Martín Hernández Marin

Martín Hernández Marin
Autonomous University of Aguascalientes | UAA · Departamento de Ingeniería Civil

PhD

About

66
Publications
14,760
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389
Citations
Citations since 2017
16 Research Items
287 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230204060
Introduction
Principales intereses de investigación: 1. Aplicación de modelos numéricos para el análisis del origen y consecuencias de la deformación superficial a nivel de cuenca. 2. Caracterización hidrogeológica de fracturas superficiales y su potencial aprovechamiento en la recarga de acuíferos.

Publications

Publications (66)
Article
Full-text available
Concrete is one of the most commonly used construction materials in the world due to its versatility. There are different types of concrete according to the required mechanical responses, and these will depend on the composition of the elements. Therefore, additional elements have been developed to improve the properties and conditions of concrete....
Article
Full-text available
Cities can be viewed as a source of solutions to environmental problems. The Water-Sensitive Cities (WSC) model is part of the solution when trying to transform the current negative relationship between water and cities, since it has remained at the conceptual level, without evaluating the implications of its application in cities from developing c...
Chapter
Full-text available
En la presente investigación se analizan y evalúan la posibles zonas de recarga dentro del valle de Aguascalientes por medio del método Water Table Fluctuations (wtf), en el cual se estima la recarga en relación al rendimiento especifico (Sy) del acuífero y el diferencial de altura del nivel estático para un lapso de tiempo determinado. Para la obt...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Aguascalientes valley, located in the central part of México, is affected for a land subsidence process triggered by groundwater withdrawal since the 1980's. Currently, the occurrence and the reactivation of surface faults and earth fissures due to differential subsidence, is the main concern for government bureaus dealing with urban planning, beca...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Land subsidence is an anthropogenic hazard triggered by different causes, one of them is groundwater overexploitation over aquifer systems composed for granular compressible sedimentary fill. One of the effects of this phenomenon is the generation and reactivation of ground failures, becoming risk points for aquifer pollution through the fast infil...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Land subsidence due to groundwater withdrawal has been developing in the Aguascalientes Valley since the 1980's. Even though the affected area is close to 900 km2, and the sinking velocity is up to 10 cm yr−1 in some zones, the main concern for valley inhabitants and local government is the occurrence of subsidence-related cracks and failures, whic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the Aguascalientes valley, middle Mexico, the demand of groundwater from the local aquifer system was suddenly increased after the late 1970s. Since then, several related problems have been occurring or become critical such as land subsidence, ground fissuring, and low-magnitude earthquakes. The most recent data of vertical deformation from PSIn...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of faults and fissures (discontinuities) on the groundwater flow has become important in several parts of the world because the heterogeneous and anisotropic distribution of permeability in fault zones is difficult to characterize. Based on this, we propose an analysis of patterns of parameters measured in groundwater, under the premise...
Article
Full-text available
This investigation presents the results of a comparative experimental analysis on the tensile strength obtained from soil samples in both conditions undisturbed and disturbed. For undisturbed soil samples, the tensile strength was obtained from an own-designed testing apparatus of direct tension. In this condition, the geometry of the samples durin...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater recharge (GWR) is analyzed and evaluated within the Aguascalientes Valley by means of a modified linearized Boussinesq equation and the Water Table Fluctuations (WTF) technique. These techniques use the specific yield, water table variations and the subsurface drainage of groundwater. The methodology is applied to the semiarid Aguascali...
Article
The investigation involves a temporal and spatial analysis to characterize recharge in the Aguascalientes valley in central Mexico. The results are based on a two-part methodological strategy using a geospatial and numerical analysis. Results from the geospatial analysis are based on the analytical hierarchical process (AHP) method, which involves...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fresh water is one of the natural resources needed for supply of urban, industrial and agricultural development; and its scarcity could be critical for urban growth. In the last decades, ground water exploitation has had a great negative impact in arid and semi-arid areas around the world, where groundwater is the only source for fresh water and th...
