Martin Descarreaux

Martin Descarreaux
Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières · Département des Sciences de l'Activité Physique

DC, PhD

About

207
Publications
57,268
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,404
Citations
Introduction
Martin Descarreaux currently works at the Département des Sciences de l'Activité Physique, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières. He specializes in neuromuscular control, manual therapy and rehabilitation. One of his current project is 'Spinal stenosis preadaptation.'
Additional affiliations
August 2013 - November 2016
Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
Position
  • Head of graduate study
December 2002 - August 2013
Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
Position
  • Professor (Full)
December 2002 - present
Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • www.uqtr.ca/gran

Publications

Publications (207)
Article
Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate effect of spinal manipulation (SMa) and spinal mobilization (SMo) on muscular responses, spinal stiffness, and segmental spinal pressure evoked pain in a population of participants with chronic middle back pain (MBP). Methods: In a crossover randomized trial, 2 experienced chiropr...
Article
Full-text available
Editorial on the Research Topic The Contribution of Postural Adjustments to Body Balance and Motor Performance: Volume II This second volume of the Research Topic provides an up-to-date picture on how humans control balance and body motion during daily motor tasks, with a special focus on the relationship between postural adjustments, body balance...
Article
This study was designed to identify neuromuscular adaptations of low back pain (LBP) cyclists , and the impact of a cycling effort on spinal shrinkage. Forty-eight trained cyclists rode their road bike on a smart trainer for 1-hour. Surface electromyography (EMG) recorded muscle activity of the lumbar erector spinae (LES), 3D motion analysis system...
Article
Full-text available
Study Design Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. Objective To identify preoperative physical variables associated with favorable postoperative outcome in individuals undergoing laminectomy or laminotomy for degenerative central lumbar spinal stenosis. Summary of Background Data Clinical or condition specific variables have most c...
Article
Full-text available
Background: About 50% of women experience lumbopelvic pain (LBPP) during their pregnancy. LBPP has negative repercussions on sleep, social and sexual life, physical and work capacity, and psychological health and contributes to physical inactivity. The benefits of LBPP prevention or treatment in pregnant women through specific exercises should the...
Article
Full-text available
Objective assessments of players performance and individual characteristics are increasingly used in baseball. However, evidence linking individual characteristics to players' performance are scarce. The purpose of the study was to identify across ages, in younger males and females, and to compare, in younger males, the anthropometrics, athletic ab...
Article
Background: Previous studies observed that the intervertebral disc experiences the greatest forces during spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) and that the distribution of forces among spinal tissues changes as a function of the SMT parameters. However, contextualized SMT forces, relative to the ones applied to and experienced by the whole functional...
Article
Context Individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) exhibit impaired lower limb biomechanics during unilateral drop jump landing on a flat surface. However, lower limb biomechanical adaptations during unilateral drop jump landing on more challenging surfaces such as unstable or inclined are yet to be described. Objective Determine how unilate...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The management of musculoskeletal disorders is complex and requires a multidisciplinary approach. Manual therapies, such as spinal manipulative therapy (SMT), are often recommended as an adjunct treatment and appear to have demonstrable effects on pain and short-term disability in several spinal conditions. However, no definitive mech...
Article
Objectives The objectives of this scoping review were (1) to document and quantify the potential associations between lumbopelvic pain characteristics and pregnancy-related hormones, and (2) to identify research approaches and assessment tools used to investigate lumbopelvic pain characteristics and pregnancy-related hormones. Methods The literatu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) are two distinct conditions characterized by similar symptoms including leg pain and walking limitations due to claudication. Differentiation between both origins can be difficult and characteristics such as symptom manifestations, time to relief in rest position and pa...
Article
Full-text available
Up to 86% of pregnant women will have lumbopelvic pain during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy and women with lumbopelvic pain experience lower health-related quality of life during pregnancy than women without lumbopelvic pain. Several risk factors for pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain have been identified and include history of low back pain, prev...
