Martin Wiemers

Martin Wiemers
Senckenberg Research Institute · Senckenberg German Entomological Institute

Dipl. Biol. Dr.

About

159
Publications
95,426
Reads
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4,961
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2019 - present
Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut
Position
  • Head of Ecology
January 2011 - May 2019
Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung
Position
  • Researcher
January 2005 - January 2011
University of Vienna
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
March 1999 - October 2003
University of Bonn
Field of study
  • Zoology
October 1989 - June 1994
University of Bonn
Field of study
  • Biology
October 1985 - October 1989
University of Münster
Field of study
  • Biology

Publications

Publications (159)
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an updated checklist of the butterflies of Europe, together with their original name combinations, and their occurrence status in each European country. According to this checklist, 496 species of the superfamily Papilionoidea occur in Europe. Changes in comparison with the last version (2.6.2) of Fauna Europaea are discussed. C...
Article
In order to select and design suitable measures for insect conservation at regional-state (Land) level in Germany, standardised and target-oriented criteria are needed. These have to include the effectiveness of the measures for different groups of insects, their practical feasibility and acceptance by farmers as well as possible synergies and conf...
Article
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The arrival of Papilio demoleus Linnaeus, 1758 in Cyprus in 2021 signalled the species' first appearance in a country of the European Union attributable to range expansion from mainland coastal regions to the east, rather than by human-mediated activity. Molecular work on the Cyprus taxon has shown this to belong to nominotypical P. demoleus demole...
Article
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Annual report of the Citizen Science project Butterfly Monitoring Germany
Article
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Aim: Species ranges are highly dynamic, shifting in space and time as a result of complex ecological and evolutionary processes. Disentangling the relative contribution of both processes is challenging but of primary importance for forecasting species distributions under climate change. Here, we use the spectacular range expansion (ca. 1000 km pole...
Article
Full-text available
We provide an updated catalogue of the type material of the lepidopteran superfamily Papilionoidea deposited in the Zoological Museum of Hamburg (ZMH). We report 414 specimens labelled as “types” belonging to nine species (all of valid names), 74 subspecies (44 valid names and 30 synonyms), 59 invalid infrasubspecific names under the ICZN code, and...
Article
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By means of molecular analysis, we confirm nominotypical Papilio demoleus demoleus as the subspecies to have invaded and spread extensively throughout Syria's major citrus-growing regions in the Mediterranean, in little over a year. We discuss the species' range expansion in the Middle East, its discovery in Lebanon and its likely further spread al...
Article
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This book is the first volume in a series of four aimed at treating all the butterflies of the Levant, covering fully the countries of Lebanon, Israel, Jordan and Cyprus as well as southernmost Turkey, most of Syria, Egypt, and NWSaudi Arabia, home to a total of 254 species. Although less species-rich than neighbouring Turkey this region with its c...
Article
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The bacterium Wolbachia infects many insect species and spreads by diverse vertical and horizontal means. As co-inherited organisms, these bacteria often cause problems in mitochondrial phylogeny inference. The phylogenetic relationships of many closely related Palaearctic blue butterflies (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Polyommatinae) are ambiguous. We...
Article
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Trait-based analyses explaining the different responses of species and communities to environmental changes are increasing in frequency. European butterflies are an indicator group that responds rapidly to environmental changes with extensive citizen science contributions to documenting changes of abundance and distribution. Species traits have bee...
Article
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The coastal forests of Kenya are global biodiversity hotspots known for rich plant diversity and endemism. They exist as fragmented forest islands, and their current conservation status and quantitative trends in plant diversity are understudied. We investigated these knowledge gaps by providing a comprehensive literature review and comparing to fi...
Article
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Papilio demoleus L., also known as the citrus butterfly or chequered swallowtail, is a common species in the Asia-Pacific region, with two of its subspecies (P. d. demoleus and P. d. malayanus) posing significant threats to the citrus industry in Asia and other regions of the world. Its predominant natural host plants are the Rutaceae for the invas...
Article
Aim Occurrence data are fundamental to macroecology, but accuracy is often compromised when multiple units are lumped together (e.g., in recently separated cryptic species or in citizen science records). Using amalgamated data leads to inaccuracy in species mapping, to biased beta‐diversity assessments and to potentially erroneously predicted respo...
Article
Full-text available
With the aim of supporting ecological analyses in butterflies, the third most species-rich superfamily of Lepidoptera, this paper presents the first time-calibrated phylogeny of all 496 extant butterfly species in Europe, including 18 very localised endemics for which no public DNA sequences had been available previously. It is based on a concatena...
Book
Wer Schmetterlinge schützen will, muss wissen, wo sie vorkommen. Die Fundmeldungen aus bestehenden Monitoringprogrammen lagen bislang jedoch nur regional vor. Erstmals führt der Atlas die Verbreitungsdaten aller 184 heimischen Tagfalter- und der 24 Widderchenarten zu einem schlüssigen Bild ihrer Gesamtverbreitung zusammen und liefert so ein wirkung...
Article
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Niche‐based models often ignore spatial variation in the climatic niche of a species across its occupied range and the related variation in the response to changing climate conditions. This assumption may lead to inaccurate predictions of species distribution shifts under climate change. Models have been developed to address this issue, but most of...
Article
Full-text available
Butterfly Monitoring Germany, Annual Report 2018
Preprint
Full-text available
With the aim of supporting ecological analyses in butterflies, the third most species-rich superfamily of Lepidoptera, this paper presents the first time-calibrated phylogeny of all 496 extant butterfly species in Europe, including 18 very localized endemics for which no public DNA sequences had been available previously. It is based on a concatena...
Data
The multi-locus phylogenetic tree for all European butterfly species. Families and subfamilies are indicated, as well as supports for nodes (BS support, see legend).
Article
Full-text available
