Markus Reindel

Markus Reindel
Deutsches Archäologisches Institut · Commission for Archaeology of Non-European Cultures (KAAK)

Dr.

About

121
Publications
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1,344
Citations
Citations since 2017
31 Research Items
734 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150

Publications

Publications (121)
Article
The Andes offers a particularly effective focus for an archaeology of mobility because their extreme topography compresses enormous vertical resource diversity across short horizontal distances. In this article, the authors combine findings from two large-scale archaeological studies of adjacent watersheds—the Nasca-Palpa Project and One River Proj...
Article
Archaeologists are interested in better understanding matters of our human past based on material culture. The tools we use to approach archaeological research questions range from the trowel and brush to, more recently, even those of artificial intelligence. As access to computing technology has increased over time, the breadth of computer-assiste...
Article
Full-text available
Economic directness is a new model of socioeconomic organization for the Paracas culture (800–200 BC) in southern Peru, with wider implications for economic theory of the prehispanic Andean past. Using an archaeoeconomic approach to analyze settlement patterns, obsidian artifacts, malacological material, and camelid skeletal remains, this study rec...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Preceramic site of Pernil Alto is located on the desertic Andean foothills of Southern Peru. It dates to 5800‑5000 cal BP and with that to the end of the Middle Preceramic Period of the Central Andes. It was possible to detect the transition from foraging to agriculture starting at around 5300 cal BP in the permanent village of Pernil Alto. Wit...
Article
Full-text available
There are many unanswered questions about the population history of the Central and South Central Andes, particularly regarding the impact of large-scale societies, such as the Moche, Wari, Tiwanaku, and Inca. We assembled genome-wide data on 89 individuals dating from ∼9,000-500 years ago (BP), with a particular focus on the period of the rise and...
Article
Archaeological projects are often faced with processing unwieldy amounts of ceramic ma- terial on-site. This documentation and analysis has traditionally required hand drawing of diagnostic sherds and vessels, which is extremely time-consuming, especially when faced with complex forms. The Guadalupe Archaeological Project operates in northeast Hond...
Data
Table S2. Affinity of Early South Americans to North Americans, Related to Table S4 Representative f4-statistics on 1240K dataset of the form f4(Mbuti, Anzick-1; Early South American, Brazil_LapaDoSanto_9600BP or Late Central Andes) or f4(Mbuti, Canada_Lucier_4800BP-500BP; Brazil_LapaDoSanto_9600BP or Brazil_Laranjal_6700BP, Late or Modern Peruvia...
Data
Table S3. Data Description, Ancient DNA Workflow, mtDNA, Radiocarbon Dates, Related to Figure 1
Data
Table S4. f4- and f3-Statistics, Related to Figures 1, 4, 5, S5D–S5F, and S6A–S6D and Table S2
Data
Table S1. Relatedness of Ancient to Present-Day People, Related to Figures 2, S1, and S2 f4-statistics on the Illumina dataset of the form f4(Mbuti, Test; South American 1, South American 2) where “Test” is a newly reported ancient group, “South American 1” is the population with highest affinity to Test in outgroup f3-statistics (excluding Chorot...
Article
Full-text available
We report genome-wide ancient DNA from 49 individuals forming four parallel time transects in Belize, Brazil, the Central Andes, and the Southern Cone, each dating to at least ∼9,000 years ago. The common ancestral population radiated rapidly from just one of the two early branches that contributed to Native Americans today. We document two previou...
Article
Full-text available
This article contributes to the debate on the habitat of "New World" camelids in pre-Colonial South America and provides new insights into the breeding and herding strategies developed by Andean societies. The case discussed here refers to the Late Paracas period (370 to 200 BCE) in the Palpa valleys of the western Andes in south Peru. Tooth enamel...
Chapter
Archaeological research in the Palpa valleys, southern coast of Peru, has revealed the existence of a long cultural process, during which the site of Pernil Alto had an important role in the process of settlement in the Palpa valleys during the Mid-Archaic Period (3600–3000 BC) and the Initial Period (1500–800 BC). In this paper, we present the pre...
Article
Full-text available
En el presente artículo se exponen los resultados de las excavaciones realizadas en varias estruc­turas asociadas a sitios con geoglifos, los cuales se localizan en la parte norte de la cuenca del Río Grande, en la provincia de Palpa, departamento de lea. Los geoglifos fueron construidos sobre las laderas y mesetas que se encuentran entre y a lo la...
Chapter
The Palpa valleys and its tributaries, in the coastal and highlands of southern Peru, are being investigated by a multidisciplinary team of archaeologists and geographers from Peru and Germany, aiming to reconstruct the region’s cultural processes in terms of a varied landscape and changing climate. Research has revealed a long cultural process tha...
Article
Full-text available
