Martin Tamke

Martin Tamke
Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Schools of Architecture, Design and Conservation · CITA

Diplom

About

122
Publications
89,215
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626
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2006 - present
Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Schools of Architecture, Design and Conservation
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (122)
Article
By hybridising the principles of the living with the methods of design, the emerging field of biodesign is exploring how to radically transform the ecological imprint of contemporary material culture while questioning the creative opportunities induced by the appropriation of metabolic processes. This new bio-based foundation challenges architects...
Article
This paper discusses the foundations of a bio-based material paradigm for architecture. It argues that moving from a current reliance on the non-renewable materials of the geosphere, to the renewable and fundamentally cyclical materials of the biosphere can establish alternate foundations for thinking alternative sustainable building practices. By...
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‘Imprimer la Lumière’ examines the making of a bioluminescent micro architecture. The project positions itself inside a sustainability agenda. By exploring the use of light-emitting bacteria as a material for architecture it asks what are the concepts, methods and technologies needed for designing with living materials. The project devises new mean...
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Joints design is an essential step in the process of designing timber structures. Complex architectural topologies require thorough planning and scheduling, as it is necessary to consider numerous factors such as structural stability, fabrication capabilities, and ease of assembly. This paper introduces a novel approach to timber joints design that...
Conference Paper
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‘Imprimer la Lumière’ examines the making of sympoetic environments that interfaces living bioluminescent bacteria colonies with spaces for human inhabitation. By employing design methodologies from architecture and textiles design, the paper asks how the experimental probing of how to design, fabricate, inoculate and feed an architecture challenge...
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This paper examines the use of machine learning in creating digitally integrated design-to-fabrication workflows. As computational design allows for new methods of material specification and fabrication, it enables direct functional grading of material at high detail thereby tuning the design performance in response to performance criteria. However...
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This paper presents a novel human-machine collaborative approach to automatic quality-control of Glass-Fiber Reinforced Concrete (GFRC) molds directly on the factory floor. The framework introduces Industry 4.0 technologies to enhance the ability of skilled craftsmen to make molds through the provision of horizontal feedback regarding dimensional t...
Book
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CITA Complex Modelling investigates the infrastructures of architectural design models. By questioning the tools for integrating information across the expanded digital design chain, the book asks how to support feedback between different scales of design engagement moving from material design, across design, simulation and analysis to specificatio...
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Current design practices rely on a set of computational tools to simulate and optimize the design in regards to questions concerning architecture, engineering, and construction. However, little progress has been made in tools related to the design and execution of a building assembly. This paper aims to present an integrated procedure that targets...
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The feedback-loops of the modern architectural design practice are broken, as architects rarely get to experience and learn about life in their buildings in a systematic way. Through novel survey and annotation methods, this project aims to develop tools and methodologies that assist architects in getting insights into the built environment. This p...
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Machine Learning (ML) is opening new perspectives for architectural fabrication, as it holds the potential for the profession to shortcut the currently tedious and costly setup of digital integrated design to fabrication workflows and make these more adaptable. To establish and alter these workflows rapidly becomes a main concern with the advent of...
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In this paper, we are presenting a design to fabrication system, which allows to produce efficiently and highly automated customised knitted textile elements for architectural application on industrial computer-controlled knitting machines (Computer Numerical Control (CNC) knitting machines). These textile elements can, in this way, be individual i...
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This document focuses on the exploration of casting complex concrete architectural elements with ice formwork. Replacing conventional concrete formwork with ice formwork,allows to produce architectural elements with complex geometries in a highly controlled off-site production process,with almost complete use of the mold material. Usingdigitallydri...
Conference Paper
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Extending recent work on Form Active Hybrid Structures of Active Bend and CNC knitted (Computer Numerical Control) tensile members we present a set of innovations in design and manufacturing, which together allow to build structural systems, that morph across multiple structural states. While state of the art tools and fabrications methods in texti...
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Nowadays digital tools support architects, engineers and constructors in many specific tasks in the construction industry. While these tools are covering almost all aspects of design and manufacturing, the planning and design for the assembly of buildings remain an unexplored area. This research aims to lay the foundations of a new framework for th...
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This chapter describes a research thread at CITA which explores how computation and a challenging of traditional material practice can impact the use of timber in architectural design and fabrication. Several past research projects at CITA have demonstrated the potential for streamlining the design-to-production process using computational tools, a...
