Martin Beck

Martin Beck
University of Kurdistan Hewlêr

Professor

About

179
Publications
4,661
Reads
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475
Citations
Citations since 2017
27 Research Items
188 Citations
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Introduction
My research covers international politics and political economy of the Middle East, in particular regional power relations, the Arab—Israeli conflict, regional oil politics, comparative analysis of rent rentier states, and critical security studies (Copenhagen School).
Additional affiliations
August 2012 - present
University of Southern Denmark
Position
  • Professor em.
August 2012 - present
German Institute of Global and Area Studies
Position
  • Associate
Education
February 1994 - July 2001
University of Tübingen
Field of study
  • Political Science
January 1990 - January 1994
University of Tübingen
Field of study
  • Political Science
October 1983 - September 1989
University of Tübingen
Field of study
  • Political Science and German Linguistics and Literature

Publications

Publications (179)
Article
Up to the Arab uprisings, Middle Eastern exceptionalism served as an important paradigm for analyzing politics in the Arab world. With the numerous upheavals of the Arab uprisings, which caused fundamental political change in significant parts of the Arab world, this paradigm has been challenged for analyzing the domestic affairs of contemporary Mi...
Article
The present contribution first describes the aggravated Middle Eastern power competition in the 21st century, thereby emphasizing two aspects: the concentration of participants in the regional power game to Saudi Arabia, Israel, and Iran, including shifts in regional power distribution; and the recent trend of entanglement of the Israeli–Iranian co...
Book
The downhill slide in the global price of crude oil, which started mid-2014, had major repercussions across the Middle East for net oil exporters, as well as importers closely connected to the oil-producing countries from the Gulf. Following the Arab uprisings of 2010 and 2011, the oil price decline represented a second major shock for the region i...
Article
This paper contributes to solving the following research puzzle: When the influx of refugees from Syria and elsewhere to Germany significantly increased, German society and politics seemed to be rather robust in the face of xenophobic and right-wing populist movements; however, only 2years later, the Alternative fűr Deutschland made it into the Bun...
Article
Lebanon hosts an extraordinarily high number of refugees, and according to a widespread conviction nourished by Lebanon’s political class, they constitute a burden to the country. Thus, an explanation is needed for the fact that – contrary to many European political economies – on the domestic level, neither the central government nor organised soc...
Book
Full-text available
ENGLISH TITLE Critique of Qatar’s political economy: The debate on social human rights violations in the run-up to the 2022 FIFA World Cup ----------------------------------------------- FULL VERSION IN GERMAN https://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/tunesien/19439.pdf ABSTRACT IN ENGLISH: When Qatar won the bid to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup o...
Article
This paper looks at key trajectories of policy adjustment across member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)—a region shaped by state-controlled income from exporting hydrocarbons—since 2014, the year in which the price of crude oil dropped significantly. We argue that despite a wide range of policy responses, no deep, structural reform has...
Chapter
https://bti-project.org/fileadmin/api/content/en/downloads/reports/country_report_2022_LBN.pdf
Chapter
This concluding chapter focuses on two aspects of the Middle Eastern political economy. It initially examines the major consequences of the post-2014 oil price decline and also deals with the oil price crash as triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic. First, migrant workers in the Arab Gulf are the main social losers of policy adjustments. Second, citiz...
Chapter
The drop in oil prices in 2014 and the price crash triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 have had major repercussions for the Middle Eastern political economy. For these events, we discuss both the empirical relevance of policy adjustments and academic approaches to political economy apt for analysing relevant adjustment policies. First, we ex...
Chapter
The chapter deals with security threats from the Mediterranean as viewed by Europe. In order to identify the European perception on major security threats from the Southern Mediterranean in the 2010s and their linkages with one another, first a historical analysis pivoting on the year 1979 is presented: After the Israeli–Egyptian peace treaty broke...
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The Middle Eastern regional order has been undergoing profound changes in the current decade. These can be traced back to a reconfiguration of international and regional structures. On the one hand, shifts in US foreign policies towards the Middle East corresponded with new regional dynamics. On the other, the monarchies of the Arab Gulf have becom...
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With no other country in the Middle East does Germany maintain such close relations as it does with Israel. This is often justified on the grounds of shared democratic values. However, is the political system of Israel really that of a democracy? This question is a controversial one within academia. Giving an exact answer depends on the underlying...
