Markus Melin

Markus Melin
Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke) · Bioeconomy and Environment

PhD (Forest Sciences)

About

35
Publications
13,180
Reads
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279
Citations
Introduction
My current research interests are in applying remote sensing and geospatial methods to issues relating to forest- and wildlife ecology as well as forest pathology. I can sit in the office and work the data, the papers or the geospatial stuff. However, I also enjoy to head out in the field whether in deep snow, heavy rain or under a hot sun.
Additional affiliations
June 2018 - May 2021
Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke)
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2016 - present
Bournemouth University
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Examining the sensitivity of UK bird populations to changes in forest- and landscape structure through detailed remote sensing based analysis
September 2010 - December 2015
University of Eastern Finland
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Altogether, ca-. 500 hours of teaching at bachelor and master level GIS and remote sensing courses with international attendees. Teaching of practices and analyses with programs such as: ESRI ArcGIS softwares, R, Excel and ERDAS Imagine.

Publications

Publications (35)
Article
Full-text available
The adaptation of different species to warming temperatures has been increasingly studied. Moose (Alces alces) is the largest of the ungulate species occupying the northern latitudes across the globe, and in Finland it is the most important game species. It is very well adapted to severe cold temperatures, but has a relatively low tolerance to warm...
Article
Forest-dwelling grouse, and especially their broods, are highly dependent on forest and vegetation structure. In countries with intense forest management, it follows that the quality of their habitats is directly affected by forestry operations. Therefore, we must know which structural features of forests define a good grouse habitat and how the ab...
Article
Full-text available
In agricultural landscapes, small woodland patches can be important wildlife refuges. Their value in maintaining biodiversity may, however, be compromised by isolation, and so knowledge about the role of habitat structure is vital to understand the drivers of diversity. This study examined how avian diversity and abundance were related to habitat s...
Article
Full-text available
Forests are affected by climate change in various ways. This includes abiotic factors such as droughts, but also biotic damage by pest insects. There are numerous examples from cases where pest insects have benefitted from longer growing seasons or from warmer summers. Similarly, new pest insects have been able to expand their range due to climatic...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change has influenced a range of species across the globe. Yet, to state a noted decline in the abundance of a given species as a consequence of a specific environmental change, for instance, spatially explicit long-term data are a prerequisite. This study assessed the extent to which prolonged snow-free periods in autumn and spring have c...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change has assisted the northward range expansion of various forest insect pests, increasing the risk of forest damage in Northern Europe. The pine beauty moth, Panolis flammea, is common in European pine stands with cyclical outbreaks that have damaged thousands of hectares. In the 1970s, its Finnish northern distribution limit was reporte...
Article
Full-text available
Natural succession of vegetation on abandoned farmland provides opportunities for passive rewilding to re-establish native woodlands, but in Western Europe the patterns and outcomes of vegetation colonisation are poorly known. We combine time series of field surveys and remote sensing (lidar and photogrammetry) to study woodland development on two...
Article
Full-text available
Traditional timber production may have negative effects on other ecosystem services. Therefore, new forest management guidelines have been developed in order to enhance a habitat suitable for wildlife. In Finland, a recent example of this is grouse-friendly forest management (GFFM) which emphasises the preservation of grouse species (Tetronidae) ha...
Article
Full-text available
Bark beetles are amongst the most aggressive pest agents of coniferous forests. Due to this, many boreal countries have designated laws aiming to lower the risk of bark beetle epidemics. Finland’s forest legislation has pre-emptive measures targeted against bark beetles, and for Scots pine ( L.), the law concerns pine shoot beetles ( spp.). This...
Article
Full-text available
We describe the methodology applied in the 12th national forest inventory of Finland (NFI12) and describe the state of Finland’s forests as well as the development of some key parameters since 1920s. According to the NFI12, the area of forestry land (consisting of productive and poorly productive forest, unproductive land, and other forestry land...
Article
Full-text available
Grey wolf Canis lupus is often the main predator of moose Alces alces. Therefore it can be expected that moose are able to recognize the presence of wolves and react to them to avoid predation. We examined the effect of predation risk by wolves on movement patterns by moose in eastern Finland where moose and wolves have co-existed for centuries. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Menestyvätkö ja viihtyvätkö kanalinnut parhaiten tasaikäisinä vai eri-ikäisrakenteisina kasvate-tuissa metsissä? Tätä ei yksiselitteisesti tiedetä. Aikuisten kanalintujen havainnot yhtenä vuonna eivät kerro juuri mitään siitä, onko havaintoalue pysyvästi kyseisen lajin asuttama. Sen sijaan tiedetään lukuisia tapauksia, joissa lintulajin tiheydet al...
