Martin van Beuzekom

Martin van Beuzekom
Breakthrough Prize Laureate
National Institute for Subatomic Physics | NIKHEF · Department of Detector Research and Development

PhD

About

1,824
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Introduction
I'm a detector R&D scientist at Nikhef. Currently I'm working on the upgrade of the LHCb silicon vertex detector and the phase-camera of the Virgo interferometer and the photodiodes for the LISA mission.

Publications

Publications (1,824)
Article
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A study of Λb0 baryon decays to the DpK− final state is presented based on a proton-proton collision data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9 fb−1 collected with the LHCb detector. Two Λb0 decays are considered, Λb0→DpK− with D→K−π+ and D→K+π−, where D represents a superposition of D0 and D¯0 states. The latter process is expected...
Article
This paper presents the results of a search for generic short-duration gravitational-wave transients in data from the third observing run of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo. Transients with durations of milliseconds to a few seconds in the 24–4096 Hz frequency band are targeted by the search, with no assumptions made regarding the incoming signal...
Preprint
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First measurements are presented from a newly commissioned two-photon absorption (TPA) setup at Nikhef. The characterisation of the various components of the system is discussed. Two planar silicon sensors, one being electron collecting and one hole collecting, are characterised with detailed measurements of the charge collection and time resolutio...
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The first observations of $B^0\rightarrow\overline{D}^{*}(2007)^{0}K^{+}\pi^{-}$ and $B_s^0\rightarrow\overline{D}^{*}(2007)^{0}K^{-}\pi^{+}$ decays are presented, and their branching fractions relative to that of the $B^0\rightarrow\overline{D}^{*}(2007)^{0}\pi^{+}\pi^{-}$ decay are reported. These modes can potentially be used to investigate the...
Preprint
Isolated neutron stars that are asymmetric with respect to their spin axis are possible sources of detectable continuous gravitational waves. This paper presents a fully-coherent search for such signals from eighteen pulsars in data from LIGO and Virgo's third observing run (O3). For known pulsars, efficient and sensitive matched-filter searches ca...
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A data sample collected with the LHCb detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $9~{\rm fb}^{-1}$, is used to measure $CP$ observables in $B^\pm \to D h^\pm$ decays, where $h^{(\prime)}$ is either a kaon or a pion, and the neutral $D$ meson decay is reconstructed in the three-body final states $K^\pm \pi^\mp \pi^0$, $\pi^\pm \pi^\mp \p...
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The identification of charm jets is achieved at LHCb for data collected in 2015-2018 using a method based on the properties of displaced vertices reconstructed and matched with jets. The performance of this method is determined using a dijet calibration dataset recorded by the LHCb detector and selected such that the jets are unbiased in quantities...
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A precision measurement of the $Z$ boson production cross-section at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV in the forward region is presented, using $pp$ collision data collected by the LHCb detector, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.1 fb$^{-1}$. The production cross-section is measured using $Z\rightarrow\mu^+\mu^-$ events within the fiducial region d...
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The ever-increasing number of detections of gravitational waves (GWs) from compact binaries by the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo detectors allows us to perform ever-more sensitive tests of general relativity (GR) in the dynamical and strong-field regime of gravity. We perform a suite of tests of GR using the compact binary signals observed durin...
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The multihadron decays $\Lambda_b^0\rightarrow D^+ p \pi^-\pi^-$ and $\Lambda_b^0\rightarrow D^{*+} p \pi^-\pi^-$ are observed in data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3fb$^{-1}$, collected in proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 7 and 8TeV by the LHCb detector. Using the~decay $\Lambda_b^0\rightarrow \Lambda_c^+ \pi^+...
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We search for signatures of gravitational lensing in the gravitational-wave signals from compact binary coalescences detected by Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) and Advanced Virgo during O3a, the first half of their third observing run. We study: (1) the expected rate of lensing at current detector sensitivity an...
