Martin Husemann

Martin Husemann
Leibniz Institute for the Analysis of Biodiversity Change · Section of Hymenoptera and Hemimetabolous Insects

PhD

About

246
Publications
37,243
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1,342
Citations
Introduction
I am interested in the evolution of biodiversity, especially in rapidly diverging and species-rich systems. I am using population genetic, phylogenetic and biogeographic methods to understand how species diversify.
Additional affiliations
April 2014 - June 2016
Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg
Position
  • Researcher
September 2013 - March 2014
Technische Universität München
Position
  • DAAD fellow
Description
  • Phylogeography and evolution of East African white-eye birds
May 2009 - September 2013
Baylor University
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (246)
Article
AimIn contrast to the attention given to southern Europe both as a centre of speciation and differentiation and as a Pleistocene refugium of Western Palaearctic taxa, North Africa has been relatively neglected. In this paper, we set out to address this shortfall.LocationNorth-West Africa and the Mediterranean.Methods We reviewed the existing litera...
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Bees (Anthophila) represent a critical taxon for the ecosystem service of pollination and hence have received great scientific attention. The more than 20,000 known species of bees are grouped in seven families. Yet, the relationships between bee families are not entirely clear, and specifically, the position of Melittidae and their monophyly has b...
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Population genetics is a field of research that predates the current generations of sequencing technology. Those approaches, that were established before massively parallel sequencing methods, have been adapted to these new marker systems (in some cases involving the development of new methods) that allow genome-wide estimates of the four major mic...
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Orthoptera have some of the largest genomes of all insects. At the same time, the architecture of their genomes remains poorly understood. Comparative cytological data across a wide range of taxa, even for basic parameters such as chromosome number, may provide important insights into the evolution of these genomes and help answer the question of w...
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The genus Thalpomena Saussure comprises nine species and four subspecies and is largely endemic to the Atlas Mountains (North Africa). Here, we used an evolutionary taxonomic approach to differentiate the species of the genus Thalpomena and to reconstruct their biogeographic history. Phylogenetic tree reconstruction based on five molecular markers...
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Rivers are known to act as biogeographic barriers in several strictly terrestrial taxa, while possibly serving as conduits of dispersal for freshwater-tolerant or -dependent species. However, the influence of river systems on genetic diversity depends on taxa-specific life history traits as well as other geographic factors. In amphibians, several s...
Article
Helicoverpa armigera is one of the most destructive insect pests of economically valuable crops in the world. Despite its economic importance, the population genetic structure of this insect remains unexplored in Ethiopia. To investigate the genetic diversity and population structure of H. armigera, we sampled 170 individuals from 15 populations th...
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The invasive pentatomid true bug Halyomorpha halys is reported for the first time from the German state of Hamburg, along with records from several other locations in Northern Germany. Specimens collected by scientists were evaluated along with records from citizen science platforms. DNA barcode sequences of several H. halys specimens from Hamburg...
Book
Insekten sind die artenreichste Tiergruppe auf der Erde. Nahezu überall zu finden, überleben sie auch unter extremen Bedingungen. Für uns Menschen erbringen sie wertvolle Ökosystemdienstleistungen, wie zum Beispiel die Bestäubung, und haben dennoch oft einen schlechten Ruf. Insekten sind aber auch stark gefährdet: Ihre Populationen gehen so stark z...
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Die invasive pentatomide Halyomorpha halys breitet sich in Deutschland weiter aus. Zuerst 2012 in Konstanz unter freiem Himmel nachgewiesen (HECKMANN 2012) und fast gleichzeitig in Bremer Hafen bei einer Zollkontrolle abgefangen (FREERS 2012), hat sie sich innerhalb von wenigen Jahren in Baden-Württemberg etabliert (HECKMANN 2016; HAYE & ZIMMERMAN...
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The Sycamore lace bug Corythucha ciliata originating in North America, was found in Italy for the first time already 1964. Since then, it distributed across much of Europe and reached southwestern Germany in 1983. While it is commonly found in Southern Germany, it now also occurs in North Rhine-Westphalia and Saxony. Here, we provide the first reco...
Article
The genus Thalpomena Saussure, 1884 is distributed in North Africa, Somalia and Ethiopia. It currently contains nine species, including one species with four subspecies; Seven of them (including one with four subspecies) are distributed in the Atlas Mountains, one in Libya and one (originally described in the genus Vosseleria) in the Somali Highlan...
Article
The phylogeny of many groups of Orthoptera remains poorly understood. Previous phylogenetic studies largely restricted to few mitochondrial markers found many species in the grasshopper subfamily Gomphocerinae to be para- or polyphyletic, presumably because of incomplete lineage sorting and ongoing hybridization between putatively young lineages. R...
Article
Distribution of the wood cockroach Ectobius vittiventris (A. Costa, 1847) in Ger-many with a first record for Lower Saxony. A recent find of the amber wood cockroach Ectobius vittiventris from the city of Stelle northwest of Winsen (Luhe) in Lower Saxony led us to research the current distribution of this originally southern European species in nor...
