Martin Noël

Martin Noël
University of Ottawa · Department of Civil Engineering

PhD, P.Eng.

About

77
Publications
15,140
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
687
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2015 - present
University of Ottawa
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
Full-text available
The Bridge, a highway bridge structure, was built using a suspected alkali-silica reactive aggregate in the 1960’s in a city in central Canada. Its concrete elements experienced rapid deterioration resulting in the need for costly increased repairs and rehabilitations. Alkali-silica reaction (ASR) is one of several damage mechanisms which might be...
Article
Full-text available
Two concrete deck slabs extracted from a Canadian bridge have been evaluated using non-destructive testing (NDT), followed by destructive testing. Throughout its service life, the bridge experienced harsh environmental conditions with frequent freeze-thaw cycles, hot and humid summers, and the use of de-icing salts during winters. This study presen...
Article
Although 28-day concrete compressive strength is often used as a quality control indicator, early-age mechanical properties are becoming more critical to optimize construction scheduling. Electrical resistivity (ER) and maturity can be used to appraise mechanical properties’ gain over time. Although these methods are well-defined for conventional c...
Chapter
Full-text available
Construction and demolition (C&D) waste in Canada accounts for 27% of the total municipal solid waste disposed in landfills. However, over 75% of C&D waste has residual value. The need for comprehensive waste management (WM) mechanisms, technologies, rating systems, and policies is widely recognized. There exists a WM hierarchy tool that prioritize...
Article
Conventional visual inspection techniques are generally qualitative and therefore unable to provide accurate information on the extend of alkali-silica reaction (ASR)-induced damage development in concrete. Therefore, improving and finding more accurate visual procedures is extremely important for a better condition assessment and development of ma...
Article
Periodic visual inspections are typically the primary means by which the existing condition of most infrastructure assets is assessed. The results of these inspections are inherently qualitative and subjective, and unfortunately, the recent catastrophic collapse of structures such as De La Concorde overpass in Canada have underscored the need for q...
Article
The multi-level assessment, combining microscopic (i.e., Damage Rating Index) and mechanical (i.e., Stiffness Damage Test) techniques, has been effectively used to appraise the deterioration cause by alkali-silica reaction (ASR) in unconfined concrete. However, the impact of restrainment on ASR-induced deterioration originated from reactive fine an...
Chapter
Glass fibre-reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars present multiple advantages over conventional steel reinforcement including high strength-to-weight ratios and corrosion resistance. Whereas many studies are reported in the literature on the behaviour of GFRP-reinforced concrete members, the performance of GFRP-prestressed concrete beams has been the focu...
Chapter
Concrete-filled fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) tubes (CFFTs) have been shown to be effective as both compression and flexural members in bridges. The main objective of this research is to extend this design concept to wind turbine towers. This study aims to evaluate the flexural performance of segmental and non-segmental hollow post-tensioned CFFTs...
Chapter
As the world faces a growing problem of freshwater scarcity, the construction industry—which as a sector is among the largest consumers of freshwater globally, especially for concrete mixing, curing and cleaning must consider alternatives that can help solve the issues associated with water shortages while continuing to meet the construction indust...
Article
The Stiffness Damage Test (SDT), a mechanical and cyclic test procedure, has been successfully used to appraise alkali-silica reaction (ASR) deterioration under unrestrained conditions. However, the effects of confinement on ASR-induced mechanical damage have not been fully investigated. This work aims to understand the influence of confinement on...
Article
Full-text available
Nonlinear finite element models are developed to investigate the effect of tube damage on flexural strength of concrete filled fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) tubes (CFFTs). The tube, being essentially an external reinforcement , is vulnerable to accidental damage or vandalism. The tube damage is induced at the outermost tension side of the CFFT in...
Article
Modeling the expansion and damage generated by alkali-aggregate reaction (AAR) in reinforced concrete structures is quite complex, yet necessary to obtain accurate predictions of the structural response of distressed members. Several AAR models have been developed to predict expansion and damage at the material (microscopic) or the structural (macr...