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A bstract A data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9 fb − 1 of proton-proton collisions collected by the LHCb experiment has been analysed to search for $$ {B}_c^{+}\to {D}_{(s)}^{\left(\ast \right)+}{\genfrac{}{}{0pt}{}{\left(\hbox{---} \right)}{D}}^{\left(\ast \right)0} $$ B c + → D s ∗ + — D ∗ 0 decays. The decays are fully or par...
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A bstract A search for the doubly charmed baryon $$ {\varXi}_{cc}^{+} $$ Ξ cc + is performed in the $$ {\varXi}_c^{+}{\pi}^{-}{\pi}^{+} $$ Ξ c + π − π + invariant-mass spectrum, where the $$ {\varXi}_c^{+} $$ Ξ c + baryon is reconstructed in the pK − π ⁺ final state. The study uses proton-proton collision data collected with the LHCb detector at a...
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A bstract A combination of measurements sensitive to the CP violation angle γ of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa unitarity triangle and to the charm mixing parameters that describe oscillations between D ⁰ and $$ \overline{D} $$ D ¯ ⁰ mesons is performed. Results from the charm and beauty sectors, based on data collected with the LHCb detector at CER...
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This paper describes the first all-sky search for long-duration, quasi-monochromatic gravitational-wave signals emitted by ultralight scalar boson clouds around spinning black holes using data from the third observing run of Advanced LIGO. We analyze the frequency range from 20~Hz to 610~Hz, over a small frequency derivative range around zero, and...
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We present directed searches for continuous gravitational waves from the neutron stars in the Cassiopeia A (Cas A) and Vela Jr. supernova remnants. We carry out the searches in the LIGO data from the first six months of the third Advanced LIGO and Virgo observing run, using the Weave semi-coherent method, which sums matched-filter detection-statist...
Preprint
We present a targeted search for continuous gravitational waves (GWs) from 236 pulsars using data from the third observing run of LIGO and Virgo (O3) combined with data from the second observing run (O2). Searches were for emission from the $l=m=2$ mass quadrupole mode with a frequency at only twice the pulsar rotation frequency (single harmonic) a...
Article
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The first observation of the Ωb−→Ξc+K−π− decay is reported using p p collision data at center of mass energies of 7, 8, and 13 TeV collected by the LHCb experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9 fb−1. Four excited Ωc0 baryons are observed in the Ξc+ K− mass projection of the Ωb−→Ξc+K−π− decays with the significance of each exceedin...
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Searches for rare $B_s^0$ and $B^0$ decays into four muons are performed using proton-proton collision data recorded by the LHCb experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9 $\text{fb}^{-1}$. Direct decays and decays via light scalar and $J/\psi$ resonances are considered. No evidence for the six decays searched for is found and upper...
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The photon polarization in $b \to s \gamma$ transitions is measured for the first time in radiative b-baryon decays exploiting the unique spin structure of $\Lambda_b \to \Lambda \gamma$ decays. A data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $6\;fb^{-1}$ collected by the LHCb experiment in $pp$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy of $...
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After the detection of gravitational waves from compact binary coalescences, the search for transient gravitational-wave signals with less well-defined waveforms for which matched filtering is not well suited is one of the frontiers for gravitational-wave astronomy. Broadly classified into “short” ≲1 s and “long” ≳1 s duration signals, these signal...
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We search for gravitational-wave signals associated with gamma-ray bursts detected by the Fermi and Swift satellites during the second half of the third observing run of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo (1 November 2019 15:00 UTC-27 March 2020 17:00 UTC).We conduct two independent searches: a generic gravitational-wave transients search to analyze...
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The first full angular analysis and an updated measurement of the decay-rate $CP$ asymmetry of the $D^0 \to \pi^+\pi^-\mu^+\mu^-$ and $D^0 \to K^+K^-\mu^+\mu^-$ decays are reported. The analysis uses proton-proton collision data collected with the LHCb detector at centre-of-mass energies of 7, 8 and 13 TeV. The data set corresponds to an integrated...