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Today, scattered design processes and manual interventions are almost inevitable within the AEC industry, especially for 3D modelling processes and data management during the post-tender phases of large-scale and geometrically complex architectural projects that involves the participation of many different trades, which have to communicate efficien...
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This paper discusses the design, simulation and construction of a bending-active textile hybrid structure commissioned to the authors as part of the 2018 Venice Biennale. The hybrid structure combines the flexibility and elastic properties of GFRP rods together with bespoke CNC knitted fabric, creating a subtle equilibrium of forces along the unfol...
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Geometries designed with carefully controlled heat absorption and heat transfer profiles often elude designers because of the complexity of thermodynamic phenomena and their associated discipline-specific numerical models. This project examines the behavior and design of geometries associated with non-isolated thermodynamic systems by constructing...
Article
Form-finding processes are an integral part of structural design. Because of their limitations, the classic approaches to finding a form – such as hanging models and the soap-film analogy – play only a minor role. The various possibilities of digital experimentation in the context of structural optimisation create new options for the designer gener...
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In this article, we propose that new architectural design practices might be based on machine learning approaches to better leverage data-rich environments and workflows. Through reference to recent architectural research, we describe how the application of machine learning can occur throughout the design and fabrication process, to develop varied...
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Multiscale design and analysis models promise a robust, multimethod, multidisciplinary approach, but at present have limited application during the architectural design process. To explore the use of multiscale models in architecture, we develop a calibrated modeling and simulation platform for the design and analysis of a prototypical envelope mad...
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Background The concept of building information management (BIM) is based on its holistic nature. This idea pays off, if all relevant information is fused into one consistent data set. As a consequence, the completeness of data is vital and the research question on how to complete data automatically remains open. Methods In this article we present a...
Article
Terrestrial laser scanners equipped with in-built cameras are well suited for identifying surfaces in point clouds of building interiors. The colours from the images can be automatically projected on the planar structures, resulting in a textured 3D model of rooms, halls, corridors, stairwells and other indoor spaces. Besides this, using computer v...
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This research project presents both innovative multi-scalar modelling methods and production processes aimed at facilitating the design and fabrication of free-form glue-laminated timber structures. The paper reports on a research effort that aims to elucidate and formalize the connection between material performance, multi-scalar modelling (Weinan...
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This research project presents both innovative multi-scalar modelling methods and production processes aimed at facilitating the design and fabrication of free-form glue-laminated timber structures. The paper reports on a research effort that aims to elucidate and formalize the connection between material performance, multi-scalar modelling (Weinan...
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Fibrous systems represent an alternative approach for building construction, combining individual member continuity with the potential for bespoke and locally differentiated distributions of material. A synthesis of multiple computational approaches in both design morphogenesis and in fabrication logics enable the modelling of construction assembli...
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This paper will discuss the role of simulation in extended architectural design modelling. As a framing paper, the aim is to present and discuss the role of integrated design simulation and feedback between design and simulation in a series of projects under the Complex Modelling framework. Complex Modelling examining how methods from the parallel...
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Architectural practice and its methods are changing with the emergence of new approaches towards design and fabrication. Experimentation has played an important role as method for knowledge creation in practice based research. In architecture and design the experiment is a particular mode of exploring the multiple and heterogeneous intersections th...
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The development of novel form-active hybrid structures (FAHS) is impeded by a lack of modelling tools that allow for exploratory topology modelling of shaped assemblies. We present a flexible and real-time computational design modelling pipeline developed for the exploratory modelling of FAHS that enables designers and engineers to iteratively cons...
Conference Paper
This paper presents an enquiry into how to inform material systems that allow for a high degree of variation and gradation of their material composition. Presenting knit as a particular system of material fabrication, we discuss how new practices that integrate material design into the architectural design chain presents new opportunities and chall...
Chapter
In the context of the EU FP7 DURAARK project (2013-2016), inter-disciplinary methods, technologies and tools have been researched and developed, that support the Long Term Preservation of semantically enriched digital representations of built structures. The results of the research efforts include approaches of semi-automatically deriving building...
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Membrane architecture uses currently off the shelf materials and produces the shapes and details through cutting and laborsome joining of textile patterns. This paper discusses investigations into an alternative material practice - knit - which engages bespoke membrane materials. A practice which allows for customised and graded material properties...
