Martin F Sherman

Martin F Sherman
Loyola University Maryland · Department of Psychology

Ph.D.

About

134
Publications
52,052
Reads
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3,870
Citations
Citations since 2017
26 Research Items
1697 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
Additional affiliations
September 1990 - August 1991
Johns Hopkins Medicine
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 1975 - January 2021
Loyola University Maryland
Position
  • Professor Emeritus
August 1970 - August 1975
University of Maine
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (134)
Article
This study explored the psychometric characteristics of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) on a sample of 414 university undergraduate students (M age = 19.07, SD = 0.95). Internal consistency (α = .83), external divergent validity, and internal structural validity were adequate; the 2-factor model provided the best fit to the da...
Article
Full-text available
Important questions remain about the clinical and research utility of the Highly Sensitive Person (HSP) scale, particularly related to gender. Thus, a cluster analysis was conducted with 414 university undergraduates, using the HSP scale, the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Revise...
Article
Full-text available
Responses to the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale displayed high score reliability (α = .91) and adequate convergent and divergent validity for college undergraduates. The data provided an adequate to excellent fit to the unidimensional model. Measurement invariance was demonstrated for gender and race.
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Background and purpose: Early on in the COVID-19 pandemic, New York City (NYC) vowed to “keep the subways running” despite the lack of plans in place for protecting the health and well-being of transit workers. This study was designed to assess the impact of employment during the early phase of the pandemic on this essential frontline workforce. Me...
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This study explored internal consistency (α = .834), test-retest (rtt = .911), convergent validity, and internal structural validity of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) on a large university student sample. The 2-factor model fit the data best and measurement invariance was demonstrated for Latinx, but not undergraduate/graduat...
Article
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Household food insecurity is associated with youth behavioral problems, yet few studies have examined potential mechanisms that underline this association, particularly among adolescents. The Family Stress Model (FSM) states that food insecurity potentially impacts adolescent psychosocial adjustment indirectly through its effects on parental psycho...
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Analysis of CCAPS-34 scores on a large (n = 4,852) university counseling center student sample supported internal consistency (α = .803-.896), one-month test-retest reliability (rtt = .706–.829), convergent and divergent validity, and good model fit. Measurement invariance of scores for all categories of race and student status was supported.
Article
Increasing student diversity has prompted increased awareness of the importance of faculty engagement in culturally responsive teaching. In fact, research suggests that creating positive and inclusive classroom environments is likely related to better student engagement and learning outcomes, particularly in students of underrepresented backgrounds...
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Full-text available
This study examined rates of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) in a sample of 182 United Steelworkers from Sudbury, Canada who were exposed to multiple workplace injuries and fatalities. Results from the PTSD Checklist (PCL-5) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) revealed elevated rates of p...
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The premonitory urge for tics scale (PUTS) is a common self-report measure of premonitory sensations preceding tics. The present study aimed to examine the internal consistency and concurrent validity of the PUTS by sex and psychiatric comorbidity status; and explored interactions between sex and psychiatric comorbidity in predicting premonitory ur...
Article
Increasing student diversity has prompted increased awareness of the importance of faculty engagement in culturally responsive teaching. In fact, research suggests that creating positive and inclusive classroom environments is likely related to better student engagement and learning outcomes, particularly in students of underrepresented backgrounds...
Article
Objective: The aim of this randomized controlled trial with a parallel design was to evaluate the effect of brief, cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) for anorexia nervosa (AN) on set-shifting. Method: Two hundred seventy-five inpatient adults and adolescents with AN (mean age = 23.1; SD = 12.7) were randomly assigned (using simple randomization...
Article
A randomized controlled trial assessed the efficacy of group psychological first aid (PFA) by comparing the Johns Hopkins RAPID-PFA model with a group conversation condition in 119 participants using the state version of State Trait Anxiety Scale and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedules. Both groups showed similar baseline scores, and after w...
Article
Objective: Household food insecurity is common among U.S. families, and adolescents are almost twice as likely as school-aged children to be food insecure. However, little is known about how household food insecurity relates to adolescent behavioral outcomes over time. The purpose of this study was to examine whether food security status in early...
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Full-text available
Twenty-nine teams involving 61 analysts used the same data set to address the same research question: whether soccer referees are more likely to give red cards to dark-skin-toned players than to light-skin-toned players. Analytic approaches varied widely across the teams, and the estimated effect sizes ranged from 0.89 to 2.93 (Mdn = 1.31) in odds-...
