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Marta Joanna Kołczyńska

Marta Joanna Kołczyńska
Institute of Political Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences

Doctor of Philosophy

About

52
Publications
19,375
Reads
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151
Citations
Education
August 2013 - December 2017
The Ohio State University
Field of study
  • Sociology
October 2009 - June 2014
October 2007 - July 2009
University of Warsaw
Field of study
  • Cultural Studies of Eastern Europe; specialization: Balkans

Publications

Publications (52)
Article
Full-text available
The relation between religiosity and well-being is one of the most researched topics in the psychology of religion, yet the directionality and robustness of the effect remains debated. Here, we adopted a many-analysts approach to assess the robustness of this relation based on a new cross-cultural dataset (N = 10, 535 participants from 24 countries...
Article
Individuals with more favorable evaluations of government performance exhibit higher trust in the political system. People also tend to put more confidence in political institutions led by the party they support or identify with. This paper examines the relative importance of these two factors—performance evaluation and electoral winner status—on p...
Article
We investigate the influence of social contexts on democratic attitudes. We use a novel survey data set with data from a nationally representative sample of Polish residents (egos) and their friends and acquaintances (alters). Controlling for several factors defined on the ego‐ and alter‐levels, we find a positive relationship between alters’ and e...
Article
Ex-post harmonization of survey data creates new opportunities for research by extending the geographical and/or time coverage of analyses. Researchers increasingly combine data from different survey projects to analyze them as a single dataset, and while teams engaged in data harmonization continue to expand the information they provide to end use...
Article
This paper examines existing methods of evaluating sample quality, showing that their practical utility and applicability to large-scale cross-project comparisons depends on whether they require auxiliary individual-level data. Among those methods that do not demand any such additional data, we differentiate between two approaches that rely on (i)...
Preprint
Analyzing trends in public opinion is important for monitoring social change and for testing theories aimed at explaining this change. With growing availability of multi-wave surveys, social scientists are increasingly turning to latent trend models applied to survey data for examining changes in social and political attitudes. With the aim of faci...
Preprint
Full-text available
The paper reports findings from a crowdsourced replication. Eighty-four replicator teams attempted to verify results reported in an original study by running the same models with the same data. The replication involved an experimental condition. A “transparent” group received the original study and code, and an “opaque” group received the same unde...
Preprint
Full-text available
Findings from 162 researchers in 73 teams testing the same hypothesis with the same data reveal a universe of unique analytical possibilities leading to a broad range of results and conclusions. Surprisingly, the outcome variance mostly cannot be explained by variations in researchers’ modeling decisions or prior beliefs. Each of the 1,261 test mod...
Article
Full-text available
: Trust in state institutions is essential for the stability and legitimacy of political regimes. Understood in evaluative terms, political trust has often been linked to the performance of the state and its institutions. The macro-level sources of trust, however, are not well understood owing to the scarcity of empirical tests beyond cross-section...
Preprint
The causal link between political trust and democratic performance has been assumed rather than established. Building on research on political trust as related to regime legitimacy and on the evaluative nature of political trust, we formulate hypotheses about the effect of political trust on democracy and of democracy on political trust, both with...
Article
Full-text available
Social scientists can choose from among multiple quality of governance indicators which use different conceptualizations of governance and its components, rely on different data sources, and employ different aggregation and scaling techniques. Despite all differences, these indicators are commonly found to be strongly correlated, which makes the ch...
Article
Full-text available
This article addresses the comparability of sampling and fieldwork with an analysis of methodological data describing 1,537 national surveys from five major comparative cross-national survey projects in Europe carried out in the period from 1981 to 2017. We describe the variation in the quality of the survey documentation, and in the survey methodo...
Article
Prior research has found that older respondents are more often assessed by interviewers as having problems with understanding survey questions, which has been attributed to older respondents’ lower cognitive performance resulting in lower quality responses. These analyses have ignored the characteristics and active role of the interviewer. Drawing...
Preprint
Social scientists can choose from among multiple quality of governance indicators which use different conceptualizations of governance and its components, rely on different data sources, and employ different aggregation and scaling techniques. Despite all differences, these indicators are commonly found to be strongly correlated, which makes the ch...
Preprint
Political trust is crucial for state legitimacy, and yet its dynamics remain understudied. We present time series of political trust among European societies between 1989 and 2019. Relying on Bayesian non-linear multilevel models for ordinal responses, we estimated levels of trust in 27 European countries with data from 12 cross-national survey pro...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the links between education, democratic values, and political trust. Research on education systems as carriers of modern orientations and democratic values worldwide predicts that educated individuals will exhibit more democratic values than less educated ones, regardless of the country’s level of democracy. In the political c...