Article
Full-text available
Tutkimusseloste Silva Fennican alkuperäisartikkelista. Tässä kuvataan kotimaan kielellä havununnan elinkaari ja merkitys metsätuholaisena (pääpiirteittäin) sekä vuoden 2019 seurannan menetelmät ja tulokset.
Technical Report
Full-text available
ISBN 978-952-326-897-5 (Online) ISSN 2342-7647 (Print) ISSN 2342-7639 (Online) URN http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-326-897-5
Article
Full-text available
Moose Alces alces is abundant throughout the boreal zone. However, in the landscapes occupied by moose the density of predators and human influence often vary considerably, as do the arrival of spring and phenology of vegetation – all crucial factors for moose, especially during their calving period. During calving, female moose are faced with a di...
Article
Avian diversity has long been used as a surrogate for overall diversity. In forest ecosystems, it has been assumed that vegetation structure, composition and condition have a significant impact on avian diversity. Today, these features can be assessed via remote sensing. This study examined how structure metrics from lidar data and narrowband indic...
Article
In Britain ‘Chalara dieback’ (Hymenoscyphus fraxineus) was first confirmed in native ash in autumn 2012. Within just five years it has become widespread across the country and severe impacts are now evident in some woods. This article describes some of the changes occurring in Bradfield Woods National Nature Reserve (TL933575) as a result of the di...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Viiri H, Melin M, Nevalainen S. 2019. Kirjanpainajan feromoniseurannan tulokset 2018 (Results from the 2018 pheromone- based survey on spruce bark beetle (Ips typographus) abundance in Finland). In: Nuorteva H (ed.) Metsätuhot vuonna 2018 [Forest damage in 2018]. Luonnonvara- ja biotalouden tutkimus 85/2019. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-326-878-4
Conference Paper
In modern landscapes, small habitat patches such as woodlands isolated in an agricultural matrix, can be important refuges for wildlife. However, their value as habitat may be compromised by their size and thus knowledge of how habitat structure influences habitat quality is vital to maximize species diversity. This study examined the factors drivi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A guide to using LiDAR data for conservation - best practices, data sources, methods and extensive literature collection.
Article
Canopy cover (CC) is a variable used to describe the status of forests and forested habitats, but also the variable used primarily to define what counts as a forest. The estimation of CC has relied heavily on remote sensing with past studies focusing on satellite imagery as well as Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS) using light detection and ranging (li...
Book
Full-text available
Climate change, sustainably managed renewable raw materials and energy from biomass are some of the major challenges facing mankind in the 21st century. Globally, wood is the most important locally available renewable energy source for the human population. In Africa, fuelwood and charcoal production is the dominant use of woody biomass. When obtai...
Chapter
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/downloads/Publications/PDFS/RP17428.pdf
Chapter
Full-text available
Climate change, sustainably managed renewable raw materials and energy from biomass are some of the major challenges facing mankind in the 21st century. Globally, wood is the most important locally available renewable energy source for the human population. In Africa, fuelwood and charcoal production is the dominant use of woody biomass. When obtai...
Thesis
Full-text available
Airborne laser scanning (ALS)-based mapping campaigns are expanding in numbers throughout the world. Lands are scanned for the purposes of topography mapping and forestry. Yet, as much of wildlife lives in forests, the data hold accurate information about the structure of wildlife habitats. This is valuable information, because vegetation structure...
Article
Full-text available
Large herbivores can have large impacts on their habitats through extensive browsing. Similarly, human actions can have large impacts both on habitats and the animals utilizing them. In Finland, the increase in clear-cut areas has been highly positive for moose in particular, since these areas provide an easy and abundant source of winter food. For...
Article
Full-text available
Ungulate–vehicle collisions are intensively studied in many countries. However, limited knowledge exists on how many animals struck actually die due to collisions and whether differences in traffic mortality occur between species living in the same area. In this study, we estimated a kill rate (the proportion of individuals killed/struck) and, in r...
Article
In the analysis of forest resources, the use of ALS (airborne laser scanning) enables detailed three dimensional (3D) descriptions of forests and their vegetation. Simultaneously, ecologists have recognized that 3D information on vegetation is highly important in analyzing the habitat suitability of a given site. Recently, animals’ habitat preferen...
Article
Full-text available
Several thousand ungulate–vehicle collisions occur in Finland every year. The annual number of deer accidents has been increasing, while the number of moose–vehicle collisions has been decreasing. In 2012, there were 3,880 reported deer–vehicle collisions and 1,321 crashes with moose. Thus, deer–vehicle collisions are an important traffic safety ri...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The aim is to identify snow damaged trees as soon as possible to avoid cascading insect damages.
Project
Long-term (20+ years) research into Marsh Tit ecology and causes of the species' decline, based at Monks Wood National Nature Reserve in the UK.