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Die sozioökonomische Entwicklung Irans wird im 21. Jahrhundert vor allem durch drei strukturelle Faktoren bestimmt: * die Prägekraft des Erdöls, denn Einnahmen aus Erdölexporten sind entscheidend für die Wirtschaft des Landes, * eine Vermengung der politischen mit der wirtschaftlichen Sphäre, die eine mit hoher Korruption verbundene staatliche Ver...
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Despite massive production losses due to the attacks on Saudi Arabian facilities on 14 September 2019, the oil price has nevertheless remained stable. This illustrates two things: a return to the price level of over USD 100 a barrel is highly unlikely, while the oil-exporting Arab Gulf countries continue to be under massive pressure to adjust. In...
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Israel has recently been in top global news with the elections to the Knesset held on September 17, 2019. As they ended in a deadlock between incumbent prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu and his contender Benny Gantz, Netanyahu might face the end of his political career. In addition, US President Donald Trump’s so-called “Deal of the Century” for th...
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The Conversation, 18 September 2019, https://theconversation.com/israeli-election-has-no-clear-winner-what-political-deadlock-means-for-the-middle-east-123124
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The issue of the democratic character of Israel is not only challenging from an academic perspective but also of high political relevance. During the period of the Cold War, Western support for Israel was scarcely contested as the country was widely perceived as an indispensable bulwark against Soviet influence in the Middle East. However, in the 2...
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On May 17, 2019, the German federal parliament – the Bundestag – passed a resolution in which Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions – the BDS movement – was condemned as anti-Semitic (Deutscher Bundestag 2019; Bennhold 2019). [1] Governmental institutions of Germany are called on not to support any activities of the BDS movement or any groups that are...
Chapter
The Israeli–Palestinian conflict has lasted as a fully fledged conflict between two nationalist actors on how to govern Palestine for nearly 100 years. This chapter addresses its continuation as something puzzling, and thus an academic issue in need of being properly described and explained. How and why has the Israeli–Palestinian conflict continue...
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On December 7, 2018, the so-called Vienna Group, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) under the leadership of Saudi Arabia and its partners, above all Russia, agreed to cut production in order to shore up oil prices. From a short-term political perspective, it is certainly remarkable that Saudi crown prince and de facto sole...
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When on May 9, 2018, US President Donald Trump publicly announced his decision to withdraw from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action – colloquially known as the Iran Nuclear Deal – this triggered a political outcry among major segments of global society. The move was vehemently applauded by the governments of only two prominent states: Israel and...
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Labor migration in and to the Middle East has had an increasingly significant impact on the economic and social developments in this world region since the oil boom of the 1970s. Accordingly, social scientists, particularly development economists, have drawn attention to Arab labor migration flows mainly from relatively resource-poor countries with...
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The reasons why migration towards the Global North has become the subject of major attempts of securitization in Europe (and the US and Australia) are highly contested. However, interestingly enough, a rather broad consensus exists on the mere fact that migration has become the subject of attempts of securitization in the 21st century – more so tha...
Article
The aim of the current article is to analyse the challenges for the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) to pursue a meaningful and effective policy toward the Israeli-Palestinian conflict on four dimensions: the history of European foreign policies toward the Middle East conflict, opportunities and constraints of realizing Palestinian self-determin...
Chapter
The present paper deals with security threats from the Mediterranean as viewed by Europe. In order to identify the European perception on major security threats from the Southern Mediterranean in the 2010s and their linkages with one another, first a historical analysis pivoting on the year 1979 is presented: After the Israeli–Egyptian peace treaty...
Article
Full-text available
News: By adopting Resolution 2334 on December 23, 2016, the Security Council of the United Nations once more promoted the vision of achieving Israeli-Palestinian peace. However, there is general perplexity how to realize this aim. Summary The present contribution focuses on the European Union's foreign policy toward the Israeli-Palestinian con...
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NEWS On December 23, 2016, the Security Council of the United Nations adopted Resolution 2334, thereby reiterating its vision of achieving peace between Israel and Palestine through negotiations of the involved parties. SUMMARY The present analysis focuses on the European contribution of Western policy toward the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Th...
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Objectively speaking, the refugee crisis in Lebanon is much more severe than that in Germany and Europe. In 2015, one in five inhabitants of Lebanon was an officially registered refugee; in Germany this figure was three per one thousand. As of April 2016, Lebanon was host to more than one million Syrian refugees – approximately 400,000 more than in...
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This article covers Israel’s response to the Arab uprisings. The analysis deals with the issue of both material and immaterial political actions of the Israeli political leadership. A theoretical approach based on “thin rationalism”—actors pursue strategies based on their preferences—encompassing orthodox and heterodox schools of thought of Interna...
