Martin Hanel

Martin Hanel
Czech University of Life Sciences Prague | CULS · Faculty of Environmental Science

PhD

About

99
Publications
31,138
Reads
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2,113
Citations
Citations since 2017
56 Research Items
1795 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
Additional affiliations
July 2014 - present
Technical University of Liberec
Position
  • Researcher
September 2009 - present
Czech University of Life Sciences Prague
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2009 - present
T.G. Masaryk Water Research Institute
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (99)
Article
Full-text available
A linear mixed-effects (LME) model is developed to discriminate the sources of variation in the changes of several precipitation characteristics over the Rhine basin as projected by an ensemble of 191 global climate model (GCM) simulations from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 5. The uncertainty in climate change projections originates fro...
Article
In this paper, we analyse observed changes in characteristics of sub-daily heavy summer precipitation and erosive precipitation events for the Czech Republic, taking into consideration 51 years of data (1961–2011) for 17 stations. The sub-daily data were checked for consistency with the daily control records, and unreliable data were removed from t...
Article
Full-text available
Characteristics of rainfall events in an ensemble of 23 regional climate model (RCM) simulations are evaluated against observed data in the Czech Republic for the period 1981–2000. Individual rainfall events are identified using the concept of minimum inter-event time (MIT) and only heavy events (15 % of events with the largest event depths) during...
Article
Full-text available
Early 21st-century droughts in Europe have been broadly regarded as exceptionally severe, substantially affecting a wide range of socio-economic sectors. These extreme events were linked mainly to increases in temperature and record-breaking heatwaves that have been influencing Europe since 2000, in combination with a lack of precipitation during t...
Article
Full-text available
Drought is one of the main threats to food security and ecosystem productivity. During the past decades, Europe has experienced a series of droughts that caused substantial socioeconomic losses and environmental impacts. A key question is whether there are some similar characteristics in these droughts, especially when compared to the droughts that...
Article
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The aridity index, also known as the Budyko index, describes spatiotemporal changes in the hydroclimatic system in the long-term perspective. Defined as the ratio between potential evapotranspiration and precipitation, it can be used to determine wet (humid) and dry (arid) regions. In this study, we evaluated the aridity index estimated in differen...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change impact on avalanches is ambiguous. Fewer, wetter, and smaller avalanches are expected in areas where snow cover is declining, while in higher-altitude areas where snowfall prevails, snow avalanches are frequently and spontaneously triggered. In the present paper, we (1) analyse trends in frequency, magnitude, and orientation of wet-...
Article
Full-text available
Since the beginning of this century, Europe has been experiencing severe drought events (2003, 2007, 2010, 2018 and 2019) which have had adverse impacts on various sectors, such as agriculture, forestry, water management, health and ecosystems. During the last few decades, projections of the impact of climate change on hydroclimatic extremes have o...
Article
Full-text available
Flash droughts are caused by a rapid depletion of soil moisture, which severely affect vegetation growth and agricultural production. Notwithstanding the growing importance of flash droughts under the warming climate, drivers of flash droughts across the Europe are not well understood. Here we estimate the changes in flash droughts characteristics...
Presentation
Full-text available
There is general agreement about the water cycle acceleration in the community, although its strength over land has been debated lately. While some common behavior is observed under similar climatic conditions across the globe, at the regional scale the water cycle's response to global warming is specific to its location's unique characteristics. H...
Presentation
Full-text available
Detailed investigations across time scales and variable types can progress our understanding of hydroclimate. In this work, we analyse temperature, precipitation and streamflow time series at nine time scales (i.e., the 1-day, 2-day, 3-day, 7-day, 0.5-month, 1-month, 2-month, 3-month and 6-month ones). The analyses are performed over the continenta...
Preprint
Full-text available
Detailed feature investigations and comparisons across climates, continents and time series types can progress our understanding and modelling ability of the Earth's hydroclimate and its dynamics. As a step towards these important directions, we here propose and extensively apply a multifaceted and engineering-friendly methodological framework for...
Article
The close relationship between the onset and severity of agricultural and hydrological drought is considered self-evident, yet relatively few studies have addressed the effects of applying agricultural drought adaptation to hydrological drought characteristics. The present study applies a model cascade capable of simultaneously considering the inte...
Article
Full-text available
During the period 2018–20, Europe experienced a series of hot and dry weather conditions with significant socioeconomic and environmental consequences. Yet, the extremity of these multi-year dry conditions is not recognized. Here, we provide a comprehensive spatio-temporal assessment of the drought hazard over Europe by benchmarking past exceptiona...
Preprint
Full-text available
Climate change impact on avalanches is ambiguous. Fewer, wetter, and smaller avalanches are expected in areas where snow cover is declining, while in higher altitude areas where snowfall prevails, snow avalanches are frequently and spontaneously triggered. In the present paper, we assess 39 years (winters of 1979–1999 to 2002–2020) of avalanche act...
