinds of eco...
Article
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Within the scholarly debate, Urban Agriculture (UA) has been widely acknowledged to provide diverse environmental and socio-cultural ecosystem services (ESs) for cities. However, the question of whether these potential benefits are also recognized as such by the involved societal groups on the ground has not yet been investigated. This paper aims a...
Article
Cities have become major contributors to sustainability problems and, in the meantime, seedbeds for sustainability transformation. Urban nature-based solutions, such as greening strategies that foster urban food production as a cross-cutting issue, promise to have multidimensional benefits for sustainable urban development. However, a conceptual un...
Article
Cities are confronted with different societal challenges calling for urban sustainability transformation (UST). Nature-based solutions (NbS) can provide actions for such challenges and strive for maximizing environmental, social and economic benefits. Edible cities, which encompass different forms of urban food production (UFP) in the city, can be...
Chapter
The papers in this chapter aim to contribute to a better understanding about the planning of multifunctional urban green infrastructure for compact cities (Hansen and Pauleit) and a general concept of visitors’ demands and supply of recreational services (Breuste et al.). Szilassi et al. discuss people’s perception of various structural vegetation...
Chapter
Urban agriculture describes the growing of plants and animals in and around cities and it involves activities such as production, processing, delivery, and marketing of agricultural products. Urban fabrics can be composed of manifold urban and peri-urban agriculture depending on spatiality (e.g., rooftop gardens and indoor farming), the actors invo...
Article
Environmental action plans are important instruments intended to provide sustainable solutions for the most pressing environmental issues. As they should be updated regularly, efforts to evaluate their quality are essential for enabling incremental improvements in upcoming versions. The aim of our study was to systematically evaluate the quality of...
Book
This book shows what role nature can play in a city and how this can make it a better place for people to live. People, planners, designers and politicians are working towards the development of green cities. Some cities are already promoted as green cities, while others are on their way to become one. But their goals are often unclear and can incl...
Article
Full-text available
Urban green spaces (UGS) are crucial providers of cultural ecosystem services such as recreation. So that urban residents can benefit from UGS recreation, there is a need for good access to these, in particular for elderlies with reduced mobility. Recent research on accessibility has often neglected to consider real distances to green spaces and em...
Chapter
Full-text available
Auf der Basis innovativer Methoden der Informationsgewinnung aus verschiedenen offenen Geodaten wird eine WebApp als Informations- und Entscheidungstool für das Aufsuchen und die Nutzung urbaner Grünflächen entwickelt. Die gewonnenen Infor- mationen zur Qualität und Erreichbarkeit von Grünflächen sowie zu Nutzerpräferenzen werden der Öffentlichkeit...
Article
While urban systems are expanding at very fast rates all over the world, understanding their spatial development remains a complex and controversial issue, burdened with confusion in the literature. A common understanding of the spatial behavior of expanding urban systems needs robust conceptualization and empirical evidence. The physical growth of...
Article
Urban and peri-urban agriculture is attracting new attention in the context of growing interests in sustainability and resilience. Although much research has been done in this field, little is known about pastoralism and its impact on urban and peri-urban settings. In this paper, we discuss the contribution of pastoral practices to urban sustainabi...
Article
Full-text available
Urbanization and achieving sustainable agriculture are both major societal challenges. By reducing food miles and connecting people with nature, food cultivation in cities has several major advantages. However, due to further urban development (peri-) urban agriculture (UPA) is under threat. To strengthen UPA, we argue for considering UPA as a natu...
Chapter
Austria is a landlocked country of 83,855 km² situated in Central Europe. Austria is a federal republic made up of nine autonomous federal states. Nature and ecosystem conservation in Austria is regulated by several material laws, e.g. forestry law and nature conservation law. The impact mitigation regulation plays, at least implicitly, a role in t...
Article
In contrast to the ongoing worldwide uncontrolled expansion of urban development resulting in sprawled cities, compact cities have been argued by planners and researchers to be the more sustainable urban form. However, in compact cities, it has been shown that a low proportion of green spaces jeopardizes the sufficient supply of urban ecosystem ser...
Article
Urban green spaces (UGS) are increasingly acknowledged for their importance for the well-being of urban populations. However, studies are lacking the consideration of the demand and use of UGS by different population groups and connecting UGS with social infrastructure. In an era of worldwide urbanization and ageing, this European study sheds light...
