Martin Gregor

Martin Gregor
Institute of Molecular Genetics AS CR · Laboratory of Integrative Biology

Ph.D.

About

45
Publications
9,487
Reads
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1,157
Citations
Citations since 2016
19 Research Items
699 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Introduction
Martin Gregor currently leads the Laboratory of Integrative Biology, Institute of Molecular Genetics AS CR. Martin is developing mouse models for studying disease-related, cell biological and molecular aspects of cytoskeletal and other proteins in digestive organs.
Additional affiliations
March 2011 - present
Institute of Molecular Genetics AS CR
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (45)
Article
Full-text available
The coordinated interplay of cytoskeletal networks critically determines tissue biomechanics and structural integrity. Here, we show that plectin, a major intermediate filament-based cytolinker protein, orchestrates cortical cytoskeletal networks in epithelial sheets to support intercellular junctions. By combining CRISPR/Cas9-based gene editing an...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background and Aims: Alagille syndrome (ALGS) is a pediatric genetic disorder, caused by mutations in the Notch ligand JAGGED1, presenting with cholestasis due to intrahepatic bile duct paucity. Despite chronic liver disease, few patients develop severe fibrosis or liver cancer, compared to other chronic liver diseases. In contrast, about 1/3 of AL...
Article
Full-text available
Fibrogenic processes instigate fatal chronic diseases leading to organ failure and death. Underlying biological processes involve induced massive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) by aberrant fibroblasts. We subjected diseased primary human lung fibroblasts to an advanced three-dimensional phenotypic high-content assay and screened a repurpo...
Article
Full-text available
Cellular force generation and force transmission are of fundamental importance for numerous biological processes and can be studied with the methods of Traction Force Microscopy (TFM) and Monolayer Stress Microscopy. Traction Force Microscopy and Monolayer Stress Microscopy solve the inverse problem of reconstructing cell-matrix tractions and inter...
Article
Full-text available
ADAM10 and ADAM17 are proteases that affect multiple signalling pathways by releasing molecules from the cell surface. As their substrate specificities partially overlaps, we investigated their concurrent role in liver regeneration and fibrosis, using three liver-specific deficient mouse lines: ADAM10- and ADAM17-deficient lines, and a line deficie...
Article
Full-text available
Cells in the lungs, the heart, and numerous other organs, are constantly exposed to dynamic forces and deformations. To mimic these dynamic mechanical loading conditions and to study the resulting cellular responses such as morphological changes or the activation of biochemical signaling pathways, cells are typically seeded on flexible 2D substrate...
Article
Full-text available
Plectin, a highly versatile cytolinker protein, provides tissues with mechanical stability through the integration of intermediate filaments (IFs) with cell junctions. Here, we hypothesize that plectin-controlled cytoarchitecture is a critical determinant of the intestinal barrier function and homeostasis. Mice lacking plectin in an intestinal epit...
Preprint
Full-text available
ADAM10 and ADAM17 are proteases that affect multiple signalling pathways by releasing molecules from the cell surface. As their substrate specificities partially overlaps, we investigated their concurrent role in liver regeneration and fibrosis, using three liver-specific deficient mouse lines: ADAM10- and ADAM17-deficient lines, and a line deficie...
Preprint
Full-text available
Plectin, a highly versatile cytolinker protein, provides tissues with mechanical stability through the integration of intermediate filaments (IFs) with cell junctions. Here, we hypothesize that plectin-controlled cytoarchitecture is a critical determinant of the intestinal barrier function and homeostasis. Mice lacking plectin in intestinal epithel...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cellular force generation and force transduction are of fundamental importance for numerous biological processes and can be studied with the methods of Traction Force Microscopy (TFM) and Monolayer Stress Microscopy. Traction Force Microscopy and Monolayer Stress Microscopy solve the inverse problem of reconstructing cell-matrix tractions and inter...
Article
Autoinflammatory diseases are characterized by dysregulation of the innate immune system, leading to spontaneous inflammation. Pstpip2cmo mouse strain is a well-characterized model of this class of disorders. Because of the mutation leading to the lack of adaptor protein PSTPIP2, these animals suffer from autoinflammatory chronic multifocal osteomy...
Article
Full-text available
Intermediate filaments constitute the third component of the cellular skeleton. Unlike actin and microtubule cytoskeletons, the intermediate filaments are composed of a wide variety of structurally related proteins showing distinct expression patterns in tissues and cell types. Changes in the expression patterns of intermediate filaments are often...
Article
Full-text available
