Markus Klein

Markus Klein
University of Strathclyde · School of Education

Dr. rer. soc.

About

43
Publications
17,234
Reads
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546
Citations
Additional affiliations
December 2018 - February 2022
University of Strathclyde
Position
  • Senior Lecturer
January 2016 - November 2018
University of Strathclyde
Position
  • Lecturer
November 2015 - December 2015
University of Cologne
Position
  • Researcher
Education
September 2008 - May 2013
University of Mannheim
Field of study
  • Sociology
October 2003 - July 2008
University of Mannheim
Field of study
  • Social Sciences

Publications

Publications (43)
Article
This study investigates the relationship between early maternal employment history and children’s vocabulary and inductive reasoning ability at age 5, drawing on longitudinal information on 2,200 children from the Growing Up in Scotland data. Prior research rarely addresses dynamics in maternal employment and the methodological ramifications of tim...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the relative importance of upper secondary subject choice and attainment in explaining social inequalities in access to higher education (HE) in Scotland and Ireland. These two countries differ in the extent of curriculum differentiation, in the degree of standardisation in school examination and in HE entry criteria. In particu...
Article
Full-text available
Over the course of higher education expansion and growing numbers of graduates, employers are supposed to have increasing difficulties to regard a higher education degree as reliable signal for productivity. As a consequence, they may take into account ‘qualitative’ differences such as graduates’ field of study more often than in previous times whe...
Article
Full-text available
This article considers changes in the association between educational attainment and occupational prestige in Germany over time. We argue that the link between attainment and occupational prestige has become weaker over time because of compositional changes in graduate occupational destinations. Prior to higher education expansion, the small elite...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the impact of social origin on tertiary graduates’ labour market outcomes in Germany and the United Kingdom, two distinct countries in terms of higher education systems, labour market structures, and their linkages. Data from the 2005 REFLEX survey, OLS regression and linear probability models are used to analyse the effect of...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Key Points School absences are detrimental to educational attainment in national exams at the end of compulsory (S4) and post-compulsory schooling (S5/S6) in Scotland. Truancy, sickness-related absences, and absences due to exceptional domestic circumstances each have a unique negative impact on educational attainment at both stages. Our finding...
Article
Full-text available
Studies consistently show associations between school absences and academic achievement. However, questions remain about whether this link depends on the reason for children’s absence. Using a sample of the Scottish Longitudinal Study (n = 4,419), we investigated whether the association between school absenteeism and achievement in high-stakes exam...
Article
Full-text available
School absenteeism is detrimental to life course outcomes and is known to be socioeconomically stratified. However, the link between socioeconomic status (SES) and school absence is complex given the multidimensional nature of both family SES (e.g., income, education, occupational status) and absenteeism (e.g., truancy, sickness, suspension). Despi...
Article
Full-text available
The social stratification literature is inconclusive about whether there is a direct effect of grandparent resources on grandchildren's educational outcomes net of parental characteristics. Some of this heterogeneity may be due to differences in omitted variable bias at the parental level. Our article accounts for a more extensive set of parent cha...
Article
The literature on social stratification has paid considerable attention to whether and to what extent attending prestigious universities is beneficial for graduates’ labor market returns. This paper contributes to the literature by applying a more dynamic perspective in asking whether graduates from prestigious and less prestigious universities dif...
Preprint
This study investigated the impact of maternal occupation-specific skills on 5-year old children’s verbal and cognitive abilities. Representative data from the Millennium Cohort Study on 13,543 children were complemented with data from the British Skills Surveys to analyze how the relative importance of multiple job tasks across maternal occupation...
Preprint
Key Points -Student absences after the first wave of Covid-19 school closures were higher than in previous years-Higher rates of absenteeism after school lockdown were due to COVID-19 related reasons -Overall, non-Covid-19-related absence rates are similar to trends observed in earlier years -Socioeconomic inequalities in school absenteeism were hi...
Preprint
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth, this article investigates whether gender differences in children’s math, reading and behavior problems vary across mothers’ education and family structure. Drawing on the framework of intersectionality, we expect that boys growing up with less educated mothers and in single-parent families m...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we investigated whether and to what extent various dimensions of socioeconomic background (parental education, parental class, free school meal registration, housing status, and neighborhood deprivation) predict overall school absences and different reasons for absenteeism (truancy, sickness, family holidays and temporary exclusion...