Conference Paper
The paper introduce the Sino-German ‘Green Cities Study’. In the last decades China and Germany have experienced a rapid urbanization process caused by rural-urban migration flows, re-densification and population growth. Against this background current developments, different approaches and future challenges in the competition of green spaces and u...
Article
Full-text available
In the light of ongoing global urbanization and the high pace of resource consumption, there is an urgent need to foster compact cities. Currently, however, we lack integrative guidelines on how to manage trade-offs between urban densification and the provision of green space. Against this background, this study applies the concepts of green infras...
Article
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ABSTRACT. Nature-based solutions promoting green and blue urban areas have significant potential to decrease the vulnerability and enhance the resilience of cities in light of climatic change. They can thereby help to mitigate climate change-induced impacts and serve as proactive adaptation options for municipalities. We explore the various context...
Article
Managing urban soil sealing is a difficult venture due to its spatial heterogeneity and embedding in a socio-ecological system. A systemic solution is needed to tackle its spatial, ecological and social sub-systems. This study develops a guideline for urban actors to find a systemic solution to soil sealing management based on two case studies in G...
Article
Urban soil sealing has negative impacts on ecosystem services through the loss of urban green. Besides protecting urban green from further sealing by proper urban planning, the efficiency of soil sealing management depends on residents and practitioners. This paper investigates the efficiency of strategies motivating urban dwellers to contribute to...
Article
Full-text available
The special issue (SI) “Green Infrastructure for Urban Sustainability” in the Journal of Urban Planning and Development (JUPD) aims to bridge the knowledge gap between urbanization and its quantitative and qualitative impacts on urban green; challenges and opportunities for urban green infrastructure facing climate and demographic change; and to sh...
Article
tCities can be characterized by extensive sealing limiting the supply of ecosystem services. In Europe, soilsealing is still increasing despite decreasing population. This paper shows that the management of urbansoil sealing must—due to its complex driving forces, impacts, constraints of its management and differ-ent actors—be considered as a wicke...
Article
Ecosystem services (ES) are gaining increasing attention as a promising concept to more actively consider and plan for the varied benefits of the urban environment. Yet, to have an impact on decision- making, the concept must spread from academia to practice. To understand how ES have been taken up in planning discourses we conducted a cross-case c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Across Europe, urban gardening is receiving an emerging interest from the public as well from planning authorities. Urban allotment gardens have a particular role integrating social benefits, recreation, health, food, and urban ecology issues. Differences are seen in the historical context, local regulations, gardener’s motivations, and knowledge w...
Article
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As part of the planned expansion work of the motorway A8 between Rosenheim and Salzburg and the associated legal opportunity to develop new traffic noise protection measures, this study investigated properties of sustainable noise abatement in a community next to the A8. A two-stage empirical survey was conducted integrating a citizen and an expert...
Article
Despite a shrinking population, soil sealing and land consumption is still increasing in Europe. In an increasingly urbanized world, scarcity of space is rising. Under the umbrella of sustainable urban land use, conflicts between residential, commercial, industrial, transport and green areas need to be solved balancing social, economic and environm...
Article
Full-text available
Determining the performance of ecosystem services at the city or regional level cannot accurately take into account the fine differences between green or gray structures. The supply of regulating ecosystem services in, for instance, parks can differ as parks vary in their land cover composition. A comprehensive ecosystem service assessment approach...
Article
Full-text available
Soil sealing has negative impacts on ecosystem services since urban green and soil get lost. Although there is political commitment to stop further sealing, no reversal of this trend can be observed in Europe. This paper raises the questions (1) which strategies can be regarded as being efficient toward ecologically sustainable management of urban...
Article
Full-text available
Although a number of comprehensive reviews have examined global ecosystem services (ES), few have focused on studies that assess urban ecosystem services (UES). Given that more than half of the world’s population lives in cities, understanding the dualism of the provision of and need for UES is of critical importance. Which UES are the focus of res...
Chapter
The concept of urban ecosystem services has recently gained attention in scientific debates. Against the background of ongoing urbanisation processes in nearly all European countries, the importance of benefits generated by urban nature is highlighted by a number of case studies. In this paper, we introduce findings from a current EU research proje...
Article
In the field of environmental policy, it is widely accepted that the exploitation of the environment in a rapidly urbanising world needs intervention by policy to meet sustainable development. But which laws, incentives, and awareness raising actions support sustainable development? According to the European Environment Agency, policy-effectiveness...
