Martin Magnuson

Martin Magnuson
Linköping University | LiU · Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM)

Senior University Lecturer, Associate Prof., PhD

About

105
Publications
22,886
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2,119
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Introduction
Martin Magnuson currently works at the Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University. Martin does research in Condensed Matter Physics, Computational Physics and Materials Physics. Their current project is 'Transition metal hydrides'.
Additional affiliations
March 2008 - present
Linköping University
Position
  • Lecturer
September 1999 - August 2001
Sorbonne Université
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (105)
Data
We review the thin film growth, chemistry, and physical properties of Group 4-6 transition-metal diboride (TMB2) thin films with AlB2-type crystal structure (Strukturbericht designation C32). Industrial applications are growing rapidly as TMB2 begin competing with conventional refractory ceramics like carbides and nitrides, including pseudo-binarie...
Preprint
Full-text available
We review the thin film growth, chemistry, and physical properties of Group 4-6 transition-metal diboride (TMB2) thin films with AlB2-type crystal structure (Strukturbericht designation C32). Industrial applications are growing rapidly as TMB2 begin competing with conventional refractory ceramics like carbides and nitrides, including pseudo-binarie...
Preprint
Full-text available
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) are applied to investigate the properties of fine-grained concentrate on artisanal small-scale gold mining samples from the Kubi Gold Project of the Asante Gold Corporation near Dunwka-on-Offin in the Central Region of Ghana. Both techniques show that the Au-conta...
Preprint
Full-text available
MXenes are technologically interesting 2D materials that show potential in numerous applications. The properties of the MXenes depend at large extent on the selection of elements that build the 2D MX-layer. Another key parameter for tuning the attractive material properties is the species that terminate the surfaces of the MX-layers. Although being...
Article
We review the thin film growth, chemistry, and physical properties of Group 4–6 transition-metal diboride (TMB2) thin films with AlB2-type crystal structure (Strukturbericht designation C32). Industrial applications are growing rapidly as TMB2 begin competing with conventional refractory ceramics like carbides and nitrides, including pseudo-binarie...
Article
Full-text available
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) are applied to investigate the properties of fine-grained concentrates on artisanal, small-scale gold mining samples from the Kubi Gold Project of the Asante Gold Corporation near Dunwka-on-Offin in the Central Region of Ghana. Both techniques show that the Au-con...
Article
Full-text available
MXenes are technologically interesting 2D materials that show potential in numerous applications. The properties of the MXenes depend at large extent on the selection of elements that build the 2D MX-layer. Another key parameter for tuning the attractive material properties is the species that terminate the surfaces of the MX-layers. Although being...
Article
Full-text available
Multicomponent or high-entropy ceramics show unique combinations of mechanical, electrical, and chemical properties of importance in coating applications. However, generalizing controllable thin-film processes for these complex materials remains a challenge. Here, understoichiometric (TiZrTaMe)N1–x (Me = Hf, Nb, Mo, or Cr, 0.12 ≤ x ≤ 0.30) films we...
Article
Full-text available
Gold-associated pathfinder minerals have been investigated by identifying host minerals of Au for samples collected from an artisanal mining site near a potential gold mine (Kubi Gold Project) in Dunkwa-On-Offin in the central region of Ghana. We find that for each composition of Au powder (impure) and the residual black hematite/magnetite sand tha...
Preprint
Full-text available
Gold-associated pathfinder minerals have been investigated by identifying host minerals of Au for samples collected from an artisanal mining site near a potential gold mine (Kubi Gold Project) in Dunkwa-On-Offin in the central region of Ghana. We find that for each composition of Au powder (impure) and the residual black hematite/magnetite sand tha...
Preprint
Full-text available
The chemical bonding within the transition-metal carbide materials MAX phase Ti3AlC2 and MXene Ti3C2Tx is investigated by X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopies. MAX phases are inherently nanolaminated materials that consist of alternating layers of Mn+1Xn and monolayers of a...
Article
Full-text available
The chemical bonding within the transition-metal carbide materials MAX phase Ti 3 AlC 2 and MXene Ti 3 C 2 T x is investigated by x-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and extended x-ray absorption fine-structure (EXAFS) spectroscopies. MAX phases are inherently nanolaminated materials that consist of alternating layers of M n+1 X n and mono...
Preprint
Full-text available
The electronic structure, chemical bonding and interface component in ZrN-AlN nanocomposites formed by phase separation during thin film deposition of metastable Zr1-xAlxN (x=0.0, 0.12, 0.26, 0.40) is investigated by resonant inelastic X-ray scattering/X-ray emission and X-ray absorption spectroscopy and compared to first-principles calculations in...
