Martin L Williams

Martin L Williams
Monash University (Australia) · Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health

Doctor of Philosophy

About

27
Publications
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332
Citations
Introduction
Martin Williams currently works at the Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health, Monash University (Australia).

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
Structures of protein–ligand complexes provide critical information for drug design. Most protein–ligand complex structures are determined using X-ray crystallography, but where crystallography is not able to generate a structure for a complex, NMR is often the best alternative. However, the available tools to enable rapid and robust structure dete...
Preprint
Disulfide bond protein A (DsbA) is an oxidoreductase enzyme that catalyzes the formation of disulfide bonds in Gram-negative bacteria. In Escherichia coli, DsbA (EcDsbA) is essential for bacterial virulence, thus inhibitors have the potential to act as antivirulence agents. A fragment-based screen was conducted against EcDsbA and herein we describe...
Article
Full-text available
DsbA enzymes catalyze oxidative folding of proteins that are secreted into the periplasm of Gram-negative bacteria, and they are indispensable for the virulence of human pathogens such as Vibrio cholerae and Escherichia coli . Therefore, targeting DsbA represents an attractive approach to control bacterial virulence. X-ray crystal structures reveal...
Article
Kambô is an Amazonian ritual which includes the application of the defensive secretion of the Phyllomedusa bicolor frog to superficial burns made on the skin of human participants. The secretion, which contains a range of biologically active linear peptides, induces a short purgative experience that is extensively reported by participants to leave...
Article
Full-text available
Research exploring the potential of psychedelic-assisted therapies to treat a range of mental illnesses is flourishing, after the problematic sociopolitical history of psychedelics led to the shutdown of clinical research for almost 40 years. Encouraged by positive results, clinicians and patients are now hopeful that further interruptions to resea...
Preprint
Full-text available
DsbA enzymes catalyze oxidative folding of proteins that are secreted into the periplasm of Gram-negative bacteria, and they are indispensable for the virulence of human pathogens such as Vibrio cholerae and Escherichia coli. Therefore, targeting DsbA represents an attractive approach to control bacterial virulence. X-ray crystal structures reveal...
Preprint
DsbA enzymes catalyze oxidative folding of proteins that are secreted into the periplasm of Gram-negative bacteria, and they are indispensable for the virulence of human pathogens such as Vibrio cholerae and Escherichia coli. Therefore, targeting DsbA represents an attractive approach to control bacterial virulence. X-ray crystal structures reveal...
Article
Full-text available
The medical use of psychedelic substances (e.g. psilocybin, ayahuasca, lysergic acid diethylamide and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is attracting renewed interest, driven by a pressing need for research and development of novel therapies for psychiatric disorders, as well as promising results of contemporary studies. In this Viewpoint, we refl...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of suitable cavities or pockets on protein structures is a general criterion for a therapeutic target protein to be classified as ‘druggable’. Many disease-related proteins that function solely through protein–protein interactions lack such pockets, making development of inhibitors by traditional small-molecule structure-based design m...
Article
A bottleneck in fragment-based lead development is the lack of systematic approaches to elaborate the initial fragment hits, which usually bind with low affinity to their target. Herein we describe analysis using X-ray crystallography of a diverse library of compounds prepared using microscale parallel synthesis. This approach yielded an 8-fold inc...
Article
Bonny Method of Guided Imagery and Music emerged following discontinuation of psychedelic therapy research in the early 1970s, but psychedelic therapy research has since revived. Music remains a vital component. This study examined participants’ experiences of music in psychedelic therapy research. A rapid review of qualitative and quantitative jou...
Article
Full-text available
Anorexia nervosa (AN) has the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disease, yet available pharmacological treatments are largely ineffective due, in part, to an inadequate understanding of the neurobiological drivers that underpin the condition. The recent resurgence of research into the clinical applications of psychedelic medicine for a rang...
Article
Full-text available
In the quest for new treatment options for depression, attention is being paid to the potential role of psychedelic drugs. Psilocybin is of particular interest given its mechanism of action, its benefits in early trials and its relatively low side effects burden. This viewpoint outlines a number of key issues that remain to be elucidated about its...
Article
Full-text available
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) is a transcriptional regulator of lipid metabolism. GW7647 is a potent PPARα agonist that must reach the nucleus to activate this receptor. In cells expressing human fatty acid–binding protein 1 (FABP1), GW7647 treatment increases FABP1’s nuclear localization, and potentiates GW7647-mediated PPAR...
Article
Full-text available
The worldwide incidence of neisserial infections, particularly gonococcal infections, is increasingly associated with antibiotic resistant strains. In particular, extensively drug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains that are resistant to third-generation cephalosporins are a major public health concern. There is a pressing clinical need to iden...
Article
Full-text available
International research is increasingly demonstrating that psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy can enhance psychotherapeutic outcomes and be effective for some treatment-refractory mental illnesses; however, there is an absence of any such research in Australia. A review of psychedelic science has been conducted with a focus on psychedelic-assisted p...
Article
Full-text available
DsbD is a disulfide bond reductase present in the inner membrane of many Gamma-Proteobacteria. In the human pathogen Neisseria meningitidis, DsbD is required for viability and represents a potential target for the development of antibiotics. Here we report the chemical shift assignments (H(N), N, C(α) and C(β)) for the reduced and oxidized forms of...
Article
Full-text available
We describe a general approach to determine the binding pose of small molecules in weakly bound protein-ligand complexes by deriving distance constraints between the ligand and methyl groups from all methyl-containing residues of the protein. We demonstrate that using a single sample, which can be prepared without the use of expensive precursors, i...
Article
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/anie.201410341/full Adams, L. A.‡, Sharma, P‡., Mohanty, B., Ilyichova, O. V., Mulcair, M. D., Williams, M. L., Gleeson, E. C., Totsika, M., Doak, B. C., Caria, S., Rimmer, K., Horne, J., Shouldice, S. R., Vazirani, M., Headey, S. J., Plumb, B. R., Martin, J. L., Heras, B., Simpson, J. S. and Scanlon, M....
Article
The aqueous cytoplasm of cells poses a potentially significant barrier for many lipophilic drugs to reach their sites of action. Fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) bind to poorly water-soluble fatty acids (FAs) and lipophilic compounds and facilitate their intracellular transport. Several structures of FA in complex with FABPs have been described,...
Article
Full-text available
The NBOMe compounds are a novel series of hallucinogenic drugs that are potent agonists of the 5-HT2A receptor, have a short history of human consumption and are available to buy online, in most countries. In this study, we sought to investigate the patterns of use, characteristics of users and self-reported effects. A cross-sectional anonymous onl...
Article
The function and dynamics of the thiol-disulfide oxidoreductase DsbA in the low-GC gram positive bacterium, Staphylococcus aureus, are yet to be elucidated. Here we report 13C, 15N and 1H assignments for the oxidised and reduced forms of SaDsbA as a prelude to further studies on the enzyme.
Article
An unusual type of π-electron delocalization in Y-shaped molecules related to guanidine and its protonated form, the guanidinium ion, has been studied by ab initio methods at the STO-3G and 3-21G levels. Results are reported for tautomeric, rotameric, and protonated forms of the oxygen-substituted guanidine series (urea, carbamic, and carbonic acid...

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