Article
The Damage Rating Index (DRI), a semi-quantitative microscopic procedure, has been successfully used to describe alkali-silica reaction (ASR) damage development of concrete under “free expansion” conditions. Yet, the confinement impact on ASR-induced cracks' generation and propagation has not been fully investigated. This work aims to understand th...
Article
Portland Cement Concrete (PCC) is the most used construction material worldwide and its use is expected to increase in the future. PCC intensively uses two main natural resources, namely aggregates and fresh water. The concrete industry consumes about 2 billion tons of potable water annually. Due to climate change, rapid population growth, and indu...
Article
This paper presents two different approaches to model corrosion-induced crack propagation in reinforced concrete (RC) structures. Both approaches are based on a thick-walled cylinder analogy, in which the concrete cover is subjected to the internal pressure generated by the growth of corrosion products, and both consider rust compressibility and ru...
Article
Interest in bamboo as a building material has recently expanded beyond regions traditionally associated with its use. Advantages of bamboo over conventional building materials include a short harvesting time and competitive mechanical properties. This research evaluates the extent to which colder climates may affect the viability of bamboo as a bui...
Article
The use of recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) has substantially grown over the last several decades. RCA is a composite material composed of original virgin aggregates (OVA) and residual mortar (RM); it has been found that accounting for RM as part of the total mortar volume in the design of RCA concrete can improve its mechanical and durability-rel...
Article
The main objective of this paper is to validate the use of the thick-walled cylinder (TWC) analogy to model corrosion-induced crack propagation in reinforced concrete (RC) structures. The TWC analogy neglects the effects of member geometry to create an idealized axisymmetric stress state. Although this simple approach has been used by many research...
Article
Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites have been used extensively for aerospace, marine transportation, and wind energy applications for several decades prior to attracting widespread attention in the field of civil engineering. While limited data is available on the long term fatigue performance of FRP materials for construction and building pr...
Article
Full-text available
Thickening concrete cover to obtain an adequate fire resistance lowers the efficiency of glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) reinforcement and increases the cost relative to conventional steel reinforcement. This paper investigates the fire resistance of two full-scale GFRP-RC slabs with only 40 mm of clear concrete cover and 200 mm of unexposed...
Article
The effectiveness of cement-based composite systems for strengthening reinforced concrete (RC) deep beams was compared to an epoxy-based carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) system. Two types of cement-based systems were investigated: carbon fabric reinforced cementitious mortar (CFRCM) and carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) grid embedded in...
Article
Research has shown that good quality recycled concrete aggregates (RCA) can be produced for structural applications if the aggregate properties are properly considered in the mix design, especially the residual mortar content (RMC). Previous studies on RCA have generally used mixes with moderate to high cement contents, which negates many of the en...
Article
Strengthening of RC structures using fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) systems is a popular rehabilitation technique because of its ease of installation and reduced construction time compared with other methods. Fabric-reinforced cementitious mortar (FRCM) is a new alternative strengthening system with additional advantages including excellent compati...
Article
Full-text available
The chemical and physical processes associated with alkali–aggregate reaction and delayed ettringite formation, otherwise known as internal swelling reactions (ISRs), have been the subject of considerable research spanning several decades, yet the implications for affected structures are still open to debate. A major knowledge gap currently exists...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Pressure is mounting in civil construction industry to adopt more environmentally sustainable methods to reduce CO2 emissions. It is important that the concrete industry considers its carbon footprint amongst increasing demand and tightening environmental restrictions. One of the most efficient methods used to mediate this impact is to use low ceme...
Article
Extensive research has been conducted on strengthening of shear-critical RC beams. This previous research has helped to better understand the behaviour of shear strengthening systems and has improved their performance. However, there is still a potential to further improve upon the performance of existing shear strengthening systems. A cement-based...