Article
This study investigated how student teachers on a Scottish teacher education programme learn by reflecting on professional dialogue experiences. Reflection on one’s own experiences and practices is at the heart of all activities that teachers do. By linking professional dialogue with reflective practice, we examined factors that contribute to stude...
Preprint
In this paper, we investigated whether and to what extent dimensions of socioeconomic background (parental education, parental class, free school meal registration, housing status, and neighborhood deprivation) predict overall school absences and different reasons for missing school (truancy, sickness, family holidays and temporary exclusion) among...
Article
The association between television exposure and children's development is subject to controversial debates. Heavy television exposure may be detrimental to children by overstimulating their developing brains. It may also infringe on time that children would otherwise spend on more developmentally beneficial activities or parental interactions. In t...
Article
Full-text available
Research on stratification and mobility has consistently shown that in the UK there is a direct impact of social origin on occupational destination net of educational attainment even for degree‐holders. However, only a few studies applied a longitudinal and dynamic perspective on how intergenerational mobility shapes graduates’ working careers. Usi...
Preprint
Research on stratification and mobility has consistently shown that there is a direct impact of social origin on occupational destination net of educational attainment even for degree-holders. However, only a few studies applied a longitudinal and dynamic perspective on how intergenerational mobility shapes graduates’ working careers. Using multile...
Preprint
Full-text available
The literature on social stratification has paid considerable attention to the question of whether and to what extent attending prestigious universities is advantageous for graduates’ labor market returns. This paper contributes to the literature by applying a more dynamic perspective in asking whether graduates from prestigious and less prestigiou...
Article
Full-text available
Diversity in education systems, and broader political and economic conditions, are commonly credited with international variation in inequality of educational opportunity (IEO). Comparing East and West Germany before reunification allows us to investigate whether vastly different political, economic, and educational systems led to differences in IE...
Conference Paper
The socio-economic status of families plays an important role in shaping parenting behavior and children’s activities. Research shows, for example, that parents with higher socio-economic status spend more time reading to children whereas children from lower socio-economic backgrounds watch more television. These differences in so-called high-brow...
Preprint
Diversity in education systems, and broader political and economic conditions, are commonly credited with international variations in inequality of educational opportunity (IEO). Comparing East and West Germany before reunification allows us to investigate whether vastly different political, economic and educational systems led to differences in IE...
Preprint
This study investigates the relationship between early maternal employment history and children’s vocabulary and inductive reasoning ability at age 5, drawing on longitudinal information on 2,200 children from the Growing Up in Scotland data. Prior research rarely addresses dynamics in maternal employment and the methodological ramifications of tim...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses trends in education-specific unemployment risks at labor market entry in West Germany from the mid-1970s to the present. In line with previous research it shows that vocationally qualified school-leavers have relatively lower unemployment risks than school-leavers with general education. Over time, the gap in unemployment risks...
Article
Full-text available
Graduates from higher education often enter the labour market with a considerable amount of work experience. Using German data, we address the question of whether early work experience pays off upon labour market entry. We compare the labour market benefits of different types of work experience. This comparison allows us to more generally test hypo...
Article
Full-text available
Der vorliegende Beitrag untersucht, ob sich das Einkommen und die berufliche Position von Hochschulabsolventen aus unterschiedlichen Herkunftsfamilien unterscheiden. Insbesondere bei Absolventen von „weichen“ Studienfächern wie den Geisteswissenschaften sind stärkere Einflüsse der sozialen Herkunft zu erwarten als bei Absolventen „harter“ Fächer wi...
Chapter
We investigate the long term change of class based cleavages in party preferences in Germany and analyze especially developments since Germany’s reunification. Did a similar association between class positions and the party system emerge in the new Länder? What are the consequences of the formation of a new leftist party in Germany? We find that th...
Article
The paper investigates long-term trends in the association between educational attainment and class destinations in Germany. Most recent evidence for several European countries reveals a downward effect of education on social class. To test changes in the association in Germany I use the 1976–2007 waves of the German Microcensus (GMC), which is a n...
Article
Full-text available
Mandatory internships are implemented in higher education curricula in order to ease the labour market integration of graduates. This article evaluates the utility of mandatory internships in Germany by assessing the effect on graduates' transition from higher education to work. The authors examine whether these compulsory programmes provide extra...