Article
Groundwater recharge (GWR) is analyzed and evaluated within the Aguascalientes Valley by means of a modified linearized Boussinesq equation and the Water Table Fluctuations (WTF) technique. These techniques use the specific yield, water table variations and the subsurface drainage of groundwater. The methodology is applied to the semiarid Aguascali...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the main hydromechanical characteristics of a portion of the Oriente fault, in the valley of Aguascalientes, Mexico, are analyzed and discussed. This discontinuity corresponds to a normal fault that was originated before the formation of the Aguascalientes graben. However, its recent activity and potential reactivation may be directl...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN El Museo de la Insurgencia, declarado edificio histórico y patrimonial y localizado en Pabellón de Hidalgo, estado de Aguascalientes, México central, está siendo severamente dañado por una falla superficial activa. Para este trabajo se implementó una metodología sencilla para monitorear y cuantificar los desplazamientos derivados de la fall...
Article
Full-text available
In this work we present an application of InSAR and gravimetric surveys for risk management related to land subsidence and surface ground faulting generation. A subsidence velocity map derived from the 2007–2011 ALOS SAR imagery and a sediment thicknesses map obtained from the inversion of gravimetric data were integrated with a surface fault map t...
Poster
Full-text available
Los materiales a considerar para la elaboración de la investigación son: el programa de información geográfica denominado QuantiumGIS (Qgis), así como todas las cartas de los elementos necesarios para realizar el análisis provenientes del lnstituto Nacional de Estadística,Geografía e Informática (INEGI).
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Surface failures have been observed in the valley of Aguascalientes since the early 1980's. Although, groundwater pumping began in the early 1950's but became intensive until the late 1970's, when many of the surface failures appeared. For this reason, surface deformation (surface failures and land subsidence) has been associated to groundwater wit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) has become a valuable tool for surface deformation monitoring, including land subsidence associated with groundwater extraction. Another useful tools for studying Earth's surface processes are geophysical methods such as Gravimetry. In this work we present the application of InSAR analysis and gravim...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this study we investigate different aspects of land subsidence and ground failures occurring in the west portion of Chapala lake basin. Currently, surface discontinuities seem to be associated with subsiding bowls. In an effort to understand some of the conditioning factors to surface deformation, two sounding cores from the upper sequence (11 m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El fallamiento del terreno debido a la subsidencia asociada a la extracción de agua subterránea ha causado daños en la infraestructura urbana y las construcciones en muchas ciudades como Celaya, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, etc. Tan solo en Aguascalientes se reportaron 1438 edificios dañados como consecuencia de la subsidencia del terreno (SIFAGG, 2...
Poster
Full-text available
El fallamiento del terreno debido a la subsidencia asociada a la extracción de agua subterránea ha causado daños en la infraestructura urbana y las construcciones en muchas ciudades como Celaya, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, etc. Tan solo en Aguascalientes se reportaron 1438 edificios dañados como consecuencia de la subsidencia del terreno (Pacheco e...
Poster
Full-text available
Estemétodoestableceunaconstantedeproporcionalidadparaelacuíferoenfuncióndevariablesintrínsecasdelmismo.Lasvariablesquecondicionanlarecargason:precipitación,pendientedelterreno,tipoderoca,vegetaciónytipodesuelo.DecadavariableseelaboraráunacapaenunSIG.Paralaaplicacióndelmétodosedesarrollaránpuntuacionesparaclasificarlainformacióndelmapadecadavariable...
Poster
Full-text available