Hepatocytes are the central cells of the liver responsible for its metabolic function. As such, they form a uniquely polarized epithelium, in which two or more hepatocytes contribute apical membranes to form a bile canalicular network through which bile is secreted. Hepatocyte polarization is essential for correct canalicular formation and depends...
Article
Full-text available
Background & aims: Plectin, a highly versatile cytolinker protein, controls intermediate filament (IF) cytoarchitecture and cellular stress response. In the present study, we investigate the role of plectin in the liver under basal conditions and in experimental cholestasis. Methods: We generated liver-specific Plectin knockout (PleΔalb) mice an...
Article
The complex architecture of the liver biliary network represents a structural prerequisite for the formation and secretion of bile as well as excretion of toxic substances through bile ducts. Disorders of the biliary tract affect a significant portion of the worldwide population, often leading to cholestatic liver diseases. Cholestatic liver diseas...
Article
Full-text available
A Disintegrin And Metalloprotease (ADAM) 10 exerts essential roles during organ development and tissue integrity in different organs, mainly through activation of the Notch pathway. However, only little is known about its implication in liver tissue physiology.Here we show that in contrast to its role in other tissues, ADAM10 is dispensable for the...
Article
Full-text available
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are potential biomarkers for disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, clinical trials targeting MMPs have not succeeded, likely due to poor understanding of the biological functions of individual MMPs. Here, we explore the role of MMP-19 in IBD pathology. Using a DSS-induced model of colitis, w...
Article
Full-text available
The mechanical stability of epithelial cells, which protect organisms from harmful external factors, is maintained by hemidesmosomes via the interaction between plectin 1a (P1a) and integrin α6β4. Binding of calcium-calmodulin (Ca(2+)-CaM) to P1a together with phosphorylation of integrin β4 disrupts this complex, resulting in disassembly of hemides...
Article
Full-text available
Lecithin:retinol acyltransferase (LRAT) is the major enzyme responsible for retinol esterification in the mammalian body. LRAT exhibits specific activity in the cells with active retinol metabolism where it converts retinols into retinyl esters, which represents the major storage form of retinol. Besides hepatic stellate cells in the liver, LRAT ap...
Article
Full-text available
Integrin-based mechanotransduction involves a complex focal adhesion (FA)-associated machinery that is able to detect and respond to forces exerted either through components of the extracellular matrix or the intracellular contractile actomyosin network. Here, we show a hitherto unrecognized regulatory role of vimentin intermediate filaments (IFs)...
Article
Full-text available
Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is used to treat primary biliary cirrhosis, intrahepatic cholestasis, and other cholestatic conditions. Although much has been learned about the molecular basis of the disease pathophysiology, our understanding of the effects of UDCA remains unclear. Possibly underlying its cytoprotective, anti-apoptotic, anti-oxidative...
Article
Full-text available
The signalling pathway elicited by hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor c-Met is indispensable for liver development and regeneration. It has been described that c-Met is released from the cell surface by a disintegrin and metalloprotease 10 (ADAM10) resulting in a soluble c-Met form known as sMet. Using the human hepatocellular HepG2 an...
Article
Full-text available
Liver fibrosis is characterized by the deposition and increased turnover of extracellular matrix. This process is controlled by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), whose expression and activity dynamically change during injury progression. MMP-19, one of the most widely expressed MMPs, is highly expressed in liver; however, its contribution to liver...
Article
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) neuropathy is the most common inherited neuromuscular disorder. CMT is genetically very heterogeneous. Mutations in the SH3TC2 gene cause Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 4C (CMT4C), a demyelinating form with autosomal recessive inheritance. In this study, two novel splice site mutations in the SH3TC2 gene have been stu...
Article
Full-text available
Focal adhesions (FAs) located at the ends of actin/myosin-containing contractile stress fibers form tight connections between fibroblasts and their underlying extracellular matrix. We show here that mature FAs and their derivative fibronectin fibril-aligned fibrillar adhesions (FbAs) serve as docking sites for vimentin intermediate filaments (IFs)...
Article
Full-text available
The detachment of epithelial cells from the basal matrix during wound healing and differentiation of keratinocytes requires the disassembly of the hemidesmosomal multiprotein adhesion complex. Integrin alpha6beta4-plectin interaction plays a major role in the formation of hemidesmosomes, and thus the mechanisms regulating this interaction should be...
Article
Full-text available
Plectin is a 500-kDa cross-linking protein that plays important roles in a number of cell functions including migration and wound healing. We set out to characterize the role of plectin in mechanical properties of living cells. Plectin(-/-) cells were less stiff than plectin(+/+) cells, but the slopes of the two power laws in response to loading fr...
