Martin Novák

Martin Novák
The Czech Academy of Sciences | AVCR · Institute of Archaeology, Brno; Paleolithic and Paleanthropology Research Center Dolní Věstonice

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33
Publications
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466
Citations
Citations since 2017
10 Research Items
192 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060

Publications

Publications (33)
Article
Full-text available
The Upper Palaeolithic cultures in Central Europe are traditionally defined on the basis of lithic artefacts, predominantly various types of retouched tools, which are usually considered to be typical of a given culture. For the Late and Final Gravettian, the shouldered points and Kostenki knives are supposed to be the main fossiles directeurs in t...
Conference Paper
During the Upper Paleolithic, the geomorphologically rugged territory of Central Europe, creating natural barriers and refuges, represented a complex area occupied by several human groups with different cultural and social behavior. Discoveries of new sites as well as revisions of historical collections over the last two decades has revived discuss...
Article
This paper focuses on two accumulations of horse bones at the Stránská skála IV site, dated from around the Last Glacial Maximum (Epigravettian). Osteological material was subjected to taxonomical and taphonomical analyses. The results confirmed the prevalence of horses, and quantitative analyses indicated a minimum of 10 individuals, which is the...
Article
Full-text available
Large-scale excavations of complete Gravettian living-floors at Dolní Věstonice I were primarily realised between 1924–1952 whereas later fieldwork had rather a character of separate trenches. Here we report the results of last excavation organized at this site in 1990 and 1993. A series of trenches along the western and southern boundary brought a...
Article
Large-scale excavations of complete Gravettian living-floors at Dolní Věstonice I were primarily realised between 1924-1952 whereas later fieldwork had rather a character of separate trenches. Here we report the results of last excavation organized at this site in 1990 and 1993. A series of trenches along the western and southern boundary brought a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper combines complex archaeological records from excavations of sandstone rockshelters with paleobotanical investigations in the adjacent wetlands of Northern Bohemia, Czech Republic. Several pollen diagramms from nearby peatbogs are used to document the paleoenvironmental development from the Late Glacial to the Middle Holocene. In addition...
Chapter
Full-text available
The last excavations within the Dolní Věstonice II site took place at the Southern Edge of the site (fieldwork occurred in 1991 and 2005) and at the separate sub-site Dolní Věstonice IIa – Pod lesem (fieldwork occurred in 1997, 1999 and 2012). The excavations from these areas yielded several hundred lithic artefacts, comprising two separate assembl...
Article
Full-text available
Pavlov I has a longer prehistory (including early Gravettian and Early Upper Paleolithic layers in the subsoil) and a more complex spatial structure (including an adjacent mammoth bone deposit) than was previously thought.
Article
Full-text available
The formation of the large site clusters of the Gravettian (Pavlovian) represents one of the final effects of modern human adaptation in central Europe, but chronology of the site formation processes at such sites are still little understood. Here we present new evidence from Pavlov I, a site now prepared for the construction of a museum and subjec...
Article
Full-text available
Using an ethnoarcheological perspective we examine Nenets site formation, seasonality and landscape usage in controlling reindeer herds in a complex system of more than 20 abandoned campsites and other sites of interest over 100 km2 and a time-span of several decades. We establish a chronology based on more than 150 expiration dates from imported f...
Article
Full-text available
Compared to the long-term Late Glacial/Holocene record from the nearby rockshelter at Údolí Samoty (Svoboda et al. 2013), the occupation of the Malý Medvědí Tábor rockshelter was rather episodic (Tab. 1, Fig. 4). Nevertheless, the site is of domestic character, as suggested by the richness of artefacts, a larger proportion of cores, and the level o...
Article
Full-text available
Creating an overall scheme of Gravettian stratigraphy and chronology in the Middle Danube area is a matter of current debate. This paper addresses the formation of microstratigraphies at large open-air sites, evidence of the earliest Gravettian occupation in the Dolní Věstonice-Pavlov area, and occurrence of early ceramics from this context. The ca...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we apply an ethnoarcheological approach to questions arising from archaeological studies of Upper Paleolithic settlements in Europe concerning the role of children and their activities in site formation processes.
Article
Full-text available
This paper is an addition to a series of previous publications discussing the recent Mesolithic discoveries in the sandstone areas of Northern Bohemia, Czech Republic (Svoboda 2003; Svoboda et al. 2007; Šída / Prostředník 2007; Šída / Prostředník / Kuneš 2011). During the 2007-2011 research, previously un known Late Palaeolithic horizons have come...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is an addition to a series of previous publications discussing the recent Mesolithic discoveries in the sandstone areas of Northern Bohemia, Czech Republic (Svoboda 2003; Svoboda et al. 2007; Šída / Prostředník 2007; Šída / Prostředník / Kuneš 2011). During the 2007-2011 research, previously un known Late Palaeolithic horizons have come...
Article
Full-text available
A promising way to address the patterns of Early Modern Human settlement strategies in Africa and Europe is comparing the spatial distributions and densities of lithic artefact scatters in perspective areas. Here we present new evidence on spatial distribution and techno/typology of the Middle Stone Age (MSA) occupation in the Blue Nile Gorge, Orom...
Article
Full-text available
The Dolní Věstonice–Pavlov–Milovice area (Czech Republic) on the slopes of the Pavlov Hills provides an opportunity for correlating the geomorphology of the Dyje River valley with Gravettian settlement patterns. Although the sites vary in size and complexity, they create a regular chain of strategic locations at elevations between 200 m and 240 m a...
Article
Archaeological rescue research at gravettian locality Milovice IV (district Břeclav), which brought complex and multidisciplinary results.
Article
Full-text available
This newly discovered and excavated site defines an Upper Palaeolithic activity unit consisting of a roasting pit at the centre of an area 5m across. Although the main task was the processing of two mammoths, there were numerous other wild animals in the assemblage. The occupants used flint knives, made bone tools and modelled in baked clay - on wh...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter presents a review of artifacts spatial distribution at the whole of Pavlov I Southeast area and includes mapping and descriptions of artifacts density distribution, detailed relational comparison of the distribution patterns of individual object categories and evaluation of those patterns in relation to the evident settlement structures...
Article
Full-text available
Industries from eastern Central Europe dated after the Last Glacial Maximum (20-15 ky BP) were hitherto presented as a »mosaic« of derived Gravettian and Aurignacian features. Actually, following a preliminary revision of the sites, the typological structure becomes more homogeneous, with a dominance of short endscrapers and burins of flakes. Thus,...
Article
Full-text available
Upper-Palaeolithic settlement of eastern Slovakia was concentrated to the Zemplínske vrchy hills surroundings in the time of Gravettian and Epigravettian cultures. On the open-air site in Kašov 1 - Spálenisko two layers were found with finds corresponding to two settlement phases. The bottom layer is dated to the late phase of shouldered-points hor...

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