Book
Since the early weeks of the so-called Arab Spring, high hopes for democratic, social, and political change in the Middle East have been met with varying degrees of frustration. In the sub-region of the Levant, regional uprisings have turned to violent conflict in places such as Syria, Iraq, and the Gaza Strip. In Syria, popular unrest has caused e...
Article
Informationen zur politischen Bildung 331, Naher Osten: https://www.bpb.de/shop/zeitschriften/informationen-zur-politischen-bildung/238943/naher-osten.
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A meeting of OPEC (Organization of the Oil-Exporting Countries) and non-OPEC members held on April 17, 2016, in the Qatari capital Doha failed to produce an agreement on freezing their production at the levels of early 2016 in order to boost recent trends of slightly increasing oil prices. Most observers agree that the main actor behind the failure...
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NEWS Upon a Saudi initiative on March 1, 2016, the Arab League’s foreign ministers’ committee declared Hezbollah a terrorist organization. SUMMARY By announcing the Arab League’s decision to label Hezbollah a terrorist organization, Saudi Arabia showed that it is—at least on the ideological level—eager to further securitize the conflict between pol...
Chapter
The immediate effect of the Arab Uprisings of 2010/11 on domestic affairs in Palestine has been rather limited: Some protests, which were partly inspired by the “Arab Spring” took place, for instance, demonstrations in different cities of the West Bank in early September 2012; yet, in general and contrary to predictions of quite a few observers and...
Chapter
In the year 2014, the ongoing Syrian civil war, the advancement of the Islamic State (IS) in both Syria and Iraq, another round of failed bilateral negotiations in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and the military escalation in Gaza raised the question as to whether the developments in the Levant might lead not only to processes of regime change,...
Article
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Five years ago many observers of the Arab uprisings did not take long to overcome their initial confusion that the supposedly ever-stable authoritarianism of the Arab Middle East had become deeply shattered and seriously challenged. The trend then was to be “open” for and “optimistic” about a transition to democracy [1], although quite a number of...
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The recent social protest movement in Lebanon, which started in late August, made it to the headlines of international media with its slogan “You Stink.” Yet, the movement is not confined to decrying the incapability of the administration to collect garbage in Beirut and its surroundings. Rather, as Jamal Elshayyal from Al-Jazeera put it, the socia...
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Having received fairly little attention during the height of the Arab Spring, the Palestinian issue has once again become a focal point of Middle Eastern politics due to recent events in Palestine – namely, the failure of another round of US-promoted bilateral negotiations in May 2014, the Gaza War in summer 2014, several terrorist attacks, and Pal...
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The present analysis examines a “game” that has recently gained significance in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict: the (de)legitimization game. The implicit ‘distraction’ from the “real” issues of occupation is made sense of by critically discussing three basic assumptions of conventional wisdom on the nature of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and...
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When the Arab League announced the establishment of a joint military force, coverage in regional and international media was extensive. If realized as envisioned, the establishment of a military force comprising 40,000 troops would indeed upgrade the role of the Arab League, which, at least until the Arab Uprisings, was renowned for being an ineffe...
Article
Many of the factors that in 2011 caused major uprisings in several Arab countries and led to deep political changes were and continue to be present in Jordan. Access to social media, widespread frustration with corruption, high unemployment among the well-educated youth, and growing inequality are but a few of the elements common to Jordan and thos...
Chapter
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in: Klaus Barwig, Christoph Marcinkowski, and Klaus Vellguth (eds), Zur Situation der Christen im Nahen Osten (Aachen: Missio), 33-36.
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NEWS: In a way unprecedented in the Arab Middle East, on October 26, 2014, Tunisians caused the electoral defeat of the party that had won the first free elections three years ago, thereby paving the way for the establishment of a government that will be led by a secular party. With Presidential elections to follow in November 2014, Tunisia appears...
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Apart from daily descriptive reports on war activities in Gaza, most analyses in newspapers deal with the normative question of whether Israel is justified in waging war (and the way it does) against Hamas and the inhabitants of the Gaza Strip, respectively. In contrast, the present analysis applies an empirical-analytical approach, thereby arguing...
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NEWS: In March 2014, an Arab League summit was held without major achievements. In July 2014, activities of Arab regional organizations as well as international organizations are rather low despite roaring conflicts in Iraq, Syria and Gaza. SUMMARY: The present analysis aims at analyzing the role of international and regional organizations in the M...