Archaeological projects increasingly collect airborne LiDAR data to use as a remote sensing tool for survey and analysis. Publication possibilities for LiDAR datasets, however, are limited due to the large size and often proprietary nature of the data. Fortunately, web-based, geographic information systems (WebGIS) that can securely manage temporal...
Article
Multiple petrological and geochemical analytical techniques revealed significant similarities in element and mineral distribution between the 47 ceramic samples from Chillo (southern coast, Peru), a Late Intermediate Period (ad 1000-1400) archaeological site. The similarity indicates a common raw material source. The analytical results of Holocene...
Chapter
This edited volume focuses on the funerary archaeology of the Pan-Andean area in the pre-Hispanic period. The contributors examine the treatment of the dead and provide an understanding of how these ancient groups coped with mortality, as well as the ways in which they strove to overcome the effects of death. The contributors also present previousl...
Article
Full-text available
High-altitude peatlands of the Andes still remain relatively unexploited although they offer an excellent opportunity for well-dated palaeoenvironmental records. To improve knowledge about climatic and environmental changes in the western Andes of southern Peru, we present a high-resolution record of the Cerro Llamoca peatland for the last 8600 yea...
Chapter
Full-text available
‘Paracas ’ is the term used to describe one of the most important cultures of the Central Andean area, originally discovered by Tello, Mejía Xesspe and associates at various sites of the Paracas Peninsula (Pisco) in southern Per ú (Tello 1928, 1959; Tello and Mejía Xesspe 1979). Although ‘ Paracas’ has been used indiscriminately to describe a locat...
Article
Full-text available
Recientes investigaciones en los valles de Palpa, en la parte norte de la cuenca del Río Grande de Nasca, han puesto al descubierto numerosas evidencias arqueológicas (asentamientos, estructuras funerarias, diversos materiales y restos de la vida cotidiana) que están brindando nuevas luces sobre la intensidad y la naturaleza que tuvo la ocupación W...
Article
Significance It has long been assumed that climate played a major role in the population history of the Central Andes. Although adaptations of the Andean populations to climatic changes such as the intensification of agriculture have been inferred from the archaeological record, evidence for demographic adaptations such as migration is missing so f...
Article
Full-text available
Within palaeoenvironmental studies, high-altitude peatlands of the Andes still remain relatively unexploited, although they offer an excellent opportunity for high-resolution chronologies, on account of their high accumulation rates and abundant carbon for dating. Especially in the central Andes, additional high-quality proxy records are still need...
Article
The pre-hispanic societies in southern Perú developed socioeconomic systems perfectly adapted to the enormous natural diversity of the Andes. As a consequence, well defined ecological regions developed between the cordilleras of the Andes and the desert coast of the Pacific Ocean. The corresponding economic systems are reflected in the settlement r...
Article
While research about mining archaeology in the Andes has focused mainly on the north coast of Peru, the south coast has been widely neglected despite some pioneering studies which pointed to the importance of the region. In the interdisciplinary Nasca–Palpa project we documented mining activities in the vicinity of prehispanic settlements. We ident...
Article
Full-text available
The "Andean Transect" project of the German Archaeological Institutes explores the settlement patterns of the the pre-hispanic populations that occupied a region in southern Peru between the provinces of Palpa on the coast and Lucanas in the highlands. More than 1500 archaeological sites, dating from the Early Archaic period to the Inka period, hav...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction Recent technological advancements are resulting in new archaeological applications of LIDAR (Light detection and ranging). One common use is archaeological prospection; another is to use 3D models acquired from LIDAR to reconstruct ancient architecture and landscapes (in our case the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Copan, Honduras). A ne...
Article
The article deals with the exploitation of raw materials during pre-colonial times in Southern Peru especially pre-Columbian mining and quarrying activities in the valleys of Palpa and Nasca. Between 2006 and 2009 the Peruvian-German Palpa-project has discovered several places related to the extraction and the processing of lithic material, ores an...
Chapter
Introduction to DEM generation and use in archaeological research (in German). Part of best practice guidelines on research data management in archaeology issued by IANUS Berlin. Available at https://www.ianus-fdz.de/it-empfehlungen/node/95.
Article
This study examines the reciprocal effects of cultural evolution, and population dynamics in pre-Columbian southern Peru by the analysis of DNA from pre-Columbian populations that lived in the fringe area between the Andean highlands and the Pacific coast. The main objective is to reveal whether the transition from the Middle Horizon (MH: 650-1000...