Marta Diaz-Guardamino

Marta Diaz-Guardamino
Durham University | DU · Department of Archaeology

PhD

About

85
Publications
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608
Citations
Citations since 2017
41 Research Items
487 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120

Publications

Publications (85)
Chapter
Full-text available
Resumen: En este capítulo se ofrece una caracterización general del tipo de tejidos con cuentas perforadas documenta-dos en el tholos de Montelirio, así como una aproximación a su manufactura y a su utilización en las prácticas mortuorias desarrolladas en el mismo. Para ello, en primer lugar se describen los contextos en los que se documentan las c...
Article
Full-text available
The great site of Valencina de la Concepción, near Seville in the lower Guadalquivir valley of southwest Spain, is presented in the context of debate about the nature of Copper Age society in southern Iberia as a whole. Many aspects of the layout, use, character and development of Valencina remain unclear, just as there are major unresolved questio...
Book
Full-text available
The visual imagery of Neolithic Britain and Ireland is spectacular. While the imagery of passage tombs, such as Knowth and Newgrange, are well known the rich imagery on decorated portable artefacts is less well understood. How does the visual imagery found on decorated portable artefacts compare with other Neolithic imagery, such as passage tomb ar...
Article
Full-text available
Iberian ‘warrior’ stelae have captured the imagination of researchers and the public for more than a century. Traditionally, stelae were considered ‘de-contextualised’ monuments, and research typically focused on the study of their iconography, paying little or no attention to their immediate contexts. As a result, despite the large number of these...
Article
Full-text available
Current archaeological thought evokes a sparking Catherine wheel: spinning fireworks that detonate light, colour, and sound with every movement. These theoretical turns swirl alongside the ongoing development and adoption of scientific and digital techniques that have wide-ranging implications for archaeological practices and interpretations. Two p...
Article
This paper proposes a methodological approach for the study of rock art technology that combines the application of digital imaging techniques (in particular Reflectance Transformation Imaging, RTI) with rock art replication experiments. It is argued that this kind of combined bottom-up approach has the potential to offer valuable insights into the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
How are landscapes, artefacts and ways of perceiving the world linked, and how do they interact? Every prehistoric art tradition has its own distribution, ornamental structures, designs and techniques, but to what extent are these features linked to thought systems, and how do they change over time? Considering that material culture, and more speci...
Article
Full-text available
This study offers new insights into the local appropriation of warrior ideals in Late Bronze Age Europe. Through the new study of the carvings of Cancho Roano and Arroyo Tamujoso 8, located in Southwest Iberia and their landscape settings with state-of-the-art digital technologies, this paper unpicks some of the key idiosyncrasies of Iberian Late B...
Article
Full-text available
A newly discovered prehistoric stela from Cañaveral de León (Huelva, Spain) is studied through a combination of scientific methods, including thin section petrography and lithological contextualisation, various state-of-the-art digital imaging techniques for the analysis of the engraved motifs (3D modelling and Reflectance Transformation Imaging),...
Article
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This paper presents key results of the Making a Mark project (2014–2016), which aimed to provide a contextual framework for the analysis of mark making on portable artefacts in the British and Irish Neolithic by comparing them with other mark-making practices, including rock art and passage tomb art. The project used digital imaging techniques, inc...
Chapter
Full-text available
Late prehistoric standing stones, decorated stelae and statue-menhirs in Iberia could be linked to processes of consolidation, such as boundary formation or the creation of collective identities. Nonetheless, the materiality and temporality of stone reveal that the link between stone and consolidation processes is not straightforward. Stone can be...
Chapter
The passage tomb art and rock art of Neolithic Britain and Ireland is characterized by abstract geometric and curvilinear images. Less well known is the fact that these motifs are shared with a number of portable artefacts fashioned in chalk, antler, stone and clay. How does the use and deposition of these portable artefacts relate to the imagery o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This session wishes to address approaches and interpretations that determine understandings and values that may have been shared within the greater Megalithic tradition of Europe’s Atlantic coastline. Whilst the building of megalithic monuments, which includes stone tombs, standing stones and megalithic buildings, is a worldwide, time-transcending...
Chapter
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Traditionally, formal approaches to rock art, and particularly petroglyphs, were focused on meaning and representation. Rock art images and panels were held as finished projects, as static representations of symbolic frameworks while their material dimension or temporality were overlooked. This paper aims to illustrate how rock art is co-constitute...
Article
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This paper examines how monuments with ‘local’ idiosyncrasies are key in processes of place-making and how, through persistence, such places can engage in supra-local and even ‘global’ dynamics. Departing from a detailed revision of its context, materiality, and iconography, we show how a remarkable Iberian ‘warrior stela’ brings together the geo-s...
Chapter
Full-text available
Social complexity, social inequality and social hierarchisation are among the most frequently discussed topics in the study of the Iberian Copper Age (c. 3200 – 2200 cal BCE). Since the impact of processual archaeology on Iberian Late Prehistory during the early-1980s, a large number of studies have been dedicated to these issues1. Establishing a s...
Article
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Philipp W. Stockhammer and Joseph Maran, eds. Appropriating Innovations: Entangled Knowledge in Eurasia 5000–1500 bce (Oxford & Philadelphia: Oxbow, 2017, iv and 268pp., several colour and b/w illustrations and maps, hbk, ISBN 978-1-78570-724-7) - Volume 22 Issue 2 - Marta Díaz-Guardamino
Article