Article
Full-text available
This article addresses the question of why fields of study differ in early labour market returns. It is argued that the higher the potential training costs of a field of study the more problematic the labour market integration of graduates. This is due to the fact that employers use the occupational specificity and selectivity of a study programme...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung In diesem Artikel untersuchen wir den Einfluss sozialer Netzwerke bei der Jobfindung auf berufliche Erträge von Hochschulabsolventen beim Berufseinstieg in Deutschland. Im Gegensatz zu früheren Studien erweitern wir die Analyse, indem wir zwischen verschiedenen Typen von zur Jobfindung verfügbaren Netzwerken unterscheiden. In Überei...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies indicate a substantial impact of horizontal differentiations in higher education on monetary and non-pecuniary labour market outcomes. This paper scrutinizes the underlying mechanisms of this effect and addresses the question of why fields of study differ in early labour market returns. According to the training costs model the fiel...
Chapter
Der Beitrag untersucht für Deutschland die sozialen Disparitäten beim Besuch des Gymnasiums und beim Erwerb der Hochschulreife in ihrer langfristigen Entwicklung seit dem ersten Drittel des 20. Jahrhunderts bis in die jüngste Gegenwart. Er diskutiert theoretisch den Wandel der institutionellen und strukturellen Bedingungen, aus denen Veränderungen...
Article
Full-text available
Der Beitrag untersucht den Einfluss des Interviewergeschlechts auf das Antwortverhalten von Befragten bezüglich der Teilung häuslicher Arbeit in telefonischen Interviews. Aufgrund einer Diskrepanz zwischen öffentlich vertretenen egalitären Geschlechterrollen und der noch immer geringen männlichen Beteiligung an der Hausarbeit wird auf Basis von Rat...
Article
This article investigates how social disparities in attending Gymnasium and qualifying for higher education in Germany have developed since the 1930s. It discusses change in institutional and structural conditions over time, and outlines their theoretical implications for primary and secondary social disparities in access to higher education. Analy...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
This project will investigate the impact of school absenteeism on educational attainment and labour market outcomes, and the factors that can mitigate the negative effects of absence. Frequent absence from school means students miss not only classroom learning but can also reduce peer interactions, and the development of wide-ranging skills and capabilities. This study will look in more depth at these issues, considering the consequences of different types of absenteeism for educational attainment and labour market outcomes and whether certain psychosocial (internalising/prosocial behaviour, self-esteem), behavioural (externalising and risky behaviours), and aspirational (education and work) dispositions mediate the link between school absenteeism and educational and labour market outcomes. It will also investigate how these issues vary by socioeconomic status, gender, and ethnicity. The researchers will analyse two longitudinal datasets, the Millennium Cohort Study and the 1970 British Cohort Study, to address the research questions: Does school absenteeism negatively impact educational attainment and labour market outcomes? Does the timing, persistence, or reason for absence influence its impact? Do dispositions (psychosocial, behavioural, and aspirational) mitigate the impact of school absenteeism on educational attainment? Do dispositions and educational attainment mitigate the impact of school absenteeism on labour market outcomes? What is the impact of socio-demographic characteristics for the above questions, focusing on socio-economic status, gender, and ethnicity? Using data from England, Scotland and Wales, this study will provide evidence about the consequences of school absence for educational and labour market outcomes among different sociodemographic groups, and the mechanisms underlying differences in outcomes to inform policy. The research team will actively engage with policymakers, civil servants, parliamentary committees, practitioners in education, employers, charities, and parent groups to increase the reach of the research. Research briefs, journal articles and a public report will be made available along with a podcast produced by the research team.
Project
The proposed study aims to investigate whether differences in school attendance can explain social inequalities in educational attainment and post-school destinations among pupils in Scotland. Due to differences in health-related behaviour, residential and school mobility, family structure, environment, and parental employment characteristics, children from lower socio-economic backgrounds may be more frequently absent from school than children from higher socio-economic backgrounds. In turn, missing out on important parts of the curriculum due to lower attendance, may result in lower performance in school exams and may decrease the likelihood of continuing school after compulsory schooling and opting for higher education. For more information see our project website: schoolattendance.org
Project
The session aims to integrate social stratification research with current theoretical models and concepts of human development. We invite contributions that analyze children’s cognitive, socio-emotional, or physiological development from the perspective of social stratification. Studies of early childhood using an innovative theoretical or methodological approach and large-scale longitudinal data are particularly welcome. https://isaconf.confex.com/isaconf/wc2018/webprogrampreliminary/Session9070.html