Modelar escorrentías de una cuenca hidrográfica ubicada en el municipio de Aguascalientes con la ayuda de softwares necesarios y el estudio hidrológico para ser desviados hacia discontinuidades superficiales con potencial de recarga, para que pueda ser captada y usada para la recarga natural del acuífero.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El clima de cada región tiene incidencia en la precipitación, la CONAGUA refiere que en México llueve una media de 1,489 km3 al año. Donde el 4.8% se infiltra al subsuelo de forma natural y recarga los acuíferos. Por otro lado el clima toma un papel importante en el tipo abastecimiento del recurso hídrico para las regiones. En muchos casos el clima...
Poster
Full-text available
El fallamiento del terreno debido a la subsidencia asociada a la extracción de agua subterránea ha causado daños en la infraestructura urbana y las construcciones en muchas ciudades como Celaya, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, etc. Tan solo en Aguascalientes se reportaron 1438 edificios dañados como consecuencia de la subsidencia del terreno (Pacheco e...
Presentation
Full-text available
El agua es la sangre vital de nuestro planeta, constituye un elemento primordial para que se lleven a cabo los procesos bioquímicos de todos los seres vivios, y es un factor fundamental para el desarrollo social y económico de la sociedad.
Poster
Full-text available
Se espera poder conocer los volúmenes de agua que pueden ser desviados hacia discontinuidades superficiales con potencial de recarga, para que pueda ser captada y usada para la recarga natural del acuífero.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
INTRODUCCIÓN: Vivimos en un planeta cubierto en su mayoría por agua, y sin embargo se habla de una crisis hídrica. El problema con el agua es que su distribución no es igual. Además del clima; la distribución y la abundancia dependen de la geología, litología, etc. Estos factores imponen variaciones la abundancia del recurso. Pero existe otro confl...
Poster
Full-text available
En Aguascalientes, México el fenómeno de subsidencia comenzó a observarse en la década de los 80s cuando varios edificios, carreteras y otro tipo de infraestructura empezaron a sufrir daños en su estructura. Actualmente, se reportan 1820 edificios dañados como consecuencia de la subsidencia del terreno en el Valle de Aguascalientes, de los cuales 1...
Poster
Full-text available
El agua es la sangre vital de nuestro planeta, constituye un elemento primordial para que se lleven a cabo los procesos bioquímicos de todos los seres vivos.
Poster
Full-text available
Determinción de zonas de recarga dentro del Valle de Aguacalientes por medio del método Water Table Fluctuations (WTF)
Article
This report presents the results of a study on the performance of thin-walled cold-formed steel wall frames with different sheathing systems affected by angular distortions simulating ground differential settlements due to land subsidence. The wall frames are sheathed with different systems: expanded polystyrene, OSB, calcium silicate and gypsum bo...
Poster
Full-text available
El fenómeno de subsidencia ha sido documentado desde principios de siglo pasado en países como Estados Unidos, Japón, Italia, China y México, entre otros, Pacheco, Ortiz, Zermeño y Mendoza (2011). Según lo indicado por Rodríguez y Rodríguez (2006) se estima que del 60 al 65 % del total del agua que se consume en el país proviene de acuíferos subter...
Poster
Full-text available
Modelar escorrentías de una cuenca ubicada en el municipio de Aguascalientes con la ayuda de un software especializado para conocer los volúmenes de agua que pueden ser desviados hacia discontinuidades superficiales con potencial de recarga, para que pueda ser captada y usada para la recarga natural del acuífero.
Conference Paper
INTRODUCCIÓN: Vivimos en un planeta cubierto en su mayoría por agua, y sin embargo se habla de una crisis hídrica. El problema con el agua es que su distribución no es igual. Además del clima; la distribución y la abundancia dependen de la geología, litología, etc. Estos factores imponen variaciones la abundancia del recurso. Pero existe otro confl...
Article
Full-text available
Vertical deformation was measured at 14 benchmarks within the urban area of Jocotepec Mexico using first-order leveling methods and then spatially analyzed in relation to land subsidence and soil discontinuity patterns. The study area is located within the western portion of the Chapala basin, middle-west Mexico. Observations of vertical surficial...
Article
Vertical deformation was measured at 14 benchmarks within the urban area of Jocotepec Mexico using first-order leveling methods and then spatially analyzed in relation to land subsidence and soil discontinuity patterns. The study area is located within the western portion of the Chapala basin, middle-west Mexico. Observations of vertical surficial...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