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The image-based discourse on clay figurines that treated them as merely artistic representations, the meaning of which needs to be deciphered through various iconological methods has been severely critiqued and challenged in the past decade. This discourse, however, has largely shaped the way that figurines are depicted in archaeological iterations...
Conference Paper
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Rock art documentation, research, and public outreach are tightly interlinked. New methods of documentation spark new research questions and new research ideas drive methodological developments. The introduction and wider use of image-based and range-based 3D modeling techniques in the UNESCO world heritage areas of Valcamonica, Italy, and Tanum, S...
Article
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The Garboldisham macehead is an unusual decorated macehead carved from red deer (Cervus elaphus) antler. The macehead was found in the mid 1960s deposited in a tributary of the river Little Ouse, Norfolk (Edwardson 1965), and is decorated with three spirals, making it especially significant. This paper will report on the analysis of the decoration...
Chapter
Full-text available
Four portable decorated artefacts from the Knowth passage tomb complex were examined using reflectance transformation imaging (RTI) as part of the Leverhulme Trust-funded ‘Making a Mark’ project examining the decorated artefacts of Neolithic Britain and Ireland. The results of this analysis provide enhanced understanding of the making of some artef...
Article
Full-text available
The paper discusses the Garboldisham macehead: an unusual decorated macehead carved from red deer antler. The macehead was found in the 1960s deposited in a tributary of the river Little Ouse, Norfolk and is decorated with three spirals, making it especially significant. This paper reports on the analysis of the decoration using digital imaging, di...
Article
Full-text available
A remarkable stela from Montoro, southern Spain is unique in its morphology, epigraphic traits, and landscape context. A programme of chemical characterisation, digital imaging, and geo-lithological and epigraphic analyses was conducted to determine its age and significance, and results integrated with data from archaeological investigations of the...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter explores questions of ontology in rock art analysis. More specifically, it argues that the distinction between ‘informed’ methods and ‘formal’ methods reproduces some problematic dichotomies, such as the distinction between active subjects and inert objects, culture and nature, and a conceptualization of meaning as being external to th...
Article
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The concept of artefact biographies is well established, but has received increasing criticism from archaeologists and anthropologists. This paper reviews this concept and its critiques from the basis of a new digital analysis (using Reflectance Transformation Imaging, RTI) of a small group of decorated Neolithic artefacts from the Isle of Man and...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter explores questions of ontology in rock art analysis. More specifically, it argues that the distinction between 'informed’ methods and 'formal’ methods reproduces some problematic dichotomies, such as the distinction between active subjects and inert objects, culture and nature, and a conceptualization of meaning as being external to th...
Conference Paper
Annihilation Event has no singular origin, but many strands and streams. This is a project about copies, prints, scans, derivations, reconstructions, casts, and virtual models. The 6 day programme in the Lethaby Gallery will bring together a contrary group of artists, archivists, archaeologists, historians, technical experts and theorists from all...
Article
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La Zona Arqueológica de Valencina de la Concepción-Castilleja de Guzmán (Sevilla) constituye uno de los sitios más importantes para el estudio de la Edad del Cobre en la península ibérica y Europa occidental – para una perspectiva general del estado actual de la investigación en el mismo ver Vargas Jiménez, 2004a; 2004b; García Sanjuán, 2013. Tanto...
Article
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Piedras Blancas I is part of the La Peña de los Enamorados archaeological complex (Antequera, Málaga). This complex presents evidence dating from the Neolithic period to the 20th century AD. Research carried out in 2006 suggested that the northern sector of La Peña de los Enamorados had known significant activity between the Late Neolithic and Copp...
Article
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The Folkton ‘Drums’ are the most remarkable decorated artefacts from Neolithic Britain. A new analysis using Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) and photogrammetry (PG) reveals new evidence for previously unrecorded motifs in addition to plentiful evidence for erasure and reworking. A case is made for understanding the decoration of these chal...
Book
Full-text available
This volume explores the pervasive influence exerted by some prehistoric monuments on European social life over thousands of years, and reveals how they acted as nodes linking people through time, possessing huge ideological and political significance. Through the advancement of theoretical approaches and scientific methods, archaeologists have bee...
Chapter
Over the last decade, new questions have emerged with regard to the complex temporal patterns often seen in Iberian prehistoric monuments. A number of megalithic chamber tombs, menhirs, stelae or rock-art panels have been found to show that, as occurs in other European regions, their lives were not restricted to the period of time in which they wer...
Chapter
On 19 June 2014, while the final lines of this book were still being written, Felipe VI was proclaimed King of Spain, giving continuity into the twenty-first century to the Bourbon dynasty, which almost uninterruptedly has occupied the Spanish throne since AD 1714. As a 9-year-old child, on 1 November 1977, Felipe had been installed as Prince of As...
Article
This volume explores the pervasive influence exerted by some prehistoric monuments on European social life over thousands of years, and reveals how they can act as a node linking people through time, possessing huge ideological and political significance. Through the advancement of theoretical approaches and scientific methodologies, archaeologists...
Article
Full-text available
RTI is a powerful technique for recording, interpreting, and disseminating rock art. RTI enhances the perception of the micro-topography of the rock surface and it is particularly helpful for the study of engraved art. Subtle details, such as the traces left by different engraving techniques, the outlines of motifs or superimpositions are more clea...
