Marlou Schrover

Marlou Schrover
Leiden University | LEI · Leiden University Institute for History

PhD

About

103
Publications
19,543
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1,111
Citations
Citations since 2017
7 Research Items
419 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
Additional affiliations
February 2003 - present
Leiden University
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (103)
Chapter
Full-text available
It is impossible to cover the history of global migrations in one chapter. The literature on global migration has increased rapidly since the 1980s. This increase is more-or-less in line with the increase in publications on migration control and migration management. The number of publications about global migration history is much less. This chapt...
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This article tests the use of the concepts ‘politics of belonging’ and ‘intimate citizenship’ for explaining (dis)continuities in intercountry adoption. It focusses on the Netherlands in the period 1900–1995. Adopters, adoption agencies and authorities in the countries of origin and settlement were the main actors. This article shows that adopters...
Article
This article seeks to explain changes in Dutch policies regarding the rights of homosexual immigrants. In the period 1945-1992 policies changed fundamentally. As this article will show, existing theories do not fully explain why policies regarding homosexual foreigners changed. The most striking aspect of the policy changes was the casualness with...
Article
Social and political scientists are involved in an extensive but inconclusive debate about the role of international nongovernmental organisations ( NGOs ) in European migration governance. The European Union (EU) and NGOs work under the assumption that NGOs are crucial to migration governance and yet the role of NGOs is not clear. The EU has inves...
Article
After the Second World War, Dutch authorities allowed 8,000 displaced persons (DPs) to come to the Netherlands, but only 3,904 came, and 25 per cent of them returned to camp life in Germany. This article seeks to explain why debates on the DP issue changed so rapidly within a short period of time. In earlier publications, it has been claimed that ‘...
Article
This article analyses newspaper coverage, government policies and policy practices during the 1956 Hungarian refugee crisis. There were surprisingly few differences between newspapers in the coverage of this refugee migration, and few changes over time. The role of the press was largely supportive of government policies, although the press did crit...
Chapter
Chain migration is a common phenomenon. Chain migration is influenced by policies of the country of origin and settlement (for instance policies regarding the definition of who is “family,” or the policy of setting an income bar). The possibility of helping others migrate and the likelihood of chain migration change over time and differ according t...
Article
This chapter is not about what was trafficking, smuggling and slavery, but about when and why migration was framed in newspapers and in policy papers in the terms of trafficking, smuggling and slavery, and about when, how and why this changed over the past 150 years. Trafficking in women was metaphorically equated with slavery in the nineteenth cen...
Article
Is public opinion' systematically opposed to immigration? And has this pushed policy-makers to implement restrictive migration policies? To answer these questions, we investigate the impact of public opinion, as expressed in media debates, on the making of family migration policies in the Netherlands. Based on newspaper articles, parliamentary docu...
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Between 1946 and 1948 Dutch authorities planned to deport all 25,000 Germans from the Netherlands. This article is based on an analysis of parliamentary debates and newspaper reports. It offers a new explanation for why these deportations were stopped. A concerted effort from the press, clergy and charitable organisations provided arguments to chan...
Article
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Since 1850, thousands of publications have been written about migration to and from the Netherlands. Migration is an important topic for political and social debates, now as well as in the past. The nature of migration changes continuously, as does the way in which migration and integration issues are problematized, and changes are a reason for mig...
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Campo Alegre on the island Curaçao (one of the Netherlands Antilles, part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands) is the largest open-air brothel in the world. Dutch authorities started this state brothel in 1949. They did so in an attempt to stop the spread of venereal diseases. The brothel did not solve that problem or any other problem related to pro...
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When migrant status and citizenship are defined by means of state categories, the language of inclusion and exclusion is key to an understanding of their contemporary shape and historical transformation. This introductory article provides an overview of some of the most relevant concepts in the discourse analysis of in- and exclusion, specifically...
Chapter
Migration to the Netherlands in the 19th and 20th century was similar to that of other northwestern European countries, but there were also differences, as the sections below will show (Lucassen & Penninx 1997; Obdeijn & Schrover 2008).
Chapter
The essay first addresses the literature on gender and migration as it relates to Europe, and then examines the differences between migrant men and women in historical practice. Keywords: equality; labor; labor supply; women; welfare
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This essay focuses on marriage migration in Europe after 1945. Marriage migration is an administrative category. Whether people are registered as marriage migrants depends on other migration options (Kofman 2004). Migration categories are like communicating vessels: when options in one category decrease, other categories become more important. Sinc...
Chapter
This chapter looks at the changes that took place in the migration of men and women in Europe in the nineteenth and twentieth century. The focus is on Europe because on the one hand long term data are available, and on the other hand the debates on feminization of migration are concentrated in Europe. The chapter also discusses why the claim that m...
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Problematisation and particularisation: the case of Bertha Hertogh In 1950, a lyyear-old Dutch girl, Bertha Hertogh, became world news. In this paper, the newspaper articles about her dramatic story are analysed to study the process of problematisation from a comparative perspective. In current theories on problematisation, the emphasis lies on the...
Book
Although migration and integration have become important concepts today as a result of globalization, migration movements, integration, and multiculturalism have always been part of the history of Europe. Few people realize how many ethnic groups participated in migration within Europe or into Europe and this ignorance has grave consequences for th...
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The contributors to this special issue describe the emigration of people from the Netherlands to the most important overseas destinations (the USA, Canada and Australia) in the nineteenth and the twentieth century. Part of the Dutch (overseas) emigrants formed strongly separated communities. Dutch emigrants were also rather invisible. In North Amer...
