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Martin P Davoren

Martin P Davoren
Sexual Health Centre

BSc, MPH, PhD

About

46
Publications
7,152
Reads
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514
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - present
The Sexual Health Centre, Cork, Ireland
Position
  • Managing Director
October 2015 - September 2017
University College Cork
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Objective The association between illicit substance use by third-level education students and their mental and physical health is well documented. The aim of this scoping review was to determine factors that contribute to student motivations to reduce or stop their use of illicit substances, and to elaborate on factors that may be pertinent for stu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The DUHEI report describes the prevalence of the use of illicit drugs amongst students attending 21 of Ireland's publicly funded Higher Education Institutions. The report details the students' motivations to use or not use drugs; the effects, impacts and harms experienced through student drug use; the social norms around drug use; the use of cognit...
Article
Background Alcohol consumption is a major public health concern in Ireland. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) appears to disproportionately affect men who have sex with men (MSM). However, little is known about the prevalence of AUD in this group in Ireland specifically, and the characteristics of MSM who may struggle with this. Methods The European MSM...
Conference Paper
Background Alcohol consumption is a major public health concern in Ireland. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) disproportionately affects men who have sex with men (MSM). However, little is known about the prevalence of AUD in this group in Ireland specifically, and the characteristics of MSM who may struggle with this. Methods The European MSM Internet S...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Drug use among higher education students can cause harm to the individual, their institution, and the wider society. Academic performance, physical and mental health, institutional reputation, crime and unemployment can all be impacted by student drug use. Tackling this is a challenge, and is often compounded by limited student health and counselli...
Article
Full-text available
Background Alcohol consumption is a major public health concern in Ireland. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) disproportionately affects men who have sex with men (MSM). However, little is known about the prevalence of AUD in this group in Ireland specifically, and the characteristics of MSM who may struggle with this. Methods The European MSM Internet S...
Article
Full-text available
Background Digital harm-reduction interventions typically focus on people with severe drug-use problems, yet these interventions have moderate effectiveness on drug-users with lower levels of risk of harm. The difference in effectiveness may be explained by differences in behavioural patterns between the two groupings. Harnessing behavioural theori...
Article
Full-text available
Aim While there is considerable research on the efficacy of interventions designed to reduce alcohol consumption and related harms among college students, there is limited research on students’ own perspectives on such interventions. This qualitative study aimed to address this gap by examining college students’ perspectives in the context of an al...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Drug use among higher education students is a pertinent public health issue, with around a quarter of students reporting current use of an illicit drug. MyUSE is an algorithmic, digitally delivered intervention aimed at reducing harms from drug use among higher education students. While many digital interventions around this topic exist, previous w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Drug use among higher education students is a pertinent public health issue, with around a quarter of students reporting current use of an illicit drug. MyUSE is an algorithmic, digitally delivered intervention aimed at reducing harms from drug use among higher education students. While many digital interventions around this topic exist, previous w...
Preprint
Background: Illicit substance use by third-level students is associated with depressive symptoms, health risk, relationship strain, and legal ramifications. Prevention and intervention programmes have often been grounded in information exchange, aimed at education of students about the associated risks. However, these interventions produce only sma...
Article
Background Poor knowledge regarding STI and HIV transmission, testing and treatment among men who have sex with men (MSM) may be contributing to their disproportionate burden of STIs. However, factors which predispose MSM to having this low knowledge are less understood. Aim The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with having lowe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Digital harm-reduction interventions typically focus on people with severe drug-use problems, yet, these interventions have a moderate effectiveness on drug-users with lower levels of risk of harm. The difference in effectiveness may be explained by differences in behavioural patterns between the two groupings. Harnessing behavioural th...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Digital interventions have been identified as a possible tool in the reduction of harm from illicit drug use among students attending higher education (i.e. college students). However intervention success in this area to date has been hampered by a lack of user involvement and behavior change theory in their design. The MiUSE project wil...
Article
Full-text available
Background Digital interventions have been identified as a possible tool for reducing the harm caused by illicit drug use among students attending higher education (ie, college students). However, the success of interventions in this area has been hampered by a lack of user involvement and behavior change theory in their design. The My Understandin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Illicit substance use among third-level students is an issue of increasing concern. Digital behavioural change interventions have been developed to target this population, but reports of their effectiveness are mixed. The importance of end-user involvement in digital intervention development has been well established, but it appears that many inter...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Illicit substance misuse is a growing public health problem, with misuse peaking among 18-25 year-olds, and attendance at third-level education identified as a risk factor. Illicit substance misuse has the potential to harm mental and physical health, social relationships, and impact on academic achievements and future career prospects...
