Martin Gardiner

Martin Gardiner
Brown University · Department of Epidemiology

Ph.D.
Research on connections of musical to broader mental skill development, and the implications of such connections.

About

19
Publications
3,088
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
487
Citations
Citations since 2016
3 Research Items
128 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220510152025
20162017201820192020202120220510152025
20162017201820192020202120220510152025
20162017201820192020202120220510152025
Introduction
Impact of music skill training on musical and broader mental skill development. Evolution of music. Development of mental skills for the 21st century. The musical window on brain and behavior.

Publications

Publications (19)
Article
By fostering bonding (Mehr et al.; Savage et al.), music illustrates marvelously its ability to induce emotional experience. But, music can induce emotion more generally as well. To help explain how music fosters bonding and induces other emotions, I propose that music derives this power from the evolution of what I term “gestural messaging.”
Article
Integration of cognition and emotion, discussed by Pessoa in The Cognitive-Emotional Brain (2013), is further illustrated by music. In music, I argue, this integration begins during mental control of the actions by which musical sounds are produced. Many emotional reactions to the music we hear are also strongly related to the actions by which musi...
Article
Early language and reading abilities have been shown to correlate with a variety of musical skills and elements of music perception in children. It has also been shown that reading impaired children can show difficulties with music perception. However, it is still unclear to what extent different aspects of music perception are associated with lang...
Article
Existence of similarities of overall brain activation, specifically during emotional and other common psychological operations (discussed by Lindquist et al.), supports a proposal that emotion participates continuously in dynamic adjustment of behavior. The proposed participation can clarify the relationship of emotion to musical experience. Music,...
Article
Studies by Gardiner and colleagues connecting musical pitch and arithmetic learning support Rips et al.'s proposal that natural number concepts are constructed on a base of innate abilities. Our evidence suggests that innate ability concerning sequence ("Basic Sequencing Capability" or BSC) is fundamental. Mathematical engagement relating number to...
Article
In the target article, Juslin & Västfjäll (J&V) contend that neural mechanisms not unique to music are critical to its capability to convey emotion. The work reviewed here provides a broader context for this proposal. Human abilities to signal emotion through sound could have been essential to human evolution, and may have contributed vital foundat...
Article
Full-text available
Electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings were obtained from electrode placements over the left and right frontal and parietal lobes of the brain in sixteen Hopi Indian children listening to tape recorded children's stories in the Hopi and English languages. Spectral analysis of the EEG data revealed that, for the parietal leads, alpha desynchroniza...
Article
Full-text available
Earlier work revealed a peak in the power spectrum of hypothalamic EEG at about 36–38 c/sec whose coherence and phases to other limbic areas seemed related to behavior. The present study represents an attempt to estimate the extent to which such hypothalamic activity may be generated locally or remotely by comparing monopolar and bipolar recordings...
Article
This chapter discusses some basic concepts and new insights arising from the information systems' viewpoint. A system model often emphasizes only one aspect of system function to the exclusion of others, as when a computer is considered as merely a heat generator, for the purpose of air-conditioning design. The chapter also presents some models for...
Article
Full-text available
First, ecology studies the interrelationships between organisms and their environment. Music helps us to see that in their ecology humans interact with environment dynamically, not only adapting to the world, but also adapting the world to themselves. That humans have consistently developed a world to live in that contains music thus implies import...
Article
This paper considers the relation of various design parameters of distributed‐loudspeaker speech‐amplification systems to the two principal design criteria: “intelligibility” and “naturalness.” A convenient design procedure is described involving the calculation of the speech “articulation index” for the system. Some of the results of recent experi...

Network

Cited By