Article
The fire resistance of two concrete slabs reinforced completely with glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars was experimentally investigated through a full-scale standard fire test. The Canadian standard on design of FRP reinforced buildings (CSA S806) currently requires 60 mm of clear concrete cover in a FRP reinforced concrete slab to ensure 2...
Article
A new design of a structural sandwich panel, consisting of a combination of concrete, insulation and connectors, was tested using a hot box apparatus to evaluate its thermal properties and energy efficiency. The three materials of the prefabricated panel were arranged to provide both structural and thermal efficiencies. The main objective of this w...
Conference Paper
In this study, nonlinear finite element modelling and analysis was conducted on simply supported reinforced concrete beams with temperature differentials that had previously been tested at room and low temperature. Three-dimensional finite element models of the beams were developed to account for the geometry, material, loading, boundary condition...
Conference Paper
This paper investigates the fatigue behavior of reinforced concrete beams at low temperatures compared to similar beams tested in fatigue at room temperature. Four large-scale steel reinforced beams (200 mm x 400 mm x 4200 mm) were fabricated and tested under cyclic load to failure. This study showed that the fatigue life of the reinforced concrete...
Article
This paper investigates the fatigue behavior of reinforced concrete beams at low temperatures compared to similar beams tested in fatigue at room temperature. Four large-scale steel-reinforced beams (200×400×4,200 mm) were fabricated and tested. All of the beams had temperature differentials over their depth to simulate solar radiation and in-servi...
Article
The viability of cementitious capillary crystalline waterproofing materials for corrosion protection of steel reinforcing bars for civil engineering infrastructure was evaluated using the half-cell potential method according to ASTM C876. The coatings were characterized by a novel eka-molecular sieve type structure which is breathable yet highly im...
Conference Paper
While the chemical and physical processes associated with alkali-aggregate reaction (AAR) and delayed ettringite formation (DEF), otherwise known as internal swelling reactions (ISR), have been the subject of considerable research spanning several decades, the implications for affected structures are still open to debate. This may be partially attr...
Article
This paper investigates the static behaviour of reinforced concrete beams at low temperatures compared to similar beams tested at room temperature. Four large-scale beams were fabricated and tested. The testing program for the beams consisted of four stages: incrementally loading the beams to a service load of 90 kN, sustaining the load at 90 kN fo...
Article
Full-text available
This article provides data on the static behavior of reinforced concrete at room and low temperature including, strength, ductility, and crack widths of the reinforced concrete. The experimental data on the application of digital image correlation (DIC) or particle image velocimetry (PIV) in measuring crack widths and the accuracy and precision of...
Article
Bridge deck construction using stay-in-place (SIP) fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) structural forms has shown promise as an efficient, rapid, and low-waste alternative to conventional methods. Several studies have shown that the load capacity of this system is typically governed by punching shear strength, although no design-oriented equations have...
Article
Full-depth precast concrete bridge deck panels are connected to the girders on site by shear connectors to create a composite action and to prevent relative movement between the beam and the precast deck during all loading levels. This research study experimentally investigates different connection details that can provide a load transfer mechanism...
Conference Paper
Corrosion of steel reinforcement in concrete structures often necessitates major expenditures, both public and private, for the maintenance, repair or replacement of buildings and infrastructure. Many chemical or physical corrosion mitigation techniques have been used in the past with varied long term success in field applications. This study inves...
Conference Paper
A new type of cementitious capillary crystalline coating has demonstrated effective corrosion protection for reinforced concrete structures in both field and laboratory settings. Although the coating is often applied to the outer concrete surface, an alternative application method can be used in which the coating is applied directly onto the steel...
Article
The bond strength and development length of steel reinforcing bars coated with cementitious capillary crystalline waterproofing materials were evaluated using a modified pull-out test method. The coatings possess self-healing capabilities and are characterized by a novel eka-molecular sieve type structure to prevent moisture penetration. Following...