Article
Full-text available
In Ireland, the Public Health (Alcohol) Bill proposes introducing minimum unit pricing, health labelling, and advertising restrictions to tackle excessive consumption. The aim of this research was to examine the level of support for evidence-based alcohol control policy among the Irish population. We conducted a household survey using quota samplin...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Testicular cancer (TC) is commonly diagnosed among men aged 15-40 years. The incidence of TC is on the rise. Benign testicular disorders such as testicular torsion and epididymitis can lead to testicular ischemia, sepsis, and infertility if left untreated. This systematic review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of studies promoting me...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The incidence of benign and malignant testicular disorders is on the rise. Three literature reviews and one qualitative study found that men's awareness of testicular disorders was lacking, and their intentions to seek help for symptoms of testicular disease were low. Objectives: The aim of the study was to enhance men's awareness of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Three systematic reviews found that men’s awareness of testicular disorders was lacking and their intention to seek help for testicular symptoms was low. Few studies promoted awareness of testicular disorders with none using innovative technologies. Objectives: To enhance men’s testicular awareness using a virtual reality-based inter...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Problem alcohol use is an ongoing, worldwide phenomenon of considerable concern. Throughout the past 20 years, national policies have noted the importance of students when tackling alcohol consumption. Considering alcohol is a multifaceted issue, a multi-component response is required to combat its excessive use. This protocol sets out...
Article
Full-text available
The proposal to introduce a Public Health (Alcohol) Bill marks a significant development in Ireland’s alcohol policymaking landscape. While the Bill has generated support from public health advocates, it has also raised considerable opposition, particularly from industry. This analysis aims to examine the debate around this Bill using the theoretic...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To provide a nontraditional source of data to university policymakers regarding student, faculty, and staff approval of university smoke/tobacco-free policies, as published through campus newspaper articles. Methods From January to April 2016, a total of 2523 articles were retrieved concerning campus smoking/tobacco at 4-year, public uni...
Article
This study explored the behavior of bystanders at parties who use markers to draw on intoxicated college students who show symptoms of alcohol poisoning, rather than helping those students. Half (50%) of the study's 111 students reported being at a party where an intoxicated college student was drawn on with markers while passed out. The most commo...
Article
Alcohol consumption is the number one public health concern in the university student population. The heterogeneous nature of university students’ consumption has recently been highlighted. Thus, the aim of the current research was to use latent class analysis to employ a person centred approach to describe alcohol consumption among university stud...
Article
Full-text available
The success of childhood weight management programmes relies on family engagement. While attendance offers many benefits including the support to make positive lifestyle changes, the majority of families referred to treatment decline. Moreover, for those who do attend, benefits are often compromised by high programme attrition. This systematic revi...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Elevated levels of alcohol consumption among university students are well documented. Policymakers have attempted to combat this issue at a university, national and international level. Tailoring public health policy to effectively tackle alcohol use is crucial. Using Q-methodology, the current study aims to develop a typology of alcohol...
Article
Full-text available
Background: It has been argued that the alcohol industry uses corporate social responsibility activities to influence policy and undermine public health, and that every opportunity should be taken to scrutinise such activities. This study analyses a controversial Diageo-funded 'responsible drinking' campaign ("Stop out of Control Drinking", or SOO...
Conference Paper
Background Research suggests multi-component family-based lifestyle programmes are efficacious in treating paediatric obesity. However, success relies heavily on family attendance and retention. While attendance offers the support to make long-lasting, positive, lifestyle changes, in addition to the opportunity to identify underlying health issues,...
Article
Full-text available
Background Alcohol plays a complex role in society. A recent study showed that over half of Irish adults drink hazardously. Adolescents report increased levels of alcohol consumption. Previous research has inferred the influence of the parent on their adolescent. Thus, the aim of the current study was to investigate the association between adolesce...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Alcohol is a leading cause of global suffering. Europe reports the uppermost volume of alcohol consumption in the world, with Ireland and the United Kingdom reporting the highest levels of binge drinking and drunkenness. Levels of consumption are elevated among university students. Thus, this literature review aims to summarise the cur...