Article
Full-text available
RTI is a powerful technique for recording, interpreting, and disseminating rock art. RTI enhances the perception of the micro-topography of the rock surface and it is particularly helpful for the study of engraved art. Subtle details, such as the traces left by different engraving techniques, the outlines of motifs or superimpositions are more clea...
Article
Full-text available
Taking as a point of departure the in-depth analysis and description of an exceptional discovery, consisting of a large hammered gold sheet decorated with embossed motifs from the well-known Chalcolithic settlement of Valencina de la Concepcion (Seville, Spain), this article presents a general appraisal of the social and ideological role of gold in...
Conference Paper
Since 1993, when the stela of Almargen (Málaga) was published, the number of “southwestern” stelae known in the Iberian Peninsula has doubled. Newly discovered stelae have extended the geographic distribution of this phenomenon, have diversified its iconographic parameters and, in some cases, have provided valuable contextual information to advance...
Article
Full-text available
This paper assesses the applicability of modern notions of gender identity and individuality, and examines ‘relationality’ as a key dimension structuring social identity during the Bronze Age and the beginning of the Early Iron Age in western Iberia through a focus on funerary practices and stelae- and statue-menhir-making. It is argued that these...
Article
Full-text available
In spite of a long-standing research tradition, the study of Late Bronze Age Iberian stelae has been severely limited by a very fundamental shortcoming: the inaccuracy of the methods and techniques that have been employed to record, examine and reproduce these stones and their engravings. This paper will describe the recent application of two innov...
Article
Full-text available
In spite of a long-standing research tradition, the study of Late Bronze Age Iberian stelae has been severely limited by a very fundamental shortcoming: the inaccuracy of the methods and techniques that have been employed to record, examine and reproduce these stones and their engravings. This paper will describe the recent application of two innov...
Chapter
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to revise the chronological articulation of the decorated stelae attributed to the Late/Final Bronze Age in the Iberian Peninsula, resorting on recent publications and data. The available chronological references provide a framework for long-term analysis. In this context, the analysis and consideration of particular cases...
Chapter
Full-text available
Iberian Bronze Age stelae and statue-menhirs reproduce icons and iconographic conventions that in some cases display wide geographical distributions. In this paper I reflect on the social mechanisms that might have played a role in the configuration of this situation. To that end I revise previous interpretations and analyze two complementary aspec...
Article
Full-text available
The adoption of theories of social action in Archaeology has opened up the way to consider the mutually constitutive relationship between the social and the material. In this context, Peircean semiotics – a theory of meaning embedded in experience – helps understanding the unfolding of this meaningful relationship in the past and the present. The c...
Book
Full-text available
In this monograph we publish the results of the archaeological excavations undertaken in the Largo de Santa Maria de Graça, situated in the historical centre of the city of Lagos (Algarve, South Portugal). We excavated an extensive area of the Christian cemetery associated to the Santa Maria de Graça parish church, which was built in the 14th centu...
Article
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Resumo No âmbito dos trabalhos de requalificação da envolvente da Igreja Matriz de Mexilhoeira Grande, estavaprevista a construção de uma «ilha ecológica» para norte desta, do lado poente do cemitério. Nesse local, asprospecções efectuadas no âmbito do Projecto Alcalar, entre os rios Arão e Farelo [Parreira e Serpa, 1995:Est. II, nº 15; Morán, 2001...
Chapter
The construction of the Modern city wall with bulwarks (16 - 17th centuries) altered and enlarged the mediaeval fortification. Due to poliorcetica criteria, in order to build the bulwark of Santa Maria, the mediaeval outline in the sector of Porta da Vila was modified. Some difficulties that arouse on carrying out the project are evident through th...
Chapter
Full-text available
We assume that the stelae and the prehistoric statue-menhirs had, mainly, an ideological meaning and, far from being mere passive reflexes of ideological structures, the stelae and the statue-menhirs were true social mechanisms, capable of reproducing or changing social rules. To organize this project which, at the moment, in confined because of th...
Chapter
Full-text available
This book chapter publishes the results of the detailed excavation, recording, analysis and comparative study of two fireplaces documented beneath the megalithic mound of the funerary monument number 7 of the necropolis of Alcalar (Algarve, Portugal). Fireplaces had been previously recorded beneath megalithic mounds in varied regions of the Iberian...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we publish the study of a group of decorated menhirs located in the mountain range of Madrid (Spain) during archaeological surface survey. These menhirs are exceptional for various reasons but especially because they constitute the only decorated menhirs recorded until now in this sector of the Iberian Peninsula.
Article
Full-text available
El análisis y valoración espacial del grupo megalítico de Villarmayor aporta nuevos datos, tras realizar una aproximación al paleopaisaje de la zona. Por un lado, la esfera monumental del paisaje evidencia la relación entre sepulcros, poblados, zonas de aprovechamiento diversificado y el río Tormes, mientras que los datos aportados por el estudio d...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN.-El análisis y valoración espacial del grupo megalítico de Villarmayar aporta nuevos datos, tras realizar una aproximación al paleopaisaje de la zona. Por un lado. la esfera monumental del paisaje evidencia la relación entre sepulcros, poblados, zonas de aprovechamiento diversificado y el río Tormes, mientras que los datos aportados por el...
Article
Full-text available
Los días 27, 28 y 29 de noviembre de 1995 ha tenido lugar en el C.E,H, de Madrid el "11 Congreso Internacional de Historiografía de la Arqueología en España (siglos XVIII-XX)", coordinado por el Dr. Ricardo Olmos (Departamento de Arqueología del C.E.H.) y las Dras. Gloria Mora (Departamento de Arqueología del C,E.H,) y Margarita Díaz-Andreu (Depart...