Conference Paper
The lack of adequate information on glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) material characteristics at high temperatures lowers the accuracy of analytical and design models developed to predict the behaviour of GFRP reinforced concrete members. This paper presents experimental results of a series of tensile tests on GFRP bars at elevated temperature...
Article
Full-text available
Widespread deterioration of reinforced concrete (RC) bridge structures due to corrosion of steel reinforcement has resulted in an increased use of glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) reinforcing bars as an alternative reinforcement type for new bridge construction. Disadvantages of glass fiber-reinforced polymer reinforced concrete (GFRP-RC) flex...
Article
Full-text available
Although the use of glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) reinforcing bars is gaining acceptance as an alternative to conventional steel reinforcement in concrete structures, little empirical data exist on the long-term fatigue performance of GFRP bars in concrete. Abrasion at the bar-concrete interface is known to have an adverse effect on bonds a...
Article
Full-text available
The use of fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets to shear strengthen reinforced concrete (RC) beams has been studied and proven repeatedly. However, numerous strengthening configurations and materials can be combined to maximize the increase in strength and repair. This study investigates the effectiveness of using commercially manufactured carbon...
Article
Full-text available
As the general acceptance of FRP reinforcing bars in the concrete construction industry continues to rise, it is increasingly imperative that the structural behavior of FRP-reinforced concrete members be predicted with good accuracy. The current crack width equation used in North American design codes for FRP-reinforced concrete members assumes a c...
Article
Full-text available
Deterioration of reinforced concrete structures caused by corrosion of steel reinforcement is currently a major concern affecting the safety and functionality of our infrastructure. Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) materials have shown tremendous potential as an alternative reinforcement for reinforced and prestressed concrete structures. FRPs have b...
Conference Paper
Non-corrosive fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) reinforcing bars are a viable alternative to conventional steel for reinforced concrete (RC) bridge deck slabs. While typical spans for deck slabs supported by longitudinal girders range from 2-3 m, slab bridges can have span lengths of up to 20 m with the primary reinforcement placed parallel to the dir...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The long term performance of glass fibre-reinforced polymer (GFRP) reinforced concrete members under cyclic loads is influenced by a number of factors and may be governed by the fatigue strength of the GFRP bar. Stress concentrations at crack locations typically result in some local partial debonding resulting in abrasion between the concrete and t...
Article
Full-text available
Corrosion of steel reinforcement is a major concern for bridges throughout Canada, particularly where deicing salts are used. Fibre-reinforced polymers (FRPs) are not susceptible to corrosion, making them an attractive alternative to internal steel reinforcement for Canadian bridges. Due to the low stiffness of FRP materials, concrete members tend...
Article
Deterioration of concrete structures caused by corrosion of steel reinforcement requires large capital investments in order to repair or replace existing structures which may or may not be nearing the end of their expected service lives. Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) reinforcement has emerged as a viable alternative to conventional reinforcement w...
Article
Full-text available
The results of an experimental investigation on the effects of prestressing on the flexural behavior of GFRP-reinforced SCC slabs are presented. A total of six one-way slab strips were tested up to failure, including one steel-reinforced control slab. The five remaining slabs were reinforced with GFRP bars, three of which also contained two CFRP po...
Conference Paper
FRP reinforcement has emerged as a viable alternative to conventional reinforcement with lower life cycle costs. Serviceability typically governs the design of FRP-reinforced structures due to the inherent low stiffness of FRP materials. As a result, concrete members tend to exhibit high deflections, large crack widths and a reduction in shear capa...
Conference Paper
The material properties of carbon fibre-reinforced polymer (CFRP) reinforcing bars are ideally suited to replace conventional steel in prestressing applications where corrosion is a concern. In many cases, varying the longitudinal profile of prestressing tendons is an efficient way to counter the effects of applied loads. This is often achieved thr...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Investigation and Determination of Thermally-induced Errors in DIC and FOS Measurements
Archived project
Exploring the use of sustainable concrete materials with low cement content and/or recycled concrete aggregates for construction, their effect on various load transfer mechanisms, and structural design implications.