Chapter
Full-text available
In September 2019, the third Global Climate Strike organized by the Fridays For Future (FFF) protest campaign mobilized 6000 protest events in 185 countries and brought 7.6 million participants out onto the streets. This report analyses survey data about participants from 19 cities around the world and compares it to data from an international surv...
Preprint
Full-text available
In September 2019, the third Global Climate Strike organized by the Fridays For Future (FFF) protest campaign mobilized 6000 protest events in 185 countries and brought 7.6 million participants out onto the streets. This report analyses survey data about participants from 19 cities around the world and compares it to data from an international surv...
Article
The association between economic inequality and protest participation has attracted much scholarly attention, and yet empirical tests of this association remain unsatisfactory. Applying a multilevel model to the eight‐wave repeated cross‐sectional data set from the European Social Survey, analyses presented in this article distinguish between cross...
Preprint
Full-text available
Report on the results of a survey of participants of the Frida^ys for Future climate change protests on 15 March, 2019 in 13 European cities
Chapter
In this chapter our aim is to distinguish those who are employed during the time of the Joblessness study from those who are not and, in defining “labor market success”, to take into account various dimensions of the quality of their jobs, such as: stability, employment contract, occupational status, and wage levels. To do this, we use data on the...
Chapter
In this chapter we describe the three main facets of our study that, through their interconnectedness, provide the information our analyses are based on: the respondents, the interviewers and the interview situation. We start with basic information about our 152 respondents: they constitute the jobless – unemployed and homemakers – many of whom had...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter continues our inquiry into how the jobless define and participate in social and political activities. Some respondents provided circular definitions of social activity, or referred to it as a form of assistance and involvement. Among respondents’ stories, some told of social isolation, a risk closely associated with unemployment. Other...
Chapter
In this chapter we examine work performed outside of regular employment: irregular jobs and unpaid home production. First, we describe the prevalence of odd jobs and the time devoted to them depending on the individual’s labor market status and gender. Next, we analyze the time spent on housework breaking it down by activity type, including cleanin...
Chapter
This chapter is about the social and political activities of housewives. Homemakers perceived social involvement positively and associated it with solidarity and assisting the poor. Perceptions of politics and political participation are more ambiguous. Among housewives were those who expressed low opinions of politics: it lacks decency and fairnes...
Chapter
In this chapter we trace the contours of Poland’s labor market and economy after the end of Communism, including how Poland fared during and after the Great Recession. An adequate understanding of the problems the jobless experience requires an account of underemployment and precarious work, as the high prevalence of low quality jobs may have influ...
Chapter
In this chapter we focus on the qualitative literature on unemployment in Poland and abroad, starting with the 1930s Marienthal studies by Jahoda et al. The joblessness literature suggests that employment is a central feature of modern societies and is for many a source of life satisfaction and a key dimension of self-identity. At a certain point i...
Chapter
In this chapter we tell the stories of how women became homemakers. This chapter contributes to the discussion about the social expectations and social constraints that women encounter as they exit employment (whether short- or long-term) and enter homemaking. We learn from our respondents that voluntarism does not always apply in becoming a housew...
Chapter
In this chapter we examine how respondents told about how they lost their job, or how the job lost them. We classify several main paths into joblessness: Dismissal; Quitting, which may or may not be entirely voluntary; Graduation; and the many other ways one can end up without paid work, such as returning from abroad and not finding employment. The...
Chapter
In this chapter we return to the women and men who in POLPAN 2008 reported a spell of unemployment lasting at least three months, and whose paths into joblessness we examined in Chap. 5. Our purpose is to see how they look for, and if successful, how they find a job. At the individual level, we focus on gender, education, social class, and age. We...
Chapter
Our intention is to describe, to an English language audience, the experience of joblessness in post-communist Poland after the Great Recession. By experience, we mean how people perceive and recount a situation that they lived through. By joblessness we mean the absence of paid employment. We investigate women and men who are currently out of work...
Preprint
Full-text available
In an era of mass migration, social scientists, populist parties and social movements raise concerns over the future of immigration-destination societies. What impacts does this have on policy and social solidarity? Comparative cross-national research, relying mostly on secondary data, has findings in different directions. There is a threat of sele...
Book
Full-text available
This book describes the experience of joblessness and unemployment in contemporary Poland. It does so by combining qualitative and quantitative data from a special project conducted in Poland after the Great Recession and the long-term Polish Panel Survey (POLPAN) to describe the lives of the jobless: women and men currently out of work, the recent...