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Projects (5)
Project
Ongoing (2019-2022) multidisciplinary research investigating Late Bronze Age maritime connectivity in Atlantic Europe, particularly between Iberia and Scandinavia, through the analysis of rock art and the circulation of metals (copper). The work entails the application of state of the art digital technologies and archaeological science techniques, and the production of Open Access datasets. PI: Johan Ling (University of Gothenburg, Sweden). Funding from the Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet). Ref. 2018-01387.
Project
Recent advances with ancient DNA have brought migration back into archaeological explanation, but little attention has been paid to maritime aspects of these movements or the maritime legacies inherited from indigenous cultures. The formation of the populations, cultures and languages of Europe are now seen largely as consequences of three great prehistoric migrations: hunter-gatherers repopulating the post-glacial landscape, followed by farmers spreading from Anatolia, and then Indo-European-speaking pastoralists from the steppe. There is a significant gap in this current model that we sense most acutely in Scandinavia and the British and Irish Isles. The question is how did these groups reach the islands and peninsulas of Atlantic Europe? What types of boats were used? How many people and animals could they carry? To what extent did indigenous coastal peoples contribute traditions and knowledge of boats, boat building, seaways, navigation and subsistence in coastal environments. In the project a highly international crossdisciplinary team will create a more detailed and nuanced story of how prehistoric societies realised major and minor sea crossings, organised long-distance exchange, and ways of life by the sea in prehistory. Our program is based on a maritime perspective, a counterpoint to prevailing land-based perspectives on Europe's prehistory.
Project
The main objective is a comprehensive and systematic investigation of the Iberian Late Bronze Age stelae with a focus on carving techniques, masonry skills and lithic as well as bronze technologies. This shall provide insights into the stelae's symbolic and societal significance as well as information on the artists, their social roles, skills, technology transfer and the network of intercultural communications between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean that provided them with a flow of ideas and knowledge.