Article
Full-text available
The electronic structure, chemical bonding, and interface component in ZrN-AlN nanocomposites formed by phase separation during thin film deposition of metastable Zr 1−x Al x N (x = 0.0, 0.12, 0.26, 0.40) are investigated by resonant inelastic x-ray scattering, x-ray emission, and x-ray absorption spectroscopy and compared to first principles calcu...
Preprint
Full-text available
The magnetism in the inherently nanolaminated ternary MAX-phase Cr$_{2}$GeC is investigated by element-selective, polarization and temperature-dependent, soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism. The measurements indicate an antiferro-magnetic Cr-Cr coupling along the $c$-axis of the hexagonal structure modulated by...
Preprint
Full-text available
W-B-C films were deposited on Si(100) substrates held at elevated temperature by reactive sputtering from a W target in Kr/trimethylboron (TMB) plasmas. Quantitative analysis by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) shows that the films are W-rich between ~ 73 and ~ 93 at.% W. The highest metal content is detected in the film deposited with 1 sccm...
Article
W-B-C films were deposited on Si(100) substrates held at elevated temperature by reactive sputtering from a W target in Kr/trimethylboron (TMB) plasmas. Quantitative analysis by Xray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) shows that the films are W-rich between ~ 73 and ~ 93 at.% W. The highest metal content is detected in the film deposited with 1 sccm...
Article
We investigate sputtering of a Ti3SiC2 compound target at temperatures ranging from RT (no applied external heating) to 970 oC as well as the influence of the sputtering power at 850 oC for the deposition of Ti3SiC2 films on Al2O3(0001) substrates. Elemental composition obtained from time-of-flight energy elastic recoil detection analysis shows an...
Article
The electronic structure and chemical bonding of β-Ta synthesized as a thin 0 0 1-oriented film (space group P4¯21m) is investigated by 4f core level and valence band X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and compared to α-Ta bulk. For the β-phase, the 4f7/2 peak is located at 21.91 eV and with the 4f5/2 at 23.81 eV which is 0.16 eV higher compared to t...
Article
The chemical bonding in an epitaxial ZrB2 film is investigated by Zr K-edge (1s) X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopies and compared to the ZrB2 compound target from which the film was synthesized as well as a bulk {\alpha}-Zr reference. Quantitative analysis of X-ray Photoel...
Article
Full-text available
This is a critical review of MAX-phase carbides and nitrides from an electronic-structure and chemical bonding perspective. This large group of nanolaminated materials is of great scientific and technological interest and exhibits a combination of metallic and ceramic features. These properties are related to the special crystal structure and bondi...
Article
Full-text available
The electronic structure and chemical bonding in reactively magnetron sputtered ZrH x (x = 0.15, 0.30, 1.16) thin films with oxygen content as low as 0.2 at.% are investigated by 4d valence band, shallow 4p core-level, and 3d core-level x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. With increasing hydrogen content, we observe significant reduction of the 4d va...
Article
The variation in local atomic structure and chemical bonding of ZrHx (x=0.15, 0.30, 1.16) magnetron sputtered thin films are investigated by Zr K-edge (1s) X-ray absorption near-edge structure and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopies. A chemical shift of the Zr K-edge towards higher energy with increasing hydrogen content is obse...
Article
The chemical bonding in the carbide core and the surface chemistry in a new group of transition-metal carbides Tin+1Cn-Tx (n=1,2) called MXenes have been investigated by surface-sensitive valence band X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Changes in band structures of stacked nano sheets of different thicknesses are analyzed in connection to known hybr...
Article
We present a study on the high-Tc superconductor (HTSC) YBa2Cu3O7-x (YBCO) using polarization-dependent X-ray absorption and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering. High-resolution measurements using synchrotron-radiation are compared with calculations using a quasi-atomic multiplet approach performed at the Cu 2p3/2-edge of YBCO. We use a multiplet a...
Article
This is a critical review of MAX-phase carbides and nitrides from an electronic-structure and chemical bonding perspective. This large group of nanolaminated materials is of great scientific and technological interest and exhibits a combination of metallic and ceramic features. These properties are related to the special crystal structure and bondi...
Article
The local structure and chemical bonding in two-phase amorphous Cr1−xCx nanocomposite thin films are investigated by Cr K-edge (1s) X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopies in comparison to theory. By utilizing the computationally efficient stochastic quenching (SQ) technique,...
Article
The anisotropy in the electronic structure of the inherently nanolaminated ternary phase Cr$_{2}$GeC is investigated by bulk-sensitive and element selective soft x-ray absorption/emission spectroscopy. The angle-resolved absorption/emission measurements reveal differences between the in-plane and out-of-plane bonding at the (0001) interfaces of Cr$...
