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## Publications

Publications (31)

With the demand for scalable cryogenic microwave circuitry continuously rising, recently developed flexible microwave striplines offer the tantalyzing perspective of increasing the cabling density by an order of magnitude without thermally overloading the cryostat. We use a superconducting quantum circuit to test the thermalization of input flex ca...

We demonstrate a qubit-readout architecture where the dispersive coupling is entirely mediated by a kinetic inductance. This allows us to engineer the dispersive shift of the readout resonator independent of the qubit and resonator capacitances. We validate the pure kinetic coupling concept and demonstrate various generalized flux qubit regimes fro...

We demonstrate a qubit-readout architecture where the dispersive coupling is entirely mediated by a kinetic inductance. This allows us to engineer the dispersive shift of the readout resonator independent of the qubit and resonator capacitances. We validate the pure kinetic coupling concept and demonstrate various generalized flux qubit regimes fro...

We measure and model the combined relaxation of a qubit coupled to a discrete two-level system (TLS) environment, also known as the central spin model. If the TLSs are much longer-lived than the qubit, nonexponential relaxation and non-Poissonian quantum jumps can be observed. In the limit of large numbers of TLSs, the relaxation is likely to follo...

X-ray imaging enables the study of morphodynamic and physiological processes in living organisms. However, the required photon flux increases with the desired spatial resolution and with it the requirements for dose efficiency. We realize full-field imaging at micrometer resolution close to the highest possible dose efficiency. This is achieved by...

Resonator measurements are a simple but powerful tool to characterize a material’s microwave response. The losses of a resonant mode are quantified by its internal quality factor Qi, which can be extracted from the scattering coefficient in a microwave reflection or transmission measurement. Here we show that a systematic error on Qi arises from Fa...

We model and measure the combined relaxation of a qubit, a.k.a. central spin, coupled to a discrete two-level system (TLS) environment. We present a derivation of the Solomon equations starting from a general Lindblad equation for the qubit and an arbitrary number of TLSs. If the TLSs are much longer lived than the qubit, the relaxation becomes non...

The innate complexity of solid-state physics exposes superconducting quantum circuits to interactions with uncontrolled degrees of freedom degrading their coherence. By implementing a quantum Szilard engine with an active feedback control loop, we show that a superconducting fluxonium qubit is coupled to a two-level system (TLS) environment of unkn...

Mesoscopic Josephson junctions, consisting of overlapping superconducting electrodes separated by a nanometre-thin oxide layer, provide a precious source of nonlinearity for superconducting quantum circuits. Here we show that in a fluxonium qubit, the role of the Josephson junction can also be played by a lithographically defined, self-structured g...

Resonator measurements are a simple but powerful tool to characterize a material's microwave response. The losses of a resonant mode are quantified by its internal quality factor $Q_\mathrm{i}$, which can be extracted from the scattering coefficient in a microwave reflection or transmission measurement. Here we show that a systematic error on $Q_\m...

The innate complexity of solid state physics exposes superconducting quantum circuits to interactions with uncontrolled degrees of freedom degrading their coherence. By using a simple stabilization sequence we show that a superconducting fluxonium qubit is coupled to a two-level system (TLS) environment of unknown origin, with a relatively long ene...

Mesoscopic Josephson junctions (JJs), consisting of overlapping superconducting electrodes separated by a nanometer thin oxide layer, provide a precious source of nonlinearity for superconducting quantum circuits and are at the heart of state-of-the-art qubits, such as the transmon and fluxonium. Here, we show that in a fluxonium qubit the role of...

We demonstrate flux-bias locking and operation of a gradiometric fluxonium artificial atom using two symmetric granular aluminum (grAl) loops to implement the superinductor. The gradiometric fluxonium shows two orders of magnitude suppression of sensitivity to homogeneous magnetic fields, which can be an asset for hybrid quantum systems requiring s...

We demonstrate flux-bias locking and operation of a gradiometric fluxonium artificial atom using two symmetric granular aluminum (grAl) loops to implement the superinductor. The gradiometric fluxonium shows two orders of magnitude suppression of sensitivity to homogeneous magnetic fields, which can be an asset for hybrid quantum systems requiring s...

Superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) are among the most sensitive detectors for out-of-plane magnetic field components. However, due to their periodic response with short modulation period $M = 1 \Phi_0$, determined by the magnetic flux quantum $\Phi_0 \approx 2.068\times 10^{-15}\,\mathrm{Wb}$, it is difficult to infer the value o...