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The third Gravitational-wave Transient Catalog (GWTC-3) describes signals detected with Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo up to the end of their third observing run. Updating the previous GWTC-2.1, we present candidate gravitational waves from compact binary coalescences during the second half of the third observing run (O3b) between 1 November 2019...
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Using proton-proton collision data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $9fb^{-1}$ collected with the LHCb detector, seven decay modes of the $B_c^+$ meson into a $J/\psi$ or $\psi(2S)$ meson and three charged hadrons, kaons or pions, are studied. The decays $B_c^+\rightarrow ( \psi(2S) \rightarrow J/\psi \pi^+ \pi^-)\pi^+ $, $B_c^+\righta...
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The centrality of heavy-ion collisions is directly related to the medium created therein. A procedure to determine the centrality of collisions with the LHCb detector is implemented for lead-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\scriptscriptstyle\text{NN}}}=5\, \mathrm{TeV}$ and lead-neon fixed-target collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\scriptscriptstyle\text{NN}}}=6...
Article
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A bstract An angular analysis of the rare decay $$ {B}_s^0 $$ B s 0 → ϕμ ⁺ μ − is presented, using proton-proton collision data collected by the LHCb experiment at centre-of-mass energies of 7, 8 and 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 8.4 fb − 1 . The observables describing the angular distributions of the decay $$ {B}_s^0 $$ B s...
Article
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We present results of three wide-band directed searches for continuous gravitational waves from 15 young supernova remnants in the first half of the third Advanced LIGO and Virgo observing run. We use three search pipelines with distinct signal models and methods of identifying noise artifacts. Without ephemerides of these sources, the searches are...
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A flavour-tagged time-dependent angular analysis of $${{B} ^0_{s}} \!\rightarrow {{J /\psi }} \phi $$ B s 0 → J / ψ ϕ decays is presented where the $${J /\psi }$$ J / ψ meson is reconstructed through its decay to an $$e ^+e ^-$$ e + e - pair. The analysis uses a sample of pp collision data recorded with the LHCb experiment at centre-of-mass energie...
Article
We present a search for continuous gravitational-wave emission due to r-modes in the pulsar PSR J0537–6910 using data from the LIGO–Virgo Collaboration observing run O3. PSR J0537–6910 is a young energetic X-ray pulsar and is the most frequent glitcher known. The inter-glitch braking index of the pulsar suggests that gravitational-wave emission due...
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A bstract The production cross-sections of J/ψ mesons in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $$ \sqrt{s} $$ s = 5 TeV are measured using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9 . 13 ± 0 . 18 pb − 1 , collected by the LHCb experiment. The cross-sections are measured differentially as a function of transverse m...
Article
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A search for time-dependent violation of the charge-parity symmetry in D0→K+K− and D0→π+π− decays is performed at the LHCb experiment using proton-proton collision data recorded from 2015 to 2018 at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 6 fb−1. The D0 meson is required to originate from a D*(2010)+→D0π+ dec...
Preprint
We present the first results from an all-sky all-frequency (ASAF) search for an anisotropic stochastic gravitational-wave background using the data from the first three observing runs of the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo detectors. Upper limit maps on broadband anisotropies of a persistent stochastic background were published for all observing r...
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Tests of lepton universality in $B^0\to K^0_S l^+ l^-$ and $B^+\to K^{*+}\ell^+\ell^-$ decays where $l$ is either an electron or a muon are presented. The differential branching fractions of $B^0\to K^0_S l^+ l^-$ and $B^+\to K^{*+}\ell^+\ell^-$ decays are measured in intervals of the dilepton invariant mass squared. The measurements are performed...