En 1993 se realizó un estudio del problema de subsidencia que afecta a la ciudad de Aguascalientes Ags., el cual incluyó el análisis de la sismicidad registrada de 1988 a 1994 en la estación sismológica AGX del Servicio Sismológico Nacional (SSN) ubicada en la misma ciudad, dicho estudio identificó 18 sismos locales. Como parte del mismo estudio se...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Se presentan y analizan los resultados de monitorización de subsidencia al oeste de la cuenca de Chapala, así como su relación con las fracturas observadas. Se monitorizó subsidencia durante ocho meses, empezando en abril y terminando en noviembre de 2012, se encontró un cono de subsidencia máximo de 7.16 cm en el centro de la zona urbana de Jocote...
Chapter
El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar el comportamiento mecánico que presentan los elementos de acero rolado en frío de pared delgada al ser sometidos a esfuerzos de compresión axial. Se analiza también el comportamiento del material ante esfuerzos de tensión. Para realizar lo anterior se utilizaron perfiles en sección canal con borde rígido, con...
Article
Full-text available
Four two-dimensional numerical model scenarios are developed to gain a better understanding of how earth fissures form under pumping induced stress. The simulated aquifer-aquitard system contains a low compressibility sub-vertical 100 m wide fault zone that transects the hydrostratigraphic system that includes a 100 m thick vadose zone. Two scenari...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
1 Pacheco Martínez Jesús 2 RESUMEN En este trabajo se presenta un análisis numérico sobre la ocurrencia de fracturamiento superficial en la localidad de Jesús María, al norte de la ciudad de Aguascalientes. El análisis consiste en la aplicación de un modelo numérico bidimensional sobre una sección que cruza de este-oeste la zona de estudio, conside...
Article
Pumping-induced earth fissuring occurs in many localities and represents an important economic problem associated with damage to infrastructures. In this work, a descriptive analysis of the natural conditions of selected localities undergoing fissuring is first performed. Then, numerical simulations are developed using the finite-element code ABAQU...
Thesis
Full-text available
This dissertation describes the occurrence of pumping-induced earth fissures associated with quaternary faulting using numerical simulations. The Eglington Fault located in Las Vegas valley has been selected as the prototype fault described herein. The finite-element software program ABAQUS is used for the numerical simulations. The Eglington fault...
Article
Land subsidence and earth fissuring can cause damage in semiarid urbanized valleys where pumping exceeds natural recharge. In places such as Las Vegas Valley (USA), Quaternary faults play an important role in the surface deformation patterns by constraining the migration of land subsidence and creating complex relationships with surface fissures. T...
Article
Full-text available
Overpumping in Las Vegas Valley has caused an increase in effective stress and the accumulation of strain in critical zones. As a consequence of this stress-strain configuration, surface deformation expressed in the form of earth fissures and land subsidence has been occurring most commonly in zones adjacent to quaternary faults. The Eglington Faul...
Article
Full-text available
Earth fissuring associated with subsidence from groundwater pumping is problematic in many arid-zone heavily pumped basins such as Las Vegas Valley. Long-term pumping at rates considerably greater than the natural recharge rate has stressed the heterogeneous aquifer system resulting in a complex stress-strain regime. A rigorous artificial recharge...
Article
Fracturing of clayey fluvial and lacustrine deposits has become a major problem in several cities of central Mexico. The available data reveals the coexistence of several factors determining fracturing at different scales. As main factors we analyze the variation in compressibility of sediments causing differential deformation and withdrawal of gro...
Article
Full-text available
Land subsidence and subsequent earth fissuring are common characteristics in over-pumped arid to semiarid basins such as Las Vegas Basin (LVB). Both phenomena are consequences of stress-strain adjustments during or after groundwater withdrawal, resulting in strain accumulation and further deformation on or near the land surface. Land subsidence occ...
Article
Full-text available
Land subsidence in the Valley of Querétaro is an active phenomenon that has been associated to extensive groundwater withdrawal. However, a fault-fracture system affecting the city of Queretaro is aligned with north-south striking regional faults suggesting that buried fault scarps determine the geometry and propagation of fractures. Likewise, faul...
Article
Full-text available
Land subsidence in the Chalco Valley, near Mexico City, is caused by the consolidation of the upper aquitards, which consist mainly of saturated silty- clayey sediments interbedded with sandy lenses of volcanic ash. Detailed characterization of the physical and mechanical properties of the top 15 m of the sequence was performed. Laboratory analyses...

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