Article
We investigate the amorphous structure, chemical bonding, and electrical properties of magnetron sputtered Fe 1−x C x (0.21 x 0.72) thin films. X-ray, electron diffraction and transmission electron microscopy show that the Fe 1−x C x films are amorphous nanocomposites, consisting of a two-phase domain structure with Fe-rich carbidic FeC y , and a c...
Article
Full-text available
The interplay between the quasi 1-dimensional CuO-chains and the 2-dimensional CuO2 planes of YBa2Cu3O6+x (YBCO) has been in focus for a long time. Although the CuO-chains are known to be important as charge reservoirs that enable superconductivity for a range of oxygen doping levels in YBCO, the understanding of the dynamics of its temperature-dri...
Article
The Nitrogen 1s near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) of gallium nitride (GaN) shows a strong natural linear dichroism that arises from its anisotropic wurtzite structure. An additional spectroscopic variation arises from lattice strain in epitaxially grown GaN thin films. This variation is directly proportional to the degree of strain...
Article
Full-text available
The crystal structure and chemical bonding of magnetron-sputtering deposited nickel carbide Ni 1−x C x (0.05 x 0.62) thin films have been investigated by high-resolution x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy. By using x-ray as well as electro...
Article
Full-text available
The magnetic properties, electronic band structure and Fermi surfaces of the hexagonal Cr(2)GeC system have been studied by means of both generalized gradient approximation (GGA) and the +U corrected method (GGA + U). The effective U value has been computed within the augmented plane wave theoretical scheme by following the constrained density func...
Article
The microstructure, electronic structure and chemical bonding of chromium carbide thin films with different carbon contents have been investigated with high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy and soft x-ray absorption-emission spectroscopies. Most of the films can be described as amorphous nanocomposites...
Article
Nanolaminated materials exhibit characteristic magnetic, mechanical, and thermoelectric properties, with large contemporary scientific and technological interest. Here, we report on the anisotropic Seebeck coefficient in nanolaminated Ti3SiC2 single-crystal thin films and trace the origin to anisotropies in element-specific electronic states. In bu...
Article
We show evidence of dissociation during resonant inelastic soft x-ray scattering. Carbon and oxygen K-shell and sulfur L-shell resonant and nonresonant x-ray emission spectra were measured using monochromatic synchrotron radiation for excitation and ionization. After sulfur L2,3→π*, σ* excitation, atomic lines are observed in the emission spectra a...
Article
The electronic structure of the poly-pyridine conjugated polymer has been investigated by resonant and nonresonant inelastic X-ray scattering and X-ray absorption spectroscopies using synchrotron radiation. The measurements were made for both the carbon and nitrogen contents of the polymer. The analysis of the spectra has been carried out in compar...
Article
The L2,3 X-ray emission of Cu metal has been measured using monochromatic synchrotron radiation. The self-absorption effect in the spectra is shown to be very small in our experimental geometry. From the quantitative analysis of spectra recorded at different excitation energies, the L3/L2 emission intensity ratio and the partial Auger-width are ext...
Article
The electronic structure of the conjugated polymer, polyaniline, has been studied by resonant and nonresonant X-ray emission spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation for the excitation. The measurements were made on polyaniline and a few doped (protonated) phases for both the carbon and nitrogen contents. The resonant X-ray emission spectra show de...
Article
Resonant soft X-ray Raman scattering measurements on NiO have been made at photon energies across the Ni 2p absorption edges. The details of the spectral features are identified as Raman scattering due to d-d and charge-transfer excitations. The spectra are interpreted within the single impurity Anderson model, including multiplets, crystal-field a...
Article
The electronic structure of the heavy fermion compound CeB6 is probed by resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering using photon energies across the Ce 3d and 4d absorption edges. The hybridization between the localized 4f orbitals and the delocalized valence-band states is studied by identifying the different spectral contributions from inelastic Ra...
Article
The electronic structure of CoO is studied by resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering spectroscopy using photon energies across the Co 2p absorption edges. The different spectral contributions from the energy-loss structures are identified as Raman scattering due to d-d and charge-transfer excitations. For excitation energies close to the L3 reson...
Article
We report resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) excited by circularly polarized x-rays on Mn-Zn ferrite at the Mn L2,3-resonances. We demonstrate that crystal field excitations, as expected for localized systems, dominate the RIXS spectra and thus their dichroic asymmetry cannot be interpreted in terms of spin-resolved partial density of state...
Article
The dispersive part of the refractive index of vanadium is determined by measuring the angular displacement of the first order diffraction peak of a V/Fe superlattice. The measurements were made using elliptically polarized synchrotron radiation which was scanned through the V L2,3 absorption edges for different incident scattering angles. The x-ra...
Article
The anisotropy of the electronic structure of ternary nanolaminate V2GeC is investigated by bulk-sensitive soft x-ray emission spectroscopy. The measured polarization-dependent emission spectra of V L2,3, C K, Ge M1, and Ge M2,3 in V2GeC are compared with those from monocarbide VC and pure Ge. The experimental emission spectra are interpreted with...