Chapter
Three tasks are tackled in the present contribution. First, it is shown that the regional power concept is innovative because it sheds new light on regional affairs, particularly, but not only, after the end of the Cold War. In the period following World War II, regional affairs have very often been shaped by the global rivalry of two superpowers....
Chapter
The critical descriptions, explanations, and analyses of the Arab Spring rank among the major recent challenges within political science. Thus, this chapter aims to contribute to the identification and discussion of those important areas for research within the discipline. The fact that the social scientific research on the Middle East failed to pr...
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The US will probably become the largest oil producer in 2014. Will that lead to an end of the dependence on Middle Eastern oil? Summary: Fracking is a recent and sophisticated technology that enables the exploitation of specific oil sources-in the form of oil shale-that until recently had been considered uncommercial. Since the bulk of oil shale is...
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The present news analysis argues that experts on the Middle East have been preoccupied with the issue of democratic pervasiveness of Islam(ists), whereas the democratic conviction of liberals and seculars was more or less taken for granted. However, secular liberals are not necessarily democratic, particularly not when exposed to a troublesome tran...
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On 12 October 2012, the European Union was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for, among other things, "the successful struggle for peace and reconciliation and for democracy and human rights," as the official press release states. Analysis The Nobel Prize organization's explanatory statement matches the EU's traditional self-image as a "civilian power"...
Chapter
Der „Arabische Frühling“2, verstanden als ein zu Beginn des Jahres 2011 eingeleiteter Prozess politischen Wandels im Nahen Osten3, ist unabhängig von seinem weiteren Verlauf schon heute als Ereignis von welthistorischer Bedeutung zu charakterisieren.
Article
Political Science has failed to predict the Arab Spring. The present article aims at using this insight in a productive way by identifying and critically discussing crucial re�search questions, particularly: Is the Arab Spring of epochal significance, what role do civil society and Islamism play, in what way is the Arab Spring connected with glob...
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Corruption is one of the most prominent issues in political debates all over the Middle East. This is, at first glance, surprising since the Middle East—notwithstanding some extreme cases such as Iraq and Sudan—in general appears to be a world region where governments’ performance in contain-ing corruption is regular and even good if compared with...
Article
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Since the 1970s, the self-image of European foreign policy towards the Mid-dle East has been shaped by the approach of a “civilian power.” This image has received prominent external support when the Norwegian nobel com-mittee awarded the EU the nobel prize for peace in October 2012. An ideal “civilian power” is supposed to base its foreign policy o...
Article
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The Arab Spring significantly increased the coverage of Arab politics in international mass media. Yet, the "usual suspect" that regularly captures the headlines of world affairs in past decades-politics in the occupied Palestinian territories-has been remarkably absent from the headlines of reports on the Arab Spring. Yet, recently, the Palestinia...
Article
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This paper deals with the Arab Spring as a process of deep political change in the Arab world, previously the only major world area where authoritarianism persisted unchallenged for decades. While in various countries of the Arab world mass protests in 2011 forced rulers to resign, other authoritarian regimes have – despite political and economic p...
Chapter
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The term dynasty refers to a succession of leaders from the same family who exert extraordinary political and/or economic influence across generations. Dynasties that are most relevant to global politics are the political elites of states whose political systems are monarchies (as opposed to republics). The Role of Dynasties in Global Politics and...
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Am 21. Oktober 2012 starben im christlich geprägten Viertel Bab Touma in Damaskus zehn Menschen durch eine Autobombe; viele weitere wurden verletzt. Analyse Christen im Nahen Osten sind seit Jahren Opfer der Gewalt islamistischer Extremisten. Die Gewalttaten tragen häufig amorphen, erratischen Charakter. So exzessiv sie teilweise sind, so wenig tau...
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While Tunisians, Egyptians and Libyans have overthrown their autocratic rulers , the issue of the political survival of Bashar al-Assad, whose regime represents one of the most repressive in the region, remains unsettled. This situation raises the question of how Assad could hold on to power in spite of overt political resistance that lasted over s...
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In comparison with Europe or Germany, climate change and its consequences only take up a secondary role in the Jordanian public debate. There is, however, a certain level of awareness, especially among a more highly educated population. The central environmental issue in Jordan is sufficient water supply for the population and the agricultural sect...
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It is not the people but the structures that prevent democratization in the Arab world.
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The perception of Syria varies to a high degree on the policy issue under consideration. In 2007 a headline in one of the leading German weekly Die Zeit read “A People Teaches Tolerance”, thereby referring to the peaceful relation of religions in Syria.1 In the very same year, Syria was listed among the “Worst of the Worst: The Worlds Most Repressi...