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The steppe regions of Mongolia have a rich grasshopper fauna. Especially, the short-horned (Caelifera) grasshopper family Acrididae with the subfamilies Gomphocerinae (slant-faced grasshoppers) and Oedipodinae (band-winged grasshoppers) show a high diversity and abundance. This study reviews the Mongolian fauna of band-winged grasshoppers based on...
Article
The Orthoptera fauna of Pevestorf (Lüchow-Dannenberg, Lower Saxony) and its surrounding based on records over more than 10 years. In this paper, we describe the grasshopper fauna of the region around the village of Pevestorf, district of Lüchow-Dannenberg (Lower Saxony) based on field trip material collected from 2008 to 2019 (8,374 specimens, 6,14...
Article
The global struggle to conserve as many species as possible with limited resources requires an improvement of our knowledge on the distribution of biodiversity. In Iran, the state of knowledge is poor for most groups of organisms, except few vertebrate groups and vascular plants. Reptiles are one of the best known, most diverse vertebrate groups in...
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Oceanic islands have long been considered engines of differentiation and speciation for terrestrial organisms. Here we investigated colonisation and radiation processes in the Madeira Archipelago and the Canary Islands of the Andrena wollastoni group of bees (subgenus Micrandrena ), which comprises six endemic species and five endemic subspecies on...
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Cholistan has a diverse fauna and flora, but until now its orthopteran fauna is relatively unstudied. The survey was conducted during November 2018 to August 2019. We found 25 species of grasshoppers, crickets and tree crickets. Caelifera were more diverse than Ensifera with 16 and 9 species, respectively. This work is provided an extended list of...
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We provide an updated catalogue of the type material of the lepidopteran superfamily Papilionoidea deposited in the Zoological Museum of Hamburg (ZMH). We report 414 specimens labelled as “types” belonging to nine species (all of valid names), 74 subspecies (44 valid names and 30 synonyms), 59 invalid infrasubspecific names under the ICZN code, and...
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Mites (Acari) represent important parasites for a diverse range of hosts. Within the Acari, the Prostigmata represent a diverse suborder of the order Trombidiformes with about 20 000 species, including parasitic forms on both vertebrates and invertebrates. Within the Prostigmata, the genus Locustacarus (Heterostigmata: Podapolipidae) is particularl...
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Human-induced ecological and climatic changes have led to the decline and even local extinction of many formerly widely distributed temperate and cold-adapted species. Determining the exact causes of this decline remains difficult. Bryodemella tuberculata was a widely distributed orthopteran species before the mid-19th century. Since then, many Eur...
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We present the new Citizen Science Portals Neobiota-Hamburg.de and Ahlert-Nord.de
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The bicolored shrew Crocidura leucodon so far has not been reported in Hamburg with certainty. Some plausible historical records before 1920 are present; in turn, two more recent records are doubtful for different reasons. Hence, the Red List status of the species for Hamburg has to be considered uncertain (either not present, or extinct). A citize...
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The geographical distributions of species associated with European temperate broadleaf forests have been significantly influenced by glacial–interglacial cycles. During glacial periods, these species persisted in Mediterranean and extra-Mediterranean refugia and later, during interglacial periods, expanded northwards. The widespread saproxylic beet...
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The Elbe is one of the longest European rivers and features a large, turbid and well-mixed estuary, which runs through the inner city of Hamburg. The Elbe has been closely monitored using classical catch techniques in the past. Here we tested a COI-based eDNA approach for assessing the biodiversity within the Elbe. We sampled three stations in the...
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Changing species assemblages represent major challenges to ecosystems around the world. Retracing these changes is limited by our knowledge of past biodiversity. Natural history collections represent archives of biodiversity and are therefore an unparalleled source to study biodiversity changes. In the present study, we tested the value of natural...
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Grasshoppers, specifically those of the family Acrididae are known to have the largest genomes of all insects. However, less than 100 species of Orthoptera have their genome size estimated so far. In the present study, we measured the genome size of five acridid species belonging to the two subfamilies Oedipodinae and Gomphocerinae. All of the geno...
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Zoological collections remain the main archive of animal biodiversity on Earth, and especially in times of large-scale declines of many groups represent important resources for biodiversity and conservation research. The most important individuals of these collections are the type specimens, which represent the original and unique reference for a s...
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An annotated catalog of the type specimens of the subfamily Cassidinae Gyllenhal, 1813 sensu stricto (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) housed at the Zoological Museum of Hamburg (ZMH), Center of Natural History, Hamburg (CeNak) is provided. Information on 29 syntypes, previously unknown for the ZHM collection, is given, and new distributional records are...
Article
Neogene orogenesis and climatic cycles strongly influenced inter- and intraspecific differentiation and variability of taxa. In this study, we focused on the southern margin of the western Palaearctic, known to be a geographically complex region. We performed mitochondrial DNA analyses of Buthus scorpions from the Moroccan Atlas Mountains, from the...