Reading out the state of superconducting artificial atoms typically relies on dispersive coupling to a readout resonator. For a given system noise temperature, increasing the circulating photon number n¯ in the resonator enables a shorter measurement time and is therefore expected to reduce readout errors caused by spontaneous atom transitions. How...

Fast discrimination between quantum states of superconducting artificial atoms is an important ingredient for quantum information processing. In circuit quantum electrodynamics, increasing the signal-field amplitude in the readout resonator, dispersively coupled to the artificial atom, improves the signal-to-noise ratio and increases the measuremen...

Fast discrimination between quantum states of superconducting artificial atoms is an important ingredient for quantum information processing. In circuit quantum electrodynamics, increasing the signal field amplitude in the readout resonator, dispersively coupled to the artificial atom, improves the signal-to-noise ratio and increases the measuremen...

Reading out the state of superconducting artificial atoms typically relies on dispersive coupling to a readout resonator. For a given system noise temperature, increasing the circulating photon number $\bar{n}$ in the resonator enables a shorter measurement time and is therefore expected to reduce readout errors caused by spontaneous atom transitio...

High kinetic inductance materials constitute a valuable resource for superconducting quantum circuits and hybrid architectures. Superconducting granular aluminum (grAl) reaches kinetic sheet inductances in the nH/□ range, with proven applicability in superconducting quantum bits and microwave detectors. Here, we show that the single photon internal...

The high kinetic inductance offered by granular aluminum (grAl) has recently been employed for linear inductors in superconducting high-impedance qubits and kinetic inductance detectors. Because of its large critical current density compared to typical Josephson junctions, its resilience to external magnetic fields, and its low dissipation, grAl ma...

We developed a versatile integrated control and readout instrument for experiments with superconducting quantum bits (qubits), based on a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) platform. Using this platform, we perform measurement-based, closed-loop feedback operations with 428 ns platform latency. The feedback capability is instrumental in realizing...

High kinetic inductance materials constitute a valuable resource for superconducting quantum circuits and hybrid architectures. Superconducting granular aluminum (grAl) reaches kinetic sheet inductances in the nH/$\square$ range, with proven applicability in superconducting quantum bits and microwave detectors. Here we show that the single photon i...

We developed a versatile integrated control and readout instrument for experiments with superconducting quantum bits (qubits), based on a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) platform. Using this platform, we perform measurement-based, closed-loop feedback operations with $428 \, \mathrm{ns}$ platform latency. The feedback capability is instrumenta...

The high kinetic inductance offered by granular aluminum (grAl) has recently been employed for linear inductors in superconducting high-impedance qubits and kinetic inductance detectors. Due to its large critical current density compared to typical Josephson junctions, its resilience to external magnetic fields, and its low dissipation, grAl may al...

Abstract Hole-free phase plates (HFPPs), also known as Volta phase plates, were already demonstrated to be well suited for in-focus transmission electron microscopy imaging of organic objects. However, the underlying physical processes have not been fully understood yet. To further elucidate the imaging properties of HFPPs, phase shift measurements...

We report on spectroscopic and time-domain measurements on a fixed-frequency concentric transmon qubit in an applied in-plane magnetic field to explore its limits of magnetic field compatibility. We demonstrate quantum coherence of the qubit up to field values of B=40mT, even without an optimized chip design or material combination of the qubit. Th...

Superconducting quantum information processing machines are predominantly based on microwave circuits with relatively low characteristic impedance, about 100 Ω, and small anharmonicity, which can limit their coherence and logic gate fidelity1,2. A promising alternative is circuits based on so-called superinductors3–6, with characteristic impedances...

We report on spectroscopic and time-domain measurements on a fixed-frequency concentric transmon qubit in an applied in-plane magnetic field to explore its limits of magnetic field compatibility. We demonstrate quantum coherence of the qubit up to field values of $B={40}\,\mathrm{mT}$, even without an optimized chip design or material combination o...

Superconducting quantum information processing machines are predominantly based on microwave circuits with relatively low characteristic impedance, of about 100 Ohm, and small anharmonicity, which can limit their coherence and logic gate fidelity. A promising alternative are circuits based on so-called superinductors, with characteristic impedances...

Image scanning microscopy (ISM) doubles the resolution of a conventional confocal microscope for super-resolution imaging. Here, we describe an all-optical ISM design based on rescanning microscopy for two-photon-excited fluorescence and second-harmonic generation that allows straightforward implementation into existing microscopes. The design offe...