Martin Camenzind

Martin Camenzind
Empa - Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology | Empa · Laboratory for Protection and Physiology

About

27
Publications
13,414
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
290
Citations
Citations since 2016
19 Research Items
261 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
Introduction

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
The use of a diode laser has enabled the welding of membranes and textiles. Membranes were welded with fabrics without the use of reactive glue, which has implications for faster and cleaner production of membranes in the future.
Article
Full-text available
The investigation of thermal protective performance of fabrics is highly relevant in order to procure and further develop the firefighters' protective clothing. Therefore, this paper aims at investigating the thermal protective performance of fabrics used in firefighters' clothing under different levels of radiant-heat exposures. For this, properti...
Chapter
Full-text available
This book chapter discusses the evaluation of thermo-physiological comfort of regular- (e.g., formal clothing, informal clothing, casual clothing) and specialized-clothing (e.g., first-responders’ protective clothing, defense-personnel’s protective clothing, healthcare-personnel’s protective clothing). For this the importance for measuring and eval...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter we discuss the evaluation of heat and flame protective performance of clothing regularly worn by the working personnel (e.g., firefighters, industry workers, soldiers), especially for work in hazardous fire and high-temperature environments. As the protective performance of clothing is mainly evaluated using flash fire manikins, thi...
Article
People, such as emergency service and military personnel, require protection from fires involving flammable liquids and liquefiable solids (Class B fires) in a number of situations. Fires involving flammable liquids typically reach higher temperatures sooner when compared to other types of fuel, yet there appears to be little literature that specif...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to investigate the thermal protective performance of fabrics used in firefighters' clothing under high-intensity fire exposure. The performance of thermal protective fabric systems with different physical properties was evaluated under laboratory simulated fire exposure. Additionally, the influence of the configuration of the fire e...
Article
For protective clothing evaluation by using the flame engulfment method, a skin burn injury model is required to predict burn degree of the covered skin. By applying finite difference methods, 2 numerical methods are compared. One is based on equivalent heat intensity; the other is based on the law of conservation of energy. In this study, skin tem...
Article
It is currently unclear how the assembly of different fabric layers of personal protective clothing (PPC) contributes to differences in thermal comfort among garments. Therefore, we used two different approaches to investigate the effect of PPC on body heat dissipation: a technical characterization of textiles (using sweating Torso methodology) and...
Article
Full-text available
During firefighting, thermoregulation is challenged due to a combination of harsh environmental conditions, high metabolic rates and personal protective clothing (PPC). Consequently, investigations of thermoregulation in firefighters should not only consider climate and exercise intensity, but technical properties of textiles too. Therefore, labora...
Article
The personal protective equipment of workers exposed to heat can consist of materials with a relatively low melting point of approximately 250°C (membranes, zippers, and underwear). In particular, users of heat protective clothing (such as volunteer firefighters or industrial workers) are often consider using functional sports underwear for an opti...
Article
For many applications in research, material development and testing, physical skin models are preferable to the use of human skin, because more reliable and reproducible results can be obtained. This article gives an overview of materials applied to model physical properties of human skin to encourage multidisciplinary approaches for more realistic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Protective clothing for fire fighters is characterized by high thermal insulation to reduce external heat gain through dry and wet heat [1,2]. However, these protective properties limit heat dissipation from the human body and impede thermoregulation [3,4]. As a result, fire fighters suffer from non-compensable heat stress during physical activity...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine the validity and inter-/intra-laboratory repeatability of the first part of a novel, three-phase experimental procedure using a sweating Torso device. Design/methodology/approach – Results from a method comparison study (comparison with the industry-standard sweating guarded hotplate method) and...
Article
The overall performance of a firefighter turnout suit can only be evaluated using both bench-scale tests and an assessment based on an instrumented manikin under defined, close to real-life conditions in a laboratory. Using manikins in rating protective clothing has already a long history which will be reflected in this paper. Efforts all over the...
Article
Healthy people and people with diabetes mellitus showed a different correlation of the blood flow with the skin temperature in the extremities.
Article
Full-text available
The influence of body moisture on the insulation properties of 10 different sleeping bags designed for extreme conditions below - 30 deg C, as well as the capability to be used at such low temperatures was investigated in a shared research project of TNO and EMPA. The sleeping bags were assessed with standardised laboratory tests, human subject tes...
Article
At very low temperatures, even for well-insulated sleeping bags, a large fraction of the available thermal energy is lost to the ground through the underlying mattress due to conduction of heat. With the development of a down-filled, Inflatable mattress, the thermal Insulation has been radically improved, allowing the sleeping bag system to be used...

Network

Cited By