Article
Full-text available
Individuals with chronic tic disorders (CTDs) frequently describe aversive subjective sensory sensations that precede their tics. The first aim of the present study was to explore the psychometric properties of a standardized self-report measure to assess premonitory urges in CTDs, The Premonitory Urge for Tics Scale (PUTS), by replicating the anal...
Article
Full-text available
Dijksterhuis and van Knippenberg (1998) reported that participants primed with an intelligent category (“professor”) subsequently performed 13.1% better on a trivia test than participants primed with an unintelligent category (“soccer hooligans”). Two unpublished replications of this study by the original authors, designed to verify the appropriate...
Article
Ideological commitment of military personnel has been associated with mitigating trauma and protecting mental health. This pilot study assessed whether Democratic and Republican political affiliation differentially predicted probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and symptoms of depression in 62 male Iraq and Afghanistan combat veterans. The...
Article
Purpose: Mental health clinicians who work with asylum seekers provide services to patients who face stressful everyday living conditions. However, little is known about how these problems potentially impact psychiatric treatment within these populations. The purpose of this study was thus to examine whether resettlement factors predict outcomes o...
Article
The Disruptive Behavior Rating Scale-2nd Edition-Parent Version (DBRS-II-P) screens for distractibility, hyperactivity, oppositionality, conduct problems, and anxiety. This study presents initial information regarding reliability and validity of this instrument with 4 samples of mothers and fathers of students 7 to 17 years old. Structural aspects...
Article
The Self-Evaluation Scale–Parent Report (SES–P) assesses parents’ perceptions of the self-concept of their children aged 7 to 17 years. Internal aspects of validity indicated a marginal to adequate fit ofthe data to both the unidimensional and hypothesized 4-factor model. The SES–P had excellent convergent and discriminant validity. © 2017 Associat...
Preprint
Full-text available
Twenty-nine teams involving 61 analysts used the same dataset to address the same research question: whether soccer referees are more likely to give red cards to dark skin toned players than light skin toned players. Analytic approaches varied widely across teams, and estimated effect sizes ranged from 0.89 to 2.93 in odds ratio units, with a media...
Preprint
Twenty-nine teams involving 61 analysts used the same dataset to address the same research question: whether soccer referees are more likely to give red cards to dark skin toned players than light skin toned players. Analytic approaches varied widely across teams, and estimated effect sizes ranged from 0.89 to 2.93 in odds ratio units, with a media...
Article
Objective We examined psychological outcomes in a sample of participants who evacuated from the World Trade Center towers on September 11, 2011. This study aimed to identify risk factors for psychological injury that might be amenable to change, thereby reducing adverse impacts associated with emergency high-rise evacuation. Methods We used data f...
Article
The present study extends the item-level psychometric information of the Leeds Dependence Questionnaire (LDQ; Raistrick et al., 1994) that has been purported to measure psychological dependence and the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems–10th edition substance dependence criteria. Prior research on the L...
Article
The authors explored the efficacy of a randomized controlled trial to assess the potential benefits of psychological first aid (PFA) compared with a social acknowledgement condition in a sample of 42 participants who spoke about a stressful life event. Demographics and standardized questionnaires, including the state version of the State Trait Anxi...
Article
Full-text available
In the United States (US), Medical Examiners and Coroners (ME/Cs) have the legal authority for the management of mass fatality incidents (MFI). Yet, preparedness and operational capabilities in this sector remain largely unknown. The purpose of this study was twofold; first, to identify appropriate measures of preparedness, and second, to assess pr...
Article
Full-text available
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, steel, oil, and mining are among the nation's most dangerous industries. This study assessed probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depressive symptoms, life functioning, and well-being in a unique sample of 89 members of the United Steelworkers who reported directly witnessing an occupation...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The objective of this study was to characterize emergency preparedness in this vulnerable population, and to ascertain the role of the personal assistant (PA) and the potential impact of prior emergency experience on preparedness efforts. Design: Cross-sectional Internet-based survey conducted in 2011. Setting: Convenience sample....
Conference Paper
This study examined the relation between programmatic perceptions of self-care emphasis, self-care utilization, and quality of life among a convenience sample of 262 clinical psychology doctoral students. Specifically, this study proposed that there would be a relation between programmatic perceptions of self-care emphasis and graduate trainee qual...