Article
Research Objectives To investigate in cadaveric specimens if cervical PA mobilizations produce changes in CIDP. Causes for age-related degeneration include lack of IVD nutrition and prolonged intradiscal pressure. While studies have shown changes in cervical intradiscal pressure (CIDP) with cervical range of motion (ROM), traction and manipulation,...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Using a network analysis, the present study investigated the extent to which physical activity (PA), objective fitness level, kinesiophobia, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) interact in patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases. The objectives were twofold: 1) to clarify the direct and indirect relationships betw...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Spinal manipulations (SMT) and mobilizations (MOB) are interventions commonly performed by many health care providers to manage musculoskeletal conditions. The clinical effects of these interventions are believed to be, at least in part, associated with their force-time characteristics. Numerous devices have been developed to measure th...
Article
Full-text available
Spine pain is a highly prevalent condition affecting over 11% of the world's population. It is the single leading cause of activity limitation and ranks fourth in years lost to disability globally, representing a significant personal, social, and economic burden. For the vast majority of patients with back and neck pain, a specific pathology cannot...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeThe lumbar region offers various muscle recruitment strategies to achieve a task goal under varying conditions. For instance, trunk movement control can be reorganized under the influence of low back pain. How such task-modulation is obtained is not fully understood. The objective of this study was to characterize superficial lumbar muscle r...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current state of scientific knowledge regarding physical and psychological factors associated with walking capacity in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) with neurogenic claudication. Design: Systematic scoping review. Literature Search: We searched CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing...
Article
Full-text available
Background The current sanitary crisis brought on by the COVID-19 recently forced a large proportion of workers to adopt telecommuting with limited time to plan transition. Given that several work-related risk factors are associated with headache and neck pain, it seems important to determine those associated with headache and neck pain in telecomm...
Article
Full-text available
Lumbar spinal stenosis is the most common reason for spine surgery in older adults, but the effects of prehabilitation on perioperative outcomes among these patients have not been investigated. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a preoperative exercise-based intervention program compared with usual care on the improvement of clinical...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) exhibit many biomechanical changes to lower limbs during walking. However, only a few studies have investigated the differences in lower limb biomechanics of individuals with CAI compared to healthy controls using a comprehensive approach including kinematic, kinetic and electromyography...
Article
Full-text available
Together, neck pain and back pain are the first cause of disability worldwide, accounting for more than 10% of the total years lived with disability. In this context, chiropractic care provides a safe and effective option for the management of a large proportion of these patients. Chiropractic is a healthcare profession mainly focused on the spine...
Article
Full-text available
Background/purpose The biomechanical effects of foot orthoses (FOs) with and without a lateral bar compared to a control condition during walking at different speeds are still unknown. The objective of this study was to compare the biomechanical effects of functional FOs with and without a lateral bar to a control condition during comfortable walki...
Article
Full-text available
Objective This study aimed to investigate how load expectations modulate neuromuscular and postural strategies in the anticipation of a freestyle lifting task with varying expected loads in individuals with and without chronic low back pain (cLBP). Methods Forty-seven participants, 28 with cLBP pain and 19 without, were recruited and completed a s...
Article
Full-text available
Background Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) and mobilization (MOB) effects are believed to be related to their force characteristics. Most previous studies have either measured the force at the patient-table interface or at the clinician-patient interface. The objectives of this study were to determine 1) the difference between the force measured...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The objective of this scoping review is to investigate the possible links between the practice of video games and physical health. It seeks to answer the following question: What are the physical health consequences of playing video games in healthy video game player? and How is it currently investigated?. Methods A scoping review was co...
Article
Full-text available
Background/purpose: The effects of footwear on the walking kinematics, kinetics and electromyography (EMG) of individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) at different speeds are still unknown. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the kinematic, kinetic and electromyography differences between shod and barefoot walking at...
Article
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate associations between objective spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) biomechanical parameters and subjective assessments provided by patients, clinicians, and expert assessors. Methods: Chiropractic students (N = 137) and expert instructors (N = 14) were recruited. Students were asked to perfor...