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The Jordanian government recently endorsed by royal decree a temporary election law on May 18th, 2010, approximately six months after the dissolution of the 15th Jordanian House of Representatives, in November 2009.The law includes important changes that guarantee more transparency and integrity; it will be in effect for the upcoming legislative el...
Chapter
Since the 1970s, the Middle East 1 region has failed to keep pace with major global processes that have helped to promote dynamic developments in many other world regions. Among the most striking factors are a political, an economic and a securityrelated one. Firstly, the Arab World and Iran did not participate in the ‘third wave of democratisation...
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Long before the Jasmine Revolution in Tunisia started, Jordan already witnessed social protests. At the same time, the historic events in Tunisia rubbed off on the more stable and peaceful kingdom of Jordan: almost the whole society sympathizes with the Tunisian nation and in many places people express their wish that Mubarak’s regime should be the...
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The present article aims to analyze the effects of high oil prices since 2003 on Iran. The theoretical basis of the analysis is the rentier state approach, the basic element of which is that rents are at the free disposal of the rentier. Empirically, the paper examines the issue areas of foreign policy, domestic policy and economic policy. After pr...
Chapter
Nicht erst seit den Terroranschlägen vom 11. September 2001 wird die Region des Nahen Ostens – d. h. der Länder des Maschriq einschließlich Israels, des Maghreb sowie der arabischen Golfanrainer, der Türkei und des Irans – mit anhaltend gewaltsam ausgetragenen zwischen- und innerstaatlichen Konflikten, Terrorismus, mangelnder Demokratie und verpass...
Chapter
Noch vor einem guten Jahrzehnt war es auch in Kreisen der Forschungsgemeinde über den Nahen Osten – die arabische Welt, Iran und Israel – keine Seltenheit, dass man mit dem Begriff der Rente Irritationen hervorrief, weshalb man sich als Politologe ausgerechnet mit der eher randständig erscheinenden Frage der Alterssicherung in dieser Weltregion bes...
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Studies on "rogue states" often present normative analyses focused on the perspective of Western actors. From a purely analytical point of view, the present article steps away from this tradition and aims to examine the process of designating actors as "rogue states", its impact on them, and their capabilities to defy stigmatization. The argument d...
Book
Dieser Band befasst sich mit den derzeit beobachtbaren tiefgreifenden sozialen, ökonomischen und politischen Transformationen in der arabischen Welt, die jedoch auf der Ebene der politischen Systeme von Stagnation und Autoritarismus gekennzeichnet sind. Ziel der Beiträge ist es, innovative theoretische Ansätze aus den Politik- bzw. den Sozialwissen...
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Am 20. Januar 2009 legte Barack Obama als 44. Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika seinen Amtseid ab. Obama ließ keinen Zweifel daran, dass sein Slogan "Change" sich nicht nur auf die Innen-, sondern auch auf die Außenpolitik bezieht. Angesichts der hoch umstrittenen Politik George W. Bushs im Vorderen Orient kommt dieser Weltregion hierbe...
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GIGA Focus Nahost: https://www.giga-hamburg.de/de/publikationen/11571731-herausforderungen-deutscher-au%C3%9Fenpolitik-nahen-osten/ Am 24. Juni 2008 fand in der deutschen Hauptstadt die prominent besetzte "Berliner Konferenz zur Unterstützung der palästinensischen zivilen Sicherheit und Rechtsstaat lichkeit" statt, im März dieses Jahres weilte Bund...
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GIGA Focus Nahost: https://www.giga-hamburg.de/en/publications/11577280-sechzig-jahre-israel-eine-erfolgsgeschichte-sicherheitspolitischen-problemen/ Am 14. Mai 2008 jährt sich der Tag der Unabhängigkeitserklärung des Staates Israel zum sechzigsten Mal. Diese war Ausgangspunkt einer der imposantesten herrschafts-und wohlfahrtspolitischen Erfolgsges...
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Security policy and demographic processes are the greatest challenges facing Israeli democracy today. https://en.qantara.de/content/israels-60th-anniversary-success-story-and-security-related-challenges
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The region of the Middle East is highly conflict-loaded. The absence of one distinct regional power may be considered both cause and consequence of this structural feature. At the same time, there are significant power gaps between states in the Middle East, with Israel among the most powerful actors and accordingly defined as a potential regional...