Article
Full-text available
This figure describes the distance from meritocracy in 36 European countries between 2002 and 2017. Following Krauze and Slomczynski, the author defines meritocratic allocation of individuals by education to occupational status groups as a situation when more educated persons do not have jobs with lower status than less educated persons. Using data...
Chapter
This chapter discusses a classification of item metadata that could be useful in assessing the intersurvey reliability and validity of variables created via ex post harmonization of survey data. Harmonization controls and item quality controls are part of this classification. The construction of item metadata is part of the logic of the Survey Data...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on research within the Harmonization Project and develops a schema for evaluating survey quality as reflected in the general documentation of a given survey. This schema takes into account stages of survey design and implementation crucial for yielding high quality data, which a given survey's documentation should report on. Th...
Chapter
This chapter starts by showing how views on statistical weighting have changed since the 1960s and present findings about the prevalence of design and post‐stratification weights and the ways in which they were constructed. Next, it discusses the issue of weight quality in terms of selected formal properties, such as mean, standard deviation, maxim...
Article
Full-text available
Rising trends in economic inequality are well-established across many affluent nations. However, researchers have accrued considerably less knowledge regarding the economic attitudes and preferences of individuals living within the context of increasing inequality, especially in developing or transition countries. To gain leverage on this topic, we...
Article
In the Harmonization Project we use data from 22 cross-national survey projects that cover a total of 142 countries or territories over a time span of almost 50 years (1966–2013). The large volume of the data, their multilevel structure as well as the large number of source files encouraged us to develop a set of custom tools for extracting, transf...
Book
Full-text available
Across the world, mass political protest has shaped the course of modern history. Building on decades of theory, we hypothesize that the extent and intensity of political protest is a function of micro-level democratic values and socio-demographics, country-level economic development and democratic practices, and the discrepancy (i.e. cross-level i...
Article
Full-text available
Professional events that feature face-to-face interaction of social scientists from across the world are, next to publications and research, important forms of scientific knowledge production and dissemination. Thus, they are vital to the World Science System (WSS). Like other WSS elements, scholarly involvement in international social science even...
Article
Full-text available
Interdisciplinarity is the integration of two or more disciplines that produces emergent, original, interesting and useful knowledge; it is most promising when the relationship of the integrated disciplines is strong and symmetrical. Political sociology was once considered to be a natural bridge between the disciplines of sociology and political sc...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with the problem of unequal representation of countries in international surveys, and the differences in data quality between survey projects, both obstacles to cross-national comparative research. The first part of the paper investigates international surveys on general population samples conducted in South-East Europe in the peri...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents one of the many faces of contemporary Islam in the Balkans, that of the Bektashi community in Albania, and specifically the Sari Saltik teqe (sanctuary) on Kruja mountain. In so doing, it sheds light on the role of religion in ‘post-atheist’ Albania, while taking into account major changes to the religious landscape in the pos...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The aim of the project is the analysis of mechanisms binding time and social change on the basis of cohort data. It will at the same time serve as systematic empirical description and theoretical interpretation of the process of transformation in Poland as seen from sociological perspective (a long-term process of structural and mental change in society). Project involves a survey compatible with existing data on cohorts to allow inter- and intra-cohort comparative analyses with handling of period, cohort and age effects. (more on: http://3gen.spoleczenstwo.pl)
Project
dataharmonization.org
Project
The main goals of this project are to advance the theory, methods and empirical base for studying the dynamic relationship between multidimensional biographies and the social structure during the last 30 years in Poland. The project allows scholars to address fundamental research questions in the social sciences: How do intellectual and social resources impact individuals’ economic, political and cultural biographies, and how do these biographies shape the social structure through time? These problematics are at the center of stratification and life course research. However, dynamic empirical analyses are few, due to scholars mostly having access to cross-sectional survey data that can capture broad societal shifts but do not apprehend individual-level change. This project is uniquely positioned to overcome this major limitation of social science research with panel survey data that will measure over-time change in individuals’ resources, together with transformations of structural features. Specifically, we propose to conduct a new face-to-face survey on a representative national sample of adults in Poland in 2018, and match it to the project’s empirical foundation, the Polish Panel Survey POLPAN 1988-2013 (polpan.org).