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Form-active hybrid structures (FAHS) couple two or more different structural elements of low self weight and low or negligible bending flexural stiffness (such as slender beams, cables and membranes) into one structural assembly of high global stiffness. They offer high load-bearing capacity at a fraction of the weight of traditional building eleme...
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This paper describes a new conceptual and computational framework that employs Multi-Scalar Modelling techniques (Weinan [22]) in order to overcome the problem of big data management and to enable a more integrative digital workflow during the geometrical discretization of spatial structures. The research explores the design probe of free-form stru...
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As part of a joint research project between the Centre for Information Technology and Architecture (CITA) and te Department for Structural Design and Technology (KET), a one week student workshop was organised at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts (KADK) in Copenhagen. This paper outlines the teaching methods applied to reach maximum insight fro...
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Architectural and Engineering Communities are interested in the detection of differences between different representations of the same building. These can be the differences between the design and the as-built-state of a building, or the detection of changes that occur over time and that are documented by consecutive 3D scans. Current approaches fo...
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This paper investigates the efforts and benefits of the implementation of point clouds into architectural design processes and tools. Based on a study on the principal work processes of designers with point clouds the prototypical plugin/library-Volvox-was developed for the parametric modelling environment Grasshopper in Rhino. The prototype allows...
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Building information modeling (BIM) with high level of detail and semantic information on buildings throughout their lifetime are getting more and more important for stakeholders in the building domain. Currently, such models are not yet present for the majority of today’s building stock. With increasing speed and precision of laser scans or photog...
Conference Paper
New computational methods provide means to deduce semantic information from measurements, such as range scans and photographs of building interiors. In this paper, we showcase a method that allows to estimate elements that are not directly observable – ducts and power lines in walls. For this, we combine information, which is deducted by algorithms...
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This paper examines the role of the prototyping in digital architecture. During the past decade, a new research field has emerged exploring the digital technology’s impact on the way we think, design and build our environment. In this practice the prototype, the pavilion, installation or demonstrator, has become a shared research tool. This paper a...
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Recent advances in computation allow for the integration of design and simulation of highly interrelated systems, such as hybrids of structural membranes and bending active elements. The engaged complexities of forces and logistics can be mediated through the development of materials with project specific properties and detailing. CNC knitting with...
Book
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CITA works documents over 40 projects, events and research collaborations conducted between 2005 and 2014 by the Centre for Information Technology and Architecture (CITA). Through individual project descriptions accompanied by photographic documentation and design drawings, CITA works provides readers with insights into our design-led practice-bas...
Book
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This book reflects and expands on the current trend in the building industry to understand, simulate and ultimately design buildings by taking into consideration the interlinked elements and forces that act on them. This approach overcomes the traditional, exclusive focus on building tasks, while posing new challenges in all areas of the industry f...
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This paper presents the research project Hybrid Tower, an interdisciplinary collaboration between CITA - Centre for IT and Architecture, KET - Department for Structural Design and Technology, Fibrenamics, Universidade do Minho Guimarães, AFF a. ferreira & filhos, sa, Caldas de Vizela, Portugal and Essener Labor für Leichte Flächentragwerke, Univers...
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The project is the result of an interdisciplinary research collaboration between CITA, KET and Fibrenamics exploring the design of integrated hybrid structures employing bending active elements and tensile membranes with bespoke material properties and detailing. Hybrid structures are defined here as combining two or more structural concepts and ma...
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Recent trends in 3D scanning are aimed at the fusion of range data and color information from images. The combination of these two outputs allows to extract novel semantic information. The workflow presented in this paper allows to detect objects, such as light switches, that are hard to identify from range data only. In order to detect these eleme...
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Appearing almost alive, a novel set of computational design models can become an active counterpart for architects in the design process. The ability to loop, sense and query and the integration of near real-time simulation provide these models with a depth and agility that allows for instant and informed feedback. Introducing the term "Aware model...
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The promise, which comes along with Building Information Models, is that they are information rich, machine readable and represent the insights of multiple building disciplines within single or linked models. However, this knowledge has to be stated explicitly in order to be understood. Trained architects and engineers are able to deduce non-explic...
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Design increasingly becomes a matter of balancing between the different agencies, boundaries and implications of architectural intentions and material performances. To synthesize these new constellations, complex design systems can be decomposed into flexible and scalable integrations of autonomous, heterogeneous sub-models. When each sub-model has...