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GIGA Focus Nahost: https://www.giga-hamburg.de/en/publications/11579244-vierzig-jahre-sechstagekrieg-strukturelle-pr%C3%A4gekraft-nahen-osten/ Wie unzählige Kommentare und Publikationen zum vierzigsten Jahrestag des Sechs tagekrieges zeigen, wird dieser auch heute noch in Wissenschaft und Öffentlichkeit kontrovers diskutiert. Häufig stehen dabei Ur...
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Trotz der Kontrollen und Verhandlungen der Internationalen Atomenergiebehörde (IAEO), zwei mit Sanktionen verbundenen Resolutionen des Sicherheitsrates der Vereinten Nationen (VN) sowie verschärfter Wirtschafts- und Finanzsanktionen der USA wird in Iran weiter Uran angereichert. Deshalb werden bei westlichen Akteuren, insbesondere in den USA und Is...
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Der in den 1980er Jahren entwickelte Rentierstaats-Ansatz hat die Diskussion über die sozioökonomische und -politische Entwicklung des Vorderen Orients geprägt und einen substanziellen Erklärungsbeitrag zum »Sonderweg« dieser Weltregion erbracht, die nur in geringem Maße an den globalen Phänomenen der Globalisierung und Demokratisierung teilnimmt....
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The rentier state approach deeply influenced the discussion on the socio-economic and socio-political development of the Middle East. Yet, the adherents of the approach confined their research on positive cases, thereby neglecting critical objections according to which there are rent-receiving systems whose development did not meet the expectations...
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Die Friedens-Warte 81.2, 91-95
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Bei den palästinensischen Parlamentswahlen am 25. Januar 2006 feierte die Hamas einen spektakulären Wahlsieg. Analyse: Welche Faktoren gaben den Ausschlag, dass entgegen allen Wahlprognosen die islamistische Hamas bei ihrer ersten Teilnahme bei nationalen Wahlen in Palästina mit 74 von 132 Sitzen die absolute Mehrheit der Mandate errang? Welche Rol...
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GIGA Focus Nahost: https://www.ssoar.info/ssoar/handle/document/27417
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Der vor einem halben Jahr in Israel, dem Libanon und dem Gazastreifen ausgetragene Sommerkrieg hat eine heftige internationale Debatte darüber ausgelöst, welche Folge - rungen in Bezug auf ethische und völkerrechtliche Standards für Staaten zu ziehen seien, die gegen nichtstaatliche Akteure zu Felde ziehen. Die Auseinandersetzung hat längst die Kre...
Conference Paper
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The concept of regional power stipulates that conflicts on the emergence of regional powers have been significantly increasing since the end of the Cold War. Yet, although the Middle East is an extremely conflict-loaded region, currently no regional power stands out in the re-gion. Moreover, it is not likely that there will be a basic change in the...
Chapter
The end of the east–west conflict and the reunification of Germany gave rise to a lively political and scientific discussion as to whether a normalization of German foreign policy was ahead. Would Germany maintain its postwar tradition of being a self-restrained “civilian power” whose foreign policy is driven by certain norms, social roles, and ide...

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Projects (3)
Project
The aim of the project is to analyze and critically discuss Qatar’s political economy in light of the debate on social human rights violations in the run-up to the 2022 FIFA World Cup.
Project
The project which is funded by the CARLSBERG FOUNDATION and hosted by the SAINT JOSEPH UNIVERSITY OF BEIRUT aims at generating an in-depth analysis of the severe socio-economic crisis that Lebanon has been undergoing since fall 2019. Furthermore, the roots of the crisis - features related to the sectarianist system - and chances and constraints to tackle them are analyzed. The research puzzle that drives the project reads as follows: In the middle of Lebanon's most profound socio-economic crisis, the performance of its political class measured in terms of good governance indicators - ranging from providing services to combating corruption - has been very low. Thus, why has the Lebanese political class been able to stay in power (without having to use massive means of repression) although the Lebanese civil society is highly aware of the deficiencies of the political class?
Project
With the dominance of hydrocarbons as the primary source of energy coming to an end, the Arab Gulf is facing one of its biggest economic, social and eventually political challenges. Policy responses as well as social and political dynamics since the oil price decline in the summer of 2014 provide first indications of what commonalities and differences can be expected during this new era of oil revenue scarcity. This project consists of a collection of papers looking at some of the overarching dynamics between 2010 until today, a period which, for the Arab Gulf, has been characterised by three pronounced shocks: First, the Arab Spring in 2010/2011; Second, the collapse of oil prices in 2014; And third, the pandemic spread of COVID-19 starting in 2020.