Article
Objective The aim of this scoping review is to outline the current evidence regarding the management of restless legs syndrome (RLS) with nonpharmacologic approaches. To categorize the efficacy of conservative approaches in reducing symptoms of RLS, we have identified and summarized the current data regarding diagnostic criteria and relevant outco...
Article
Objective Lumbopelvic pain (LBPP) affects 45% to 81% of pregnant women, and 25% to 43% of these women report persistent LBPP beyond 3 months after giving birth. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of physical activity, weight status, anxiety, and evolution of LBPP symptoms in postpartum women. Methods This was a prospect...
Article
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine if headache profile can predict future disability in patients with TTH. Methods: Eighty-three patients with TTH were recruited. To be included in the study participants needed to fulfill the International Headache Society classification's criteria for episodic or chronic TTH form and to be at le...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This rapid review considers materials the WFC is aware have been cited in support of claims of effectiveness for spinal adjustment / manipulation in conferring or enhancing immunity.
Article
Full-text available
Background Ball velocity, accuracy and game statistics represent three methods used to measure pitching performance. However, individual determinants of pitching performance are more elusive. Objectives The aims of this study were to classify the performance factors associated with baseball pitchers, to identify the methods used to quantify their...
Article
The objective of this study was to quantify the kinematic, kinetic and electromyography differences between individuals with and without chronic ankle instability (CAI) during comfortable (CW) and fast (FW) walking. Twenty-one individuals with CAI and 21 healthy controls were recruited to walk at CW and FW speeds. The dependent variables were glute...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of lumbar muscle delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) on the ability of the trunk muscles to reproduce different levels of force. Methods Twenty healthy adults (10 males and 10 females) were recruited for this study. Force reproduction in trunk extension and flexion was assessed at 50 and 7...
Article
Objectives: To assess the neuromechanical (kinematic, kinetic and electromyographic (EMG)) differences between individuals with and without chronic ankle instability (CAI) during unilateral jump landing. Design: Case-control study. Methods: Kinematic, kinetic and EMG data of 32 participants with CAI and 31 control participants were collected d...
Article
Key points: •Longissimus activity in the lumbar region was measured using indwelling electromyography to characterize the territory of its motor units. •The distribution of motor units in the longissimus pars lumborum muscle was mainly grouped into two distinct regions. •Regional activation of the longissimus pars lumborum was also observed during...
Article
Full-text available
Prehabilitation is defined as the process of augmenting functional capacity before surgery in preparation for the postoperative phase. This study intends to assess the feasibility of conducting a preoperative intervention program in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and to report on the piloting of the proposed intervention. Patients were alloca...
Article
Objectives: To evaluate the kinematic, kinetic and electromyographic (EMG) immediate effects of foot orthoses (FOs) during walking, maximal single-leg side jump landing (SIDE) and unilateral drop landing on even (DROP), inclined and unstable (FOAM) surfaces in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). Design: Cohort study. Setting: Bio...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an exercise protocol designed to induce delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) in paraspinal muscles and its effects on low back functional capacities. Methods Twenty-four healthy participants were asked to perform four series of 25 trunk flexion–extension in a prone position (45° in...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The burden of musculoskeletal disorders increases every year, with low back and neck pain being the most frequently reported conditions for seeking manual therapy treatment. In recent years, manual therapy research has begun exploring the dose-response relationship between spinal manipulation treatment characteristics and both clinical...
Article
Full-text available
Aim To further the understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying tension-type headache (TTH) by comparing the endurance and strength of neck extensor muscles under acute muscle fatigue in participants with TTH and asymptomatic participants. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of neck extensor muscle performance. Asympto...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To determine the effects of a physical exercise program on spinal manipulation (SM) performance in 1st-year chiropractic students. Methods: One hundred and thirteen students from 2 chiropractic schools were assigned to 1 of 2 groups: exercise group (EG) for campus A students or control group (CG) (no training) for campus B students. All...