Conference Paper
Objective: Information on prevalence and risk factors associated with self-reported hearing health among mass transit riders is extremely limited, even though evidence suggests mass transit may be a source of excessive exposure to noise. Methods: Data on mass transit ridership and hearing health were collected from 756 study participants using a...
Article
Full-text available
The Multi-Context Problems Checklist (MCPC) is a new measure of personality-related problems designed for a young adult population. Previously published problem checklists either have little supporting empirical documentation to support their validity or focus on specific kinds of difficulties in specific contexts (e.g., interpersonal, close relati...
Article
On 11 September 2001, one of the largest workplace evacuations in the U.S. history took place. The evacuation was largely successful: an estimated 87% of all occupants in World Trade Center (WTC) Towers 1 and 2 exited in less than two hours. Evacuation times, however, were highly variable and not entirely explained by the engineering parameters of...
Article
Information on prevalence and risk factors associated with self-reported hearing health among mass transit riders is extremely limited, even though evidence suggests mass transit may be a source of excessive exposure to noise. Data on mass transit ridership were collected from 756 study participants using a self-administered questionnaire. Hearing...
Article
The domain of openness within the five-factor model (FFM) has received inconsistent support as a source for maladaptive personality functioning, at least when the latter is confined to the disorders of personality included within the American Psychiatric Association's (APA) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR; APA, 2000...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the current study was to investigate personality traits and interpersonal competencies as predictors of the quality of same-sex friendships in young adulthood. Undergraduate students (N = 176), who attended a mid-Atlantic U.S., medium-sized university, completed self-report surveys on their personality, interpersonal competence, and frie...
Article
We have tested a linear regression model to identify significant predictors of pre-evacuation delay in a sample of evacuees enrolled in the World Trade Center Evacuation Study. We have found that pre-evacuation delay was greater when there were more environmental cues, more seeking out of information, and more pre-evacuation actions. Additionally,...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about the relation between measures of visuospatial function and daily functioning in community-dwelling older adults. The current study addresses this gap in the literature. Forty individuals with mean (SD) age and education of 78.4 (7.5) and 11.9 (2.6) years, respectively, completed a battery of neuropsychological measures includi...
Article
How people leave a devastated area after a disaster is critical to understanding their ability to cope with risks they face while evacuating. Knowledge of their needs for communications about these risks is particularly crucial in planning for emergency responses. A convenience sample of 1,444 persons who survived the World Trade Center (WTC) attac...
Article
To determine essential workers' ability and willingness to report to duty during a serious pandemic outbreak and to identify modifiable risk factors. Workers (N = 1103) from six essential workgroups completed an anonymous, cross-sectional survey. Although a substantial proportion of participants reported that they would be able (80%), fewer would b...
Article
The present study tested the effect of counselor self-disclosure on lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals’ perceptions of counselor expertness, trustworthiness, and attractiveness. A national sample of 275 lesbian, gay, and bisexual university students was recruited for an online survey. Participants were randomly assigned to read a written vignet...
Article
To assess pandemic-related attitudes and behavioral intentions of home healthcare workers (HHCWs). Cross-sectional survey. New York City. A convenience sample of 384 HHCWs. Ability and willingness to report to work during a pandemic influenza outbreak. A large proportion of HHCWs reported that they would be either unable or unwilling (or both) to p...
Article
Full-text available
Two studies were conducted to demonstrate that maladaptive aspects of high and low Openness to Experience were related to characterological impairment and that this aspect of personality may define a new domain of personality dysfunction. The 55-item Experiential Permeability Inventory (EPI; containing 4 scales) was developed and demonstrated to ha...
Article
Workplace violence, defined as violent acts directed toward workers, includes physical assault, threat of assault, and verbal abuse and is widely recognized as a threat to workers' health and safety. Healthcare workers, especially nurses, are known to be at high risk. As employees who work alone, have access to drugs, provide care to people in dist...
Article
Patients continue to enter home health care (HHC) "sicker and quicker," often with complex health problems that require extensive intervention. This higher level of acuity may increase the risk of percutaneous injury (PI), yet information on the risk and risk factors for PI and other types of exposures in this setting is exceptionally sparse. To ad...