Article
Plectin is a typical cytolinker protein that connects intermediate filaments to the other cytoskeletal filament systems and anchors them at membrane-associated junctional sites. One of the most important binding partners of plectin in fibroblasts is the intermediate filament subunit protein vimentin. Previous studies have demonstrated that vimentin...
Article
Here we describe the establishment and prediction utilities for a novel nine-amino-acid transactivation domain, 9aa TAD, that is common to the transactivation domains of a large number of yeast and animal transcription factors. We show that the 9aa TAD motif is required for the function of the transactivation domain of Gal4 and the related transcri...
Article
Full-text available
Plectin is a major intermediate filament (IF)-based cytolinker protein that stabilizes cells and tissues mechanically, regulates actin filament dynamics, and serves as a scaffolding platform for signaling molecules. In this study, we show that plectin deficiency is a cause of aberrant keratin cytoskeleton organization caused by a lack of orthogonal...
Article
Full-text available
Plectin, a cytolinker protein greater than 500 kDa in size, has an important role as a mechanical stabiliser of cells. It interlinks the various cytoskeletal filament systems and anchors intermediate filaments to peripheral junctional complexes. In addition, there is increasing evidence that plectin acts as a scaffolding platform that controls the...
Article
Alexander disease (AxD) is a rare but fatal neurological disorder caused by mutations in the astrocyte-specific intermediate filament protein glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Histologically, AxD is characterized by cytoplasmic inclusion bodies called Rosenthal fibers (RFs), which contain GFAP, small heat shock proteins, and other undefined c...
Article
The aim of this study was to evaluate myofibrillar creatine kinase (CK) activity and to quantify the substrate channelling of ATP between CK and myosin ATPase under different pH conditions within the integrity of myofibrils. A pure myofibrillar fraction was prepared using differential centrifugation. The homogeneity of the preparation and the purit...
Article
Full-text available
Myofibril-bound creatine kinase EC 2.7.3.2 (CK), a key enzyme of muscle energy metabolism, has been selected for studies of conformational changes that underlie the cellular control of enzyme activity. For fluorescence spectroscopy measurements, the CK molecule was double-labeled with IAF (5-iodoacetamidofluorescein) and ErITC (erythrosin 5'-isothi...
Article
Full-text available
Myofibrillar creatine kinase (CK) that buffers ATP during fluctuating muscle energy metabolism has been selected for studies of conformational changes underlying the cellular control of enzyme activity. The force field was computed for three energetic states, namely for the substrate-free CK molecule, for the molecule conjugated with the MgATP comp...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to evaluate myofibrillar creatine kinase (EC 2.7.3.2) activity on the background of the effect of substrate channeling by myosin ATPase and to compare it with creatine kinase (CK) activity of whole skinned fibers. In order to assess CK activity, skinned fibers were prepared from the rat psoas major muscles defined by light...
Article
Fluorescein-5'-isothiocyanate (FITC) was used to study the high-affinity ATP-binding site of Na+/K+-ATPase. The molar ratio of specifically bound FITC per alpha-subunit of Na+/K+-ATPase was found to be 0.5 as followed from pretreatment experiments with another specific E1ATP-inhibitor Cr(H2O)4AdoPP[CH2]P. This indicated an existence of one high aff...
Article
The application possibilities of fluorescent probes have increased dramatically in the last few years. The main areas are as follows (Slavik, 1994, 1996, 1998). Intracellular ionic cell composition There are selective ion-sensitive dyes for H+, Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, Na+, Fe3+, Cl-, Zn2+, Cd2+, Hg2+, Pb2+, Ba2+, La3+. Membrane potential Using the so-calle...
Article
Full-text available
Fluorescein Isothiocyanate (FITC) is widely used in biology and medicine as a fluorescent marker for labeling various proteins. Particularly fluorescence marking of antibodies could not be imagined without FITC. However, at the same time FITC displays pH-indicative properties. This paper evaluates the limits of the use of FITC as a pH indicator in...
Chapter
Tritrichomonas foetus is a parasitic protozoan which causes a sexually transmitted disease of cattle. The establishment of infection depends on the ability of T. foetus to acquire iron from the host as was demonstrated in experimentally infected mice1. Most of the iron available in mucosal secretions, the environment colonised by this parasite, is...

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Projects (2)
Project
The major objective of this project is unravelling molecular mechanism underlying effects of plectin deficiency in mechanobiology of simple epithelia of gastrointestinal tract, using tissue-specific knock-out mouse models and cell lines.
Project
The core project objectives: 1) identification of genes with unique and essential functions in simple epithelia; 2) generation of mouse models with targeted selected genes; and 3) phenotypic characterization of generated mouse models addressing gene functions in healthy and diseased simple epithelia.