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During the 1970s, the Netherlands introduced a set of multi-cultural policies which, through government subsidies, subsidised and promoted the otherness of migrants for several decades. Other countries also embraced multiculturalism. In the Netherlands, however, this policy represented a continuation of an older tradition of pillarization. Multicul...
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This article looks at how and why the concept of ‘family’ was used in Dutch migration policy in the period between 1945 and 2005. Throughout this period differences were made between migrant women and migrant men. Whereas the migration of men was associated with labour migration, the migration of women was equated with family migration. Migrant wom...
Article
This article looks at how and why the concept of 'family' was used in Dutch migration policy in the period between 1945 and 2005. Throughout this period differences were made between migrant women and migrant men. Whereas the migration of men was associated with labour migration, the migration of women was equated with family migration. Migrant wom...
Book
Full-text available
This incisive volume combines two important issues in contemporary debates over migration: gender and illegal migration. The authors reconsider migration scholarship through the lens of gender in order to investigate definitions of citizenship and the differences in mechanisms of inclusion and exclusion for men and women. Additionally, through appl...
Article
This article is the introduction to a special issue on gender, migration and government policy. It describes first briefly the literature on gender and migration in general and then focuses on the main topic. The article shows how policies were originally partly phrased in gender-neutral terms, but always applied in gender-specific ways. Later the...
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Spatial concentrations of immigrants are commonly regarded as a measure for integration of migrants into the host society. The underlying assumption is that concentrations can be equated with communities. By looking at concentrations in Utrecht both over a long period of time (a century) and at the level of individual immigrants we show that the co...
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The topic of this JEMS special issue is how the formation of ethnic niches is gendered. We combine theories on niching with those on gendered labour market segregation and show that there are similarities in the underlying processes and explanations. The interaction between niching and gendered labour market segregation takes place at four points....
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In this article I describe German immigrants' organisations in Utrecht in the nineteenth century; the aim is to show how organisations change under the influence of developments in the sending and the receiving societies. German immigrant organisations were relatively open, easily accessible for non-Germans. There was a multitude of organisations w...
Book
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Book synopsis: In the 1990s, as concern grew in the United States about the integration of large numbers of immigrants, scholars searching for historical parallels looked to the last great period of immigration, ffrom 1880 to 1914. That example, however, is generally viewed as inapplicable to the current immigration debates in Europe. Paths of Inte...
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Migration scholars are increasingly realising the importance of immigrant organisations. Such organisations are not only important for the immigrants themselves, but also for their participation and integration into the host society. Immigrants set up organisations to create, express and maintain a collective identity. By studying organisations we...
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In this article we look at people who migrated from the Dutch province of Friesland to the Dutch capital, Amsterdam. We examine developments within Friesland itself at the time of migration. This case-study offers a unique opportunity to relate developments in the sending society (Friesland) to the nature of organisations in the receiving society (...
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German immigrants who came to the Netherlands in the nineteenth century did not concentrate in ‘Little Germanys’ within Dutch towns, as they did in some other countries. Some concentrations amongst German immigrants can, however, be pointed out. Contrary to what perhaps might be expected, it was not a common religion or a shared regional background...
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A Rotterdam et Utrecht au xixe siecle, comme a Londres ou New York, les Allemands forment un groupe heterogene. Pour autant, entre ces deux villes hollandaises, il est possible de degager des nuances notables. Certes les possibilites differentes offertes par chacune des cites attirent des types logiquement differents d'immigrants allemands, du poin...
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This article presents an historical perspective on niche formation amongst migrants. Four case studies show four quite different routes niche formation can take. The routes depend on the characteristics of the niche and of the host society. Contrary to current ideas there was no evidence of groups of migrants moving from one niche to the next. Neit...
Article
"In the nineteenth century, the demographic development of the Meierij, a region in the south-east of the Netherlands, was different from that of the rest of modernizing northern Europe. Infant mortality remained high, while it dropped elsewhere. The article shows why the current explanation for high infant mortality, which links a sustained high i...
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The employment of women in the new industries clearly differed from that in the traditional industries. This article sets out to explore this difference. The new industries produced goods which could not be seen as a continuation of earlier products. Hence the work could not easily be labelled male or female by analogy or tradition. There was no ca...
Article
Full-text available
The employment of women in the new industries clearly differed from that in the traditional industries. This article sets out to explore this difference. The new industries produced goods which could not be seen as a continuation of earlier products. Hence the work could not easily be labelled male or female by analogy or tradition. There was no ca...
Book
Full-text available
From the traditional stereotyped viewpoint, femininity and technology clash. This negative association between women and technology is one of the features of the sex-typing of jobs. Men are seen as technically competent and creative; women are seen as incompetent, suited only to work with machines that have been made and maintained by men. Men iden...
Book
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Historische bronnen spreken niet uit zichzelf. Het is de historicus die de informatie eraan ontfutselt. De auteurs van deze bundel laten een aantal manieren zien waarop dat kan. Er is gekozen voor bronnen die veel informatie geven over mensen of groepen waarvan het gedrag of de levenswijze door de rest van de maatschappij als afwijkend en problema...

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