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The Asian bamboo borer Chlorophorus annularis is a beetle species that has been introduced in many countries globally. Originating in Southeast Asia, it can now be found in the Americas, South Africa, the Middle East, Australasia and Europe. The literature record of the species in Europe consists of findings of single individuals usually associated...
Article
With more than 143 species and a wide distributional range, the genus Sphingono-tus FIEBER, 1852 is the most species-rich genus within the subfamily Oedipodinae. Because of the high morphological similarity of many species, and a lack of comprehensive identification keys, it is not easy to distinguish many species of the genus. Molecular methods, s...
Article
Sphingonotus (Sphingonotus) rubescens (Walker, 1870) occurs from the Atlantic Islands to central and southern Asia, but its ecological preferences and the potential drivers that shaped its currently extensive distribution remain unknown. We review the known occurrence data for S. rubescens and reconstruct its current and palaeoclimatic niche (Last...
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We present four new complete mitochondrial genomes for Dasypoda hirtipes, Melitta schultzei, Capicola nanula and Samba griseonigra belonging to the basally branching bee family Melittidae covering four genera in three tribes (Melittini, Hesperaspini, Dasypodaini) and two subfamilies (Melittinae, Dasypodainae). The mitogenomes vary between 15,884 an...
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Glacial refugia are centers of high biodiversity. Therefore, knowledge on their locations and reactions of associated populations and landscapes to climatic changes is crucial for conservation management. We here investigated the biogeography of a butterfly species linked to open forest habitats. Using mitochondrial and nuclear markers in combinati...
Article
The yellow-legged, or Asian hornet, Vespa velutina, has invaded large parts of SouthWestern Europe and now starts spreading further north. Recently, it has been reported from Hamburg, Northern Germany. Yet, the origin of this new invasion is not clear as the founders may have come either from Southern Europe or from Asia. We here use COI sequences...
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The theory of island biogeography predicts that species diversity is lower on small islands and on islands far distant from the mainland, and higher on large islands with high habitat heterogeneity, and on islands close to the mainland. In addition, population and species persistence (i.e. their long-term survival) depends on life-history traits, i...
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The lime seed bug (Oxycarenus lavaterae) is an originally Mediterranean species which has colonized large parts of central Europe in recent years. Since 2004 the species is found in Germany. In 2019 the species has first been reported for Saxony-Anhalt and Berlin; in 2020 it was found in North-Rhine-Westphalia and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Her...
Article
The geological structure and history of mountains often cause highly complex patterns of evolution. The origin and diversity of the genus Triplophysa is considered to be closely associated with the rapid and persistent rise of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP). Species of the genus are widely distributed in the QTP and adjacent regions, and are stron...
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We present an updated checklist of type specimens of dragonflies (Odonata: Anisoptera) and damselflies (Odonata: Zygoptera) housed in the collection of the Zoological Museum of Hamburg (ZMH), part of the Centrum für Naturkunde (CeNak), Hamburg, Germany. We list all types currently housed in the dry and wet collections of the museum and compare the...
Conference Paper
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Muchos estudios han discutido sobre la fuerte influencia de la pérdida de hábitat sobre la dispersión y diversidad genética de las poblaciones de abejas. Sin embargo, existen otros factores no considerados en los estudios sobre diferenciación genética de poblaciones de abejas que también pueden causar cambios importantes en las poblaciones. Estos f...
Article
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For the first time the Asian hornet Vespa velutina has been found in Hamburg (Northern Germany). So far this is the northernmost occurrence of this originally SE-Asian species in Europe and in the world. It remains unclear whether this is a single accidentally translocated specimen or one of a population already reproducing. The find may suggest th...
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Urbanisation is an important global driver of biodiversity change, negatively impacting some species groups whilst providing opportunities for others. Yet its impact on ecosystem services is poorly investigated. Here, using a replicated experimental design, we test how Central European cities impact flying insects and the ecosystem service of polli...
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Background Species diversity is determined by both local environmental conditions that control differentiation and extinction and the outcome of large-scale processes that affect migration. The latter primarily comprises climatic change and dynamic landscape alteration. In the past few million years, both Southeast Asia and Eastern Africa experienc...
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The alfalfa weevil (Hypera postica) is a well-known example of a worldwide-distributed pest with high genetic variation. Based on the mitochondrial genes, the alfalfa weevil clusters into two main mitochondrial lineages. However, there is no clear picture of the global diversity and distribution of these lineages; neither the drivers of its diversi...
Article
Sphingonotus (Sphingonotus) changlangensis sp. nov. is a new species of Sphingonotus described from Namdapha National Park, Changlang District, Arunachal Pradesh, India. An annotated checklist of members of the genus Sphingonotus occurring in India is provided.
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Ecological speciation, which relies heavily on selection driving the emergence of new species, has become the primary paradigm through which rapid species radiations are understood. In this way, selection, particularly ecological selection, is assumed to be the driver of most species radiations. However, in many radiations, such as the radiation of...