Article
Runoff is a crucial component of the water cycle that contributes to the water resources to sustain human life. In examining climate change scenarios, historical runoff trends provide vital information on past runoff variability and support design of adaptation measures. Climate data-based hydrological models such as the Budyko model are biased in...
Preprint
Full-text available
A comprehensive understanding of the behaviours of the various geophysical processes requires, among others, detailed investigations across temporal scales. In this work, we propose a new time series feature compilation for advancing and enriching such investigations in a hydroclimatic context. This specific compilation can facilitate largely inter...
Article
Accurate, reliable, and high spatio-temporal resolution precipitation data are vital for many applications, including the study of extreme events, hydrological modeling, water resource management, and hydroclimatic research in general. In this study, we performed a systematic review of the available literature to assess the performance of the Integ...
Preprint
Full-text available
Since the beginning of this century, Europe has been experiencing severe drought events (2003, 2007, 2010, 2018, and 2019) which have had adverse impacts on various sectors, such as agriculture, forestry, water management, health, and ecosystems. During the last few decades, projections of the impact of climate change on hydroclimatic extremes were...
Article
Full-text available
Evaporation is an important factor in the overall hydrological balance. It is usually derived as the difference between runoff, precipitation and the change in water storage in a catchment. The magnitude of actual evaporation is determined by the quantity of available water and heavily influenced by climatic and meteorological factors. Currently, t...
Article
Full-text available
Like civilization and technology, our understanding of the global water cycle has been continuously evolving, and we have adapted our quantification methods to better exploit new technological resources. The accurate quantification of global water fluxes and storages is crucial in studying the global water cycle. These fluxes and storages physicall...
Article
Full-text available
The determination of minimum residual flow (MRF) follows diverse methodology in Europe due to differing hydrological conditions, ecosystem requirements, water abstraction requirements, and legislation. Methodologies in individual countries are difficult to compare qualitatively. However, individual approaches can serve as examples for countries und...
Article
Full-text available
The recent dry and warm years in Europe are often assessed as extreme in terms of socio-economic and environmental losses. However, the impact of a drought is a function of its duration. This fact needs to be considered in the evaluation of a drought. In this study, we use a hydrological model to analyze the 2018 European drought, an event that sig...
Article
Full-text available
Integration of Earth system data from various sources is a challenging task. Except for their qualitative heterogeneity, different data records exist for describing similar Earth system process at different spatiotemporal scales. Data inter-comparison and validation are usually performed at a single spatial or temporal scale, which could hamper the...
Article
Full-text available
Determining an optimal calibration strategy for hydrological models is essential for a robust and accurate water balance assessment, in particular, for catchments with limited observed data. In the present study, the hydrological model Bilan was used to simulate hydrological balance for 20 catchments throughout the Czech Republic during the period...
Article
Full-text available
Since the spring 2018, a large part of Europe has been in the midst of a record-setting drought. Using long-term observations, we demonstrate that the occurrence of the 2018-2019 (consecutive) summer drought is unprecedented in the last 250 years, and its combined impact on the growing season vegetation activities is stronger compared to the 2003 E...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many physically based models aiming to quantify the vulnerability and risk of hydrologic and geomorphic hazards need as input or forcing time series of processes such as precipitation, temperature, humidity, etc. The reliability of their output depends on how realistic the inputs are. CoSMoS is a multi-platform software that generates reliable time...
Poster
Full-text available
In present paper we compare the reconstructed gridded seasonal precipitation (P) and temperature (T) for Europe [1,2] to the available station data from the GHCN [3,4] network going back to 1800. The basic statistical properties at various timescales ranging from 1/4 to 30 years are examined. It is shown, that there are significant biases in the re...
Article
Full-text available
Modelling of hydrological extremes and drought modelling in particular has received much attention over recent decades. The main aim of this study is to apply a statistical model for drought estimation (in this case deficit volume) using extreme value theory and the index-flood method and to reduce the uncertainties in estimation of drought event r...
Article
Full-text available
The change in the empirical distribution of future global precipitation is one of the major implications regarding the intensification of global water cycle. Heavier events are expected to occur more often, compensated by decline of light precipitation and/or number of wet days. Here, we scrutinize a new global, high‐resolution precipitation data s...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we assess the irrigation water use in the Danube Basin, highlight its complexity, identify future challenges and show the relevance for a basin-wide integrative irrigation management plan as part of a more holistic and coherent resource policy. In this sense, we base our integrative regional assessments of the water-food-energy nexus...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In addition to adverse impacts on ecosystem services, climate change will very likely result in the increased occurrence, duration and intensity of heat waves threatening human health and comfort, in cities in particular. This is especially due to the replacement of natural surfaces with high thermal capacity urban constructions leading to the so-c...