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This study evaluated the validity of western spirituality and religiosity constructs in a nonwestern culture. The Faith Maturity Scale, Religiosity Index, and measures of the Five-Factor Model of Personality, purpose in life, altruism, self-actualization, subjective well-being, individualism-collectivism, and materialism were administered to 654 Fi...
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With the development of the field of positive psychology, new constructs have made their way into the literature. One such construct, elevation, represents a positive moral emotion that is experienced when one witnesses the kind, moral behavior of others (Haidt, 200315. Haidt , J . 2003 . “ Elevation and the positive psychology of morality ” . In F...
Article
Full-text available
Although many of the well known work characteristics associated with job satisfaction in home health care have been documented, a unique aspect of the home health care aides' (HHA) work environment that might also affect job satisfaction is the fact that their workplace is a household. To obtain a better understanding of the potential impact of the...
Article
Objectives: The home health care (HHC) setting is unique because it is both a household and a care-giving environment. As such, it may present a risk for adverse events that could affect the health and safety of HHC patients. This study assessed and characterized unsafe household conditions with implications for patient safety in the HHC setting. M...
Conference Paper
Purpose: Although the acuity of care is increasing in the home healthcare sector, which is the fastest growing sector in health care, data on risk and risk factors for percutaneous injuries (PI) among registered nurses (RNs) in this setting are particularly sparse. We recently conducted a large study of PIs in a convenience sample of NYS RNs. Met...
Conference Paper
Purpose: With over 1.3 million workers in a variety of occupations, the home healthcare sector is large and rapidly growing; over 60% growth is predicated in the next 10 years. Delivery of care in this setting is challenging, and many of the health and safety risk management strategies we take for granted are either absent or minimal. To help chara...
Conference Paper
Purpose: The home healthcare sector is experiencing explosive growth, with a projected increase of 69% over the next decade. Further, the patient population served by home care is increasingly frail and elderly. Therefore, patient safety in the home healthcare sector is a topic of growing concern. Unlike traditional healthcare settings (i.e., hospi...
Conference Paper
Purpose: Noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) is the most common health problem in industrial societies. While occupational exposure to excessive noise is the most common risk factor, high rates of noise induced hearing loss continue, even though occupational standards have been in place for decades. Poor compliance with use of personal hearing protec...
Chapter
Full-text available
Introduction: Home health care is the fastest growing sector in the health care industry, with an anticipated growth of 66 percent over the next 10 years and with over 7 million patients served each year. With the increasing acuteness of care provided in home health care and the increasing number of frail elderly that make up this patient populatio...
Article
The purpose of this report was to examine the psychometric properties of the Assessment of Spirituality and Religious Sentiments (ASPIRES) scale self and observer version short forms. Samples of college undergraduates (229 women and 80 men) and community-based adults (249 women and 123 men) were included in this study. Results showed that the shor...
Article
Home health care is the fastest-growing sector in the health care industry, expected to grow 66% over the next 10 years. Yet data on occupational health hazards, including the potential risk of exposure to blood and body fluids, associated with the home care setting remain very limited. As part of a larger study of bloodborne pathogen risk in non-h...
Article
This paper reviews four empirical investigations into the effectiveness of workplace-based crisis intervention programs designed to enhance psychological resiliency. As an extension of a previously published review of effect sizes of workplace-based crisis interventions (Everly et al., 2006), this paper extends the expression of intervention effect...
Conference Paper
Most occupants of the WTC successfully evacuated the buildings on 9/11/01; however, many sustained injuries in the process. A convenience sample of 1444 WTC evacuees completed a survey questionnaire (24-30 months after the event) which aimed to examine individual, environmental and organizational factors that helped or hindered the evacuation. This...
Conference Paper
Survivors of disasters are excellent sources of first person information about the event. However, this group is likely to be more vulnerable and at risk for re-victimization as a consequence of participation in post disaster research. Recognizing this we utilized political and policy processes to develop, implement and evaluate a human subjects pr...
Conference Paper
Purpose: To determine whether information gathering behaviors prior to initiating evacuation from the World Trade Center (WTC) Towers 1 and 2 on September 11th, 2001 was associated with delay and belief in the situation's danger. Methods: Quantitative data were collected from WTC evacuees (N = 1,440) who were mailed a 10-page confidential question...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to assess the risk of blood and body fluid exposure among non-hospital based registered nurses (RNs) employed in New York State. The study population was mainly unionized public sector workers, employed in state institutions. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by a random stratified sample of members of the Ne...