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A search is performed for massive long-lived particles (LLP) decaying semileptonically into a muon and two quarks. Two kinds of LLP production processes were considered. In the first a Higgs-like boson with mass from 30 to 200 GeV is produced by gluon fusion and decays into two LLPs. The analysis covers LLP mass values from 10 GeV up to about one h...
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Two narrow resonant states are observed in the ${\it\Lambda}_b^0 K^-\pi^+$ mass spectrum using a data sample of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13$~\rm TeV$, collected by the LHCb experiment and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $6~{\rm fb}^{-1}$. The minimal quark content of the ${\it\Lambda}_b^0 K^-\pi^+$ system...
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We report on an all-sky search for continuous gravitational waves in the frequency band 20–2000 Hz and with a frequency time derivative in the range of [−1.0, +0.1] × 10⁻⁸ Hz/s. Such a signal could be produced by a nearby, spinning and slightly nonaxisymmetric isolated neutron star in our Galaxy. This search uses the LIGO data from the first six mo...
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The branching fraction of the rare Bs0→ϕμ+μ− decay is measured using data collected by the LHCb experiment at center-of-mass energies of 7, 8, and 13 TeV, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 1, 2, and 6 fb−1, respectively. The branching fraction is reported in intervals of q2, the square of the dimuon invariant mass. In the q2 region betwee...
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A combination of measurements sensitive to the $CP$ violation angle $\gamma$ of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa unitarity triangle and to the charm mixing parameters that describe oscillations between $D^0$ and $\bar{D}^0$ mesons is performed. Results from the charm and beauty sectors, based on data collected with the LHCb detector at CERN's Large Ha...
Article
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A search for the doubly charmed baryon Ω +cc with the decay mode Ω +cc → Ξ +c K−π+ is performed using proton-proton collision data at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV collected by the LHCb experiment from 2016 to 2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.4 fb−1. No significant signal is observed within the invariant mass range of 3.6 to...
Article
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A bstract This article presents differential measurements of the asymmetry between $$ {\varLambda}_b^0 $$ Λ b 0 and $$ {\overline{\varLambda}}_b^0 $$ Λ ¯ b 0 baryon production rates in proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of $$ \sqrt{s} $$ s = 7 and 8 TeV collected with the LHCb experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity o...
Preprint
We report on a search for compact binary coalescences where at least one binary component has a mass between 0.2 $M_\odot$ and 1.0 $M_\odot$ in Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo data collected between 1 April 2019 1500 UTC and 1 October 2019 1500 UTC. We extend previous analyses in two main ways: we include data from the Virgo detector and we allow...
Article
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A search for CP violation in charmless three-body Ξb−→pK−K− decays is performed using pp collision data recorded with the LHCb detector, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 1 fb−1 at a center-of-mass energy s=7 TeV, 2 fb−1 at s=8 TeV and 2 fb−1 at s=13 TeV. A good description of the phase-space distribution is obtained with an amplitude mod...
Preprint
Results are presented of searches for continuous gravitational waves from 20 accreting millisecond X-ray pulsars with accurately measured spin frequencies and orbital parameters, using data from the third observing run of the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo detectors. The search algorithm uses a hidden Markov model, where the transition probabilit...
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The fraction of $Z+$jet events that contain a charm jet is measured for the first time in the forward region of proton-proton collisions. The data sample used corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 6 fb$^{-1}$ collected at a center-of-mass energy of $13$ TeV with the LHCb detector. The ratio of production cross sections ${\sigma(Zc)/\sigma(Zj)}...
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The production cross-section of the $\chi_{c1}(3872)$ state relative to the $\psi(2S)$ meson is measured using proton-proton collision data collected with the LHCb experiment at centre-of-mass energies of $\sqrt{s}=8$ and 13 TeV, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 2.0 and 5.4 fb$^{-1}$, respectively. The two mesons are reconstructed in the...