Article
Objective The purpose of this study was to determine if a reduction of short-term physiological and clinical effects of muscle fatigue can be seen after a session of massage in nonspecific chronic low back pain (cLBP) individuals and to study the possible association between physiological and clinical changes induced by massage. Methods Thirty-six...
Article
Full-text available
Background Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) includes biomechanical parameters that vary between clinicians, but for which the influence on the therapy clinical effects is unknown. This parallel-randomized controlled trial aimed to investigate the effect of SMT biomechanical parameters on the outcomes of participants with chronic thoracic pain (CTP...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The objective was to compare thoracic spinal stiffness between healthy participants and participants with chronic thoracic pain and to explore the associations between spinal stiffness, pain and muscle activity. The reliability of spinal stiffness was also evaluated. Material and methods Spinal stiffness was assessed from T5 to T8 using...
Data
Data necessary to replicate the analyses. (XLS)
Article
Full-text available
Objective:: The purpose of this study was to investigate gender differences and expertise effects on biomechanical parameters as well as force accuracy and variability for students learning spinal manipulation. Methods:: A total of 137 fourth- and fifth-year students were recruited for the study. Biomechanical parameters (preload, time to peak f...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain (LPP) is a frequent condition known to significantly affect women in their daily life. The aetiology of pregnancy-related LPP pain is still not clearly established but the mode of conception has been suggested to contribute to LPP. Anxiety related to fertility treatments may be one of the contributing f...
Article
Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare vertebral displacements (absolute and relative) and muscle responses induced by spinal manipulative therapy of short (spinal manipulation) and long (spinal mobilization) impulse duration. Methods: Twenty-five healthy adults (without thoracic pain) were recruited for this crossover study. Six sp...
Article
Objective: Pain in the pelvic girdle area is commonly reported during pregnancy and the postpartum period, and its impact on quality of life is considerable. The Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire (PGQ), developed in 2011 in Norway, is the only condition-specific tool assessing pelvic girdle pain-related symptoms and disability. The questionnaire was rec...
Article
Study Design. Observational prospective study. Objective. The study objective was to assess the reliability and validity of the French-Canadian version (FCSSSQ) of the Swiss Spinal Stenosis questionnaire (SSSQ). Summary of Background Data. The SSSQ is a validated disease-specific tool developed to assess pain, function and satisfaction with care...
Article
The aim of this study was to quantify the effects of foot orthoses (FOs) with and without a lateral bar on muscle activity of participants with cavus feet. Fifteen participants were recruited from the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières students and podiatry clinic. The muscle activity of the tibialis anterior, fibularis longus, gastrocnemius lat...
Article
Preview Abstract Introduction: In complex anatomical systems, such as the trunk, motor control theories suggest that many motor solutions can be implemented to achieve a similar goal. While reflex mechanisms act as a stabilizer of the spine, how the central nervous system uses the trunk redundancy to adapt the neuromuscular responses under the infl...
Article
Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify baseline predictors of disability and absenteeism in workers with a history of non-specific low back pain (LBP). Methods: One hundred workers with a history of non-specific LBP participated in three evaluations (baseline, 7 and 15 months follow-up). Current and past history of LBP, clinical...
Article
Objective: Spinal stiffness assessments are commonly used by manual therapists. Although devices have been developed to objectively measure spinal stiffness, individual characteristics (i.e., sex, age, weight, height) may affect the measurement results. Therefore, this study aimed to describe the correlations between individual characteristics and...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The objective of this study was to develop a clinical practice guideline on the management of acute and chronic low back pain (LBP) in adults. The aim was to develop a guideline to provide best practice recommendations on the initial assessment and monitoring of people with low back pain and address the use of spinal manipulation therap...
Article
The interpretations of the surface electromyography (sEMG) signals from the trunk region are strongly distorted by the heart activity (ECG), especially in case of low-amplitude EMG responses analyses. Many methods have been investigated to resolve this nontrivial problem, by using advanced data processing on the overall sEMG recorded signal. Howeve...