How species respond to environmental change is a fundamental question in ecology and species traits can help to tackle this question. In this study, we analyze how the functional structure of species assemblages changes with selected environmental variables along an elevational gradient. In particular, we used species traits of local butterfly comm...
Article
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Understanding the dynamics of biodiversity, including the spatial distribution of genetic diversity, is critical for predicting responses to environmental changes, as well as for effective conservation measures. This task requires tracking changes in biodiversity at large spatial scales and correlating with species functional traits. We provide thr...
Article
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Leptotina butterflies (Lycaenidae, Polyommatiinae) are found mostly in tropical and subtropical areas around the globe, marginally penetrating into temperate regions. Here, we investigated phylogenetic and biogeographical relationships of most representatives of the subtribe, using both likelihood and Bayesian approaches. We also estimated the timi...
Article
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Red Lists are very valuable tools in nature conservation at global, continental and (sub-) national scales. In an attempt to prioritise conservation actions for European butterflies, we compiled a database with species lists and Red Lists of all European countries, including the Macaronesian archipelagos (Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands). In tot...
Chapter
Full-text available
Open access at https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Martin_Schaedler/publication/330772906_Rice_Ecosystem_Services_in_South-East_Asia_The_LEGATO_Project_Its_Approaches_and_Main_Results_with_a_Focus_on_Biocontrol_Services/links/5c5befc445851582c3d45b99/Rice-Ecosystem-Services-in-South-East-Asia-The-LEGATO-Project-Its-Approaches-and-Main-Results-with...
Article
Transect counts are one of the most popular approaches to assess and monitor butterfly diversity, especially with the background of biodiversity loss. This method was developed in Europe, but its transferability is seldom tested across the world. To assess transferability, we compared butterfly richness estimates based on transect counts in Spain,...
Article
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In a cross-disciplinary project (LEGATO) combining inter- and transdisciplinary methods, we quantify the dependency of rice-dominated socio-ecological systems on ecosystem functions (ESF) and the ecosystem services (ESS) the integrated system provides. In the collaboration of a large team including geo- and bioscientists, economists, political and...
Article
This study relies on the Flying Beauties Citizen Science project conducted in the Philippines to assess personal motivations and learning outcomes of volunteers who were involved in documenting butterflies and dragonflies in rice ecosystems. While evaluation of motivations of volunteers in Citizen Science is not new, at least in affluent western co...
Article
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Species distribution models built with geographically restricted data often fail to capture the full range of conditions experienced by species across their entire distribution area. Using such models to predict distribution shifts under future environmental change may, therefore, produce biased projections. However, restricted-scale models have th...
Article
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Phenotypic and molecular genetic analyses of the Canary Islands’ endemic Leptotes (Cyclyrius) webbianus (Brullé, 1839) reveal new subspecies in La Palma and in Gran Canaria, both differentiated from the nominotypical subspecies found in Tenerife and La Gomera. On El Hierro, the current population turned out to be a recent reintroduction from Teneri...
Article
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Dichotomous keys are the most popular type of identification keys. Studies have been conducted to evaluate dichotomous keys in many aspects. In this paper we propose an index for quantitative evaluation of dichotomous keys (Edicho). The index is based on the evenness and allows comparing identification keys of different sizes.
Article
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Climate change, land-use change, pollution and exploitation are among the main drivers of species’ population trends; however, their relative importance is much debated. We used a unique collection of over 1,000 local population time series in 22 communities across terrestrial, freshwater and marine realms within central Europe to compare the impac...
Article
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The article discusses the project of a Distribution Atlas of Butterflies in Germany and its history, see also www.tagfalter-atlas.de
Article
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Impacts of climate change on individual species are increasingly well documented, but we lack understanding of how these effects propagate through ecological communities. Here we combine species distribution models with ecological network analyses to test potential impacts of climate change on 4700 plant and animal species in pollination and seeddi...
Data
Supplementary Figures and Supplementary Tables
Data
Network metrics, climatic niche breadth and climatic suitability change. For 295 plant and 414 animal species, we provide information on plant and animal taxonomy (class, order, family), the effective number of interaction partners, complementary specialization d' (uniqueness of interaction partners relative to other species [range 0-1]), range siz...
Data
Metadata of 13 mutualistic networks. Given are network type, geographic location, habitat type, sampling duration and the number of visitation events, plant and animal species in each network. We only included species in the networks for which occurrence data were available and provide the number of excluded plant and animal species for the study t...
Article
Biological invasions are today the second-largest global threat for biodiversity. Once introduced, exotic plant species can modify ecosystem composition, structure and dynamics, eventually driving native species to local extinction. Among the groups of organisms, most likely to be directly affected by exotic invasive plants are herbivorous insects,...
Article
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The further range extension of Pieris mannii in Germany in North-Rhine Westphalia, Lower Saxony, Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt in 2016 is discussed and hints for the identification of the species are given.
Book
Full-text available
Aim The Mediterranean Red List assessment is a review of the conservation status at regional level of approximately 6,000 species (amphibians, mammals, reptiles, fishes, butterflies, dragonflies, beetles, molluscs, corals and plants) according to the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. It identifies those species that are threatened with extinct...
Article
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The Palaearctic Grayling genus Pseudochazara encompasses a number of petrophilous butterfly species, most of which are local endemics especially in their centre of radiation in SW Asia and the Balkans. Due to a lack of consistent morphological characters, coupled with habitat induced variability, their taxonomy is poorly understood and species deli...