Article
The spin transition in LaCoO3 is investigated by temperature-dependent resonant soft X-ray emission spectroscopy near the Co 2p absorption edges. This element-specific technique is more bulk sensitive with respect to the temperature induced spin-state of the Co3+ ions in LaCoO3 than other high-energy spectroscopic methods. The spin transition is in...
Article
The electronic structure and chemical bonding of the recently discovered inverse perovskite Sc3AlN, in comparison to those of ScN and Sc metal, have been investigated by bulk-sensitive soft-x-ray emission spectroscopy. The measured Sc L, N K, Al L1, and Al L2,3 emission spectra are compared with calculated spectra using first-principles density-fun...
Article
The electronic structure and chemical bonding of wurtzite-GaN investigated by N 1s soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy and N K, Ga M1, and Ga M2,3 emission spectroscopy is compared to that of pure Ga. The measurements are interpreted by calculated spectra using first-principles density-functional theory (DFT) including dipole transition matrix eleme...
Poster
Full-text available
- In-situ film deposition - Advanced analysis of magnetron sputtered thin solid films - Avoided surface oxidation and contamination of the films - Integral part of the MAX IV VERITAS (VEry high Resolution, InTensity And Stability) beamline - Simultaneous scanning of undulator and monochromator - Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering (RIXS) - Fluoresc...
Article
X-ray absorption and resonant X-ray emission measurements at the O 1s edge of the uranium oxides UO2, U3O8 and UO3 are presented. The spectral shapes of the O Kα X-ray emission spectra of UO3 exhibit significant excitation energy dependence, from an asymmetric to a symmetric form, which differs from those of UO2 and U3O8. This energy dependence is...
Article
Full-text available
The frontier electronic structures of a series of organic dye molecules containing a triphenylamine moiety, a thiophene moiety and a cyanoacrylic acid moiety have been investigated by photoelectron spectroscopy (PES), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) and resonant photoelectron spectroscopy (RPES). The experimen...
Article
Full-text available
The averaged complex dielectric function ε = (2ε⊥+ε∥)/3 of polycrystalline Ti2AlN, Ti2AlC, Nb2AlC, (Ti0.5,Nb0.5)2AlC, and Ti3GeC2 was determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry covering the mid infrared to the ultraviolet spectral range. The dielectric functions ε⊥ and ε∥ correspond to the perpendicular and parallel dielectric tensor components relat...
Article
The electronic structure of nanolaminate Ti2AlC and Ti2AlN thin films, so-called MAX-phases, were investigated by soft X-ray emission spectroscopy. These nanolaminated carbide and nitride compounds represent a class of layered materials with a combination of properties from both metals and ceramics. The bulk-sensitive soft X-ray emission technique...
Article
The electronic structure of nanocrystalline (nc-) TiC/amorphous C nanocomposites has been investigated bysoft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy. The measured spectra at the Ti 2p and C 1s thresholds of thenanocomposites are compared to those of Ti metal and amorphous C. The corresponding intensities of theelectronic states for the valence...
Article
The electronic structure and the anisotropy of the Al - N π and σ chemical bonding of wurtzite AlN has been investigated by bulk-sensitive total fluorescence yield absorption and soft x-ray emission spectroscopies. The measured N K, Al L1, and Al L2,3 x-ray emission and N 1s x-ray absorption spectra are compared with calculated spectra using first...
Article
We have performed ab initio calculations for the cubic inverse-perovskite Sc3EN (E=Al,Ga,In) systems to study their electronic band-structures and elastic properties. In this study, we used the accurate augmented plane wave plus local orbital method to find the equilibrium structural parameters and to compute the full elastic tensors. The obtained...
Chapter
The electronic structures of the MAX–phases Ti3AlC2, Ti3SiC2 and Ti3GeC2 were investigated by soft X–ray emission spectroscopy. These nanolaminated carbide compounds represent a class of layered materials with a combination of properties from both metals and ceramics. The bulk–sensitive soft X–ray emission technique is shown to be particularly usef...
Article
The electronic structure of nanolaminate Ti2AlN and TiN thin films has been investigated by bulk-sensitive soft x-ray emission spectroscopy. The measured Ti L, N K, Al L1 and Al L2,3 emission spectra are compared with calculated spectra using ab initio density-functional theory including dipole transition matrix elements. Three different types of b...
Article
The electronic structure of the MAX-phase Ti2AlC was investigated by soft x-ray emission spectroscopy. This nanolaminated carbide compound represents a class of layered materials with a combination of properties from both metals and ceramics. The bulk-sensitive soft x-ray emission technique is shown to be particularly useful for detecting detailed...
Article