Article
The effects of heat stress are spatially heterogeneous owing to local variations in climate response, population density, and social conditions. Using global climate and impact models from the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project, our analysis shows that the frequency and intensity of heat events increase, especially in tropical regi...
Article
Full-text available
Plain Language Summary Drought is one of the most costly natural hazards. Complete understanding of this phenomenon evades us because drought needs a long period of time to evolve and when it does, it might propagate through different components of the hydrological cycle. For example, meteorological drought, which is a lack of rainfall, might resul...
Article
Full-text available
Simulations of regional or global climate models are often used for climate change impact assessment. To eliminate systematic errors, which are inherent to all climate model simulations, a number of post-processing (statistical downscaling) methods have been proposed recently. In addition to basic statistical properties of simulated variables, some...
Article
Full-text available
Precipitation forecasting has great significance for hydrological modelling, particularly for issuing flood alerts. is study assesses the high-resolution deterministic model ALADIN-CZ (Aire Limitée, Adaptation Dynamique, Development International-Czech Republic) and the ensemble model ALADIN-LAEF (Limited Area Ensemble Forecasting). Verified precip...
Article
Full-text available
Simulations of regional or global climate models are often used for climate change impact assessment. To eliminate systematic errors, which are inherent to all climate model simulations, a number of post processing (statistical downscaling) methods have been proposed recently. In addition to basic statistical properties of simulated variables, some...
Article
Full-text available
Water quality in rural catchments is influenced by many societal and bio-physical factors ( e.g . different pollution sources, land use and land cover changes). Good ecological status and surface water quality are currently challenged mainly due to different poorly identified pollution sources. The main objective of this study is to estimate the po...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses projected changes in short-term rainfall events during the warm season (April – October) in an ensemble of 30 regional climate model (RCM) simulations. The analysis of trend changes and changes in scaling exponents was done for the Hurbanovo, Bratislava, Oravská Lesná, and Myjava stations in Slovakia. The characteristics of maxi...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, there has been growing concern about the effect of global warming on water resources, especially at regional and continental scales. The last IPCC report on extremes states that there is medium confidence about an increase on European drought frequency during twentieth century. Here we use the Old World Drought Atlas palaeoclimatic...
Article
Several basins in Western Bohemia are regularly confronted with water scarcity problems during dry periods that have far-reaching impacts on stream ecology and the availability of drinking water for users. This paper presents a hydrological balance assessment of catchments in Western Bohemia for present and future conditions together with possible...
Article
Full-text available
The study compares characteristics of observed sub-daily precipitation extremes in the Czech Republic with those simulated by Hadley Centre Regional Model version 3 (HadRM3) and Rossby Centre Regional Atmospheric Model version 4 (RCA4) regional climate models (RCMs) driven by reanalyses and examines diurnal cycles of hourly precipitation and their...
Article
Full-text available
Long-term persistence (LTP) of annual river runoff is a topic of ongoing hydrological research, due to its implications to water resources management. Here, we estimate its strength, measured by the Hurst coefficient H, in 696 annual, globally distributed, streamflow records with at least 80 years of data. We use three estimation methods (maximum l...
Article
Full-text available
Simulations of regional or global climate models are often used for climate change impact assessment. To eliminate systematic errors, which are inherent to all climate model simulations, a number of post processing (statistical downscaling) methods have been proposed recently. In addition to basic statistical properties of simulated variables, some...
Article
Due to inherent bias the climate model simulated precipitation and temperature cannot be used to drive a hydrological model without pre-processing – statistical downscaling. This often consists of reducing the bias in the climate model simulations (bias correction) and/or transformation of the observed data in order to match the projected changes (...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Several spatially distributed soil moisture estimates of different origin, spatial and temporal resolution are currently available for Europe or individual countries. These estimates range from gridded observations and satellite products to the estimates of large scale and/or spatially distributed water balance models. The estimated soil moisture i...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses the projected changes in short-term rainfall events during the warm season (April–October) in an ensemble of 30 regional climate model (RCM) simulations. The seasonality analysis was done for the Hurbanovo, Bratislava, Oravska Lesna, and Myjava stations in Slovakia. The characteristics of maximum rainfall events were analysed fo...
Article
The aim of this study is to assess the potential of hydrological models derived by genetic programming (GP) to estimate runoff at ungauged catchments by regionalization. A set of 176 catchments from the MOPEX (Model Parameter Estimation Experiment) project was used for our analysis. Runoff models for each catchment were derived by genetic programmi...
Article
Full-text available
The attention to the water scarcity problems caused by climate change is paid in the Czech Republic since 1990's. Increasing daily mean temperature, changes in distribution of precipitation and earlier snow melt lead to insufficient recharge of the groundwater reserves and in turn to a decrease of baseflow component of total runoff. Water streams a...