Article
Full-text available
The paper analyses and evaluates approaches to the management of urban soil sealing to support the implementation of guidelines and sustainability targets, such as the European Commission’s soil sealing guidelines and the sustainability strategy in Germany which aims to reduce the daily land consumption and the associated soil sealing. Based on the...
Article
Full-text available
Vogelgrippe löste im Februar 2006 eine immense Welle von Medienberichten aus. Wie wurden Berichterstattung und politische Maßnahmen wahrgenommen? Eine Meinungsumfrage und Experteninterviews ergaben: In einem beachtlichen Umfang empfanden die Bürger die Berichterstattung als angemessen, die Bewertung der Keulungen und der Stallpflicht fällt schwer,...

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Projects

Projects (10)
Project
Please visit the official website: https://jahrestagung.ioer.info/en/ The development of liveable neighbourhoods, cities and regions is a key objective of spatial development. However, what does "livable" mean in the Anthropocene era? Human settlement patterns and economic practices have fundamentally altered natural basis of life such as regional climate, ecosystem services, biodiversity, and resource availability. Settlement and open spaces are significantly threatened by natural hazards. How might futures that we consider "livable" look under these conditions? What transformative capacities are needed to realise them? And what role does digitalisation play here? We want to address these pressing questions at the IOER Annual Conference 2022. You can expect selected contributions from international and national guests as well as from all IOER research areas. In addition, the Dresden Leibniz Graduate School (DLGS) is organising its international Summer School for PhD students on the same overarching topic the day before the conference (21 September). You are cordially invited to actively contribute your own work and ideas to the discussion during the conference (in English or German) as well as the Summer School (in English). A detailed call for sessions and contributions in different formats (e.g. article with presentation, short lecture or dialogue forum) will follow soon. We look forward to welcome you and to a stimulating discussion with you.
Archived project
Cities have become the predominant living environments of human beings worldwide. In an era of social-ecological crisis intensified by climate change, loss of biodiversity, and socio-environmental injustice, the shaping of responsive cities is crucial for fostering healthy and regenerative urban societies and nature preservation. The role of urban environmental spatial qualities should be re-thought in light of the pandemic diffusion. However, neither the relationship between the daily environmental conditions of urban citizens and their health nor the interconnection between healthy nature as a basis for resilient cities are organically included in urban design, thus limiting the capacity for shaping healthier cities. The questions that shape this Research Topic are: What is the relation between health and ecosystem services in urban areas? How nature's health at multiple scales (e.g., urban to planetary ecosystems) is interconnected with healthy urban societies, and how can nature protection be linked with health protection? Despite ecosystem services relations with urban planning has been at the center of numerous publications aiming at finding practical solutions for building sustainable cities, the systematic investigation of how ecosystem services affect human health is still an open subject. Furthermore, the well-being of citizens is a concept that goes beyond the instrumental values of nature, which are the focus of the ecosystem service concept. In this regard, an integrative ecosystem services valuation needs to consider relational and intrinsic values unfolding in responsive human-nature relations striving for a good life for human and non-human nature in cities and beyond. Healthy urban human-nature relations call for a fundamental shift in attitudes and norms regarding how we deal with nature, considering that our health is inseparable from nature’s health. This is also linked with biocultural diversity, which has gained attention since recognizing the intangible culture as a key for promoting intercultural dialogue among communities. Biocultural diversity arises from the links and feedbacks between cultural diversity and biological diversity and is a dynamic concept that includes the cultural dimension of nature. This Research Topic aims to collect manuscripts investigating the relationship between well-being, nature, land uses, and ecosystem services using an organic and integrated perspective. Also, conceptual papers and case studies reflecting on norms and ethics concerning the responsive relationship between the health of human and nonhuman nature are warmly welcome. Inter-and transdisciplinary approaches among urban scientists, functional ecologists, sociologists, ecosystem modelers, geographers, environmental philosophers, and environmental medicine analysts are welcomed, especially as they deal with experiences of quantitative/qualitative approaches that overcome the data analysis through GİS assessment and includes societal, citizens and urban users’ perspectives. Papers that consider pluralistic valuations of ecosystem services for healthy human-nature relations nourished by non-anthropocentric worldviews are particularly welcome. Collected papers should be evaluated in the light of their capacity to furnish advancements for shaping healthy relationships with nature in cities and worldwide, such as through urban planning.
Project
Dresden Nexus Conference, 23 - 25 May 2022 Session S04 "Relational values and planning of urban nature and biodiversity"