Martin Carstensen

Martin Carstensen
Roskilde University · Department of Social Science and Business

PhD in Political Science

About

31
Publications
15,450
Reads
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1,006
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2016 - September 2016
Copenhagen Business School
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
July 2012 - August 2016
Copenhagen Business School
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
May 2011 - June 2012
Aalborg University
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (31)
Article
Full-text available
Owing to the tendency of discursive institutionalists to conflate the notion that “ideas matter” for policymaking with the “power of ideas”, little has been done to explicitly theorize ideational power. To fill this lacuna, the paper defines ideational power as the capacity of actors (whether individual or collective) to influence other actors' nor...
Article
Full-text available
How do institutional logics travel within an economy? Employing insights from historical-and ideational institutionalist theory, this paper offers a novel understanding of change dynamics as driven by actors' creation of institutional interlinkages within a political economy. It develops the causal mechanism of 'invasion from within', consisting of...
Article
Full-text available
This article develops a new analytical framework to account for institutional change in vocational education and training (VET) systems. Trajectories of institutional change are typically explained using one of two perspectives on institutional contention. First, the Varieties of Capitalism-approach highlights positive efficiency effects from coord...
Article
Full-text available
Agency has received much attention in recent historical institutionalist theorizing of change processes, but remains largely disconnected from questions about mechanisms that stabilize institutions. To help fill this lacuna, the paper presents bricolage as one key mechanism through which actors stabilize an institutional setup. It suggests that ins...
Article
Full-text available
How do ruling policy paradigms persist over time and why do they often undergo significant internal ideational changes? While the impact of Peter Hall’s approach to policy paradigms on the study of governance has been immense, there is a burgeoning consensus that a ‘Kuhnian’ understanding of paradigms makes punctuated equilibrium style shifts the o...
Article
Full-text available
The public sector frequently confronts a heightened societal turbulence triggered by an increasing number of unpredictable and disruptive economic, political and environmental crises. How can the public sector respond to this challenge? This article argues, first, that to continue to provide relevant solutions, public governance must be robust in t...
Article
How do coalitional dynamics matter for the capacity of states to maintain social inclusion in coordinated models of capitalism? Taking its departure in scholarship emphasizing the influence of employers on the extent of state intervention in post-industrial economies, this paper argues that employer influence depends on which actors they team up wi...
Article
Full-text available
Liberalization poses significant challenges for the continued provision of collective goods within coordinated market economies (CME). Extant scholarship suggests two dominant sets of responses. Either CMEs continue to rely on employer coordination, but only for a privileged core, leading to dualization. Or, in cases where the state enjoys high cap...
Article
Motivated by the efforts to understand shifting dynamics of change and stability in employment relations—not least ones brought on by a decade of crisis in what was a neoliberal consensus—scholars increasingly focus on the role of ideas, discourses, and identities. This paper argues for the potential of continuing down this path of employing ideati...
Article
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Competing ecopolitical projects seek to deliver answers to one of the most central questions of our time: how can the escalating climate crisis be halted? The paper asks how we may meaningfully compare ecopolitical projects that originate in fundamentally different conceptions of the type of change necessary to reach a sustainable organization of s...
Article
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Employing a multidimensional conception of power shows how interaction between EU institutional actors is structured by different kinds of power – coercive, institutional and ideational – and that none of these are sufficient on their own for actors to successfully drive the reform process. We ask not just who leads the euro zone, but how interacti...
Article
Full-text available
In accounts of institutional change, discursive institutionalists point to the role of economic and political ideas in upending institutional stability and providing the raw material for the establishment of a new institutional setup. This approach has typically entailed a conceptualisation of ideas as coherent and monolithic and actors as almost a...
Article
Full-text available
How have European Union institutional actors sought to build, defend or undermine the legitimacy of crisis management during the euro crisis? Scholars have tended to investigate the euro crisis from either a pragmatic and prescriptive perspective – asking which reforms are necessary to build legitimacy in the governance structure of the Eurozone –...