Article
Full-text available
To determine the prevalence and risk factors for bloodborne exposure and infection in correctional healthcare workers (CHCWs).Design. Cross-sectional risk assessment study with a confidential questionnaire and serological testing performed during 1999-2000. Correctional systems in 3 states. Among 310 participating CHCWs, the rate of percutaneous in...
Article
The workplace, where adults spend about one-third of their lives, would seem an ideal place from which to promote health and respond to crisis. This paper employs a systematic statistical review of experimental and quasi-experimental research on workplace-based crisis intervention programs. Nine studies were identified that met inclusion criteria f...
Article
A sample of workers rated the members of 20 selected occupations in terms of their perceived competence, altruism, truthfulness, and power. A comparison sample of college students rated these occupations on the same dimensions and on status. The results generally supported Rotter and Stein's argument that members of the general public have stable b...
Article
The purpose of this study was to assess the validity and provide normative data for the Silencing the Self Scale, a newly devised instrument for measuring cognitive schemas hypothesized to be related to depression in women. The study also tested the hypothesis that race would moderate the relationship between silencing the self and depression. The...
Article
Previous findings comparing the psychological reactions and functional coping of East Coast- and West Coast-based American Airlines (AA) flight attendants after the attacks on September 11 provide support for a psychological contagion phenomenon (Lating, Sherman, Lowry, Everly, & Peragine, 2004). The purpose of this investigation was to expand thes...
Article
Data on bloodborne pathogen risk among health care workers (HCWs) employed in the correctional setting are sparse, even though the prevalence of bloodborne infections, including hepatitis B virus (HBV), among inmates is high. To address this, we determined prevalence and correlates of hepatitis B virus vaccination status in correctional health care...
Article
Full-text available
Catastrophic disasters create surge capacity needs for health care systems. This is especially true in the urban setting because the high population density and reliance on complex urban infrastructures (e.g., mass transit systems and high rise buildings) could adversely affect the ability to meet surge capacity needs. To better understand responsi...
Article
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence, incidence, and risk factors for occupational infection with tuberculosis among healthcare workers employed in correctional facilities. The authors conducted a self-administered survey, clinical interview, and tuberculin skin testing. The overall tuberculin skin test point prevalence rate...
Article
Psychological reactions and functional coping of East Coast and West Coast-based flight attendants were compared after the attacks on September 11. Demographics and standardized questionnaires were sent in June 2002 to approximately 26,000 flight attendants. The 2,050 returned surveys were separated into East Coast-based flight crews (513 from Bost...
Article
The authors explore the psychological reactions and functional coping responses of American Airlines (AA) flight attendants, a unique at-risk group of people in the war on terrorism, in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks. Demographic characteristics and standardized questionnaires, including the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist and th...
Conference Paper
The authors explore the psychological reactions and functional coping responses of American Airlines (AA) flight attendants, a unique at-risk group of people in the war on terrorism, in the aftermath of the September I I attacks. Demographic characteristics and standardized questionnaires, including the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist and t...
Article
We conducted this study to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and intended behaviors of New York City clinicians regarding bioterrorism-related diseases after a brief educational program. Data on clinicians' knowledge and attitudes toward bioterrorism and related diseases were collected using a self-administered questionnaire following a 3.5-hour...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the psychometrics of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders Personality Questionnaire (SCID-IIP) self-report personality questionnaire. The responses to the instrument were found reliable and evidenced good self-other convergence. Correlations with external criteria showed the SCID-IIP to contain broa...
Article
The present study investigated the relation between Jack's 1991 concept of "silencing the self" and Downing and Roush's 1985 stage model of feminist identity development among college women. Analysis indicated that passively accepting women's oppression and adhering to traditional gender roles in interpersonal relationships (Passive Acceptance) was...
Article
The present study investigated the relation between Jack's 1991 concept of “silencing the self” and Downing and Roush's 1985 stage model of feminist identity development among college women. Analysis indicated that passively accepting women's oppression and adhering to traditional gender roles in interpersonal relationships (Passive Acceptance) was...
Article
A public health workforce that is competent to respond to emergencies is extremely important. We report on the impact of a training program designed to prepare public health nurses to respond appropriately to emergencies. The program focused on the basic public health emergency preparedness competencies and the emergency response role of public hea...