Article
Background Currently, alcohol consumption levels are significantly higher among younger age groups. However, previous research has noted the diversity of motivations and patterns. These patterns of drinking have yet to be synthesised into a typology. The aim of the current study was to synthesise information from studies that produced types of alco...
Conference Paper
Background Elevated levels of alcohol consumption among university students are well documented. Policy makers have attempted to combat this issue at a university, national and international level. However, approaches have failed to focus on the heterogeneous nature of alcohol consumption and the unique aspects of individual use. Tailoring public h...
Article
Full-text available
There is considerable evidence of a cultural shift towards heavier alcohol consumption among university students, especially women. The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence and correlates of hazardous alcohol consumption (HAC) among university students with particular reference to gender and to compare different modes of data collecti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Hazardous alcohol consumption is a global phenomenon linked to numerous health and social problems. Consumption levels are significantly higher among younger age groups and patterns of consumption vary significantly among individuals. However, public health policy attempts a ‘one size fits all approach’ failing to consider opposing needs and types...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) rests with young people, yet in Ireland there has been very little research into this population. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence rate and establish risk factors that predict STI occurrence among adolescents in Ireland. Design Routine diagnostic, demographic an...
Conference Paper
Background Face-to-face lecture-theatre-based sampling is recognised as the best method of data collection for student-based health behaviour surveys. In practice, however, it is highly labour intensive and undertaken at a high cost. To reduce these costs, many universities use web-based approaches for collection of student-based health behaviour i...
Article
Full-text available
Much research on the health and well-being of third level students is focused on poor mental health leading to a dearth of information on positive mental health and well-being. Recently, the Warwick Edinburgh Mental Well-being scale (WEMWBS) was developed as a measurement of positive mental health and well-being. The aim of this research is to inve...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Background: Illicit substance use is a significant public health problem, with increasingly high prevalence rates among third-level students. Though many interventions have been designed to target alcohol and tobacco use among third-level students, only a handful have focused specifically on illicit substance use and much fewer have used digitalised delivery methods. Further, such interventions produce only modest success in reducing the harm associated with illicit substance use, raising the need for more research. Conceptualising illicit substance use as a multifaceted issue and the third-level environment as a unique context which could contribute to the increased level of substance use, the MiUSE (My Understanding of Substance–use Experiences) employs a multidisciplinary approach to develop, implement and evaluate a new harm-reduction intervention for third- level students who misuse illicit substances. Methods/design: A two-stage project, expanding within 36-months, aims to systematically identify and research the relevant risk factors, developmental vulnerabilities, and socio-cultural influences underpinning third-level student illicit substance use. It also aims to review the effectiveness of previously conducted digital harm reduction interventions in third-level students, identify the design strategies used to develop these interventions, and the user experience they deliver. In doing so, methodological caveats in previous research will be identified and design failures will be avoided. Stage one involved: (a) three systematic reviews of existing literature (an effectiveness of previous digitalized intervention review, a review of user-centred design practices, and a review of studies examining the motivation for change illicit substance use); (b) an online survey instrument; and (c) several focus groups involving university students and relevant stakeholders, clinicians, and researchers. Following this, stage two (in progress) involves the use of the Behaviour Change Wheel model, a systematic process that helps the research team synthesizes the available relevant knowledge and decides on the effective behavioral change components to be included in the intervention. For the purpose of developing the digital intervention, several focus groups with stakeholders, following a user-centered approach, will be executed. In a series of focus groups, low and medium fidelity prototypes (i.e., personas and story-telling features) of the resulting behavioral change techniques, will be evaluated in an iterative process of designing and re-designing the component of the intervention by the end- users. Then, a fully functioning digital contextual-behavior intervention will be developed and tested. A sample of a low-fidelity prototype, presenting one of the candidate behavioral change techniques of values and committed actions, will be illustrated in this presentation. Discussion: The rates of Illicit substance use amongst the student population are steadily increasing. Yet, universities struggle to effectively protect this at-risk population from adverse consequences of illicit substance use. The MiUSE project aspires to heighten the awareness of this public health problem. It also aims to develop a digitally delivered evidence-based harm reduction intervention which will provide the students with personalized feedback, thus, assist them to decide on changing their substance misuse-related behaviors that may be putting them at risk of harm.