Preprint
Full-text available
In accounts of institutional change, discursive institutionalists point to the role of economic and political ideas in upending institutional stability and providing the raw material for the establishment of a new institutional setup. This approach has typically entailed a conceptualization of ideas as coherent and monolithic and actors as almost a...
Article
Full-text available
Which European Union actors are most powerful in the governance of the euro crisis? The euro crisis has reignited the classic debate between intergovernmentalists, who tend to stress the coercive power of dominant member states in the European Council, and supranationalists, who maintain that through the use of institutional power, the Commission a...
Article
Full-text available
How do ruling policy paradigms persist over time and why do they often undergo significant internal ideational changes? While the impact of Peter Hall's approach to policy paradigms on the study of governance has been immense, there is a burgeoning consensus that a "Kuhnian" understanding of paradigms makes punctuated equilibrium style shifts the o...
Article
Full-text available
How may we understand the occurrence of gradual but significant change following economic crisis? Theories of gradual institutional transformation offer important insights to analyses of long-term institutional change, but have so far shied away from dealing with institutional change during and following crisis, leaving the issue to more traditiona...
Article
Full-text available
How may we understand the occurrence of gradual but significant change following economic crisis? Theories of gradual institutional transformation offer important insights to analyses of long-term institutional change, but have so far shied away from dealing with institutional change during and following crisis, leaving the issue to more traditiona...
Book
Full-text available
The contributors investigate policy paradigms and their ability to explain the policy process – actors, ideas, discourses and strategies employed – to provide readers with a better understanding of public policy and its dynamics. Drawing together leading researchers in the field, this edited collection offers a unique insight into a selection of po...
Chapter
Full-text available
The work of Peter A. Hall (1993) on the role of policy paradigms in public policy is remarkable. Unrivalled by any other publication in ideational scholarship in terms of citations and impact, it — together with the work of scholars like Sabatier and Jenkins-Smith (1993), Kingdon (2003), Baumgartner and Jones (2009), and Stone (1988) — drew on the...
Article
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Research Highlights and Abstract This article Gives clearer conceptualisation of what an idea is. Provides clearer conceptualisation of how ideas may change over time. Uses central arguments from relational sociology and conceptual analysis in discursive institutionalism. Provides new theoretical perspectives on ideational change in wake of the rec...
Article
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Institutional and ideational crises are characterised by fundamental uncertainty about the world, and at the same time require swift action on part of decision makers. How do political actors overcome uncertainty to enable collective action? The paper argues that actors use the ideas of the pre-crisis regime and through processes of bricolage seek...
Article
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This rejoinder takes issue with two criticisms of my Political Studies article on incremental ideational change presented in a recent reply by Liam Stanley. It argues that by presenting my critique of historical and discursive institutionalism as focused on the lack of ‘realism’ in their standard conceptualisation of ideas, Stanley creates a straw...
Article
Full-text available
Most theories about ideas in politics implicitly conceptualise ideas as relatively stable entities that act as a catalyst for political change in times of crisis. In these theories political change is usually brought on by the full and sudden replacement of old ideas with new ones. This article's main charge against the mainstream view of ideas is...
Article
Full-text available
The status of ideational explanations in political science has been strengthened by the argument that institutionalized ideas structure actors’ identification of their interests as well as the interests of their political adversaries. Despite its utility, the focus on the institutionalization of ideas has had the unfortunate consequence that actors...
Article
Full-text available
Research on the role of ideas has contributed greatly to our understanding of processes of policy change. The article suggests that theories that deal with interest-driven reform processes might also benefit in important ways from including ideas as a variable in their models. Arguing that ideas are useful to power-seeking actors, the article devel...
Article
An argument that has done much to secure the status of ideational explanations in political science is that institutionalised ideas structure actors' identification of their interests as well as the interests of their political adversaries. Despite its strength in arguing for the importance of ideas, the focus on institutionalisation of ideas has h...

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