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A search for the doubly charmed baryon $\it{\Xi}_{cc}^{+}$ is performed in the $\it{\Xi}_{cc}^{+} \rightarrow \it{\Xi}_{c}^{+} \pi^{-} \pi^{+}$ decay mode, where the $\it{\Xi}_{c}^{+}$ baryon is reconstructed in the $p K^{-} \pi^{+}$ final state. The study uses proton-proton collision data collected with the LHCb detector at a centre-of-mass energy...
Article
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A measurement of mixing and CP violation in neutral charm mesons is performed using data reconstructed in proton-proton collisions collected by the LHCb experiment from 2016 to 2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.4 fb−1. A total of 30.6 million D0→KS0π+π− decays are analyzed using a method optimized for the measurement of the mass...
Preprint
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A study of $\Lambda_b^0$ baryon decays to the $DpK^-$ final state is presented based on a proton-proton collision data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9 fb$^{-1}$ collected with the LHCb detector. Two $\Lambda_b^0$ decays are considered, $\Lambda_b^0\to DpK^-$ with $D\to K^-\pi^+$ and $D\to K^+\pi^-$, where $D$ represents a supe...
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A measurement of the lifetimes of the $\Omega^{0}_{c}$ and $\Xi^{0}_{c}$ baryons is reported using proton-proton collision data at a centre-of-mass energy of $13\text{ TeV}$, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $5.4\text{ fb}^{-1}$ collected by the LHCb experiment. The $\Omega^{0}_{c}$ and $\Xi^{0}_{c}$ baryons are produced directly from p...
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Conventional hadronic matter consists of baryons and mesons made of three quarks and quark-antiquark pairs, respectively. The observation of a new type of hadronic state, a doubly charmed tetraquark containing two charm quarks, an anti-$u$ and an anti-$d$ quark, is reported using data collected by the LHCb experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. T...
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The $W$ boson mass is measured using proton-proton collision data at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.7 fb$^{-1}$ recorded during 2016 by the LHCb experiment. With a simultaneous fit of the muon $q/p_T$ distribution of a sample of $W \to \mu\nu$ decays and the $\phi^*$ distribution of a sample of $Z\to\mu\mu$ decays...
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An exotic narrow state in the $D^0D^0\pi^+$ mass spectrum just below the $D^{*+}D^0$ mass threshold is studied using a data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9 fb$^{-1}$ acquired with the LHCb detector in proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 7, 8 and 13 TeV. The state is consistent with the ground isoscalar $T^+_{cc...
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A data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $9 \text{fb}^{-1}$ of proton-proton collisions collected by the LHCb experiment has been analysed to search for $B_c^+ \to D^{(*)+}_{(s)} \overset{\scriptstyle (-)}{D}{}^{(*)0}$ decays. The decays are fully or partially reconstructed, where one or two missing neutral pions or photons from the...
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The production cross-sections of $J/\psi$ mesons in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=5$ TeV are measured using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $9.13\pm0.18~\text{pb}^{-1}$, collected by the LHCb experiment. The cross-sections are measured differentially as a function of transverse momentum,...
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The production of prompt charged particles in proton-lead collisions and in proton-proton collisions at the nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy ${\sqrt{s_{\scriptscriptstyle\mathrm{NN}}}=5\,\mathrm{TeV}}$ is studied at LHCb as a function of pseudorapidity ($\eta$) and transverse momentum ($p_{\mathrm{T}}$) with respect to the proton beam directio...
Article
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A measurement of the CP asymmetry in D0→KS0KS0 decays is reported, based on a data sample of proton-proton collisions collected by the LHCb experiment from 2015 to 2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 6 fb−1. The flavor of the D0 candidate is determined using the charge of the D*± meson, from which the decay is required to originate....
Article
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The ratio of the Bs0 and B0 fragmentation fractions, fs/fd, in proton-proton collisions at the LHC, is obtained as a function of B-meson transverse momentum and collision center-of-mass energy from the combined analysis of different B-decay channels measured by the LHCb experiment. The results are described by a linear function of the meson transve...